Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS395598 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 1, 1889
Filing dateApr 28, 1887
Publication numberUS 395598 A, US 395598A, US-A-395598, US395598 A, US395598A
InventorsAlbert Waggoner
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Albert waggoner
US 395598 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)



No. 395,598. Patented Jan.,1,l889.;

fie/Veda? dlZerzh gFyoizer 'view of the wrench.

llniTnn STATES PATENT Orricn,



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 395,598, dated January 1, 1889., Application filed April 28, 1887. Serial No. 236,480. (No model.)

To aZZ whom it nut-y concern.-

Be it known that I, ALBERT VAGGONER, a citizen of the United States, residing at O0- lumbus, in the county of Franklin and State of Ohio, have invented new and useful Improvements in Combination-Tools, of which the following is a specification.

This invention has for its object to provide a novel wrench for turning the nuts and cleaning the axle-spindles of buggies and other vehicles; and to such end the invention consists, essentially, in a wrench having one or more nutsockets and provided with a projecting wiper composed of a piece or plate of rubber or other flexible material set in or mounted on the stem or handle.

The invention also consists of other features, all of which are hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which Figure l is a view, partly in section and partly in elevation, of the entire wrench or (.omposite tool. Fig. 2 is a transverse seetional view through the wiper. Fig. 3 is a plan Fig. -l is a detail of the end of the wrench to which the revolving head is applied.

In the said drawings, the relference-lnumeral 1 denotes the shank or handle of the wrench,

which is formed of metal or other suitable ma- 1 terial. lTpon one end of this handle is an eye or head, 9, of rectangular form and adapted to receive the axle-nut of a carriage. The handle or shank l is curved forward at nearly a right angle with the main or body portion, and upon this curved part 1 the head 2 is mounted. Within the convex curved face of the part 1 is formed a slot or channel, 3,lying within and partly without the head or eye \Vithin this slot is placed a leaf-sprin g, ll, having attachment by means of a screw, 5, set at a point outside the wrench-head and in one end only of the spring. By locating this screw 5 outside the head and forming the slot 3 in the convex face of the curved part I the fulcrum of the spring is constantly shifted as the wrench is applied to nuts of closer fit, or is more closely applied to a nut. This not only gives a broad contact-surface for the spring, but avoids weakening the latter, and also adapts the wrench to use with nuts of varying size, the spring having a greater range of engagement, owing to the peculiar form and arrangement shown.

Upon the main part of the shank or handle 1 is mounted a wiper, 6, consisting, preferably, of a plate of suitably-vulcanized caoutchouc set in a slot cut longitudinally in the handle. A shield or support, 7, formed or mounted on the shank 1, gives support to one side of said wiper, the edge of which may conveniently be cut away to conform substan tially to the shape of the axle. The wiper is used for cleansing the axle of oil that has become gummed or hardened and filled with sand, and it is used by placing it upon the axle in front of the collar and drawing it forward, thereby cleaning the axle without soiling the hands of the user. The wiper may be attached in any suitable manner and at any part of the wrench, its use being no way dependent upon its location, and it may be formed of any suitable material besides rubber.

Projecting from the back of the shank l is a pin, crank, or balance, 8, which may conveniently be used in turning the nut off or on the axle, and which maybe made, if desired, with a loose sleeve or friction-collar, 9.

Upon the wrench-head or at another convenient part of the tool is mounted or formed a knife, pick, or scraper, 10, which is useful fora great variety of purposes, such as cleaning the oil-groove in the axle, for picking out the hoofs of the horse, or for starting hard gummed oil or other foreign matter accumulating on the axle. By using this knife 10 for first loosening up or detaching the hard gummed oil or other firmly-adhering matter on the axle-spindle the. wiper can. then be used to follow up the cleaning operation, so that the axle-spindle is perfectly cleansed and placed in. good condition for fresh oil. If desirable, I can mount on the other end of the shank or handle a head, 1], having a gang of sockets, 11, of graduated size. This head is attached by a pin or bolt, 12, passing through the head into the end. of the wrench, whereby said head may be revolved, Upon. the shank of the wrench is pivoted a spring actuated dog, 13, the end of which engages with notches 14 in the wrench-head 11, whereby the latter is held at any desired point. A spring, 15, preserves this engagement of the dog by pressure on the upwardly-cnrved end 16. The dog 13 is pivoted between cars 17, formed on. the end of the shank 1, as in Fig. 1. Bythis construction the head 11 may be turned to any angle to catch the nut, this adjustment being very convenient where two nuts are close together and not readily loosened by ordinary wrenches, and in cases where the nut can only be loosened by having the socket at the end of the wrench.

The spring 45 may be of steel or other suitable material, and may be riveted or wedged in place, or it may be soldered.

hat I claim is 1. Awrench having one or more sockets and provided with a wiper consisting of a plate of rubber set in or mounted on the shank or handle, substantially as described.

2. A wrench having one or more sockets and provided with a wiper consisting of a plate of ALQERT WAGGONER.


R. II. Evans, E. E. CoRwiN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2657603 *Sep 7, 1951Nov 3, 1953Buford Evans HermanFinger control attachment wrench
US6679142 *Feb 13, 2003Jan 20, 2004Shyh-Jye LinSpoke wrench for a bicycle
US20030154828 *Feb 19, 2002Aug 21, 2003Weaver Jeffrey D.Rotating head AN fitting open end wrench
Cooperative ClassificationB25B13/48