|Publication number||US4025475 A|
|Application number||US 05/611,917|
|Publication date||May 24, 1977|
|Filing date||Sep 10, 1975|
|Priority date||Sep 18, 1974|
|Also published as||DE2541253A1, DE2541253B2|
|Publication number||05611917, 611917, US 4025475 A, US 4025475A, US-A-4025475, US4025475 A, US4025475A|
|Inventors||Satoru Enomoto, Hitoshi Takita, Hisayuki Wada, Yutaka Mukaida, Mikiro Yanaka|
|Original Assignee||Kureha Kagaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (3), Classifications (21)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to paint compositions and more particularly to high solid type alkyd resin compositions.
Alkyd paints hardenable by air oxidation at normal temperature have hitherto been used in large quantities as the most common type. Where this type of paint is used, it has been considered indispensable from the standpoint of coating efficiency to add a solvent to the paint for proper adjustment of its viscosity. However, the solvent is added only for easy painting operation and does not compose of the coated film. The used solvent pollutes the open air, giving a big problem of the air pollution. Therefore, such application of the solvent is not desired from the standpoint of assuring operators' health and saving the solvent material itself.
The high solid type alkyd resin composition in this invention is defined to contain less than 30% of the usual solvent or in another word the solid content must be more than 70%.
On the other hand, naturally produced drying oils such as linseed oil, soybean oil ad safflower oil constitute the main component of an unsaturated radical component used in the manufacture of alkyd resin which is hardened by air at normal temperature. Therefore, said drying oils display reactivity when used as a diluent for the alkyd resin.
However, these drying oils are very viscous and have to be applied in large quantities, where used as a diluent for the alkyd resin. Further, said drying oils themselves present a yellow color and have the disadvantage that where used with a light color paint such as the white type, they cause the paint to display an undesirable finish when coated. Accordingly, demand has been made from various quarters for development of a novel high solid type alkyd resin composition which can resolve drawbacks accompanying the prior art due to inclusion of an active diluent of low viscosity and low volatility concurrently acting as a modifier for the alkyd resin by reacting therewith.
This invention has been accomplished for the object of providing novel high solid type alkyd resin paint compositions which can resolve the technical problems of the prior art and also display excellent properties. A high solid type alkyd resin paint composition according to this invention comprises 90 to 10 percent by weight of alkyd resin and 10 to 90 percent by weight of (1-methyl-2-vinyl)4,6-heptadienyl-3,8-nonadienoate.
The high solid type alkyd resin paint composition of this invention includes (1-methyl-2-vinyl)4,6-heptadienyl-3,8-nonadienoate as a reactive diluent having a lower viscosity and volatility than any known common paint solvent, and displays excellent properties, thus offering great usefulness industrial application.
(1-METHYL-2-VINYL)4,6-HEPTADIENYL-3,8-NONADIENOATE, A COMPONENT OF THE HIGH SOLID TYPE ALKYD RESIN PAINT COMPOSITION OF THIS INVENTION, IS A NOVEL SUBSTANCE DEVELOPED FOR THE FIRST TIME BY THE PRESENT INVENTORS AND HAS THE FOLLOWING CHEMICAL STRUCTURE AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES:
Molecular formula: C19 H28 O2
Structural formula: ##STR1## Molecular weight: 288 Boiling point: 133° to 133.5 C./1 mm Hg
Refractive index nD.sup. 20 : 1.4787
Viscosity: 6 centistokes (20° C.)
As apparent from the foregoing description, (1 -methyl-2 -vinyl) 4,6 -heptadienyl- 3,8 -nonadienoate is a reactive diluent having a high boiling point, low volatility and low viscosity for the alkyd resin which also acts as a modifier by reacting therewith. Development of this novel substance has enabled an alkyd resin to be used as a high solid paint and the paint composition of this invention to display excellent properties.
The alkyd resin, the other component of the paint composition of this invention, is set forth in "Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology" by Kirk and Othmer, second edition, Volume 1 (Interscience Publishers, 1963 ) pp. 851 to 883. Said alkyd resin is a drying type consisting of a condensate of polyhydric alcohol, polybasic acid and unsaturated fatty acid.
The proportion of (1 -methyl-2 -vinyl)4,6 -heptadienyl-3,8 -nonadienoate included in the high solid type alkyd resin paint composition of this invention is chosen to be, as previously mentioned, 10 to 90 percent by weight. Where the content of said component exceeds 90 percent by weight, then the resultant alkyd resin paint composition is deteriorated in quality as the alkyd resin paint. Conversely where the content of said component decreases from 10 percent by weight, then the resultant paint composition becomes more viscous, presenting difficulties in application.
Like the ordinary alkyd resin paint, the composition of this invention can be modified by adding inorganic and organic pigments and body agents. The inorganic pigments include white pigments such as titanium white, zinc white, white lead, lithophone and basic lead sulfate; black pigments such as carbon black; red pigments such as minium, cadmium red and vermilion; yellow pigments such as chrom yellow, zinc yellow and cadmium yellow; blue pigments such as prussian blue, ultramarine, cobalt blue and brunswick blue; green pigments such as chrom green, chrom oxide green and emerald green; and brown pigments such as Red oxide. The organic pigments include red pigments such as para red and toluidine red; yellow pigments such as auramine lake; blue pigments such as phthalcocyanine blue; and green pigments such as Guignet green. The bodying agents include calcium carbonate, precipitated calcium carbonate, clay, gypsum and barite. The driers include metal napthenates such as cobalt naphthenate, manganese naphthenate, lead naphthenate and calcium naphthenate used alone or in combination.
Further, the subject alkyd resin paint composition may be mixed, where necessary, with a small amount of thinner to provide a type having a lower concentration of thinner than the prior art alkyd resin paint.
This invention will be more fully understood by reference to the examples which follow.
Two types of alkyd resin component were obtained from an alkyd resin paint manufactured by the Japan Reichhold Chemicals Inc. under the trade name "Beckosol" (containing soybean oil as an oily component and having a phthalic acid content of 24% and an oil length of 65%) and an alkyd resin paint manufactured by the Hitachi Chemical Co., Ltd, under the trade name "Phthalkyd 235- 50 " (containing soybean oil) by removing a solvent from said resin paints at vacuum. The two types of alkyd resin, (1-methyl-2-vinyl) 4,6-heptadienyl-3,6 -nonadienoate and cobalt naphthenate as a drier were blended together in the proportions shown in Table 1 below, providing a clear paint. Determination was made of the coating characteristic and non volatile matter content of said paint by the test method specified in the Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) K-5400, the results being also set forth in Table 1 below.
Table 1__________________________________________________________________________ Present Invention Experiment No. 1-1 1-2 1-3 1-4__________________________________________________________________________(1-methyl-2-vinyl)4,6-heptadienyl-3,8-nonadienoate 40 20 40 20Composi- (parts by weight)tionBeckosol P 470-70 (parts by weight) 60 80 -- --Phthalkyd 235-50 (parts by weight) -- -- 60 8010% solution of cobalt naphthenate 1 1 1 1 (parts by weight) Touch free (hrs) 2.0 1.0 1.5 1.0Drying time at25° C and 75% Dust free (hrs) 6.0 4.0 4.0 3.0Prop-relative humidity Set to handle 9.0 7.0 7.0 5.5erties (hrs)Pencil hardness H H 2H 2HNon volatile matter content (%) 96.8 98.5 97.1 98.4__________________________________________________________________________
An alkyl resin obtained from Beckosol P470-70 used in Example 1, (1-methyl-2-vinyl)4,6-heptadienyl-3,8-nonadienoate, and various body agents shown in Table 2 below were blended together in the proportions also given in said Table 2 to prepare high solid type paint compositions. By way of comparison, high solid type paint compositions were prepared from (1-methyl-2-vinyl)4,6-heptadienyl-3,8-nonadienoate mixed with bodying agents, and also from a mixture of alkyd resin, linseed oil and bodying agents, and solvent type paint compositions were prepared from a mixture of alkyd resin, thinner and bodying agents. The proportions of the respective components of both high solid and solvent types of paint compositions are also shown in Table 2 below.
Table 2__________________________________________________________________________ Present Invention Controls Experiment No. 2-1 2-2 2-3 2-4 2-5__________________________________________________________________________(1-methyl-2-vinyl)4,6-heptadienyl-3,8- 21 28 31.5 -- --nonadienoate (partsComposi-by weight)tionAlkyd resin (parts 14 7 3.5 35 3.5by weight)Thinner (parts byweight) -- -- -- 30.5 --Linseed oil (partsby weight) -- -- -- -- 31.5Titanium oxide(parts by weight) 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0Zinc flower (partsby weight) 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0Calcium carbonate(parts by weight) 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.010% solution ofcobalt naphthenate 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35(parts by weight)Viscosity at 25° C. (a) 120 105 80 120 187Prop-(seconds)ertiesNon volatile mattercontent (b) (%) 99.2 98.8 98.2 73.6 100__________________________________________________________________________ Note: (a) Measured by the Ford Cup No. 4 test method specified in JIS K-5402 (b) Measured by the test method specified in the above-mentioned JIS K-5400
As seen from the results of viscosity measurement shown in Table 2 above, the paint compositions having the viscosity values of Samples of Experiment Nos. 2-1 to 2-4 admitted of easy brush coating. The paint composition of too low viscosity gave rise to running after application, presenting difficulties in maintaining coating, while the paint composition of too high viscosity obstructed brush coating. The paint composition of Experiment No. 2-5 containing linseed oil whose viscosity itself is higher than that of (1-methyl-2-vinyl)4,6-heptadienyl-3,8-nonadienoate indicated a high viscosity even when mixed with a large amount of linseed oil, barely admitting of brush coating.
The respective paint compositions listed in Table 2 above were coated on a mild steel plate and tin plate at the rate of 0.6 g/dm2 . After the coated paint compositions were allowed to stand for a week, measurement was made of their coating characteristic by the test method specified in JIS K-5400, the results being set forth in Table 3 below.
Table 3__________________________________________________________________________ Present Invention Controls Experiment No. 2-1 2-2 2-3 2-4 2-5__________________________________________________________________________ softer than Pencil Hardness (a) 2H 2H 3H 1H 4B Flex resistance (mandrel)Coating (a) (mm) 2 2 2 2 2Properties Checkered pattern test (b) 100/100 100/100 100/100 100/100 95/100 Impact Strength (a) (Du Pont process) (kg-ccm) 0.5-50 0.5-50 0.5-40 0.5-50 1-50 Erichsen test (c) (mm) 7.5 7.5 7.0 8.0 8.0Immersion Water one week 20° C. (a) Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellenttest 3% NaCl 4 days 20° C. (a) Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Discolored Weather-O-meter in 600 hrs Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent__________________________________________________________________________ Note: (a) Measured by the test methods specified in the above-mentioned JIS K-5400 (b) Measured by the peel test, after an adhesive tape is attached to the respective coatings (c) Measured by the test method specified in JIS K-7777
A coating of paint obtained by blending an alkyd resin with (1-methyl-2-vinyl)4,6-heptadienyl-3,8-nonadienoate was little inferior in properties to a coating of paint obtained by blending the alkyd resin with thinner and even superior to the latter with respect to brine proofness. A coating of paint consisting of the alkyd resin blended with linseed oil was too soft and indicated too low adhesivity for practical application, though the non volatile matter content of said paint was 100% as shown in Table 2.
Alkyd resin obtained from phthalkyd 235-50 used in Example 1, (1-methyl-2-vinyl)4,6-heptadienyl-3,8-nonadienoate and various bodying agents were blended in the proportions given in Table 4 below to prepare high solid type paint compositions. By way of comparison, solvent type paint compositions were prepared by blending an alkyd resin, thinner and bodying agents in the proportions also shown in Table 4 below. Measurement was made of the properties which both types of paint compositions exhibited as paint materials as well as when coated, the results being set forth also in Table 4 below. As apparent from Table 4, the paint compositions of this invention indicate a considerably small volatility, namely large non-volatile matter content and little inferior coating properties to those of the paint composition of the control.
Table 4______________________________________ Present Invention Control Experiment No. 3-1 3-2 3-3______________________________________ (1-methyl-2-vinyl) 4,6-heptadienyl- 21.0 28.0 -- 3,8-nonadienoate (parts by weight) Alkyd resin 14.0 7.0 35.0 (parts by weight) Thinner (parts by weight) -- -- 55.5Composi- Titanium oxide 25.0 25.5 25.5tion (parts by weight) Zinc flower 5.0 5.0 5.0 (parts by weight) Calcium carbonate 20.0 20.0 20.0 (parts by weight) 10% solution of cobalt naphthenate 0.2 0.3 0.2 (parts by weight) 30% solution of lead naphthenate 0.6 0.6 0.6 (parts by weight)Prop- Viscosity at 25° C. 119 171 121erties (a) (second)as paint Non volatile matter 98.7 97.4 60.8material (b) (mm) Pencil hardness (b) 2H 2H 2H Flax resistancecoating (mandrel) (b) (mm) 2 2 2prop- Checkered pattern 100/100 100/100 100/100erties test (c) Impact strength (Du Pont process) (b) 0.5-40 0.5-40 1-50 (kg-cm) Erichsen test (d) 7.5 7.0 8.0 (mm) Water one week Excellent Excellent ExcellentImmer- 20° C. (b)sion 3% NaCl 4 days Excellent Excellent Swelledtest 20° C. (b) Weather-O-meter in Excellent Excellent Excellent 600 hrs (b)______________________________________ Notes: (a) Measured by the Ford Cup No. 4 test method specified in the above-mentioned JIS K-5402 (b) Measured by the test method specified in the above-mentioned JIS K-5400 (c) Measured by the same peel test as applied in Example 2, after an adhesive tape is attached to the respective coatings (d) Measured by the test method specified in the above-mentioned JIS K-7777
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US8092909||Sep 7, 2006||Jan 10, 2012||Columbia Insurance Company||Color foundation coat and color top coat paint system|
|US20080060552 *||Sep 7, 2006||Mar 13, 2008||Yang Yong||Color Foundation Coat and Color Top Coat Paint System|
|U.S. Classification||523/514, 428/458, 525/7.1, 525/7|
|International Classification||C08F36/00, C08F20/10, C08L67/08, C08F283/02, C09D4/00, C07C69/587, C08L67/00, C09D167/00, C08F20/00, C07C69/602, C09D167/08, C08F36/04, C08F283/00|
|Cooperative Classification||C08K5/10, Y10T428/31681, C09D167/08|