Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS394747 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 18, 1888
Filing dateJun 7, 1887
Publication numberUS 394747 A, US 394747A, US-A-394747, US394747 A, US394747A
InventorsHenry G. Wolcott
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pouncing or finishing of felt or other like articles
US 394747 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) 2' SheetsSheet '1.



No. 894,747. Patented Dec. 18, 1888.


(No Model.)


No. 394,747. Patented D60. 18, 1888.






SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 894,747, dated December 18, 1888.

Application filed June '7, 1887. Serial No. 240,519. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, HENRY G. WoLcoTT, of Matteawan, in the county of Dutchess and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in the Pouncing or Finishing of Felt or other like Articles, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.

This invention has for its object the pouncing, or finishing, as it is sometimes termed, of irregular-shaped goodssuch, for instance, as boots and shoesmade from or of felt, or articles into which wool, hair, or fur enter or form a part. Heretofore in the pouncing or finishing of such irregular-shaped articlesthat is, the removing of the fuzzy ends or portions of the material which unavoidably form or stand out on the surface of such goods-it has been customary to do such work by handas, for instance, by sand or emery paper held in the hand and rubbed over the surface of the goods while on their last or former. This is both a tedious and expensive operation, and the goods being of an irregular shape it has not been practicable, without cutting into or through certain parts of the articles, to substitute the ordinary sand or emery wheel for such work.

-My invention consists in a rapidly-revolving flap-like heater for pouncing or finishing such irregular-shaped articles by subjecting them while on their lasts to the action of said beater, the acting flaps or surfaces of which are of a granulated cutting and abrading charactersuch as sand or emery paperand that operate in a free or loose manner upon the lasted article as the latter is turned about or manipulated to present successively the several portions of its surface to rubbing contact with the abrading-flaps.

The invention also consists in certain novel constructions and combinations of parts in the revolving pouncer or finisher, for the purpose above described, substantially as hereinafter described, and pointed out in the claims.

Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming apart of this specification, in which similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.

Figure 1 represents a side view of a circular or revolving flap-like pouncer with a felt 1 boot or shoe exposed to the action thereof in i illustration of the operation of my invention. Fig. 2 is a side view of a special construction of the revolving flap-like pouncer; Fig. 3, a transverse section of the same upon the line a: co in Fig. 1, and Fig. 4 a partial longitudinal section thereof mounted and ready for use. Fig. 5 is a transverse section upon the line 1 y in Fig. 6 of the revolving flap-like pouncer under a modified construction, and (3 a side View of the same with one of its sides removed.

In. Fig. 1, A indicates a revolving pouncer or finisher, preferably of cylindrical contour, armed on its peripheral surface with a series of flap-like boaters, B, held by or secured at their one end to the body of the pouncer, and each of which is composed of a strip of sandpaper, b, and a rubber or other flexible backing-piece, c. Emery-paper or sand or emery cloth may be substituted for the sand-paper, if desired, and are the equivalents thereof. This pouncer is revolved'with its cutting and abrading material-that is, the sand-paper I) of the beaters-in advance, as shown by arrow in Fig. 1, so that when a felt boot or shoe, 0, for instance, on its last D is held and manipulated or turn ed about, so as to expose different parts of its surface to the action of the heaters B, the sand-paper b or its equivalent, supported by the rubber or flexible backing 0, will act in a free or loose manner, but with a certain firmness due to the backing 0 upon the boot or shoe to remove the fuzzy ends or portions of the material which stand out on its surface. In'this way the boot or shoe maybe pounced or finished in a very cheap, rapid, and perfect manner without any danger of tions of it.

The sand-paper strips Z) ortheir equivalent may project at their outer ends more or less beyond the rubber or flexible supportingstrips 0, as shown. As, however, it is only the sand-paper or its equivalent which is exposed to wear by contact with the article to be pounced, it is desirable that provision should be made for readily renewing such portions of the pouncing-flaps as occasion may require, without renewing the flexible strips which support the abrading ones and which are not exposed to wear. This I mainly provide for cutting into it at protruding or irregular porby extending the sand-paper or its equivalent within the 11011 3 of the pouneer, and so that the same 01111 readily be drawn out :1i'ro111 time to time through openings in the peripheral portion 111' the body, to keep up a proper 011tside supplyot the abrading'111ateri111 as it he- 1 111nes worn or useless, 111111 to renew the abrading n1aterial when required. Figs. 2, 2 3, and 1 illustrate 0110 onstru01i0n 111' revolving pouneerwhieh provides 1'0r doing this. 111 these figures the body of 1110 pouneerA is (*1111s11'ru010d 01' two 01 111111011110 seetions, A A with tapering;- inner faeial projeetions, (7, 11111111111111 to engage said se0ti1'1ns in a tree or loose manner with 011011 other, so 11s to leave openings 0 between 1110 pr0 '1,1etions 1717 for the flaps or heaters 13 01' sand-paper 11 or its 01p1ival1 1nt, and flexible supporting -strips 1', both 1111' whieh project beyond the exterior 01' the body, and also enter within it. The 0110 01' these seetions, A, rests against a collar, f, upon a mandrel, 1*),whi1rh earries 111111 rotates the 1101111001311111'1 which is pr1'1vided with fast and loose pulleys 11 11 to rotate the pouneer or to arrest its 111otion, as required. The other section, A is adjusted upon the mandrel E toward or from the adjaeent se0ti1'1nAl1 tightening or slaehening 11 nut, 71, fitted to screw upon the end of the niandrel baek ot' the s0o1'ion A'. This adjustment 01, the section A provides for 0l1'1111ping' or holding the flaps 13 in position between the projeetions 17 01' the two seetions A A and for releasing 1110111 when it is required to r0plae0 the sandpaper 71 or to draw it p1'1 1'tially out to replaee 1111 outer worn end portion, whieh 11111 110 0111' 011:.

li igs. 5 and 1'1 01 1110 drawings show 1110 body 01' the rotary pouneer A as composed in part 111' 11 11111111 hollow ev1in1'1rieal body por1ion, A, having a hub, l.', for supporting" the pouneer upon 11s driving n1an1ilrel E against the collar 1", upon which it bears or rests upon its one side or face. The opposite side or 1"1100 is formed of 11 loose laeeplate or eover, A, 01111111110 01. sliding longitudinally upon the mandrel E, subject 111 adjustment in this direetion by a nut, 71, titled to serew upon the outer 01111111 the 111andr0l, as in the ease of the pouneer shown in Figs. 2, El, and 1. l itted around the 111111 hot the seotion A is a sleeve, 11, of leather or other suit able flexible material, 11111101 11 length so1110what greater than 1110111111 71', so that it will projectl; vo1111 the outer end thereof and bear against the laee-plate A. The series of strips 11, o1 sand-paper or its equivalent, are tacked or otherwise secured at their one end to the sleeve 11 and wound around 1110 same, while the out0r end portions 111 f said strips are passed out through slots 7 in the peripheral portion 013' the body-section A tor operation, as hereinbelfore deserili1ed, in connection with the rubber or flexible s1q1portingstrips 11, secured to the peripheral portion 01' the section A and bearing on or against the backs of the abrading-strips Z) of the :liexi ble heaters 13. This construction of the pouneer provides for an inereased amount of sand-paper or abrad in material being stored in the bod y of the poun1'1erto 11' eep up the supply as wear renders ne1 essary. The paperis held in place, when sufficiently drawn out through the slots 7, by tightening up the nut 71 and forcing 11p the cover A", so as to bind or bear upon the outer end 111' the flexible sleeve 11. As the strips 11, however, become worn 011 their1i111ter aeting' 01111 portions, the 111111 71 is slaekened, so as to relieve the sleeve H: from being bound by the cover A and to 1 11111111 01" the sleeve lliturning upon the hub 71', when or alter whieh the strips 71111115 110 pulled 0r drawn out, as shown in Fig. 5, for one 01' said strips to expose fresh abradings11rl'aees and 1110 111d or worn 01111 portioi'lshe 1. 111 or torn 1111 and the eover A be tightened up again.

Having thus des1'1ril1ed my invention, what I claim as new, 111111 desire to seeure by Letters Patent, is

l. Apoun1'1ing'or finishingdeviee 1'111'1'011'011 and other 111; e artieles, 1:1,11np0sed ol:' 111'111 1111111111 bod portion and a series 111 exterior flaps 1 11.' sand-paper or its equivalent 1111111011011 to and arranged around the body portion at suitable distanees apart, essentially as speeified.

2. 111 a pouneing or finishing deviee l'or l'elted and other like artieles, the 11011111i11111 ion 01' a mandrel and a cylinderorbody1111111111011 thereon, provided 1111 its exterior or periphery with a series of flaps 011' sand-paper or its equivalent, substantially as 1.10seril1ed.

1'1. 111 a pouneing or finishing deviee 1"0r 11'011'011 and o1h1-r like ar1i1110s,thee1n11'bination 01" a rotatable body1:1ortio11 and a series 01 attached flexible l'laps or heaters arranged to project from and around the same, and 00111- posed of strips of san1I1-paper or its equivalent and inde1'1endent flexible supportings1 rips on 1110 barks 11101-0111, essentially as speeitied.

1. 1n :1 pouneing; or linishing' d1-\'i00 for l'elt ed and other like artieles, the e1'1111l1inati1'1n ot' a rotatable 111111111101, a cylinder or body mounted thereon, eoinposed o1 inde1'1endent sections adjustable the 1,111et1'1w11rd the other uponthe mandrel, and adapted to hold abrading-strips ot' sand-paper or its equivalent within them, and the strips 01' sand-paper or its equivalent contained within the body and 1'11-rang'ed to projeet as flexible flaps beyond and around 1110 exterior thereof, and adapted to be drawn out or extended therefrom as required, subs11'1ntially as and tor the purpose or purposes herein set forth.

111 11 RY (l1. \VOLCtYlTl.



Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2615599 *Apr 14, 1949Oct 28, 1952W C Griffing IncMachine for finishing hats
US4229912 *May 30, 1978Oct 28, 1980Laughlin William FTake-apart convertible rotary tool
US4316928 *Nov 9, 1979Feb 23, 1982Milliken Research CorporationMechanically surface finished textile material
US4468844 *Jul 13, 1981Sep 4, 1984Milliken Research CorporationMechanical surface finishing process for textile fabric
US4480362 *Jan 6, 1982Nov 6, 1984Courtaulds LimitedProcess and machine for fabric treatment
US4512065 *Apr 27, 1984Apr 23, 1985Milliken Research CorporationMechanical surface finishing apparatus for textile fabric
US5956824 *Aug 11, 1997Sep 28, 1999Redman Card Clothing Co., Inc.Equipment for use in baths disposed within molten metal plating baths
US5996194 *Jan 5, 1999Dec 7, 1999Redman Card Clothing Company, Inc.Method and apparatus for surface finishing fabric with coated wires
US6119319 *Sep 29, 1999Sep 19, 2000Redman Card Clothing Company, Inc.Method and apparatus for surface finishing fabric with coated wires
Cooperative ClassificationD06C11/00