US 393223 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. E. ELLIOTT.
Patented Nov. 20, 1888.
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FRANCIS EUGENE ELLIOTT, OF MILES, IVASHINGTON TERRITORY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 393,223, dated November 20, 1888.
Application filed June 2'7, 1868. Serial No. 278,304. (No model.)
To all whom, it may concern.-
Be it known that I, FRANCIS EUGENE ELL- IOTT, of Miles, in the county of Lincoln, Washington Territory, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Cartridge-Extractors; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form part of this specification, in which Figure l is a view showing my improved cartridge extractor as used to withdraw a broken or exploded shell from a gun-barrel. Fig. 2 is a similar View showing the extractor as used to withdraw a loaded or unbroken shell. Fig. 3 is a detail view.
This invention is an improved cartridge or shell extractor for fire-arms, and its object is to provide a simple and eflicient device which can be used for removing shells, whether broken or entire, and in which no adjusting screws or springs are required; and it consists in the novel construction of the extractor, as will be readily understood from the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings.
Referring to the drawings by letters, A and B represent the similar but opposite bars or legs of the extractor, pivoted about centrally to each other by a rivet, C. One end of leg A is bent into a hook or catch, D, and the adjoining end of leg 13 is bent into a similar butv oppositely-facing catch, E. The outer rounded edges of catches D and E are milled or serrated, as at d c, for a purpose hereinafter ex plained.
F is a lever pivoted near its end by a rivet, G, on the end of leg A. The short end fof lever F is plain; but the longer end is transversely slotted or recessed, as at H, for the reception of the plain end of leg B.
I is a ring or loop on the long end of lever F, by which the latter is operated.
In using the extractor, if the cartridge or shell be broken, the extractor is adjusted as shown in Fig. 1. In this figure W is the barrel of the fire-arm, and X the exploded broken shell therein. The lever F is turned down parallel with leg A and the legs closed and their ends D E inserted in the bore of the broken shell, as shown. The operator then grasps ring I and turns lever F upward or at an angle to the leg A. This causes the short armfof the lever to engage leg I3 and open the extractor, as evident, causing the milled edges (1 e of parts D E to bind tightly against the interior of the shell. Vhen thus bound, the extractor is drawn outward, bringing the broken shell out of the barrehas is evident. When the shell is unbroken, the lever F is turned at an angle to leg A, so that the plain end of leg B will be engaged in the slot H of the lever, as shown in Fig. 2. This causes the distention of the extractor and separation of catches D E. The distended legs are suliiciently open to permit the catches to overlap the flange m of the shell, Fig. 2, and the long end of lever F is then drawn outward, causing leg 13 to close by reason of its engagement with the edge of slot H. The catchesD E grip the flange of the cartridge, and the extractor can then be pulled outward, drawing the cartridge with it. The outward pull in both cases is done by the ring I on lever F, and thus the greater the outward pull the greater the grip of the extractor in either case on the shell.
The legs of the extractor may be curved, if necessary, to adapt them to use with different varieties of fire-arms.
From the foregoing it will be seen that the extractor is not complicated, will remove either broken or whole shells with equal facility, and has no springs or screws to manipulate. The extractor is of such small size that it can readily be carried in the cartridge-box or pocket.
Having described my invention, I claim- 1. In a cartridge-extractor, the combination of the pivoted legs, each having one rounded and milled end, with a lever pivoted to one leg and adapted to distend the legs when shifted, substantially as described.
2. The combination, with the pivoted legs, each having a catch or hook at one end, with a lever pivoted to one leg and loosely engaging the other leg for closing the same, substantially as and for the purpose described.
3. In a cartridge-extractor, the combination of the pivoted legs with a slotted lever, F, pivsubstantially in the manner as and for the purpose described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
FRANCIS EUGENE ETJTJTOTT- Witnesses:
A. M. ANDERSON, LUDWIG ROPER.