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Publication numberUS3929230 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 30, 1975
Filing dateNov 12, 1973
Priority dateNov 10, 1972
Also published asCA991613A1, DE2355276A1
Publication numberUS 3929230 A, US 3929230A, US-A-3929230, US3929230 A, US3929230A
InventorsLuthi Hanspeter
Original AssigneeLuthi Hanspeter
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sets of units for constructing various types of stand
US 3929230 A
Abstract
A set of units, for the construction of various types of stand, comprises holding units shaped to take articles such as candles and plants, connecting units for the detachable connection of said holding units arranged at intervals beside one another, and tubular plug-in units for the detachable connection of said holding units arranged at intervals above one another.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [1 1 Luthi Dec.30, 1975 SETS OF UNITS FOR CONSTRUCTING VARIOUS TYPES OF STAND [76] Inventor: Hanspeter Luthi, Maurstrasse 58,

CH-8l l7 Fallanden, Switzerland [22] Filed: Nov. 12, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 415,195

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Nov. 10, 1972 Switzerland 16372/72 [52] US. Cl. 211/177; 431/295; 46/26 [51] Int. Cl. A47F 5/10 [58] Field of Search 211/13, 177; 431/295;

46/26, 29; 52/DIG. 2

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 4/1928 Herrschaft 46/29 10/1950 Curtis 431/295 12/1952 Schaefer 431/295 2,709,318 5/1955 Benjamin 46/29 X 2,722,772 11/1955 Steanes 3,695,458 10/1972 Nagel 211/177 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 411,748 11/1966 Switzerland... 431/295 971,534 l/l95l France 211/177 Primary ExaminerRoy D. Frazier Assistant Examiner-Peter A. Aschenbrenner Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Poll ock, Philpitt & Vande Sande [57] ABSTRACT A set of units, for the construction of various types of stand, comprises holding units shaped to take articles such as candles and plants, connecting units for the detachable connection of said holding units arranged at intervals beside one another, and tubular plug-in units for the detachable connection of said holding units arranged at intervals above one another.

8 Claims, 10 Drawing Figures U.S.. Patent Dec. 30, 1975 Sheet 1 of2 US. Patent Dec.30, 1975 Sheet20f2 3,929,230

SETS 01F UNITS FOR CGNSTRUCTING VARIOUS TYPES OF STAND Various versions are known of unit construction sets for making any desired form of structure from units which can be plugged or joined together andare made of wood, plastics and metal. They are suitable as toys for children.

The present invention, however, concerns a set of units for constructing various types of stand. In accordance with the invention, it is characterized by the fact that it has holding units shaped to take candles and/or plants, connecting units for the detachable connection of holding units arranged at intervals alongside one another, and tubular plug-in units for the detachable connection of holding units arranged at intervals above one another.

The drawing shows one example of a version of the invention, in which: 7

FIG. 1 is a vertical section through a stand, part of which is shown, built with the units;

FIG. 2 is a plan view of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a side view of a connecting unit;

FIG. 3a is a detail therefrom on a larger scale and FIGS. 4 to 9 show various stands built from the units.

The set for the construction of various types of stand to hold candles and decorative objects such as plants consists of three differently shaped units, i.e., the holding units 1, the connecting units 2 for linking the holding units arranged at intervals alongside one another, and the plug-in tubular units 3. The latter are for joining holding units arranged at intervals above one another. The holding units 1 have hollow spaces above and below, separated by partitions 8. The hollow spaces 4 in the central part of the holding units 1 and are to take the candles 21 or the plug-in units 3. The hollow spaces 5 of the holding units 1 are annular in shape and form rims 6 which are provided with grooves 7. Each of the plug-in units 3 is closed at one end by an end plate 3. If the plug-in units 3 are in an upright position, with the open end facing upwards, plants may be put in them. To keep the plants fresh, the tubular plug-in elements can be filled with water. The hollow spaces 4 and the end sections of the plug-in units 3 are slightly tapered.

The connecting units 2 are flat pats, each having an inner ring 11 and, at two opposite sides, webs 12. The ends of the webs 12 take the form of transverse shanks 13, the outer ends of which carry catches 14, while the inner ends form grips l5. Immediately below the transverse shanks 13, facing the inner rings 11, the webs 12 have, in each case, a notch 16, and the resultant necks 17 can be deformed in the plane of the inner rings 11 and can serve as pivots. If the grips 15 are pressed inwardly by hand in the direction of arrow a in FIG. 3, the transverse shanks 13 rotate around the necks 17. Parts 11, 12 and 13 of the connecting units 2 are made of plastic, and the notches l6 and the deformable necks 17 are necessary to enable the transverse shanks 13 to be rotated for insertion of the catches 14 into the grooves 7 or for their extraction therefrom. Because of the necks l7 and of the properties of the material of which the connecting units are made, the transverse shanks l3 always try to take" up the position shown in FIG. 3a. In each case, two grooves 7 are in line with one another and permit insertion of the catches 14. The webs 12 of the connecting units 2 rest, in the linked position, on the outer wall of the holding units 1, ensuring a secure and wobble-free connection. Removal of the connecting units 2 from the holding units 1 is effected simply by pressing the grips 15 inwardly in the direction of arrow a (FIG. 3, left-hand side in these drawings). The catches 14 then emerge from the relevant grooves 7. With the aid of the connecting units, it is possible to join together holding units I placed at intervals beside one another, and the plug-in units 3 permit the detachable linking of holding units I placed at intervals one above the other.

If the holding units 1 are not made of heat-resistant material, and it is desired to put. candles in the hollow spaces 4, cups 18 of fire-proof material such as ceramic or metal are placed therein, as shown in FIG. 1. The insides of the cups 18 have ribs 19 protruding inwards, which help to grip candles placed therein. The cups 18 can be of such a size that they project upwards out of the holding units 1.

The set described permits the construction of various types of stand, as may be seen from FIGS. 4 to 9.

The holding units 1 can, as shown in FIG. 4, be used by themselves as candlesticks and plant holders. A plug-in unit 3, containing a plant 20, is inserted in the left-hand holding unit 1. However, the right-hand holding unit 1, contains a candle 21.

FIG. 5 shows two stands arranged one beside the other. The left-hand stand corresponds to that in FIG. 4. The right-hand stand is however built in the form of a column, with several holding units 1 arranged at intervals one above the other and detachably connected to one another by connecting units 3. The candle 21 is placed in the hollow space 4, in which a cup 18 (FIG. 1) can be inserted, of the topmost holding unit.

FIGS. 7 to 9 show other candlesticks, having a decorative effect, which can be constructed with the aid of the units 1, 2 and 3.

The set which had been described permits the construction of stands, which can be taken apart, to hold candles or plants, or both together, in any desired form, suitable for table decorations, especially for festive occasions. The set comprises enough units 1, 2 and 3 to permit the construction of several stands of different types, as shown, for example, in FIGS. 4 to 9.

I claim:

I. A set of units including holding units, plug-in units, and connecting units for the construction of various types of stands comprising:

each said holding unit defining on opposite sides thereof receptacles for selectively receiving an article such as a plant, candle or the like or for alternatively receiving a tubular plug-in unit,

each said tubular plug-in units [having an end portion and means for retention of said plug-in unit in said receptacle of a respective holding unit to permit thereby the detachable connection of a plurality of I said holding units in stacked relation one above the other, each said holding unit further defining on its said opposite sides recesses adjacent its periphery for receiving a portion of one of said connecting units,

each said connecting unit including opposed web portions each of which is adapted to lie against an outer surface of a respective holding unit, each said web portion at its ends supporting transverse shanks having catches on one side of the web for fitting into said recesses on the opposite sides of a holding unit, and grips on the other side,

3 whereby said transverse shanks are resiliently pivoted on said grips to permit said catches to engage said recesses to engage a holding unit so that a plurality of said holding units can be interconnected in a generally coplanar relationship.

2. The combination of claim 1 wherein notches are formed in said webs of said connecting units adjacent their junction with a relevant shank to form a flexible pivot.

3. A plurality of modular units for assembly in a variety of ways into various types of stands for holding flowers, candles, and the like comprising:

holding units having a supporting means to support an article such as a candle or flower, each said holding unit comprising a first inner annular portion and a second annular outer portion concentric with said first annular portion which portions are joined by a disc-shaped member, the space within the first annular wall portion forming the said supporting means,

connecting units for connecting a plurality of said holding units in substantially the same plane, each of said connecting units being connected between two of said holding units and having resiliently supported catch members at each end of said connecting unit for engaging the said outer annular portion of a holding unit,

and plug in supporting units each fitting into either end of said supporting means on a respective hold- 4 ing unit and extending along the axis of said annular portions to thereby permit the coupling of a plurality of said holding units in the direction of said axis.

4. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein each said holding unit defines a plurality of circumferentially spaced radial grooves for receiving said catch member of a relevant connecting means.

5. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein each said connecting unit includes a ring-shaped member supporting diametrically opposed tangential arms on each end of which is supported a pivotable transverse shank having at an end thereof a respective one of said catch members.

6. The apparatus of claim 5 wherein each said transverse shank has on its opposite end a grip portion for pivoting said transverse shank.

7. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein each said plug-in supporting unit is of generally hollow tubular configuration and has one axial end wall closed and the other end open so that it can hold water when inserted into said supporting means with said open end uppermost to thereby permit said plug-in supporting unit to support flowers.

8. The apparatus of claim 3 which further includes a cup-shaped member fitting within said supporting means in said holding means for supporting a candle.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1667256 *Jun 8, 1927Apr 24, 1928William HerrschaftToy construction set
US2527706 *Nov 10, 1947Oct 31, 1950F H Smith Mfg CompanyDecorative candleholder
US2621503 *Jan 27, 1947Dec 16, 1952Louis SchaeferSectional candlestick and the like
US2709318 *Nov 24, 1952May 31, 1955W R Benjamin CoToy construction elements
US2722772 *Aug 25, 1953Nov 8, 1955L & I Glenn Proprietary LtdBuilding toys
US3695458 *Aug 20, 1970Oct 3, 1972Nagel HansModular candelabrum
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4403702 *Sep 18, 1980Sep 13, 1983Belokin Jr PaulVariable display merchandising rack
US4529160 *Aug 28, 1984Jul 16, 1985Chan David M FStanding adjustable decorative structure
US4951827 *Jan 4, 1989Aug 28, 1990Charles MoransaisDisplay rack
US5630291 *Dec 5, 1995May 20, 1997Fontana; Shirley E.Candelabra flower holder
US6039563 *Dec 23, 1998Mar 21, 2000Design Ideas, Ltd.Stackable hexagonal candle holders
US6634513Dec 23, 1998Oct 21, 2003Design Ideas, Ltd.Stacking candle holder modules
US7021927Sep 15, 2003Apr 4, 2006Design Ideas, Ltd.Collapsible candle stand
US7823583 *Dec 22, 2006Nov 2, 2010Energy Innovations, Inc.Solar collector mounting array
US7905227Jan 24, 2005Mar 15, 2011Energy Innovations, Inc.Self-ballasting solar collector
US8387330 *Sep 18, 2009Mar 5, 2013Ulrich WallnerSystem, method and device for producing a supporting framework or rigid girder structure
US20100083605 *Sep 18, 2009Apr 8, 2010Ulrich WallnerSystem, method and device for producing a supporting framework or rigid girder structure
US20110036342 *Oct 28, 2010Feb 17, 2011Energy Innovations, Inc.Solar collector mounting array
Classifications
U.S. Classification211/194, 446/125, 431/295, 446/122
International ClassificationF21V35/00, B41M1/26, A47G7/00, A63H33/12, A63H33/04, A63H33/10, D06P5/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63H33/105, A63H33/102, F21V35/00, A47G7/00
European ClassificationA63H33/10G, A63H33/10E, F21V35/00, A47G7/00