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Publication numberUS3925850 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 16, 1975
Filing dateNov 1, 1973
Priority dateNov 1, 1973
Also published asCA1020268A1
Publication numberUS 3925850 A, US 3925850A, US-A-3925850, US3925850 A, US3925850A
InventorsKenneth G Lytton
Original AssigneeFibers Controls Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Density sensing and controlling equipment
US 3925850 A
Abstract
Apparatus in a card for sensing and controlling the relative speeds of the feed and doffer rolls in accordance with the sliver density as sensed by error detection circuitry responding to the amount of a transduced compression wave in the sonic ultrasonic range which passes through the sliver.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 11 1 1111 Lytton Dec. 16, 1975 DENSITY SENSING AND CONTROLLING 3,246,370 4/1966 West 19/150 EQUIPMENT 3.470.734 10/[969 Agdur... 73/32 A 3.483.598 l2/l969 Br "an 19/98 X [75] Inventor: Kenneth G. Lytton, Gastonia, NC. OREIGN PATENirs OR APPLICATIO S [73] Assgneei g g g cmporafion 930,873 -7/l963 United Kingdom 19/240 as 710.124 6/1954 United Kingdom....; 73/69 [22] Filed: Nov. 1, 1973 Primary E.\'aminer-James J. Gill [21] Appl' 411342 Attorney, Agent, or FirmCushman, Darby and Cushman [52] US. Cl. 19/98; 73/32 A; 73/67.6;

73/69; 73/160; 19/150; 19/240; 19/288 57 S C [51] Int. Cl. DOIG 15/36; GOlN 9/24 [58] Field of Search 73/32 A 67 5 R 67 6 Apparatus 1n a'card for sensing and controlhng the 19/240 b relative speeds of the feed and doffer rolls in accordance with the sliver density as sensed by error detec- [56] References Cited tion circuitry responding to the amount of a transduced compression wave in the sonic ultrasonic range UNITED STATES PATENTS which passes through the sliver. 2,966,057 12/1960 Heller .5. 73/67.6 3.088,175 5/1963 Aoki 19/240 9191mm, 7 D'awmg Flgures 57/1 56 PfdJUC/IVG- 751772 Emma/vs f w c wi 1 I 30 F] flFFEZ fflAL 56 I I P5678644 2; i r '1 F/Vflflfi E1646 5 i I /4 45 rnel was .5755; .Swv/c 02. .seeae 27:1,- ze/vs -.32 (/4 rfflvh/lc 44 0 Belt/E Mama Gas/24708 34 U.S. Patent Dec. 16, 1975 Sheet1of3 3,925,850

US. Patent Dec. 16,1975 Sheet2of3 3,925,850

DENSITY SENSING AND CONTROLLING EQUIPMENT BACKGROUND This invention relates to the sensing of the density of rod-like material and to the controlling of the density thereof, and especially in the field of textile fibers this invention particularly relates to sensing the density of slivers produced by textile machines and to the controlling of the sliver density by controlling the input speed of the machine.

While the invention is particularly described below relative to a carding machine or card, it will be appreciated that the invention extends to other types of textile processing equipment, such as drawframes and pin drafters, which also-produce slivers. i As above indicated, besides relating to the sensing to sliver density, this invention also relates to the controlling of that density, i.e., to the automatic leveling of the density of the, sliver produced by a textile machine or to rod-like material produced by other machines such. as cigarette making machines. Automatic sliver leveling equipment for cards and other textile machines and machines in other fields are in general well known and are frequently referred to as autolevelers. For example, the Zellweger Ltd. company of Uster, Switzerland advertises a card sliver leveling device under the name Usters Control Card System, with an indication that sliver weight never exceeds i 2%. Used in such systems to measure the cross section of the sliver is a pneumatic sensing trumpet or funnel-shaped nozzle such as shown in the Uster British Pat. No. 1,137,297 and also in US. Pat. No. 3,435,673 granted Apr. l, 1969, Those patents review many of the prior art ways of sensing variation in the substance cross-section of textile material, slivers in particular, and of course describe in detail the Uster pneumatic way of measuring sliver cross-sections, Cross-sectional measurement by such prior art does in fact appear to measure sliver density effectively, or

' sliver weight if the thickness is held uniform. For reasons stated in those patents, the various measuring systems prior to the pneumatic measuring system have disadvantages and obviously so does the latter, which it is an object of the present invention to obviate. In particular, the present invention measures thedensity of a sliver or other rod-like material by employing compression waves in the sonic or ultrasonic range of frequencies, in order to secure an improved sensing of the density variations which may occur therein.

Use of sonic and ultrasonic beams or waves to sense the density of a fiber mass has heretofore been used by the assignee hereof, for example, as shown in the Lytton et al US. Pat. No. 3,158,291, in a, card feeder for purposes of controlling the density arid thickness of the web produced by that feeder. In addition, others have employed variable speed drives between the doffer and feed rolls in cards, and have controlled therewith the input speed of the feed roll in response to the sensing of the sliver cross-section, thickness 'or density by the various ways discussed above. Howeverfto 'applicants knowledge, no one heretofore has employed sonic or ultrasonic waves in the manner herein described below in detail to sense the density of slivers of to control the density thereof. Hence, such is the object of this invention in the detail to which the claims define the scope of BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 shows a diagramatic top view of a card type-of sliver producing textile machine including the inven- .tion hereof,

FIG. 4 is a block diagram of novel circuitry for deriv ing an error signal representing deviation of the sliver densityfrom a norm,

FIG. 5 shows one embodiment of the motor driver of FIG. 4 and of one type of motor for operating the variable speed drive, I

' FIG. 6 shows another embodiment of the FIG. 4

motor driver and a different type of motor arrangement I for operating the variable speed drive, and

FIG. 7 details one embodiment of the peak detector of FIG, 4.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In FIG. 1 the textile fiber processing machine is diagramatically indicated as a carding machine or card l0,

which may be of any well known type in generalfwith the usual feed roll l2, lickerin 14, the large fiber paralleling cylinder 16, and a doffer roll 18. As is wellknown roll 18 doffs cylinder 16 to remove therefrom a fine web of parallel strands. These strands are brought together as a web 20 by a novel collecting device 22 to produce therein'sliver 24 which is pulled through the collector device 22 by conventional calendar rolls 26 and the sliver is coiled in the usual manner by coiler 28. As is also conventional, an electric motor 30 drives the cylinder 16, lickerin l4 and the doffer and calendar rolls 18 and 26 in the usual manner, but the feed roll 12 is driven by the doffer roll through a variable speed drive 32 to which there is connected an electric motor 34. The variable speed drive 32 is preferably of the type which combines infinitely variable speed control with positive powertransmission, e.g., the PIV typesupplied by the Link-Belt Enclosed Drive Division of the FMC Corporation, such as shown in their book 3074 078(2), especially the electric remote control models thereof shown and described on pages 46 and 47 of that book. These latter variable speed drives therefore include motor 34 of FIG. 1. As above indicated, the fine web 20 in FIG. 1 is collected into a sliver by a novel device 22, which itself is shown in one form in FIGS. 2 and 3. Before describing this collecting device in detail it will first just be noted that one arm 36 of the device contains a transmitting transducer 38, while the opposite arm 40 contains a receiving transducer 42. As indicated in FIG. 1 the trans mitting transducer receives over line 44.an electrical signal from generator 46 which produces frequencies in the sonic or ultrasonic range. Transducer 38 then changes those electrical signals into a transverse compression wave which has no electrical field or magnetic field, i.e., is in thesonic or ultrasonic frequency range, and that compression wave is transmitted by a transducer 38 toward the receiving transducer 42. If no sliver is passing through the device 22, then the receiving transducer 42 receives the full amount of the compression wave, but on the other hand if the sliver is present in the collecting device 22 then the compression wave is attenuated in accordance with the density of the sliver, and the receiving transducer 42 consequently receives less of the compression wave. The part of the compression wave that it does receive is transduced into a corresponding electrical signal on line 48, which as shown in FIG. 1 leads to error dectecting and drive circuitry 50, the output of which operates motor 34, to cause it to rotate in a forward or reverse direction, and consequently to vary the speed of the variable speed drive 32, in known manner. The error detecting circuitry in one form may be like that in the aforementioned Lytton et al patent. Varying the speed of drive 32 in turn causes the feed roll 12 to increase or decrease its speed relative to doffer roll 18 as well as the other components driven by motor 30. As will be discussed in more detail below relative to FIGS. and 6, the forward or reverse speed of motor 34 may be constant, or alternatively it may be at a rate proportional to the error signal detected by circuitry 50, which is detailed in FIG. 4.

Before discussing the details of FIG. 4, however,

FIGS. 2 and 3 are again considered for purposes of describing the strand collector and sliver producing device 22. Overall, it has generally a funnel shape with the previously mentioned arms 36 and 40 on opposite sides of the rearward or downstream tube-like section 52. Its front or receiving end 54 is cone shaped at least internally and generally also externally as shown in the plan view of FIG. 2. The inside conical surface 56 is quite widespread and has an angle of at least about 120 so as to receive all of the strands of web 20 of FIG. 1 without too great an angle problem, as is conventional. Conical surface 56 at its exterior edge smoothly merges into an outer rim 58 which may have an exemplary diameter of 3 A inches. At its inner end, conical surface 56 reduces to a constricted opening 60 having an exemplary diameter of one-quarter inch. That opening immediately widens by virtue of shoulder 62 into a constant diameter opening of approximately twice that of aperture 60, i.e., the sliver throughput aperture 64 is preferably approximately one-half inch in diameter. This aperture extends all the way through tube section 52, which has an exit opening 66 from which the sliver 24 in FIG. 1 is withdrawn at a constant speed by calendar rolls 26. Arms 36 and 40 in FIG. 2 include respectively tube sections 68 and 70 which have respective collars 72 and 74 that are affixed to opposite sides 76 and 78 in any desired manner. It will be noted that these sides 76 and 78 of tube section 52 are fiat for this purpose, as opposed to their adjacent top side 80 and bottom side 82 shown in FIG. 3, which are more arcuate and merge smoothly with the exterior top and bottom of the front section 54.

As previously mentioned, the side arms 36 and 40 in FIG. 2 carry the transmitting transducer 38 and receiving transducer 42 respectively. These transducers are securely positioned within tubes 68 and 70 by a respective foam rubber cushion 84 which encircles the transducers. The interior. aperture of tubes 68 and 70 has a diameter in the area of nine/sixteenth inch and the inner ends of these apertures communicate with the sliver throughput aperture 64 by virtue of the transverse apertures 86 and 88, which are in alignment with each other. This causes the transmitting and receiving transducers 38 and 42 to be in alignment also, and allows any sliver in the throughput aperture 64 to be struck by the compression wave from the transmitting transducer 38 so that any part of that wave which passes through the sliver is consequently received by the receiving transducer 42.

The constricted opening 60 at the beginning of the wider throughput aperture 64 causes the strands connected by the receiving end 54 to be collected into the form of a sliver which then generally maintains a uniform diameter at least while it passes through the compression wave. In other words, the thickness of the sliver as it passes through the compression wave remains substantially constant, so generally it is the weight of the sliver that is being detected, though in a generic sense it is the density thereof. In order to relieve any air pressure built up inside the throughput aperture 64 by the passing of the sliver therethroough, that aperture is vented e'xteriorally in the area of the compression wave by a vertically oriented opening or port 90 which as shown in FIG. 3 preferably extends downward, though it could extend upwardly if desired In FIG. 4, the transmitting transducer 38 and receiving transducer 42 are schematically illustrated by a parallel coil and condenser arrangement, with sliver 24 passing through them. These transducers are those shown in FIG. 2, and for convenience the rest of the mechanical details of FIG. 2 are omitted from FIG. 4. It should be understood that each of the transducers may be just a piezoelectric crystal respectively or that they may each in fact be a coil with a parallel condenser. In any event, the transducers 38 and 42 are operative as resonant circuits, but as is more apparent below they need not be perfectly matched as to frequency. For purposes of discussion, it will be assumed that the resonant frequency of transmitting transducer 38 is 38.5 KHz., but as previously indicated this invention is operable at least with any sonic or ultrasonic frequency and can even use higher frequencies as long as the sliver absorption factor is not too great so as to prevent a useful output signal to the receiving transducer for measurement purposes. Generally, sonic frequencies generally range downward from 20 KHz., while ultrasonic frequencies are generally considered in the 20 KI-Iz. to KHz. range.

In order to increase the stability of the operation of the system, particularly to prevent false outputs in weight or density changes that are due to temperature changes or changes in some other factor than density itself, the distance between the transducers must be he ld constant, which is obviously accomplished by the structure in FIG. 2. Preferably, the distance between the facing faces of the transducers is between 2 inches and 12 inches. The distance is sufficient in any event, to prevent change in amplitude of the output signal from the receiver transducer if by chance the face to face transducer distance changes, but at the same time the distance therebetween needs to be close enough to ensure absorption by the sliver while still allowing a sufficient amount of the compression wave to be detected and used in determining density deviation.

Stability of the FIG. 4 system is also promoted by supplying the transmitting transducer 38 with a frequency modulated square wave which is swept between a lower frequency and a higher frequency at some low frequency rate. In the example given, an FM oscillator 92, operating at a frequency of 38.5 KI-Iz., is modulated by i 2 /2 KI-Iz. on output'line 93 from FM modulator 94 and control device 96 sweeps the oscillator 92 between 35 and 40 KHZ at a preset rate in the range of 100-500 Hz., for example. The output of oscillator 92 is then applied to a squaring device such as a saturated driving amplifier 98. This amplifier consequently provides a constant amplitude, variable frequency, square wave signal to transducer 38. Such a square wave is obtained regardless of whether the FM signal in oscillator 92 is modulated by a triangular or sine wave, though the latter may be better because its top level effectively lasts longer per cycle. Use of frequency modulation and a saturated amplifier 98 not only prevents amplitude instability in the system but' allows for some mis-match in the resonant frequencies of'the transmitting and receiving transducers 38 and 42. That is, the sweeping of the square wave signal from 35 to 40 KHz., allows the transmitting transducer 38 to be resonant at any frequency within that range, and'likewise for the receiving transducer 42 even if the respective center resonant frequencies of the two transducers are different. Transducer 42 does not needto have the same center frequency as transmitting transducer 38, since in any event a peak will occur across the output lines 100 from the receiving transducer 42, and peak detector 102 is insensitive to a sufficient degree to detect peaks regardless of what the resonant frequency is of transducer 42, as long as it is within the 35 to 40 KHz band of frequencies applied to the transmitting transducer 38. This will become more apparent from the discussion later below relative to the description of the peak detector details in FIG. 7.

Applying square waves to the transmitting transducer 38 in FIG. 4 provides for a greater peak power output level from the system, and the desired amount of power supplied to the ultimate load may be regulated by varying the arm on potentiometer 104, the output of which is applied through an amplifier 106 to a different amplifier 108 at one input, the other input of which is from another potentiometer 1 10. This latter potentiometer is connected across a reference power source 112. Preferably, this power source has a temperature coefficient of :t0.0005%/C, and preferably the potentiometer 1 has a temperature coefficient which also makes it quite stable, for example in the area of 25 parts per million per C. The arm of potentiometer 110 is employed to set into the system the desired or normal grain weight required for the sliver being produced by the card 10 in FIG. 1. For example, this setting may be in the range of 50 to 80 grains, and it will be appreciated that since this setting is the reference or null which is compared in difference amplifier 108, the stability of the whole system depends upon the stability of the reference voltage selected by the arm of potentiometer 1 10. Changes in that voltage by other than movement of the potentiometer arm, can obviously cause false grain weight indications, since the error signal produced on the output line 114 from difference amplifier 108 will itself be erroneous and cause an erroneous indication on meter 116 and an erroneous operation of motor driver 118, which in turn will cause a false correction of the operation of motor 34 in FIG. 1 andof the variable speed drive 32 and consequently of the feeding by feed roll 12. On the other hand, with the desired stability built into the reference power source 112 and potentiometer 110, difference amplifier 108 will provide a correct error signal on line 114. This error signal is a DC signal which is either more or less than zero, i.e., plus or minus, if not zero itself. The amplitude of the error signal indicates the degree that the sliver 24 has deviated from the norm, and this may be appropriately shown on the over-under meter 1 16, if desired. The same error signal on line 114 may be employed if desired to control the sliver density in the manner previously discussed relative'to FIG. 1, by applying it to motor driver 118.

As shown in FIG. 5, one embodiment of such a motor driver is designated 118A, which includes a drive splitter or polarity divider including oppositely oriented diodes 120 and 122 which respectively operate on-off switching amplifier drivers 124 and 126 by the respective positive and negative signals received thereby. Amplifiers 124 and 126 may be, for example, conventional thyristors or Triacs, which are well known in the art. Theoutput of. switch amplifiers 124 and 126 are applied to motor 34A, which is one embodiment of either an AC or DC motor corresponding to motor 34 in FIG. 1. In FIG. 5, motor 34A has two field winding 128 and 130 which are respectively connected to the outputs of switch amplifiers 124 and 126, with the opposite ends of the field windings being connected together to the armature 132;on one side, the other side of which is connected to an AC or DC variable power supply 134. When the DC error signal on input line 114 is positive so as to turnon switch amplifier 124, field winding 128 is energized to cause armature 132 to rotate in one direction, for example; the forward direction, which causes the speed of the variable speed drive 32 to increase, therebykcausing the feed roll 12 in FIG. 1 to increase its speed in an effort to reduce the lightness of the sliver density back toward the norm or reference preset by potentiometer 110 in FIG. 4. While motor 34A has a power supply 134 in FIG. 5 that is variable and which in .fact'sets the speed of the armature, the

' motor driver 118A does not provide for proportional speed controllof the variable speed drive. That is, the change in speed of the variable speed drive 32 is not proportional to the amplitude of the error signal on line 114. Instead, motor 34A is just operated in a forward direction or a reverse direction at a speed predetermined by the setting of power supply 134. Consequently, an increase in the speed of feed roll 12 as effected by motor34A in FIG. 5, may well cause the density of the slive'r l24 produced by the card to over shoot its norm, in which case the diode 122 in FIG. 5 would pass a negative signal to turn on switch amplifier 126, causing themotor to operate in the reverse direction so as to cause the variable speed drive in turn to reduce the speed of the feed roll 12 in FIG. 1. This kind of continuous operation may well cause hunting of the equipment so that the long term density of the sliver may continuously increase and decrease and never stay level at zerofdeviation from the reference or norm set by potentiometer. 110 in FIG. 4. In an effort to relieve hunting, the'on-ff timer 117 in FIG. 4 may be employed so that the error signal on line 114 is applied to the motor driver 118 for only a given time and then turned off for another given time. For example, timer 117 could operate to turn on the motor driver for 10 seconds and turn it off then for another 10 seconds, and to continuously repeat that cycle, thereby preventing over correction of the sliver density and making it possible to actually level the density with zero error to the norm preset by potentiometer arm,110.

FIG. 6 illustrates another alternative motor driver 1 18B used in conjunction with another alternative type motor 34B. In particular, since the error signal on line 114 in FIG. 4 is a DC signal, the polarity splitter in driver 118A of FIG. 5 can be eliminated and instead the error signal can be applied directly to a power amplifier 136, which will operate on both positive and negative DC input signals in a conventional fashion.

Motor 348 is of the DC permanent magnet type with an armaturecoil 138 connected at one end to the output power amplifier 136. and connected at its other end through an on-off timer 117 if desired to a variable DC power supply 140, the output of which is also applied in both polarities back to the power amplifier 136. Accordingly, the positive or negative DC signal on line 114 causes the motor armature to operate in a forward or reverse direction and at a rate which is proportional to the amplitude of the error signal on input line 114, i.e., proportional to the excess or underage of the grain weight or density relative to the reference set by potentiometer 110 in FIG. 4. Consequently, motor armature 138 drives the variable speed drive not only in. the appropriate direction but at a proportional speed to cause feed roll 12 in FIG. 1 to increase or decrease its speed proportionately to the underage or overage respectively, so that the density of the output sliver 24 returns back toward the preset norm. Since this is a proportional control system, the on-off timer 117 may not be necessary, but if it is used, it would be employed in the same manner as discussed above, relatively to timer 117 in FIG. 4, though the on-off times may be different for the FIG. 6 arrangement than needed for the FIG. arrangement. Of course, timer 117 may be completely eliminated if desired, or alternatively, the output from timer 117 in FIG. 4 may be applied to the power amplifier 136 if desired, instead of the error signal that appears on line 114. It should be noted that the error signal on line 1 is the same as that on line 114, as to polarity and amplitude, though it may be turned on and off at various times.

Reference is now made to FIG. 7, which details one embodiment of the peak detector 102 of FIG. 4 and includes an optional AND circuit 142 and squarer 144 which help eliminate possible noise, as explained in more detail below.

7 In the FIG. 7 peak detector, the receiving transducer signal on input line 100 is applied to a conventional envelope detector 146, the output of which is applied to an amplifier 148 and then as one input of AND circuit 142. As above mentioned, this AND circuit 142 is optional, but if used in conjunction with the output on line 93 of the FM modulator 94 of FIG. 4 so that its 1- 2% KI-Iz., signal appears on line 93 and is squared by circuit 144, which may be a saturated amplifier similar to amplifier 98 in FIG. 4, the two inputs to AND circuit 142 help eliminate possible noise in the circuit. With or without AND circuit 142, the output is applied across potentiometer 150 the arm of which taps off a desired amount of the signal and applies it to one input of an operational amplifier 152, which includes a feedback resistor 154. This operational amplifier applies its output to resistor 156 and across a diode 158 which clips the negative peaks of the operational amplifier signal. The resulting signal is applied to the base of transistor 160, the collector of which is connected to a positive voltage at terminal 160, which also connects to the operational amplifier in normal fashion. Transistor 160 is operated as a current amplifier, and its emitter output is applied via terminal 162 across condenser 164. This condenser is paralleled by a resistor 166 and the resultant voltage across the con denser and resistor is applied as a feedback input to operational amplifier 152. In this manner, the rapid charge of condenser 164 is fed back to the amplifier to increase its gain and to keep upthe fast charging of condenser 164. The RC time constant of resistor 166 and condenser 164 is such'as to drain the peaks from the condenser but due to the rapid recharge thereof the condenser and hence terminal 162 carry a DC voltage representing the detected peaks of the receiving transducer output signal. This DC peak signal is applied across potentiometer 104 in FIG. 7, as in FIG. 4, and the rest of the operation of FIG. 4 is as described previously. It may be noted that the operational amplifier 152 in FIG. 7 operates as a stable high gain amplifier which continuously references itself to ground and is effectively operated as an integrater with rapid feedback.

Though not shown, it should be mentioned that the error signal on line 114 could be tapped off to a too high or too low cutoff tripping relay arrangement or the like to turn off the card, for example card motor 30, whenever the density of the sliver deviates too far from the desired reference or norm preset into the system by potentiometer in FIG. 4. Preferably, such a cut off relay system would have a built-in delay of, say, 5 seconds to prevent false cut offs, and of couse the relay system would need to be interlocked so that the card could be turned back on while the sliver is regaining its density tolerance allowed by the cut off relay arrangement.

What is claimed is:

1. Textile sliver density sensing apparatus comprismg:

a textile processing machine for producing a multiplicity of spaced parallel fiber strands,

funnel shaped strand collector means having a throughput aperture for collecting said strands and producing a sliver in said aperture,

means for drawing said sliver through said aperture constantly,

means including a transmitting transducer for transmitting into said sliver a compression wave in the sonic ultrasonic frequency range,

a receiving transducer for receiving the part of said wave that passes through said sliver, and circuit means connected to said receiving transducer for electrically determining the sliver density deviation from a predetermined norm based on the amount of said wave that passes through said sliver,

said strand collector having a cone shaped receiving section and a tube-like shaped section connected thereto with said throughput aperture extending from the apex of said cone section through said tube section,

said tube-like section having transverse apertures in two opposing sides adjacent said apex and in communication with said throughput aperture,

said transducers being respectively disposed adjacent said opposing sides of said tube-like section and in open communication with each other through said transverse and throughput apertures, and

wherein said throughput aperture in said tube-like section has a width substantially greater than the width of said aperture at the apex of said cone section.

2. Apparatus as in claim 1 including means forming an air vent extending transversely of and from said throughput aperture to the exterior of said tube section.

3. Textile sliver density sensing apparatus comprismg:

a textile processing machine for producing a multiplicity of spaced parallel fiber strands,

funnel shaped strand collector means having a throughput aperture for collecting said strands and producing a sliver in said aperture,

means for drawing said sliver through said aperture constantly,

means including a transmitting transducer for transmitting into said sliver a compression wave in the sonic ultrasonic frequency range,

a receiving transducer for receiving the part of said wave that passes through said sliver, and

circuit means connected to said receiving transducer for electrically determining the sliver density deviation from a predetermined norm based on the amount of said wave that passes through said sliver wherein said textile processing machine includes:

fiber feeding means,

means for operating on the fibers feed by said feeding means,

means for doffing the fibers from said operating means,

means for driving said doffing means and said sliver drawing means at a given speed,

variable speed drive means including motor means coupled between said doffing and feeding means for driving the latter, and

means responsive to the output of said circuit means for operating said motor means in accordance with the determined sliver density deviation so as to vary the speed of said feeding means via said variable speed drive means for returning said sliver density back toward said predetermined norm,

wherein said strand collector has a cone shaped receiving section and a tube-like shaped section connected thereto with said throughput aperture extending from the apex of said cone section through said tube section,

said tube-like section having transverse apertures in two opposing sides adjacent said apex and in communication with said throughput aperture, and

said transmitting and receiving transducer being respectively disposed in said transverse apertures back from the throughput aperture and in open communication with each other through said transverse and throughput apertures, and

wherein said throughput aperture in said tube-like section has a width substantially greater than the width of said aperture at the apex of said cone section.

4. Apparatus as in claim 3 including means forming an air vent extending transversely of and from said 10 throughput aperture to the exterior of said tube section.

5. Apparatus as in claim 3 wherein said textile processing machine is a card having feed and doffer rolls 5 respectively as said feeding and doffing means and further includes a lickerin and fiber paralleling cylinder sequentially in the named order between said feed and doffer rolls and driven by said driving means at said predetermined speed, said sliver drawing means being calender roll means.

6. In apparatus for sensing the density of a textile sliver composed of strands produced by a textile processing machine and constantly drawn through an aperture in a strand collector to produce said sliver at the output of said machine, the improvement in said collector comprising:

a collecting section having an interior of conical shape with a wider end for receiving said strands and a constricted opening of given diameter at its inner end for narrowing said collected strands into a sliver, a

tube-like rear section connected to said inner end and having a sliver throughput aperture continuing from said constricted opening to the opposite, output end of said rear section with a diameter substantially larger than said given diameter of the constricted opening,

said tube-like section having aligned transverse apertures respectively disposed in its opposite sides in communication with said throughput aperture adjacent said constricted opening, and

means on said opposite sides for respectively mounting transmitting and receiving transducers in alignment with said transverse apertures for passing throughput aperture and a sliver therein, compression waves in the sonic ultrasonic range for sensing the sliver density. 7. Apparatus as in claim 6 wherein said throughput aperture is substantially twice the diameter of said given diameter of said constricted opening of the collecting section.

8. Apparatus as in claim 6 including a port in a side of said tube-like section in communication with said throughput aperture for venting air therefrom to the exterior of said tube-like section.

9. Apparatus as in claim 8 wherein said port is in the bottom side of the tube-like section and generally perpendicular to said transverse apertures and generally in circumferential alignment therewith.

therethrough, and also transversely across said

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
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US5463556 *Aug 25, 1994Oct 31, 1995Rieter Ingolstadt Spinnereimaschinenbau AgProcess and device for control of an autoleveling draw frame
US5583781 *Aug 25, 1994Dec 10, 1996Rieter Ingolstadt Spinnereimaschinenbau AgProcess and device to correct the regulation onset point and the intensity of regulation
US5619773 *Apr 17, 1996Apr 15, 1997Rieter Ingolstadt Spinnereimaschinenbau AgDraw frame
US5697247 *Jul 1, 1996Dec 16, 1997Zellweger Luwa AgApparatus for measuring the thickness and/or irregularity of slivers
US5987966 *Jun 23, 1995Nov 23, 1999Gec Alsthom Stein IndustrieDevice for measuring the quantity of coal in a ball grinder
EP0775768A1Nov 22, 1996May 28, 1997F.LLi Marzoli & C. S.p.A.Textile machine
Classifications
U.S. Classification19/98, 73/599, 73/160, 19/150, 19/240, 19/288, 73/32.00A
International ClassificationD01G23/00, D01H5/38, D01H13/22, G01B17/02, G01N29/11, D01H5/00, G01N29/04, D01G23/06, D01H13/14
Cooperative ClassificationD01H13/22, D01G23/06, G01N2291/02854, G01B17/02, D01H5/38, G01N29/11
European ClassificationG01B17/02, D01H13/22, G01N29/11, D01G23/06, D01H5/38