US 398383 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
3 Sheets-Sheet 1.
COMBINED SPIGE GADDY.
Patented Feb. 26, 1889.
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(No Model.) 3 sheets-sheet 2.
COMBINED SPICE CADDY. No. 398,383. Patented Feb. V26, 1889.
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3 Sheets-Sheet; 3.
COMBINED ,SPICE GADDY.
Patented Feb. 26
- whole caddy.
ROBERT CROMUER, F PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
SPECIFCATION forming part of'etters Patent No. 398,383, dated February 26, 1889.
Application filed January 5, 1888.
To @ZZ whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, Bonner CROMMER, a subject of the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, residing at Philadelphia, in the county of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Combination Spice-Caddy, of which the following is a true and exact description, due reference being had to the drawings which accompany and form a part thereof.
illy invention consists of a combination spice-caddy formed of several compartments, suitably secured together and resting on a common base and having a common top, the whole forming, preferably, an octagonal prism made up of eight triangular prisms, the said caddy so composed having means, as hereinafter described, for rotating it-preferably rollers attached to the base thereof-and scoops of different capacities, which enter the compartments at an oblique angle. In practical construction, however, I lind it preferable to make the caddy a frustum of an octagonal pyramid, the top of each compartment being somewhat smaller than the base, so that it inclines slightly toward the vertical axis of the This makes the compartment less likely to tall off the base, and also aids in preventing the spices 'from clogging in the compartment. These compartments are separable-4. e., one maybe removed to be refilled or for any other purpose without disturbing the remaining compartments. The several compartments are intended to hold different spices, and are provided with scoops of different capacities. Each compartment may be provided with an agitator, so that the contents of each compartment may readily flow into the scoops. The caddy is provided with suitable means for rotating it, so that the operator may have before him any desired compartment.
The objects of my invention are, first, to
. provide a substantial and attractive-looking Serial No. 259,837. (No model.)
scoops holding exactly the desired quantities; fifth, by means of weighted slides to prevent the escape of spices when the scoops are removed; sixth, to cause the spices to fall 'freely into the scoops. l attain these objects bythe mechanism illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a side elevation ot' t-he entire appa-ratus. Fig. i is a central sectional elevation showing two compartments, agitators, scoops, and mechanism for rotation. Fig. 3 is a horizontal section oi' Fig. 1 on the line l. 2. Fig. 4 is a plan view ot the movable base inverted, showing rollers. Fig. 5 is a plan view of one compartment, showing the agitating device. Fig. il is a side elevation ot the agitating device. Fig. 7 is a front view of the shovels at the lower end ot the agitator. Fig.-8 is a plan view of the washer or supportwhich secures the rods 3. Fig. 9 is a side elevation of the entire apparatus as shown in Fig. l, one section being removed. Fig. 10 is a horizontal section on the line l 2 in Fig. 1, the alternate sections of the apparatus being removed. Fig. 11 is a plan view of the movable base, showing cleats for separating the sections. Fig. 12 is a perspective view of the scoop, showing indentations for the slide. Fig. 13 is a sectional elevation of part of one section of the caddy, showing the scoop and the slide arranged on the inner side of the side piece.
Similar figures refer to similar throughout the several views.
The combination spice-caddy is made of wood, indurated iiber, Zinc, or other suitable material. I prefer to make the side 4c, FiO, 9, of wood, and the sides 5 5, Fig. 9, of sheetiron or other suitable metal. l prefer to construct the caddy of an octagonal shape, as
Vshown in the drawings, being composed of eight separable compartments or sections. The sides 5 5 of each section may be made in one piece of metal bent into a V shape.
The caddy has upon it atop, 6, more or less ornamental in appearance, (shown in Fig. 1,) and this top is removable at pleasure, exposing to view the interior of the several sections, Which may then be illed with different spices, or, more conveniently, the sections may be removed and filled separately. The
parts caddy is preferably somewhat smaller at the topv than at the base, the sides 4 4 sloping toward the center. Immediately under the top 6 is the support 7, having holes 8 in it. This support 7 is shown in cross-section in Fig. 2. Through these holes S run rods into the false bottom 9 of each section. I insert the false bottom 9, which runs obliquely :from the intersection of the side 4 with the base 11, as otherwise the space 10 would be filled with spices which would not be reaehedrby the scoops, and therefore could not be removed. The lower base, 12, of the caddy rests upon a counter or other solid body. The caddy is supported on a pivot, 13inserted in the orifice 14, Fig. 4, in the upper or movable base, 111. This upper base, 1l, has rollers 15 secured toit to permit of its rotating on the pivot 13. A plan view of the base 11 inverted shows the arrangement of the mechanism for rotating` the caddy. On the topof the upper .basemay be arranged cleats or iianges 16 to hold the sections of the caddy, between each -pai'rjof cleats asect-ion being inserted.A The scoops 17 y18, of which there are preferably two, are of different capacities, holding such an l.amount of spice as is customarily sold to a purchaser, ordinarily one or two ounces. :The scoops .taper off obliquely, as shown in Fig. 12, enabling` the slide 2O to fall gradually. In the sides of the scoops 17 18 are slight indentations 19. The position of these indentations depends on whether the slide 2O falls on the vinner or outer side of the side 4. A slide, 2O, of brass, lead, or other suitable material, is outside of the compartment in 1 and 2, and is shown inside in Fig. 13. The slide '2O may be in a case of wood, and prefer- `ably is so constructed, if inside, or it may be lexposed, as shown in Fig. 1. The slide 2O must be of some material of sufficient weight to fall without the aid of a spring when the scoop is removed. It drops in to the indentation 19 in the scoops 1718 and holds it in place when not withdrawn. If the slide 20 is on the .inner side of the side 4, it preferably has a casing of wood, 21. 'When the scoops are removed, the slide falls and closes the orifice. In Fig. 9 one slide is shown covering the oriiice.
It is of advantage to have the spices shaken up'or agitated in the several compartments to. prevent their clogging and to insure their readily falling into the-scoops. One form of agitator is shown in the drawings, especially in Figs. 2, 5, and G. Fig. 5, which is a plan 'view of one section, shows the position ofthe agitator when the handle 23 is pulled out. If this handle be pushed in, the agitator assumes the position shown in the dotted lines. The rod 3 is fastened at top and bottom, as hereinbefore described. On it is a collar, 32, 'as shown in Fig. G, to keep the arms in position. This rod runs through the agitating- `'arms 24 25 26. These arms are preferably sharpened at their edges io enable them to cut through the spices. Then the handle 2a, attached to the rod 31, is pulled out by means of the levers 33 34 35, bolted together by bolts 2S 29 30, the agitating-arms move apart and cut through the spices. The upper arms, 25,and lower arms, 24, are at an angle to the, rod il, as shown in Fig. (j. In addition tothe agitating-arms, thereis a shovellever, 37, having at its lower end two shovels, 3S, hung on a rod, 39, and having back of them pins fl-0. (Shown in Fig. 7.) As a result of this mechanism, the shovels are rigid when moved forward and push the spices into` the scoops, over which they hang, as shown inl Fig. 2. When the shovels are pushed back, they are movable, as the pins 40 are then before them. This enables them to be Areadily pushed back. This shovel-lever 37 is pivoted at 41, and runsthrough the oriiice 36in the rod 31, making with it a movable joint. Then the handle 23 is pushed in, the shovels are moved forward, as will readily be seen from an inspection of Figs. 2 and 6, and when the handle 23 is pulled out the shovels move back.
, The flanges 44 project from the sides 4 of the caddy under the oriiices in which the scoops 17 18 are inserted. These lan'gesact as bearings for the scoops when the operator is inserting them.
Having now fully described my invention, what I desire to claim and secure by Letters Patent is- 1. A caddy for holding tea, coffee, spices, and the like, comprising separable sections, the said sections resting on a movable base, in combination with means, substantially as shown and described, for rotating the said caddy, and scoops of different capacities in IOO each of the said sections, the said scoops entering the said sections at an oblique angle.
2. The caddy herein shown and described, comprising' separable sections, the said sections having false bottoms 9 and resting on a movable base, 1l, in combination with the rollers l5 for rotating the said caddy, and the scoops 17 1S, which enter the said sections at an oblique angle, as shown.
3. In combination, a caddycomposed of separable compartments, the rods 3, ruiming through the said compartments, and the sup-l ports 7, through which the rods 3 run.
4. A caddy composed of separable sections, the said sections resting on a movable base between iianges 10 and inclining toward'the vertical axis of the caddy.
5. A caddy composed of compartments having thc agitator 24 25 2t 42 in the said compartments, all substantially as shown and described.
(5. A caddy comprising compartments*having the agitator 24 25 2G in the said compartments, all substantially as shown and described.
7. A caddy comprising compartments having the agitator 24 25 26 42 3 inthe said compartments, all substantially 'as shown and described.
S. A oaddyeomposed of eompartmentslmvhrteshnony of which invention I have ing the agitator 24 25 26 42 and the shovelhereunto set my hand, at the city of Ph1a- 1o lever 37 and the shovels 3S in the said comdelphia., this 31st day of December, A. D. pmtlnens, all snbsti-mtially as shown and de- 1887.
5 scribed. RGIERT CROMMER.
9. The agitator 21L 26 L2 3, in eombilra- \Vitnesses: tion with the shovel-lever 37 and the shovels RICHD. S. CHILD, Jr.,
38, al1 substantially as shown and described. BUTLER KENNER HARDING.