US 402679 A
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SSSSSSSSSSSSS l '0. H. LEGGETT. COVER FOR PAINT CANS.
No. 402,679. Patented May '7, 1889.
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(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2..
G. H. LEGGETT.
OOVER FOR PAINT (mus.
No. 402,679. Patented May 7,1889:
CLINTON H. LEGGETT, OF NEWV YORK, N. Y.
COVER FOR PAINT-CANS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 402,679, dated May 7, 1889. A lication fil d November 14, 1888. Serial No. 290,771. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CLINTON H. LEGGETT, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city, county, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Cans for Paint, &c.,' of which the following is a specification.
It is customary to put up paints, (either in mixed or paste form,) varnishes, and the like in closed cans or pails, each of which is provided with a separate cover fitted over the sealed top and designed to serve as the cover of the can or pail after the consumer has cut off the sealed top thereof.
My invention relates to paint-packages of this character, its object being to provide such a package with a cover of such construction as to admit of the brush being left in the paint with its handle projecting up through the cover while keeping the paint inclosed and protected from oxidation. To this end I provide the paint can, pail, or other analogous receptacle with a sheet-metal closely-fitting cover, as heretofore, which cover is con structed with an opening in its top, through which the handle of the brush may be thrust, and with a slide for closing said opening when the handle is not thrust through it. This slide is attached to the cover and may be moved more or less over the opening, in order tomore or less contract the area thereof or close the same. It is constructed, preferably, in the form of a disk pivoted to the cover by a con centric rivet. The disk-shaped slide is also preferably formed with two or more openings of different sizes, so that by bringing one or another of these into coincidence with the opening in the cover brush-handles of different sizes may be fitted; also, by preference, a lifting ring or handle is provided by which to lift the cover or turn the disk, this ring being pivoted to a metal plate which is fastened to the disk by means of the central pivotal rivet. The portion of the cover which carries the disk is recessed, in order to sink the disk and handle below its upper surface. When it is desired that the brush shall be left in the paint, but shall not fall to the bottom of the receptacle, it is suspended by notching its handle and confining the notched portion thereof in the opening in the cover, the slide or disk being moved to contract this opening sufficiently to prevent the escape of the notch from engagement with it.
Figure 1 of the accompanying drawings is a perspective View of a small-sized paint-can with a cover constructed according to my invention. Fig. 2 is a perspective view thereof, showing the cover in use. .Fig. 3 is an enlarged plan of the cover. Fig. 4 is a diametrical section thereof. Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary plan showing the preferred construction for attaching the handle. Fig. 6 is a perspective view of a paint-pail and its cover. Fig. 7 is a diametrical section of the cover shown in Fig. 6. Fig. 8 is a view of the paint-brush with its notched handle. Figs. 9, 10, 12, and 14 are plan views of modified constructions of the cover. Fig. 11 is a diametrical section of the cover shown in Fig. 10. Fig. 13 is a perspective view of a further modification of cover.
Let A designate the paint can, pail, or package, B its cover, and O the paint-brush. The paint-can A' is filled, and has a top soldered to it, as usual, which top is to be cut out by the consumer, after which the cover B is applied to the can in its place.
The cover B is formed with an opening, I), in its top, through which to thrust the brushhandle, and is provided with a slide, a, which can be moved to close this opening. In the preferred construction the slide is made in the form of a disk, which is fastened to the cover by a central rivet, c, on which it turns as a pivot. The disk at is formed with openings of different sizes, either one of which may be brought to register with the opening I). I prefer three openings, of which the largest, d, is of the same size as the opening I). The intermediate one, (1 is somewhat smaller, and the smallest one, (Z is very much smaller than the opening I). If a brush with a small handle is used, the smallest opening is employed, and for brushes with thicker handles either of the larger openings is used. The top of the cover B is recessed, as shown at e in Figs. 4 and 7, in order to sink the disk to below the level of the outer portion, f, of the top of the cover. Thus the edge of the disk a, which in some cases may be sharp or ragged, is concealed and protected, so that it cannot do inury.
To facilitate the lifting of the cover B as well as the turning of the disk a thereon, I providea handle, g, consisting of a wire ring, which is confined to the disk a through the medium of a metal plate, h. This metal -plate is fastened down by the rivet c, and is kept from turning by being soldered to the disk a. The upward pull on the ringis transmitted through the rivet to the cover B. The plate It may either be a strip of metal folded back on itself to form an eye, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4., or it may be a flat plate having grooves or channels struck up on opposite sides to admit the ends of the ring g, as shown in Fig. 5, the latter being the preferred construction, for the reason that it brings the pivotal axis 011 which the ring g turns into line with the center of the rivet. The plate 72. has a bead formed around its edge to strengthen it, and is held from turning relatively to the disk at by nibs or prongs 'i t', struck up from the latter and coming against the sides of the plate It. These projections i may be clips or ears bent down on the plate h, as shown on the top in Fig. 5, or they may be beads indented from beneath, as shown at the bottom in Fig. 5. The plate 71 need not be soldered, although it is preferable to solder it to the disk (1. hen the user of the paint has occasion to leave it or set it away for a time, it is often a convenience to him to be able to leave the brush in the paint without thereby exposing the paint to oxidation or evaporation. To do this he selects the hole in the disk at which will most nearly fit the handle of the brush he is using and brings this hole into coincidence with the opening b. He then inserts the brush-handle through this hole and presses the cover down tightly onto the top of the can, as shown in Fig. 2. If there is a considerable depth of paint in the can and he does not wish to leave the brush wholly immersed in it, he will suspend the brush at any height from the cover by forming one or more notches, j, in the brush-handle, as shown in Fig. 8, bringing one of these notches into engagement with the margin of the opening and then contracting the opening by turning the slide a until the opening remains only just wide enough to admit the portion of the handle thus notched, whereby the escape of the notch from engagement with the margin of the opening is prevented.
I11 Figs. 9 and 10 are shown two modifica tions of the cover, wherein the disk a covers the entire top thereof and its edge is turned down thereover. In Fig. 9 a handle, g, is shown, consisting of a wire loop with its pivotal ends turned under eyes h h, struck up from the metal of the disk a.
Instead of being a disk, the slide a may be a fiat plate pivoted by a rivet to the cover, as shown in Fig. 12; or it maybe a sliding plate sliding in ways or guide-strips k 71:, soldered to the top of the cover, as shown in Fig. 14.
The opening I), instead of being a hole formed through the top of the cover and leaving the cover-flange uninterrupted or complete, as in the preceding figures, may be formed as a notch or recess cut into the cover from the sides, as shown in Fig. 13. This construction, while it has the disadvantage of weakening the cover, has the merit of facilitating the insertion or removal of the brushhandle, since the latter can be thrust in from the side.
I claim. as my invention the following defined improvements in or applicable to pack ages or receptacles for paint or other analogous substances, substantially as hereiubefore set forth, namely:
1. The combination, with a paint-can having a closed and soldered top adapted to be cut out to open the can, of a separate cover applied to the can and adapted to fit over its top when the latter has been cut open, said cover formed with. an opening in its top of such size as to admit the handle of a paintbrush and provided with a slide for closing said opening, whereby the brush may be left in the paint and the cover applied to the can to inclose the paint and protect it from the air, the brush-handle passing out through said opening.
2. A separate cover for apaint-can, formed with an opening in its top and provided with a rotatively-mounted disk-shaped slide for closing said opening, fastened to the cover by a pivotal rivet, and formed with two or more openings of different sizes registering with said opening in the cover.
3. A separate sheet-metal cover for a paintcan, formed with an annular concentric corrugation in its top and with an eccentric opening within said corrugation, combined with a disk-shaped slide for closing said opening cut from sheet metal arranged concentrically within said corrugation, with its out peripheral edge directly within and protected by the projecting corrugation and fastened rotatively to the cover by a central pivotal rivet.
4:. A separate cover forapaint-can, formed with an opening in its top and provided with a rotatively-mounted disk-shaped slide for closing said opening, a lifting-handle consisting of a ring and a plate to which said ring is pivoted, and a central rivet passing through the cover, the slide, and said plate, whereby a single rivet both fastens said plate and slide together and pivotally connects the slide to the can-cover.
In witness whereof I have hereunto signed my name in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
CLINTON II. LEGGET'J.
GEORGE H. FRASER, JNo. E. GAVIN.