US 399376 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
B. A. CAPEHART.
Patented Mar. 12, 1889.
N PETERS. Pnam-Lnhngmpher. whingmn. D, C.
(N Model.) Y `42 sneens-sneet 2".v B. A. APBHART.
Patented Mar. 12, 1889.
@w w S M f n W limiten Mares Partnr POCKET-BOOK.
SPECIFICATOIQ forming part of Letters Patent No. 399,376, dated Marcil l2, 1889. n Application tiled November 2G, 1888. Serial No. 291,884. (No model) view ot' the pocket-book embodying' my invenpocket book open.
tion, showing thc pocket-bool; in closed position. Fig. 2 a similar view showing the Fig. i3 is a perspective view showing one oi" the overlapping` sides partly elevated. Fig. 4 is a top or plan view ot' the pocket-book in similar position, the overlapping sides being partly elevated. Fig. 5 is a detail transverse sectional view on the line .r .1', Fig. l. Fig. (l is a corresponding view on the line y y, Fig. l. Fig. 7 is a view illustrz'lting the leather blanks or patterns rying coin, and are constru j-t 1ad oi leather` adapted to be folded into closed position.
The object of my invention is to provide a simple and improved pocket-book ot' this class which can be readily and economically constructed ot' scrap'leatl1e1',wl1ich will efficiently and effectively retain the coin against accidental loss or displacement, which will be flat and ot' such general shape as is most convenient and best adapted to the pocket, and which will, furthermore, possess advantages in point of inexpensiveness, durability, and general efticiency.
To these ends my invention cons from which my improved pocketbookis pret"- erably constructed. Fig. 8 is a detail sectional view of the pocket-book open.
Corresponding parts in the figures are denoted by the same letters ot reference.
Referring to the drawings, A designates the bottom, which is preferably formed of a square or rectangular piece of leather, and from which projects the side portion, the latter termin the four corresponding sides B, which subw bl7 stantially, in an approxin'iately rectangular or angular ba or pouch comprising a bottom and, preferably, tour sides, each side being relatively creased diagonallyv 'l'rom one lower corner to the opposite upper corner7 whereby each side adapted to told down [lat: against thebottom and, in conjunction with the overlapping portion ot the adjoining side, itorm a double cover 'for the coin, by which construction the coin is securely retained between the bottoni portion and the double overlaps ofthe l side portions, and thereby securely held 1 against accidental loss, substantially as hereinafter l'ully described, and particularly pointed out in the claims. that by this peculiar construction the pressure ot the coin contained between the bottom lt will be noted g and double overlaps oi the sides when exerted I outwardly only serves to more securely lock cure retention ot' the coin.
the overlapping portions in position with relation to the bottom, and the pocket-book can only be opened by lit'ting the outer edges of one of the overlapping portions and drawing the saine upwardly from the bottom.
when folded cover and retain the coin. Each side B is creased or folded from one lower corner diagonally to the opposite upper corner, as shown at B', the creases on the ditierent sides being relatively arranged, so that the crease in one section begins at the lower corner of the edge, at the top corner of which the crease in the adjoining section terminates. By this construction the sides are adapted to fold inwardly and downwardly, (see Figs. I3 and 4,) and form double laps over the bottom. XYhen the pocket-bool; is in normal closed position, each side li extends diagonally across one-half the bottom portion, as shown at af, Fig. 3, the center of the overlap being at one corner ot the pocketbook and the lower hall?, r, ot' the side B forming the underlap, while the upper half, 0;', forms the top lap. l'n this construction one halt oit' cach side ll folds over the adjoining halt ot the next side ll. as shown at .z' in Figs. i and l: and the sectional views, whereby a double overlap is provided i'or the more sevious that with a comparative simple con,- struction and arrallgement great sai'ety is se In the drawings, Figure l is a perspective cured, and the coin cannot become accidentn IOO ally lost or displaced without the intentional opening of the pocket-book, even though one or more of the top iiaps should become accidentally elevated.
In the manufacture of my improved pocket-book I prefer to form the four sides, B, of a single strip or piece of leather, preferably double, as shown at b h, Fig. 8, and having transverse creases 1)', Fig. 7, for forming the corners or edges, and valso with a project-ing edge, b2, adapted to extend around and project inwardly at the bottom. To this projecting edge b2 is secured,'by pasting or any other suitable manner, a square piece of leather, a, forming the outer surface of the betteln, and a corresponding piece of leather, a', is like-k wise secured against the piece d and the edge Iinside the pocket-book, and thus forms'the inner surface of the bottom. It will also be noted that in manufacture the pressure applied tothe pocketbook when in folded position forms a slight crease from corner to corner of each side B at right angles to the crease B', as shown at e", which serves to increase the flexibility of the folded sidesin opening or closing. The leather forming the four sides may also be provided with an end edge, b3, for securing' the ends of the side portion together.
I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the exact constructionherein shown and speeiiied, but reserve the right to all such modifications as properly fall within the spirit and scope of my invention. For instance, under some circumstances it might be desired to I construct the pocket-bool; of a shape presenting more than four sides, and in lieu of leather any other suitable or adapted iiexible material might be employed.
That I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
l. A pocket-bool; of the class described comprising the bottom portion and connected sides projectiiig` from the same, each side being relatively creased or folded diagonally from one lower corner to the opposite top corner, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2. A pocket-book of the class described comprising the bottom portion and sides projecting from the same, each side being provided with a crease or fold exteudin g from one lower l corner diagonally to the opposite upper corner, whereby the sides are adapted to fold and overlap one another above the bottom, and
with a crease extending diagonali y at right angles to the main crease and adapted to enhance the iiexibility of the sides in opening or closing, substantially as set forth.
A pocket-bookhaving the bottom and relatively creased sides adapted to fold and form double overlaps, substantially as set forth, whereby outward pressure of the coin locks the overlaps more securely in position.
4. An angular pocket-book of the class described having the bottom and sides, each side being diagonally creased and adapted to fold downwardly and inwardly over the bote tom, so that each side diagonally covers onehalf the bottom portion, with the lower half of the side forming the under lap and the upper half of the side forming the upper lap, and one half of each side projecting over the adjoining half of the next side, whereby double overlaps for retaining the coin are formed,
5. In a pocket-bool; of the class described, the combination of a bottom piece and the side portion forming the sides and provided with the projecting edge extending around and projecting inwardly at the bottom, to which edge the bottom piece is secured, substantially as set forth.
6. In a pocket-bool; of the class described, the combination of the side portion forming the sides and provided with a projecting edge extending around and projecting inwardly at the bottom, the outer bottom piece secured to said edge forming the outer surface of the bottom, and the corrcsjjiondug inner bottom piece secured inside the jiioeli'et-book and forming the inner surface of the bottmn, subi stantially as set forth.
7. In a pocket-book of the class described, the combination of the outer bottom piece, d, secured inside the pocket-book, the inner bottom piece, a', and the side portion forming the sides and constructed of a double strip of leather or other flexible material and having a projecting edge at the bottom received between theouter and inner bottom pieces, d and of, the sides being diagonally creased, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
i presence of two witnesses.
B. ASHBOURNE CAPEHART. IVitnesses:
J. REED LITTELL, SCHUYLER DUnvEn.
substantially as and for the purpose set forth.'
In testimony whereof l affix my siguaturein' IOO