US 396570 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. G. HOTOHKISS.
PAPER BOX. No. 396,570. Patented Jan.ZZ, 1889.
INVENTORI WITNESSES: I
f By .flttorney.
N. P'ETERS. Phnlo-Lilhagnphu Washington. D C.
STATES UNITE FREDERICK G. HOTCHKISS, OF BROOKLYN, NE\V YORK.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 396,570, dated January 22, 1889.
Application filed October 25, 1888. Serial No. 289,133. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern/.-
Be it known that I, FREDERICK G. IIOTCH- KISS, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of N ew York, have invented certain Improvements in Paper Boxes, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to boxes or receptacles made from paper or other similar sheet material, and most particularly, though not essentially, to that class known as knockdown boxes, which may be flattened out and packed closely for transportation and storage, and when required for use may be folded into shape very expeditiously.
The object of my invention is to produce a cheap and simple box of this description with aseamless or jointless body, the whole box, including the cover and flaps, being preferably formed in one piece.
My invention will be fully described hereinafter, and its novel features carefully defined in the claims.
In the drawings which serve to illustrate my invention, Figure 1 is a view of a box constructed according to my invention as it appears when flattened out, and Fig. 2 is perspective view of the same as it appears when folded into the form of a closed receptacle. Figs. 2 and 2 are fragmentary illustrative views on a scale about three times that of the principal figures.
As before stated, the box is or may be made from a single sheet of stiff paper or like material. The body of the box consists of the bottom 1, the sides 2 2, the ends 3 3, and the corner gussets or folds, each of which 0011- sists of two plies, 4 l. The dotted lines indicate the creases .formed in the paper along which it is to be folded. The flattened body of the box, as seen in Fig. 1, has an octagonal form.
011 the exterior margins of the ends 3 3-are formed end cover-flaps, 5 5, and on the exterior margins of the sides 2 2 are formed the side cover-flaps, 6 6. The latter flaps form the cover proper of the box and overlap each other when the box is folded into shape. On the outer flap, 6, is formed a hook, 7, and in the inner flap, 6, is formed a slit, 7, to receive said hook and form a lock or fastening to hold the cover closed.
ice at the corner of the box through which the contents may leak. V
The box is provided with two handles, and these serve also as a means of folding the box into shape and for holding it in shape when folded; At each side of the box is a tape or cord, 8, which is secured at its ends to the inner faces of two of the plies of the opposite corner gussets of the box, passes out of thebox through slits a in those plies of the gussets, passes in.
again through slits b in the adjacent plies of j the gussets, and, finally, out again through slits c in the sides of the box. The bights of the tapes 8 form the handles. 'When the box is folded up, the several slits, a, b, and 0, through which the tape passes, register, or nearly so, and by drawing on the bi ghts of the two tapes the plies of the several gussets are folded together and drawn up against the sides of the box. This is due to the threading of the tapes through the slits, as described, and the result istofold in the gussets and form a receptacle of the creased box-blank. Nh en the box has been thus folded into shape, the flaps 5 5 are first folded in, then the inner flap, (5, is folded down, and, lastly, the flap 6, bearing the hook 7, is folded down and the hook made to engage the slit 7'.
Figs. 2 and 2" are enlarged fragmentary views designed to illustrate the manner in which the tape 8 drawsthe plies of the gusset together and up to the side of the box. The former shows the parts partly drawn together, and the latter shows them closed up. The friction of the margins of the slits on the tape will suifice to hold the box in shape when folded.
The box is represented in Figs. 1 and 2 as being in the form of a pyramidal frustum, all the four sides being sloped. However, the ends 3 3 may be rectangular instead of trapezoidal.
In describing my box I have distinguished between the sides and ends of the box, denominating the longer sides as sides and the shorter ones as ends, but this distinction is not material. These parts may all be of the same length. The box may have any desired proportions and size.
I usually gum, glue, or paste the ends of the tape 8 to the plies of the gusset; but it may be attached in any convenient way.
Having thus described in y inVeniion, I claim-- 1. A receptacle consisting of a creased sheet of paper, having a body comprising abottom, two sides, two ends, creased gusscts at the corners connecting the sides and ends, and tapes secured at their ends to one of the two plies of each gusset, and threaded through slits in the plies of the gusset and the adja cent side of the box, substantially as set forth.
2. A receptacle consisting of a creased sheet of paper, having abody comprising a bottom, two sides, two ends, and inwardly-folded creased gussets at the corners, connecting the adjacent sides and ends, and having, also, end cover-flaps on the box ends overlapping main cover-flaps 6 6 on the box sides, a fastening for the outer main cover-flaps, and handles formed of tapes 8 S, threaded through slits in the box sides and in the plies of the gussets, said tapes being secured at their ends to the gussetplies, as described, whereby the said tapes serve as a means for folding the body of the receptacle and retaining it when folded, as set forth.
3. Areceptacle consisting of a sheet of paper, having its adjacent side and end connected by a gusset with creases at the j unction of said gusset with the respeciive side and end, and a crease which divides said gusset into two plies, & 4,. said gusset being folded inside of the receptacle, and having a tape secured at its end to one ply of said gusset, and threaded through slits in the plies of the gusset and in the adjacent side of the box, as and for the purpose set forth.
In witness whereof I have hereunto signed my name in the presence of the subscribing witnesses.
FREDERICK G. HOTOHKISS.
HENRY CONNETT, ELI SINK, J. D. CAPLINGER.