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Publication numberUS3984392 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 05/531,087
Publication dateOct 5, 1976
Filing dateDec 9, 1974
Priority dateDec 13, 1973
Also published asDE2456804A1, DE2456804C2
Publication number05531087, 531087, US 3984392 A, US 3984392A, US-A-3984392, US3984392 A, US3984392A
InventorsJan van der Veen, Theodorus Cornelis Jozef Maria Hegge
Original AssigneeU.S. Philips Corporation
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Anisotropic
US 3984392 A
Abstract
Novel nematic liquid crystalline azo-compounds have been found, which are anisotropic over a wide temperature range which includes room temperature.
The compounds are temperature, light and moisture proof. They exhibit no dynamic scattering. The compounds may be employed in E.S.R. and N.M.R. spectroscopy, and, as the case may be mixed with other nematic liquid crystalline compounds, in displays.
Images(1)
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Claims(3)
What is claimed is:
1. A compound of the formula 1 ##SPC4##
where n is 6 or 7.
2. 4-n.butyl-2'-hydroxy-4'-n.hexyloxyazobenzene.
3. 4-n.butyl-2'-hydroxy-4'-n.heptyloxyazobenzene.
Description

The invention relates to novel liquid crystalline compounds.

Many liquid crystalline compounds have too high a melting point or too small a liquid-crystalline temperature range for practical applications.

It is an object of the invention to provide nematic liquid crystalline compounds, which are liqud crystalline over a wide temperature range and which melt below room temperature.

It has been found that novel compounds of the formula ##SPC1##

In which n has the value 6 or 7, and mixtures of said compounds meet the object in view.

The compounds are resistant to the effects of temperature, light and hydrolysis. They exhibit no dynamic scattering. The compounds can be applied as solvents in E.S.R. and N.M.R.-spectrocopy. Furthermore, they may be employed in displays. If desired they may be mixed with other liquid crystalline compounds, for example nematic liquid crystalline compounds which exhibit dynamic scattering. Examples of nematic liquid crystalline compounds which may be mixed with the compounds according to the invention are the compounds described in French Pat. No. 1,537,000, the published Netherlands Pat. application No. 7,007,912, and the published German Pat. applications 1,928,242; 2,017,727 and 2,038,780.

The invention relates to novel compounds of the formula ##SPC2##

Where n = 6 or 7, and to mixtures which contain at least one of said compounds.

It is to be noted that in Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals 11 187-189 (1970) o-hydroxy-p-methoxybenzyl-p-n.butylanilide is described as a nematic liquid crystalline compound. Said compound however, has a melting point of 44C. It is true that the substance is liquid crystalline up to 64.5C and below the melting point to 8C, but the substance already crystallizes in a thin layer at 26C.

The azo-compound which corresponds to said compound, p-n.butyl-o'-hydroxy-p'-methoxyazobenzene even appears to melt at a still higher temperature, 68C, and to be liquid crystalline in undercooled condition only, to 60C.

Hence it is the more surprising that the compounds of the formula 1 and mixtures formed therewith are liquid at room temperature and are liquid crystalline over a very wide range.

The surprising properties of the compounds found are illustrated by the table below ##SPC3##

______________________________________                   meltingR      Cm H2m +1                   point C                             Tc C______________________________________N = C  CH3         44        64.5N = N  CH3         68        60N = N  n.C6 H13                   8*        82    IN = N  n.C7 H15                   22-23     79    II35.05 mol % I + 64.95 mol % II                9-15     7549.64 mol % I + 50.034 mol % II               8.5-13    7570.15 mol % I + 29.85 mol % II               0-2       75______________________________________ *A second crystal modification melts at 17C.

The compounds of the formula 1 can be obtained in accordance with methods known per se.

For example the compounds may be prepared by reacting o, p-dihydroxy-p'-butylazobenzene or an alkali metal salt thereof with an alkylhalide of the formula 2

Cn H.sub. 2n+1 X                                 (2)

where n is 6 or 7 and X represents an iodine or bromine atom. The reaction is preferably performed in a highly polar aprotic solvent, such as for example dimethylformamide, at temperatures between room temperature and the boiling point of the mixture.

The azobenzene compound which is the starting point of said reaction is obtained by reacting p-butylphenyl-diazonium-tetra-fluoroborate with resorcinol in acetone/water between 0 and 5C.

The compounds according to the invention and mixtures of nematic liquid-crystalline compounds with at least one of the compounds according to the invention may be successfully employed in display cells. Hence, the invention also relates to a display cell provided with at least two electrodes and a nematic liquid crystalline material disposed therebetween, characterized in that the liquid crystalline material contains at least one or more of the compounds of the formula 1.

The invention will now be explained in more detail with reference to the drawing in which

FIG. 1 shows a plan view of the display cell before the polarization filters were mounted, while

FIG. 2 is a cross-section taken at the line A-B after the filters were mounted.

1a. To 0.1 mol of p-n.butylaniline in 40 ml of water 30 ml of concentrated HCl were added whilst stirring. Subsequently the reaction mixture was cooled at 0C. To said mixture 0.1 mol of sodium nitrite, dissolved in water were added whilst stirring, so that the temperature of the reaction mixture remained between 0C and 5C. After adding the sodium nitrite solution stirring was continued for 15 minutes. Subsequently, 0.15 mol of ammoniumborofluoride dissolved in water, were added to said reaction mixture. The precipitated diazoniumborofluoride was filtered off and washed with cold water after being kept in the refrigerator for one hour. The diazoniumborofluoride was dissolved in a mixture of 100 ml of water and acetone (1 : 1). Subsequently 0.15 mol of resorcinol, solved in 120 ml of water, were added. Said solution was kept in the refrigerator for 16 hours and subsequently poured into 500 ml of water. The resultant precipitate of 4-n-butyl-2', 4'-dihydroxyazobenzene was filtered off.

b. 0.10 mol of 4-n.butyl-2',4'-dihydroxyazobenzene were dissolved in 200 ml of methanol and 0.1 mol of potassium hydroxide were added. The mixture was heated until the potassium hydroxide had fully dissolved. Subsequently, the methanol was removed by vacuum. To the residue of 50 ml of absolute ethanol and 50 ml of benzene were added. The solvents were extracted in vacuum. Said procedure was repeated twice. Finally, the residue was taken up in petroleum ether and the precipitate was filtered off.

c. 0.05 mol of the potassium salt of 4-n.butyl-2',4'-dihydroxyazobenzene were dissolved in 300 ml of dimethylformamide. To this 0.05 mol of n.hexyliodide were added while stirring and the mixture was subsequently heated to 110C. After the mixture had been kept at this temperature for 30 minutes, 0.025 mol of n.hexyliodide were added and the mixture was stored for another 45 minutes at 110C. Finally, the reaction mixture was poored out in water and shaked with petroleum ether. The petroleum ether extract was dried on a molecular sieve with a pore size of 4 A. The petroleum ether was removed in vacuo. The oily residue was recrystallized twice from abs. ethanol. Melting point 8C.

2. In a similar way as in example 1c 4-n.butyl-2'-hydroxy-4'-n.heptyloxyazobenzene was obtained starting from the potassium salt of 4-n.butyl-2',4'-dihydroxyazobenzene and n.heptyliodide. Melting point 22-23C.

3. A glass plate measuring 60 65 2 mm (1 in FIGS. 1 and 2) which was provided with an 8-shaped pattern of indium oxide (thickness of layer 0.1 nm) consisting of 7 segments 2, and a second glass plate 3 measuring 50601 mm which was covered with a tin oxide layer 4 having a thickness of 0.1 nm, were each rubbed in one direction, with a piece of lens paper at the oxide-coated side, glass plate being rubbed in the longitudinal direction and the glass plate 3 being rubbed in the transverse direction.

On glass plate 1 two 20 nm thick polythene strips were placed, onto which glass plate 3 was placed. The glass plates were connected with an epoxy glue filling, openings 7 being left. The space between the glass plates was then filled with p-n.butyl-o'-hydroxy-p'-n. hexyloxyazobenzene. The openings 7 were closed with epoxy glue.

Current supply leads were fitted to the connection points 8 which consisted of indium oxide, as well as on the part of glass plate 3 which extended beyond the glass plate 1. The underside of glass plate 1 and the upper side of glass plate 3 were provided with polarising filters. The direction of polarization of the two filters was parallel to the direction in which plate 1 had been rubbed with lens paper. The display cell thus obtained when viewed through showed a dark image field.

At the oxide-coated surface of the glass plates, the molecules of the nematic liquid crystalline substance are disposed parallel to the surface and in the direction of rubbing. Since said directions are perpendicular to each other, the liquid crystalline layer has a twisted structure.

Across the glass plate 3 and the segments on plate 1 an alternating voltage of 6 V, 50 Hz was applied. This yielded a bright 8-shaped image. At the location of the segments 2 the molecules are oriented perpendicular to the surface of the glass plates, so that the cell becomes locally transparent.

FIG. 1 shows a plan view of the display cell before the polarisation filters were mounted, whilst FIG. 2 is a cross-section taken at the line A-B after the filters were mounted.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3773747 *Nov 20, 1970Nov 20, 1973Merck Patent GmbhSubstituted azoxy benzene compounds
US3853785 *Nov 6, 1972Dec 10, 1974Univ TempleStable liquid crystal mixtures including anil-type nematic compounds
DE2024269A1 *May 19, 1970Dec 2, 1971Merck Patent GmbhNematic mixtures - of low melting point, used in electronics
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4134888 *Feb 28, 1977Jan 16, 1979Rca CorporationCholesteryl carbonates and carbamates of azo dyes
US4199503 *Oct 11, 1978Apr 22, 1980Basf AktiengesellschaftFungicides
US5314997 *Jun 26, 1992May 24, 1994Ricoh Company, Ltd.Optically active azo compound, producing method thereof, and liquid crystal composition containing said compound
US7799351Jul 10, 2003Sep 21, 2010Ineos Healthcare LimitedMetal compounds, mixed or sulphated, as phosphate binders
US8568792Jul 1, 2010Oct 29, 2013Cytochroma Development Inc.Metal compounds, mixed or sulphated, as phosphate binders
Classifications
U.S. Classification534/577, 252/299.68, 534/596, 534/843
International ClassificationC07C245/08, C09K19/42, C07C241/00, G09F9/00, C09K19/24, G02F1/13, C07C67/00, C09B43/28
Cooperative ClassificationC07C245/08, C09K19/24, C09B43/28
European ClassificationC09K19/24, C07C245/08, C09B43/28