Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS398186 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 19, 1889
Filing dateMay 4, 1888
Publication numberUS 398186 A, US 398186A, US-A-398186, US398186 A, US398186A
InventorsPat martin O. Rehfuss
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 398186 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet; 2.



w ooaoooooeoocoonoomoooooo 0000 o 00 o k ar-g i uunnnosos .fuaanauu n UNITED STATES PATENT @Tmcnf.



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 398,186, dated February 19, 1889..

Application filed May 4, 1888. Eierial No. 272,750. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, MARTIN O. Rnnn'uss, a citizen of the United States, residing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, have invented certain Improvements in Targets, of which the following is a specification.

The object of my invention is to construct a target that will retain the shot discharged at it and prevent rebounding of the same,

To and to provide the device with removable target-strips, and with means for feeding the same past an openingin the target-plate.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a perspective view of my improved target.

Fig. 2 is a face view. Fig. -3 is a side view. Fig. i is a section on the line 1 L, Fig. 2; and Fig. 5 is a sectional. view of a modification.

A is the frame of the target, having an opening, a, for the face of the target B, marked in any suitable maun er.

The frame A can be made of metal or other suitable material, and in the rear of this face is a box or plate, D,preferably of sheet metal, and in the present instance hinged at d to bearings on the rear of the face A, and held in position against the rear of the face by means of turn-lmckles b, pivoted at c to the rear of the faceplate, and adapted to pass over lugs e on the box D.

Mounted in bearings F, secured to the rear of the plate A, is a roller, E, on which is a roll of paper, G, or other suitable material. This paper passes over a guide-roll, g, on the plate A, down to the rear of the plate, throughv an opening, d, in the top plate of the box,

plate, and in the present instance past a feedroller, ll, having teeth 71, which engage with the paper. This feed-wheel is moved by a rope or cord; I, through any suitable mechanism. The particular mechanism shown I will describe hereinafter.

On the paper G is printed a series of targets, B, as shown in Fig. 52, and these targets are separated, preferably by perforations b, as shown in Fig. 2, so that as each targetreaches the bottom of the frame it can be removed by tearing the paper on the line of the perforations.

This target is especially useful in contests in private or public rifle-ranges, as one marksman may take a number of shots at the target, and then the paper can be-fed so as to present a fresh target and another marksman may take his shots, and as "the targets are fed below the frame they can be torn, off, and if a marksman wishes to take the record ofhis shooting with him all that he has to do is to remove that target from the strip.

An important advantage of the box in the rear of the target is that for private shooting the target can be set up in a room and be shot at without liability of the balls or shot rebounding around the room and injuring persons, as I have found that by placing the box, as shown, in. the rear of the target, although the shot will penetratethrough the paper and strike the back of the box in :reboumling, the paper will prevent the shot from. rebounding into the room, and the shot will consequently be collected in the bottom of the box, and this old shot can be savedand sold almost for the price of shot.

I have found by sundry experiments that where aboard is used for a target. the first shotwill penetrate the board, and if a second shot strikes the same place it will rebound, often to a considerable distance. This is oliijeetionablc, as the target has to be placed in a room especially adapted for shootin I have shown perforated paper in the drawings, on which the targetis printed; but it will be understood that the paper need not be perforated, asloose sheets may he used instead. of a continuous roll, in which case one v itl' lfl. ii llOlllOl (llOPPCCl llltO llOSllTlOll and blllOllL'll L11 OlOlllllEl' (Z In the bOtlOlll to a:

to cover the opening a, as shown in Fig. 5; and in some cases the bottom of the box may be dispensed with, or, in fact, a plate, D, only may be used in place of the box, as shown in Fig. 5.

In the drawings, I have shown a feeding de vice, the cord. I leading to the place where the marksman stands, so that when a fresh target is wanted the cord is pulled and a new tar get is fed into position, and the old target removed.

The device illustrated in the drawings com-- prises a spring, '2', situated on a shaft, J, of the roll H, which. is mounted in bearings jj I00 at each side. The spring 2' is secured at one end to a collar on the shaft, and at the other the roller H a ratchet-wheel, m, and pivoted to the rope-drum K is a ratchet, n, a spring, 01', tending to keep it in gear at all times with the ratchet-wheel, so that when the cord I is pulled in. the direction of its arrow, Fig. 3, the drum will be revolved, and the projection 71 will operate to feed the paper the distance required. As soon as the rope is released, it will be wound upon the rope-drum K by means of the spring 1', which has been placed under tension by the movement of the rope outward. As before mentioned, this special construction need not be adhered to, as many ways of feeding the cylinder may be adopted.

I do not claim, broadly, a target-plate having a sheet of targets to be fed in succession past an opening in the plate, as this has heretofore been proposed; but

I claim and desire to securebylleliters Patrear of said opening and forming a shot-receiving chamber, and a pert'orable targetsheet closing the opening in the target and serving to prevent the escape of shot rebounding from the back of the box, all substantially as specified.

3. The combination of the target-plate having an opening therein and a slotted shotcollecting box in the rear of the opening, a roll of target-sheets mounted on the plate above and outside of the box, and means for drawing the sheet of targets down through the slots of the box and past the opening in the target-plate.

3. The combination of the target-plate having an opening therein, a target-sheet roll, and a feed-roller mounted on opposite sides of the opening, and a shot-collecting box l0- cated back of the opening and between the target-sheet roll and feed-roll and slotted for the passage of the target-sheet, all substantially as specified.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the prssence of two subscribing witnesses.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2466686 *Mar 22, 1946Apr 12, 1949John R ConnellyAutomatic target machine
US4583744 *Mar 27, 1984Apr 22, 1986Tolcon Steel CorporationProjectile capturing device and target
US4817960 *Mar 13, 1987Apr 4, 1989Wojcinski Allan SProjectile backstop assembly
US5070763 *Dec 14, 1990Dec 10, 1991Passive Bullet Traps LimitedBullet trap
US5113700 *Sep 16, 1991May 19, 1992Passive Bullet Traps LimitedBullet trap
US5169157 *Sep 16, 1991Dec 8, 1992Salmon Michael EFor positioning a target
US5775699 *Jan 4, 1996Jul 7, 1998Shibasoku Co., Ltd.Apparatus with shooting target and method of scoring target shooting
US6257584 *Apr 23, 1999Jul 10, 2001Randy NasutiShooting target apparatus
US6543778 *Mar 20, 2001Apr 8, 2003Jon Ellis BakerPaper roll target apparatus
US7374173 *Apr 11, 2005May 20, 2008Randy NasutiTarget apparatus
US7784794 *Jul 23, 2007Aug 31, 2010Wesley Gary SittonPaper archery tuner
US8141878 *May 7, 2010Mar 27, 2012Kuyl Marinus DRolling target device
US8910944 *Feb 28, 2013Dec 16, 2014Russell Eugene Mason, IIITarget practice device
US20110068538 *May 7, 2010Mar 24, 2011Kuyl Marinus DRolling target device
US20110109900 *Oct 2, 2010May 12, 2011Edward Lee McMillan, IIITarget apparatus utilizing laser light to actuated target advancement with a supportive backing allowing targets of inexpensive or recycled roll paper
US20130228975 *Feb 28, 2013Sep 5, 2013Russell Eugene Mason, IIITarget Practice Device
US20140070492 *Sep 10, 2012Mar 13, 2014Brian Sean MurphyProjectile Material Reclamation Platform with Integrated Paper and Digital Targeting Systems
WO1992010717A1 *Oct 31, 1991Jun 15, 1992Ronald CoburnBullet trap