|Publication number||US4035690 A|
|Application number||US 05/518,029|
|Publication date||Jul 12, 1977|
|Filing date||Oct 25, 1974|
|Priority date||Oct 25, 1974|
|Also published as||CA1043409A, CA1043409A1, DE2547820A1|
|Publication number||05518029, 518029, US 4035690 A, US 4035690A, US-A-4035690, US4035690 A, US4035690A|
|Inventors||Frederick W. Roeber|
|Original Assignee||Raytheon Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (111), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The invention relates to plasma panel display devices wherein a Nobel or other plasma forming gas is located between sets of X and Y drive electrodes. Alphanumerics and vectors are written for display by energizing selected ones of the electrodes with a writing voltage. To maintain the display once patterns have been written, a sustaining voltage is applied to all electrodes in sequence, as such panels have inherent memory capability, an erasing voltage must be applied to extinguish patterns no longer wanted. A complete description of the operations of such panels is contained in U. S. Pat. No. 3,754,230 issued Aug. 21, 1973 to Ernest P. Auger and assigned to the present assignee, the specification thereof being incorporated herein by reference. Such panels are employed in a variety of applications requiring a flat display device.
2. Description of the Prior Art
Numerous types of plasma panel display devices have been constructed with a variety of methods for enclosing a plasma forming gas between sets of X and Y drive electrodes. In the most popular type of prior art plasma display panel, parallel plates of glass with wire electrodes on the surfaces thereof were spaced uniformly apart and sealed together at the outer edges with the plasma forming gas filling the cavity thereby formed. In some such panels, the metal electrodes were coated with a thin layer of glass. To maintain uniform brightness over the surface of the panel and to provide a panel with writing and substaining voltages constant throughout the panel within predetermined limits extremely fine tolerances on the spacing between plates had to be maintained. If the metal electrodes were not coated with glass the plasma forming gas would slowly react with metal eventually rendering the panel inoperative. If the metal electrodes were coated with glass to prevent reaction between the gas and the metal, high voltages had to be used to overcome the separation between electrode and gas provided by the glass. These problems as well as others combined to make fabrication of such panels time consuming, difficult to produce with automatic processes, and consequently expensive. Moreover problems in maintaining tolerances between the parallel plates limited the size of the display panels to fairly small sizes, typically no more then 12 X 12. None of these panels have the inherent capability for producing displays with a plurality of colors and none have been successfully made mechanically flexible.
Later attempts at constructing practical plasma display devices included those in which the plasma forming gas was contained in small cells or chambers in an insulating layer sandwiched between the two parellel plates containing the electrodes. Many different geometrical configurations were attempted including cylindrical and rectangular chambers. Some of these also contained the glass in long thin capillary tubes sealed between the parallel plates. All of these devices suffered from the inherent problem of misalignment between electrodes and gas chambers. In many of these, the problem of maintaining tight tolerances between the outer parallel plates still remained as the tolerance had to be imposed upon the insulating layer containing the chambers or cells for the gas. Slight differences in spacing between intersecting electrodes causes a corresponding change in the writing and sustaining voltages for the cell formed at the intersection of the electrodes. If extremely tight tolerances between parallel plates containing the electrodes is not maintained, the sustaining voltage required for cells in one portion of the panel may exceed the writing voltage for cells in other portions of the panel. Driving circuitry which produces only a single level of writing voltage and a signal level of sustaining voltage as specified for cells in the first portion of the panel would light all the cells in the second portion of the panel during normal sustain operations. Such panels are useless for all practical applications.
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a plasma panel display device wherein tight tolerances do not have to be maintained between electrode bearing parallel plates.
Also, it is an object of the present invention to provide a plasma panel display device wherein the plasma forming gas is not in direct contact with the energizing electrodes. Plasma forming gas as used herein includes those substances such as mercury which gasify only when properly excited.
Moreover, it is an object of the present invention to provide a plasma panel display device wherein only a single set of writing and substaining voltages need be provided.
Furthermore, it is an object of the present invention to provide a large screen plasma panel display.
Also, it is an object of the present invention to provide a plasma panel display device capable of displaying data in a plurality of colors.
Moreover, it is an object of the present invention to provide a mechanically flexible plasma panel device.
These as well as other objects of the present invention are met by the combination of means for producing an electric field at a plurality of matrix locations and a plurality of means for encapsulating a plasma forming gas disposed in the electric field so created. The electric field at the plurality of matrix location may be produced by first and second sets of spaced conductors or electrodes.
Objects of the invention are also met by a plasma panel display device having plasma forming gas contained in small transparent glass capsules or spheres formed of a closed glass shell. The spheres are manufactured and filled with the gas independent of the manufacture of the electrodes and electrode bearing parallel plates. The gas filled glass spheres are tightly bunched and randomly distributed throughout a single layer and sandwiched between the two parallel plates. An adhesive filter may be used to attach the layer of glass spheres to one of the plates in some embodiments. Flexible plastic or glass parallel plates may be used.
Plasma gas containing glass spheres for use with plasma panels in accordance with the present invention may be produced by first preselecting hollow glass spheres having preferred inner and outer dimensions. The selected spheres are heated to a temperature less than the melting temperature of glass, preferably 400° F-1500° F. A vacuum is then pulled around the spheres causing air or other unwanted gas inside the spheres to be removed through pores created when the glass is heated. A mixture of neon and nitrogen or other plasma forming gas is then introduced at a preselected pressure. The spheres are then cooled closing the pores and encapsulating the gas inside.
The invention also contemplates plasma panel display devices capable of displaying alphanumerics, vectors, and other patterns using two or more different colors. For each color to be displayed a gas is selected that produces a plasma discharge producing light of the required wavelength. Spheres encapsulating each of the gases are distributed between the parallel plates in predetermined geometric configurations. In the preferred embodiment, spheres containing the various gases are alternated row by row or column by column. Other configurations can be used such as providing one of either the row or column electrodes for each color on one plate opposed by a single electrode on the other plate with one or more spheres containing gas of each color under each of the plural electrodes.
FIG. 1 is a partially cut away perspective view of a plasma display panel device in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a portion of the device shown in FIG. 1; and
FIG. 3 is a block schematic diagram of a display system in which the present invention is used to advantage.
Referring now to FIGS. 1 and 2 there is shown generally at 10 a plasma display panel device constructed in accordance with the teachings of the present invention. Two parallel plates or panels 12 and 14 form the outer surfaces of the device. Plates 12 and 14 are transparent and preferably formed of either glass or clear plastic. The plastic may be made mechanically flexible. On the surface of each plate is arrayed parallel sets of tranparent electrodes 16 and 24. Electrodes sets 16 and 24 cross each other at right angles forming the rows and colums of a matrix. Connecting sets of leads 20 and 22 are electrically coupled to electrodes 16 and 24 respectively.
The resolution capabilities of the plasma display device are determined by the density of electrodes 16 and 22. The more of each of the electrodes used the smaller the size of and the higher the precision of the alphanumeric characters and patterns displayed. A density of 60 lines per inch has been found attainable and satisfactory for displaying small well-readable characters.
Between transparent plates 12 and 14 are sandwiched many small glass spheres 18 containing therein a gas capable of producing a plasma discharge upon excitation by application of an electric field. The spheres form a single layer between plates 12 and 14 and are randomly distributed therebetween. The spheres have a preferred outer diameter in the range of 10 to 200 microns with a thickness of approximately 2 microns. Clear glass is the preferred material although a number of other plastic compositions will also perform adequately. To produce a reddish-orange color a mixture of neon and nitrogen gas may be used with a pressure of approximately 140 mm Hg. Other gases may be used as well depending upon the color of light to be emitted.
To produce a multicolor plasma display panel, spheres are filled with each of the gases chosen to produce the desired colors. Spheres containing gas of each color are grouped among alternate ones of the transparent electrodes. For example, in a three color system, neon, mercury mixed with argon in yellow glass spheres, and mercury mixed with argon and neon will produce the colors red, green, and blue respectively. Clear glass spheres containing neon gas are located adjacent the first, fourth, and every succeeding third row electrode. Yellow glass spheres containing mercury mixed with argon are located adjacent the second, fifth, and succeeding every third electrode, and clear glass spheres containing mercury mixed with argon and neon are located adjacent the third, sixth and every further succeeding third row electrode. Excitation of the desired colors is accomplished by excitation of the row electrodes adjacent the spheres containing the gas emitting light of the desired color. Alternatively, the striped patterns may run adjacent the column rather than row electrodes. Other geometrical configurations may be used as well.
The drive characteristics for plasma display panels including the required waveforms for writing and sustaining voltages are described in the above referenced patent. The voltage level of the writing, sustaining, and erasing waveforms is dependent upon the thickness of the glass used in the gas containing glass spheres and the type of gas employed. The thicker the glass used the higher the absolute required voltage levels. The driving circuitry disclosed and claimed in the referenced patent may also be used to advantage with plasma displays panels constructed in accordance with the present invention.
Spheres encapsulating plasma forming gases for use in plasma panel devices in accordance with the present invention may be produced by preselecting glass spheres within the preferred limits of inner and outer diameters. The selected spheres are heated to a sufficient temperature to open pores in the glass but not so high as to cause the spheres to collapse. A temperature between 400° F and 1500° F has been found satisfactory for ordinary glass. A vacuum is then drawn around the spheres which removes air or other unwanted gas from inside the spheres. The selected plasma forming gas is then introduced while the elevated temperature is maintained. A pressure of 140 mm Hg has been found satisfactory. The temperature is then lowered to room temperature to close the pores and seal the plasma forming gas inside the spheres.
Improved electrical performance of the plasma panel may be had by flattening the glass spheres with the flattened surface adjacent the electrodes. Such flattening increases the capacitance formed between the electrodes and plasma forming gas and hence the amount of charge stored between writing and sustaining cycles. Immunity to unwanted firing and extinction of cross point cells is thereby increased. Flattening may be accomplished by heating the assembled panel until the glass spheres become soft then applying external pressure until the desired amount of flattening has been attained.
In FIG. 3 is shown a block schematic diagram of a display system using the present invention. The patterns to be displayed including therein alphanumeric characters and vectors are stored in the memory of central computer 30. Central computer 30 produces the signals for sequentially addressing the matrix points of plasma display panel 10 through X and Y channel drive circuitry 50 and 51 respectively. To write upon or energize light emission from matrix point of plasma panel 10, signals are coupled from central computer 30 to write/erase drivers 44 and 45 and logic circuits 38 and 39 to cause the voltage produced by write/erase drivers 44 and 45 to be coupled through write/erase switches 36 and 37 through isolation networks 42 and 43 to the appropriate drive lines of plasma display panel 10. After the desired matrix points have been energized, write/erase switches 36 and 37 remove the writing voltage from isolation networks 42 and 43. Central computer 30 acting through logic networks 32 and 33 causes the sustain voltage produced by sustainer generators 40 and 41 to be coupled through sustain switches 34 and 35 to be coupled through isolation networks 42 and 43 to the appropriate drive lines of plasma panel 10. Erasure is accomplished in the same manner as the writing operation only a voltage appropriate for erasure is applied rather than one for writing. Further details of the circuitry shown in FIG. 3 are described in the reference patent.
Although preferred embodiments of the invention have been described, numerous modifications and alternations thereto would be apparent to one having ordinary skill in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2644113 *||May 22, 1950||Jun 30, 1953||Walter V Etzkorn||Luminous body|
|US3157823 *||Jan 9, 1962||Nov 17, 1964||Etzon Corp||Luminous bodies energized by standing waves|
|US3317728 *||Jul 14, 1964||May 2, 1967||Stromberg Carlson Corp||Electroluminescent display device using plastic foam|
|US3499167 *||Nov 24, 1967||Mar 3, 1970||Owens Illinois Inc||Gas discharge display memory device and method of operating|
|US3602754 *||Apr 28, 1969||Aug 31, 1971||Owens Illinois Inc||Capillary tube gas discharge display panels and devices|
|US3671938 *||May 2, 1969||Jun 20, 1972||Bell Telephone Labor Inc||Gaseous display device|
|US3678322 *||Nov 27, 1970||Jul 18, 1972||Iwatsu Electric Co Ltd||Multi-color plasma display panel|
|US3848248 *||Apr 5, 1973||Nov 12, 1974||Sanders Associates Inc||Gaseous discharge device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4581608 *||Jun 13, 1983||Apr 8, 1986||General Electric Company||Multi-color liquid crystal display and system|
|US4754199 *||Mar 4, 1987||Jun 28, 1988||Parker William P||Self contained gas discharge display device|
|US4834508 *||Dec 16, 1986||May 30, 1989||Manchester R & D Partnership||Complementary color liquid crystal display|
|US4878741 *||Sep 10, 1986||Nov 7, 1989||Manchester R & D Partnership||Liquid crystal color display and method|
|US4887003 *||May 10, 1988||Dec 12, 1989||Parker William P||Screen printable luminous panel display device|
|US4953953 *||Dec 21, 1989||Sep 4, 1990||Manchester R & D Partnership||Complementary color liquid display|
|US4956577 *||Aug 24, 1988||Sep 11, 1990||Parker William P||Interactive luminous panel display device|
|US5126632 *||Mar 15, 1991||Jun 30, 1992||Parker William P||Luminous panel display device|
|US5142389 *||May 11, 1990||Aug 25, 1992||Manchester R & D Limited Partnership||Liquid crystal color display and method|
|US5168380 *||Jan 6, 1992||Dec 1, 1992||Manchester R & D Partnership An Ohio Limited Partnership||Multiple containment mediums of operationally nematic liquid crystal responsive to a prescribed input|
|US5198723 *||Dec 11, 1989||Mar 30, 1993||Parker William P||Luminous panel display device|
|US5208686 *||May 19, 1992||May 4, 1993||Manchester R&D Partnership||Liquid crystal color display and method|
|US5326298 *||Mar 16, 1993||Jul 5, 1994||Minolta Camera Co., Ltd.||Light emitter for giving plasma light emission|
|US5345322 *||May 3, 1993||Sep 6, 1994||Manchester R&D Limited Partnership||Complementary color liquid crystal display|
|US6545422||Oct 27, 2000||Apr 8, 2003||Science Applications International Corporation||Socket for use with a micro-component in a light-emitting panel|
|US6570335||Oct 27, 2000||May 27, 2003||Science Applications International Corporation||Method and system for energizing a micro-component in a light-emitting panel|
|US6612889||Oct 27, 2000||Sep 2, 2003||Science Applications International Corporation||Method for making a light-emitting panel|
|US6620012||Oct 27, 2000||Sep 16, 2003||Science Applications International Corporation||Method for testing a light-emitting panel and the components therein|
|US6646388||Dec 13, 2002||Nov 11, 2003||Science Applications International Corporation||Socket for use with a micro-component in a light-emitting panel|
|US6762566||Oct 27, 2000||Jul 13, 2004||Science Applications International Corporation||Micro-component for use in a light-emitting panel|
|US6764367 *||Aug 9, 2002||Jul 20, 2004||Science Applications International Corporation||Liquid manufacturing processes for panel layer fabrication|
|US6796867 *||Aug 9, 2002||Sep 28, 2004||Science Applications International Corporation||Use of printing and other technology for micro-component placement|
|US6801001||Aug 9, 2002||Oct 5, 2004||Science Applications International Corporation||Method and apparatus for addressing micro-components in a plasma display panel|
|US6822626||Aug 9, 2002||Nov 23, 2004||Science Applications International Corporation||Design, fabrication, testing, and conditioning of micro-components for use in a light-emitting panel|
|US6864631||Oct 15, 2002||Mar 8, 2005||Imaging Systems Technology||Gas discharge display device|
|US6902456||Aug 20, 2003||Jun 7, 2005||Science Applications International Corporation||Socket for use with a micro-component in a light-emitting panel|
|US6919685 *||Sep 24, 2002||Jul 19, 2005||Imaging Systems Technology Inc||Microsphere|
|US6935913||Aug 9, 2002||Aug 30, 2005||Science Applications International Corporation||Method for on-line testing of a light emitting panel|
|US6975068||Nov 26, 2002||Dec 13, 2005||Science Applications International Corporation||Light-emitting panel and a method for making|
|US7005793||May 24, 2005||Feb 28, 2006||Science Applications International Corporation||Socket for use with a micro-component in a light-emitting panel|
|US7025648||Mar 2, 2004||Apr 11, 2006||Science Applications International Corporation||Liquid manufacturing processes for panel layer fabrication|
|US7122961||Nov 29, 2005||Oct 17, 2006||Imaging Systems Technology||Positive column tubular PDP|
|US7125305||Jul 8, 2003||Oct 24, 2006||Science Applications International Corporation||Light-emitting panel and a method for making|
|US7137857||Apr 17, 2003||Nov 21, 2006||Science Applications International Corporation||Method for manufacturing a light-emitting panel|
|US7140941||Feb 3, 2006||Nov 28, 2006||Science Applications International Corporation||Liquid manufacturing processes for panel layer fabrication|
|US7157854||May 20, 2003||Jan 2, 2007||Imaging Systems Technology||Tubular PDP|
|US7176628||May 19, 2005||Feb 13, 2007||Imaging Systems Technology||Positive column tubular PDP|
|US7247989 *||Jan 25, 2005||Jul 24, 2007||Imaging Systems Technology, Inc||Gas discharge display|
|US7288014||Jan 14, 2004||Oct 30, 2007||Science Applications International Corporation||Design, fabrication, testing, and conditioning of micro-components for use in a light-emitting panel|
|US7405516||Apr 18, 2005||Jul 29, 2008||Imaging Systems Technology||Plasma-shell PDP with organic luminescent substance|
|US7456571||May 8, 2003||Nov 25, 2008||Imaging Systems Technology||Microsphere plasma display|
|US7535175||Feb 2, 2007||May 19, 2009||Imaging Systems Technology||Electrode configurations for plasma-dome PDP|
|US7566889 *||Jul 28, 2009||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force||Reflective dynamic plasma steering apparatus for radiant electromagnetic energy|
|US7595774||Aug 24, 2005||Sep 29, 2009||Imaging Systems Technology||Simultaneous address and sustain of plasma-shell display|
|US7604523||Oct 20, 2009||Imaging Systems Technology||Plasma-shell PDP|
|US7619591||Nov 17, 2009||Imaging Systems Technology||Addressing and sustaining of plasma display with plasma-shells|
|US7622866||Feb 2, 2006||Nov 24, 2009||Imaging Systems Technology||Plasma-dome PDP|
|US7628666||Feb 3, 2006||Dec 8, 2009||Imaging Systems Technology||Process for manufacturing plasma-dome PDP|
|US7638943||Dec 29, 2009||Imaging Systems Technology||Plasma-disc article of manufacture|
|US7679286||Mar 16, 2010||Imaging Systems Technology||Positive column tubular PDP|
|US7727040||Jan 27, 2006||Jun 1, 2010||Imaging Systems Technology||Process for manufacturing plasma-disc PDP|
|US7730746||Jul 10, 2006||Jun 8, 2010||Imaging Systems Technology||Apparatus to prepare discrete hollow microsphere droplets|
|US7733024 *||May 9, 2007||Jun 8, 2010||Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.||Flexible plasma display panel and sealing thereof|
|US7753563 *||Sep 6, 2005||Jul 13, 2010||Beadlight Limited||Display device|
|US7772773||Feb 2, 2007||Aug 10, 2010||Imaging Systems Technology||Electrode configurations for plasma-dome PDP|
|US7772774||Feb 8, 2007||Aug 10, 2010||Imaging Systems Technology||Positive column plasma display tubular device|
|US7789725||Sep 7, 2010||Science Applications International Corporation||Manufacture of light-emitting panels provided with texturized micro-components|
|US7791037||Sep 7, 2010||Imaging Systems Technology||Plasma-tube radiation detector|
|US7808178||Feb 6, 2007||Oct 5, 2010||Imaging Systems Technology||Method of manufacture and operation|
|US7833076||Nov 16, 2010||Imaging Systems Technology, Inc.||Method of fabricating a plasma-shell PDP with combined organic and inorganic luminescent substances|
|US7863815||Jan 19, 2007||Jan 4, 2011||Imaging Systems Technology||Electrode configurations for plasma-disc PDP|
|US7923930||Jul 23, 2007||Apr 12, 2011||Imaging Systems Technology||Plasma-shell device|
|US7932674||Feb 6, 2006||Apr 26, 2011||Imaging Systems Technology||Plasma-dome article of manufacture|
|US7969092||Mar 30, 2007||Jun 28, 2011||Imaging Systems Technology, Inc.||Gas discharge display|
|US7978154||Jul 12, 2011||Imaging Systems Technology, Inc.||Plasma-shell for pixels of a plasma display|
|US8035303||Oct 11, 2011||Imaging Systems Technology||Electrode configurations for gas discharge device|
|US8043137||May 13, 2009||Oct 25, 2011||Science Applications International Corporation||Light-emitting panel and a method for making|
|US8106586||May 31, 2008||Jan 31, 2012||Imaging Systems Technology, Inc.||Plasma discharge display with fluorescent conversion material|
|US8110987||Feb 7, 2012||Imaging Systems Technology, Inc.||Microshell plasma display|
|US8113898||Oct 8, 2009||Feb 14, 2012||Imaging Systems Technology, Inc.||Gas discharge device with electrical conductive bonding material|
|US8129906||Feb 26, 2009||Mar 6, 2012||Imaging Systems Technology, Inc.||Lumino-shells|
|US8138673||Nov 22, 2008||Mar 20, 2012||Imaging Systems Technology||Radiation shielding|
|US8198811||Jun 12, 2012||Imaging Systems Technology||Plasma-Disc PDP|
|US8198812||Jan 6, 2009||Jun 12, 2012||Imaging Systems Technology||Gas filled detector shell with dipole antenna|
|US8246409||Aug 21, 2012||Science Applications International Corporation||Light-emitting panel and a method for making|
|US8278824||Aug 9, 2010||Oct 2, 2012||Imaging Systems Technology, Inc.||Gas discharge electrode configurations|
|US8299696||Dec 7, 2009||Oct 30, 2012||Imaging Systems Technology||Plasma-shell gas discharge device|
|US8339041||Dec 25, 2012||Imaging Systems Technology, Inc.||Plasma-shell gas discharge device with combined organic and inorganic luminescent substances|
|US8368303||Feb 5, 2013||Imaging Systems Technology, Inc.||Gas discharge device with electrical conductive bonding material|
|US8410695||Apr 2, 2013||Imaging Systems Technology||Gas discharge device incorporating gas-filled plasma-shell and method of manufacturing thereof|
|US8618733||Jan 3, 2011||Dec 31, 2013||Imaging Systems Technology, Inc.||Electrode configurations for plasma-shell gas discharge device|
|US8823260||Jan 23, 2007||Sep 2, 2014||Imaging Systems Technology||Plasma-disc PDP|
|US9013102||Mar 14, 2012||Apr 21, 2015||Imaging Systems Technology, Inc.||Radiation detector with tiled substrates|
|US9024526||Jun 11, 2012||May 5, 2015||Imaging Systems Technology, Inc.||Detector element with antenna|
|US9229937||Apr 5, 2007||Jan 5, 2016||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Apparatus and method for managing digital contents distributed over network|
|US20030207643 *||Aug 9, 2002||Nov 6, 2003||Wyeth N. Convers||Method for on-line testing of a light emitting panel|
|US20030207644 *||Aug 9, 2002||Nov 6, 2003||Green Albert M.||Liquid manufacturing processes for panel layer fabrication|
|US20030207645 *||Aug 9, 2002||Nov 6, 2003||George E. Victor||Use of printing and other technology for micro-component placement|
|US20030214243 *||Aug 9, 2002||Nov 20, 2003||Drobot Adam T.||Method and apparatus for addressing micro-components in a plasma display panel|
|US20040004445 *||Apr 17, 2003||Jan 8, 2004||George Edward Victor||Method and system for energizing a micro-component in a light-emitting panel|
|US20040051450 *||Aug 20, 2003||Mar 18, 2004||George Edward Victor||Socket for use with a micro-component in a light-emitting panel|
|US20040063373 *||Jun 26, 2003||Apr 1, 2004||Johnson Roger Laverne||Method for testing a light-emitting panel and the components therein|
|US20040106349 *||Jul 8, 2003||Jun 3, 2004||Green Albert Myron||Light-emitting panel and a method for making|
|US20050189164 *||Feb 26, 2004||Sep 1, 2005||Chang Chi L.||Speaker enclosure having outer flared tube|
|US20050206317 *||May 24, 2005||Sep 22, 2005||Science Applications International Corp., A California Corporation||Socket for use with a micro-component in a light-emitting panel|
|US20060097620 *||Dec 22, 2005||May 11, 2006||Science Applications International Corp., A California Corporation||Socket for use with a micro-component in a light-emitting panel|
|US20060205311 *||Feb 3, 2006||Sep 14, 2006||Science Applications International Corporation||Liquid manufacturing processes for panel layer fabrication|
|US20060234605 *||Jun 16, 2006||Oct 19, 2006||3M Innovative Properties Company||Multi-diamond cutting tool assembly for creating microreplication tools|
|US20070040503 *||Aug 14, 2006||Feb 22, 2007||Charles Chase||Microstructure non-thermal visible light source|
|US20070170504 *||Sep 25, 2006||Jul 26, 2007||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd||Thin film transistor substrate and method of fabricating the same and liquid crystal display having the thin film transistor substrate|
|US20070228962 *||Mar 2, 2007||Oct 4, 2007||Seok-Gyun Woo||Panel for plasma display, method of manufacturing the same, plasma display panel including the panel, and method of manufacturing the plasma display panel|
|US20080106196 *||May 9, 2007||May 8, 2008||Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.||Plasma display panel|
|US20080273328 *||Sep 6, 2005||Nov 6, 2008||Telectra Limited||Display Device|
|US20090275254 *||May 13, 2009||Nov 5, 2009||Albert Myron Green||Light-emitting panel and a method for making|
|EP1350238A2 *||Oct 26, 2001||Oct 8, 2003||Science Applications International Corporation||A socket for use with a micro-component in a light-emitting panel|
|EP1535268A2 *||Jul 23, 2003||Jun 1, 2005||Science Applications International Corporation||Design, fabrication, testing, and conditioning of micro-components for use in a light-emitting panel|
|EP1845549A2 *||Apr 3, 2007||Oct 17, 2007||Samsung SDI Co., Ltd.||Plasma display panel having a felxible substrate and manufacturing method thereof|
|WO2004014657A2 *||Jul 23, 2003||Feb 19, 2004||Science Applications International Corporation||Use of printing and other technology for micro-component placement|
|WO2004014657A3 *||Jul 23, 2003||Dec 29, 2004||Science Applic Int Corp||Use of printing and other technology for micro-component placement|
|WO2004015662A2 *||Jul 23, 2003||Feb 19, 2004||Science Applications International Corporation||Liquid manufacturing processes for panel layer fabrication|
|WO2004015662A3 *||Jul 23, 2003||Jul 8, 2004||Science Applic Int Corp||Liquid manufacturing processes for panel layer fabrication|
|U.S. Classification||345/41, 345/72, 313/586|