Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS40242 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 13, 1863
Publication numberUS 40242 A, US 40242A, US-A-40242, US40242 A, US40242A
InventorsJohn Capell
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in grain-sieves
US 40242 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

n 2 Sheets--Shet 1. 4 1. CAPELL.-

Grain Sieve.

No. 40.242= Patented Uct. 13, 1863.

Vif/wwe.; Sg l [2z van Zar.- MW j faw n. PETERS. Fnnwumampnar. wnmmgnm. n. c.

2 Sheets-Sheet 2. J. CAPELL.

Grain Sieve.

Patented OCI. 13, 1863'.

UNITED STATES PATENT EETCE.

JOHN CAPELL, OF DANSVILLE, NEW YORK.

IMPROVEMENT IN GRAIN-SIEVES.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 40,242, dated October' 13, 1863.

To @ZZ whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JOHN GAPELL, of Dansville, in the county of Livingston and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Grain-Sieve; and I do hereby vdeclare that the following isa full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making a part of vthis specification, in which- Figure l is a vertical transverse section through my improved sieve. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the sieve ot' Fig. 1. Figs. 3, 4, 5, and are modifications of the sieves of Figs. l and 2.

Similar letters of reference indicate corre- A spending parts in the several figures.

This invention relates to an improved form of sieve applicable to all kinds of separators for cleaning grain, 81e., and intended for any and all purposes where a sieve can be used.

It consists in a corrugated or waved sieve, having lines or rows of gentle curves or eleva tions and depressions formed on its surface, in contradistinction to sieves which have abrupt ridges or vertical elevations, which form partitioned channels on their surfaces, my object being to so construct a sieve that the tendency of the same, when in operation, will be to cause the wheat or other heavy m aterial to pass through the perforations, while the lighter substances, and also those longer than the perforations, pass over the sieve, and are arranged in lines parallel with the channels, and also distributed equably over the entire surface of the sieve from channel to channel, all as will be hereinafter described.

To enable others skilled in the art to make and use any invention,I will proceed to describe its construction and operation.

In order to obtain a perfect riddling and separation of grain, 85e., from extraneous matters, which are mixed with it, it is necessary that all the material be brought over the perforations through the sieve in its passage over the same, in such a condition that the heavier substances will pass through the sieve and the lighter be carried off. It is also necessary that these substances should be properly agit-ated or stirred up, in order to allow the lighter substances to rise to the top, and also to prevent the sticks, straws, oats, Ste., from clogging up the perforations and preventing the free escape of the grain therethrough.

This result has been imperfectly obtained by ribbing or forming partitions, having vertical sides, on the upper surface of the sieve, which have parallel depressions or channels Ybetween them, through which latter the perforations for the escape of the good grain are made. This kind of screen or sieve, it will be seen, has no other advantage over the flatsurfaee sieve than stiffness, as the material subjected to its action will, on falling fromthe hopper into the deep angular channels, be retained in these channels in a compacted mass until discharged at the lower end 0f the sieve. There is, therefore, little chance for the heavier grain to be discharged from the sieve through the perforations, and an imperfect separation is the result. The channels, with their perforations, become clogged up and overloaded, and the eleva. tions are so formed that however rapidly the sieve be shaken very little, if any, ofthe ma* terial will be distributed from one channel to another. The spaces between the partitions are necessarily made so wide that the oats, sticks,&c., arrange themselves crosswise of the channels, and hence clog up the channels and prevent a perfect separation of the lighter from the heavier substances. v

Instead of forming right-angular channels. or depressions and vertical partitions, which confine the substances within them, as above described, I corrugate or wave the elevated surfaces of my screen or perforated sieveplates, forming thereby a series of gentle curves or undulations, a a a a, which run in lines parallel to each other from end to end of the sieve, as shown in Figs. l and 2 of the drawings, -in which a a represent the hills and a. a the valleys or depressions, through which latter I make the perforations b b, extending,in this instance, into theinclined sides of the hills or ridges. The impure grain or substance escaping from the hopper and falling on this form of sieve is received in the valleys a', and by means of the shaking movement, which is communicated to the sieve, the substances will be shaken from valley to valley and evenly distributed over the surface, and in this constant change of place the heavier substances will arrange themselves in the bottoms of the valleys, while the lighter substances and those which are longer than the perforations will arrange themselves in lines parallel with and crosswise upon the hills, and so pass over the perforations and down over the channels, and finally escape at the lowermost end or side of the sieve, allowing the good wheat or other substances to escape freely through the perforations in the channels.

It will be seen, by reference to the drawings, which are greatly enlarged for the purpose of showing my invention clearly, that the sticks, straws, Sac., which are longer than the perforatious b through the sieve, must arrange themselves in the channels in lines parallel with the ridges a, and in this condition slide down the sieve and be discharged from its lower side o r tail end. The ridges or hills do not obstruct thepassage ofthe substances over them. Hence the heavier substances are allowed to arrange themselves in the channels in such a condition or position as will in sure the free passage and separation of the wheat or other substances through the perfo-l rations b. The substances will be rolled from one .valley to another, and there will be no liability to clog or choke up the pert'orations, as the whole mass is kept in constant motion and transition, both laterally and longitudinally, the lighter substances during such motion rising upon the hills, leaving the heavier free to pass through the sieve.

Figs. 3 and 4 show a modification ot the screen of Figs. 1 and 2, the only change being in the form of the hills and valleys, which, in this case, are inclined planes in combination with at or slightly curved depressions or valleys. This screen, like the one above described, may have rectangular, oblong, oval, or round perforations through it for the grain or other materials to pass through, and the operation of this screen is like that above described-viz., to bring or cause the foreign l substances mixed with the wheat, and the l the corrugations are arranged in steps inclining either upward, or downward, or concave, as it may be desired. In this form ot' sieve it will be seen that the substances pass successively from step to step in their downward tendency or movement toward the discharg ing or tail end, ot' the sieve, while the good grain escapes through the perforations in the stepped surfaces, leaving the sticks, oats, rc., to roll over the ledges from step to step. This latter form ot' sieve, however, I do not claim in the present application, it forming the proper subject-matter for a separate patent.

In some instances the sieve-plates may be constructed with one halt' (more or less) ot' its waved corrug'ations running either obliquely or at right angles to those of the other. halt'.

I ain aware that a patent was granted to George Lull, April 16, 1861, for a screen for winnowing-machines, which screen is divided into channels, the bottoms ot' which channels are plane-faced, and which channels arein part formed by vertical ribs7 rising' at right angles Jfrom the said plane-faced portion ot' said screen, but this l do not claim but,

Having thus described iny invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

A grainsieve or perforated separator having a waved surface, substantially as and for the purposes herein described.

JOHN CAPELLI. \Vitnesses:

I. F. BaAY'roN,

U. R.. KERN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5417793 *Aug 11, 1994May 23, 1995Derrick Manufacturing CorporationUndulating screen for vibratory screening machine and method of fabrication thereof
US5417858 *May 14, 1993May 23, 1995Derrick Manufacturing CorporationScreen assembly for vibrating screening machine
US5417859 *Jul 11, 1994May 23, 1995Derrick Manufacturing CorporationUndulating screen for vibratory screening machine and method of fabrication thereof
US5598930 *Jul 20, 1995Feb 4, 1997Advanced Wirecloth, Inc.Shale shaker screen
US5720881 *May 17, 1995Feb 24, 1998Derrick Manufacturing CorporationScreen assembly for vibrating screening machine
US5783077 *May 17, 1995Jul 21, 1998Derrick Manufacturing CorporationUndulating screen for vibratory screening machine
US5868929 *Dec 20, 1996Feb 9, 1999Derrick Manufacturing CorporationScreen assembly for vibrating screening machine
US5876552 *Oct 21, 1997Mar 2, 1999Derrick Manufacturing CorporationMethod of fabricating screen for vibratory screening machine
US5921399 *Jun 7, 1996Jul 13, 1999Derrick CorporationTo separate solids from a liquid-solid suspension according to size
US5944993 *Nov 25, 1997Aug 31, 1999Derrick Manufacturing CorporationScreen assembly for vibrating screening machine
US5958236 *Oct 21, 1997Sep 28, 1999Derrick Manufacturing CorporationUndulating screen for vibratory screening machine and method of fabrication thereof
US5971159 *Jan 21, 1997Oct 26, 1999Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Screen assembly for a vibratory separator
US5988397 *Jul 17, 1997Nov 23, 1999Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Screen for vibratory separator
US6000556 *Mar 11, 1998Dec 14, 1999Derrick Manufacturing CorporationScreen assembly for vibratory screening machine
US6029824 *Apr 22, 1998Feb 29, 2000Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Screen for vibrating separator
US6032806 *Mar 25, 1999Mar 7, 2000Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Screen apparatus for vibratory separator
US6152307 *Jan 11, 1999Nov 28, 2000Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Vibratory separator screens
US6186337Oct 30, 1998Feb 13, 2001Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Dual screen element having upper scalping screen adhered to crests of corrugated lower screen
US6267247Jun 4, 1998Jul 31, 2001Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Vibratory separator screen
US6269953Sep 16, 1999Aug 7, 2001Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Vibratory separator screen assemblies
US6283302Apr 6, 2000Sep 4, 2001Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Unibody screen structure
US6290068Apr 22, 1999Sep 18, 2001Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Shaker screens and methods of use
US6302276Apr 15, 2000Oct 16, 2001Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Screen support strip for use in vibratory screening apparatus
US6325216Sep 3, 1999Dec 4, 2001Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Screen apparatus for vibratory separator
US6340089Feb 2, 2000Jan 22, 2002Derrick Manufacturing CorporationMethod of fabricating undulating screen for vibratory screening machine
US6371302Oct 11, 2000Apr 16, 2002Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Vibratory separator screens
US6379243 *Jun 15, 2000Apr 30, 2002Gebr. Schumacher Geratebaugesellschaft MbhSieve for a thresher, especially a combine-harvester for harvesting grains
US6401934Oct 30, 1998Jun 11, 2002Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Ramped screen & vibratory separator system
US6443310Jun 17, 2000Sep 3, 2002Varco I/P, Inc.Seal screen structure
US6450345Jun 27, 2000Sep 17, 2002Varco I/P, Inc.Glue pattern screens and methods of production
US6454099Aug 5, 2000Sep 24, 2002Varco I/P, IncVibrator separator screens
US6530483Apr 12, 2001Mar 11, 2003Varco I/P, Inc.Unibody structure for screen assembly
US6564947Nov 16, 2001May 20, 2003Derrick Manufacturing CorporationMethod of screening material utilizing a plurality of undulating screen assemblies
US6565698 *Mar 2, 2000May 20, 2003Varco I/P, Inc.Method for making vibratory separator screens
US6607080Mar 28, 2001Aug 19, 2003Varco I/P, Inc.Screen assembly for vibratory separators
US6629610Oct 25, 2000Oct 7, 2003Tuboscope I/P, Inc.Screen with ramps for vibratory separator system
US6669985Oct 19, 2001Dec 30, 2003Varco I/P, Inc.Methods for making glued shale shaker screens
US6722504Oct 4, 2001Apr 20, 2004Varco I/P, Inc.Vibratory separators and screens
US6736270Oct 19, 2001May 18, 2004Varco I/P, Inc.Vibratory separator; glue is heated moisture-curing hot melt adhesive
US6892888Jul 24, 2002May 17, 2005Varco I/P, Inc.Screen with unibody structure
US6932883Jul 31, 2002Aug 23, 2005Varco I/P, Inc.Screens for vibratory separators
US7104882 *Nov 5, 2004Sep 12, 2006Gustav SchumacherSieve
US7520391Jun 6, 2007Apr 21, 2009Varco I/P, Inc.Screen assembly for vibratory separator
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB07B1/469