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Publication numberUS3948918 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 05/475,316
Publication dateApr 6, 1976
Filing dateMay 31, 1974
Priority dateMay 31, 1974
Publication number05475316, 475316, US 3948918 A, US 3948918A, US-A-3948918, US3948918 A, US3948918A
InventorsEdward J. Glamkowski, Philip A. Reitano
Original AssigneeAmerican Hoechst Corporation
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
1-[1-(Indol-3-ylethyl)-piperazin-4-yl]-3-substituted ureas
US 3948918 A
Abstract
1-[1-(Indol-3-ylethyl)-piperazin-4-yl]-3-substituted urea compounds, their physiologically tolerable acid addition salts, and a process for the preparation thereof are described. The compounds are useful as antihypertensive agents.
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Claims(7)
We claim:
1. A compound of the formula: ##SPC6##
wherein R1 and R2 are hydrogen or alkoxy of from 1 to 3 carbon atoms; R3 is hydrogen or alkyl of from 1 to 3 carbon atoms; and R4 is alkyl of from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl of from 3 to 8 carbon atoms; phenyl; or phenyl mono-, di-, or tri-substituted by halogen, alkyl of from 1 to 3 carbon atoms, alkoxy of from 1 to 2 carbon atoms, trifluoromethyl or nitro; and the physiologically tolerable acid addition salts thereof.
2. A compound as defined in claim 1 in which R1 and R2 are hydrogen or methoxy, R3 is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl, and R4 is ethyl, butyl or cyclohexy, and the physiologically tolerable acid addition salts thereof.
3. A compound as defined in claim 1 in which R1 and R2 are hydrogen or methoxy, R3 is hydrogen or methyl, and R4 is phenyl, chlorophenyl, fluorophenyl, tolyl, and the physiologically tolerable acid addition salts thereof.
4. The compound defined in claim 2 which is 1-[1-(indol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-ethylurea and the physiologically tolerable acid addition salts thereof.
5. The compound defined in claim 3 which is 1-[1-(indol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-phenylurea and the physiologically tolerable acid addition salts thereof.
6. The compound defined in claim 3 which is 1-[1-(indol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-p-fluorophenylurea and the physiologically tolerable acid addition salts thereof.
7. The compound defined in claim 3 which is 1-[1-(5,6-dimethoxy-2-methylindol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-phenylurea and the physiologically tolerable acid addition salts thereof.
Description

This invention relates to 1-[1-(indol-3-ylethyl)-piperazin-4-yl]-3-substituted ureas, their physiologically tolerable acid addition salts and their method of preparation. These compounds have antihypertensive activity.

To the best of our knowledge, the compounds of this invention have not heretofore been described. Benzamidopiperidylethylindoles are reported to be potent hypotensive agents [J. L. Archibald, B. J. Alps, J. F. Caballo, and J. L. Jackson, J. Med. Chem., 14, 1054 (1971)], and 1-[(3-indolyl)]-4-arylpiperazines are reported to be active as central nervous system depressants [D. W. Wylie and S. Archer, J. Med. Pharm. Chem., 5, 932( 1962)].

The compounds of the invention are represented by the formula: ##SPC1##

Wherein R1 and R2 are hydrogen or alkoxy of from 1 to 3 carbon atoms; R3 is hydrogen or alkyl of from 1 to 3 carbon atoms; and R4 is alkyl of from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl of from 3 to 8 carbon atoms, phenyl or phenyl mono-, di-, or tri-substituted by halogen, alkyl of from 1 to 3 carbon atoms, alkoxy of from 1 to 2 carbon atoms, trifluoromethyl or nitro; and the physiologically tolerable acid addition salts thereof. When R4 is a substituted phenyl, the substituents can be on any of the five available positions of the benzene ring.

The compounds of the present invention are prepared by the addition of an isocyanate of the formula, R4 --N=C=O, wherein R4 is as defined earlier, to a 3-[2-(4-aminopiperazin-1-yl)ethyl]indole of the formula: ##SPC2##

Wherein R1, R2 and R3 are as defined earlier, in a suitable inert organic solvent at a temperature of from 0-100 C. for from a few minutes to 20 hours. In a preferred embodiment of the method, the solvent is dry methylene chloride, the reaction temperature is less than 35 C., and the reaction time is 2 to 6 hours.

The starting 3-[2-(4-aminopiperazin-1-yl)ethyl] indoles are prepared by converting known indoles of the formula: ##SPC3##

To the corresponding 3-(indolyl)glyoxalyl halides of the formula ##SPC4##

By the method of Speeter et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 76, 6209 (1954).

The intermediates so prepared are reacted with N-nitrosopiperazine at a temperature between -10 to 100 C. to give the corresponding 3- 1-(indol-3-ylglyoxyloyl)-4-nitrosopiperazine of the formula: ##SPC5##

This reaction may or may not be carried out in a solvent or mixture of solvents. An added inorganic base such as potassium carbonate, or an organic base such as triethylamine, may be used to bind the hydrogen halide liberated during the course of the reaction; an added base is optional because the N-nitrosopiperazine can serve as the hydrogen ion acceptor.

Preferably, the reaction is carried out by adding the 3-(indolyl)glyoxalyl halide to a chloroform and water mixture containing the N-nitrosopiperazine and potassium carbonate while maintaining the temperature at 20-25C. over a span of from 1 minute to 60 minutes. This affords the crude 3-[1-(indol-3-glyoxyloyl)]-4-nitrosopiperazine in a nearly quantitative yield. With certain acide sensitive indoles such as when R1 and R2 are methoxy and R3 is methyl, it may be advantageous to combine the first two steps of this method in one reaction vessel without isolating the sensitive glyoxalyl halide intermediate. For example, a mixture of 5,6-dimethoxy-2-methylindole and potassium carbonate in chloroform is treated with oxalyl chloride at -5C. and the resulting glyoxalyl chloride is reacted in situ with N-nitrosopiperazine to produce the corresponding 3-[1-(indol-3-glyoxyloyl)]-4-nitrosopiperazine intermediate.

Reduction of this nitroso intermediate with an alkali metal hydride for a half hour to 24 hours produces the desired 3-[2-(4-aminopiperazin-1-yl)ethyl]indole starting compounds. This reduction is carried out in an organic solvent which is inert under the conditions of the reaction, for example, in ether, tetrahydrofuran, or 1,2-dimethoxyethane and at a temperature ranging from -10C. to the boiling point of the solvent. In a preferred embodiment of the reaction, lithium aluminum hydride is used as the reducing agent, 1,2-dimethoxyethane is the solvent, and the mixture is refluxed to produce the indole in a nearly quantitative yield.

The compounds of this invention are useful as antihypertensive agents due to their ability to depress blood pressure in mammals. Antihypertensive activity was measured in the spontaneous hypertensive rat by the indirect tail cuff method described in A Schwartz, Ed., Methods in Pharmacology, Vol. I, page 135, Appleton-Century Crofts, New York, New York, 1971.

In a standard 3 day test, according to this procedure, systolic blood pressure readings were made at 0 time (control) on days 1 and 3. Dosing was orally at 100 mgs/kg at 0 hour on days 1, 2 and 3 on groups of 6 animals per test. Activity was determined by comparison of the treated host's blood pressure values with the 0 time (control) blood pressure readings. A value of -15 mm Hg or more is considered significant.

The antihypertensive activity in this test of some of the compounds of the invention is illustrated in Table I.

              Table I______________________________________Compound             Day 1     Day 3______________________________________                mm Hg     mm Hg1 [1-(indol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-phenylurea   -47       -771-[1-(indol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-m-tolylurea  -45       -781-[1-(indol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-cyclohexylurea                -46       -441-[1-(5,6-dimethoxy-2-methyl-indol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-phenylurea         -36       -381-[1-(indol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-p-fluorophenylurea                -13       -351-[1-(indol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-p-chlorophenylurea                -12       -54______________________________________

Effective quantities in the range of from 0.1-100 mg/kg of body weight of any of the pharmacologically active 1-[1-(indol-3-ylethyl)-piperazin-4-yl]-3-substituted ureas may be administered to a patient by any one of the various methods, for example, orally as in capsules or tablets, parenterally in the form of sterile solutions or suspensions, and in some cases intravenously in the form of sterile solutions. The preferred route of administration is oral.

The active compounds of the present invention may be orally administered to a patient, for example, with an inert diluent or with an edible carrier, or they may be enclosed in gelatin capsules, or they may be compressed into tablets. For the purpose of oral therapeutic administration, the active compounds of the invention may be incorporated with excipients and used in the form of tablets, troches, capsules, elixirs, suspensions, syrups, wafers, and the like. These preparations should contain at least 0.5% of active compound, but may be varied depending upon the particular form and may conveniently be between 4 to about 70% of the weight of the unit. The amount of active compound in such compositions is such that a suitable dosage will be obtained. Preferred compositions and preparations according to the present invention are prepared so that an oral dosage unit contains between 0.1-100 milligrams of active compound.

The tablets, pills, capsules, troches, and the like may also contain the following ingredients: a binder such as microcrystalline cellulose, gum tragacanth or gelatin; and excipient such as starch or lactose, a disintegrating agent such as alginic acid, primogel, cornstarch and the like; a lubricant such as magnesium stearate or sterotex; a glidant such as colloidal silicon dioxide; and a sweetening agent such as sucrose or saccharin may be added or a flavoring agent such as peppermint, methyl salicylate, or orange flavoring. When the dosage unit form is a capsule, it may contain, in addition to materials of the above type, a liquid carrier such as fatty oil. Other dosage unit forms may contain other various materials which modify the physical form of the dosage unit, for example, as coatings. Thus, tablets or pills may be coated with sugar, shellac, or other enteric coating agents. A syrup may contain, in addition to the active compounds, sucrose as a sweetening agent, and certain preservatives, dyes and colorings, and flavors. Materials used in preparing these various compositions should be pharmaceutically pure and non-toxic in the amounts used.

For parenteral administration, the carrier or excipient may be a sterile, parenterally acceptable liquid; e.g., water or a parenterally acceptable oil; e.g., arachis oil contained in ampules.

Acids useful for preparing the physiologically tolerable acid addition salts of the invention include inorganic acids such as hydrochloric, hydrobromic, sulfuric, nitric, phosphoric and perchloric acids, as well as organic acids such as oxalic, tartaric, citric, acetic, succinic, maleic and ethane disulfonic acids.

EXAMPLE 1

A stirred solution of 6.13 g of 3-[2-(4-aminopiperazin-1-yl)ethyl]indole and 3.53 g of phenylisocyanate in 100 ml. of dry benzene is refluxed for 6 hours and then allowed to stand at ambient temperature overnight. Ether is added slowly to promote crystallization. The solid product is filtered, washed with ether and dried. The solid is recrystallized twice from a dimethylformamide water mixture to give crystals m.p. 168-171+C. of 1-[1-(indol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-phenylurea.

Analysis: Calculated for C21 H25 N5 O: 69.40% C; 6.93% H; 19.27% N. Found: 69.98% C; 6.97% H; 19.45% N.

EXAMPLE 2

4.0 G of p-tolylisocyanate are added dropwise to a stirred solution of 6.13 g of 3-[2-(4-aminopiperazin-1-yl)-ethyl]indole in 100 ml. of dry methylene chloride while maintaining the reaction temperature below 35C. After 3 hours at ambient temperature, ether is added to promote precipitation. The precipitate is filtered, washed with ether, and dried. The resulting solid is recrystallized twice from a methanol and water mixture to give 1-[1-(indol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-p-tolylurea, m.p. 201-203 C.

Analysis: Calculated for C22 H27 N5 O: 70.00% C; 7.21% H; 18.55% N. Found: 69.64% C; 7.31% H; 18.58% N.

EXAMPLES 3-7

Following the manipulative procedure describe in Example 2 and substituting for the p-tolylisocyanate the appropriate R4 isocyanate, there are produced the 1-[1-(indol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-R4 ureas listed in Table II.

                                  Table II__________________________________________________________________________      Recryst'n   AnalysesEx.    R4       Solvent            M.P.C.                      % C  % H % N__________________________________________________________________________3  p-fluorophenyl      Ethanol            203-205                  Calc.                      66.13                           6.34                               18.36      + H2 O Found                      65.96                           6.30                               18.224  p-chlorophenyl      Ethyl 212-214                  Calc.                      63.38                           6.07                               17.60      Acetate     Found                      63.25                           5.98                               17.505  p-nitrophenyl      Ethanol            206-208                  Calc.                      61.75                           5.92                               20.57      + H2 O Found                      61.71                           5.92                               20.236  cyclohexyl      Ethanol            178-180                  Calc.                      68.25                           8.46                               18.95      + H2 O Found                      68.55                           8.55                               18.727  ethyl   Ethyl 196-199                  Calc.                      64.74                           7.99                               22.20      Acetate     Found                      64.40                           7.93                               21.88__________________________________________________________________________
EXAMPLE 8

3.34 G of m-tolylisocyanate are added dropwise to a stirred solution of 6.13 g of 3-[2-(4-aminopiperazin-1-yl)ethyl]indole in 100 ml. of dry methyene chloride while maintaining the reaction temperature below 35 C. After 2 hours a fine precipitate appears, 50 ml. of ether are added and stirring is continued for 3 additional hours. More ether is added and the product is filtered and washed with ether. The solid product is recrystallized from an ethanol and water mixture to give white flakes, m.p. 186-188C. of 1-[1-(indol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-m-tolylurea.

Analysis: Calculated for C22 H27 N5 O: 70.00% C; 7.21% H; 18.55% N. Found: 70.21% C; 7.25% H; 18.45% N.

By following essentially the same procedure, substituting m-trifluoromethylphenylisocyanate for m-tolyliscyanate produces 1-[1-(indol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-m-trifluoromethylphenylurea.

EXAMPLE 9

3.5 G of phenylisocyanate are added dropwise to a stirred solution of 7.78 g of 3-[2-(4-aminopiperazin-1-yl) ethyl]-5,6-dimethoxy-2-methylindole in 100 ml. of dry methylene chloride while maintaining the reaction temperature below 35 C. After 2 hours, 50 ml. of ether are added, the product is filtered and washed with ether. The product is recrystallized from ethyl acetate to give a white solid, m.p. 170-173C. of 1-[1-(5,6 -dimethoxy-2-methylindol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-phenylurea.

Analysis: Calculated for C24 H31 H5 O3 : 66.79% C; 6.95% H; 15.57% N. Found: 66.60% C; 7.11% H; 15.92% N.

By following essentially the same procedure but starting with (a) 3-[2-(4-aminopiperazin-1-yl)ethyl]-2-methylindole and 3,5-dimethoxyphenylisocyanate; (b) 3-[2 -(4-aminopiperazin-1-yl)ethyl]-2-ethylindole and butylisocyanate; and (c) 3-[2-(4-aminopiperazin-1-yl)ethyl]-5,6-dimethoxyindole and 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylisocyanate, it is possible to obtain (a) 1-[1-(2-methylindol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)urea; (b) 1-[1-(2-ethylindol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-butylurea; and (c) 1-[1-(5,6-dimethoxyindol-3-ylethyl)piperazin-4-yl]-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)urea, respectively.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2663707 *Jun 22, 1951Dec 22, 1953American Cyanamid CoAmino piperazines and methods of preparing the same
US3188313 *Sep 25, 1959Jun 8, 1965Sterling Drug Inc1-[(1-, 2- and 3-indolyl)-lower]piperazine derivatives and intermediates and processes for the preparation thereof
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4242347 *Jun 18, 1979Dec 30, 1980Ciba-Geigy CorporationHypotensive indolylalkylpiperidyl guanidines and isoureas
Classifications
U.S. Classification544/373
International ClassificationC07D403/04, A61K31/495
Cooperative ClassificationC07D403/04, A61K31/495
European ClassificationC07D403/04, A61K31/495