|Publication number||US404405 A|
|Publication date||Jun 4, 1889|
|Filing date||Oct 31, 1888|
|Publication number||US 404405 A, US 404405A, US-A-404405, US404405 A, US404405A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (19), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
MICHAEL IIAUeI-IEY, or sT. LoUIs, MIssoUEI.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters vPatent N o. 404,405, dated June 4, 1889.
Application filed October 31, 1888. Serial No. 289,663. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, MICHAEL HAUGHEY, residing at the city of St. Louis, in the State of Missouri, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Carriage-Tops, of which thefollowing is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in carriages in which by means of joints and hinges the pillars, ends, and top of that part of the carriage above the seats and lazy-back and sides 'move forward and backward, respectively, from the middle, leaving the seats open, and by reversing` the motion to close the same; and the object of my improvement is to provide means whereby the rear half of a carriage-top having no iiexions between the parts of its frame may be thrown back on jointed and hinged bearings and safely and neatly bestowed and folded in the rear of and nearly even with the upwardly-extending line of the back panel without interference of the seat-back or window-sashes; second, to dispense with the cross-braces, toggle-arms, and flexible covered frame heretofore used Vfor laying open the rear half of a carriage or landau top.
My improvement consists in so placing and arranging the joints or hinges whereby the several parts of the rear half of the top are connected that when said portion is given motion backward by the hands it will fold together, and so rest wi th the rear pillar and top at about right angles with the rear center pillars, and nearly on a line with the upwardlyextending lines of the back panel upon the backwardly-extended arms of the carriagebodysupported upon the springs when the top is open, and by reversing the motion the top can be closed.
I attain the foregoing objects by the means illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure I is a side elevation of the body of a closed.eight-windowed carriage. Fig. II isa similar view of the same, showing the operation of my improvement as applied to the rear half of the carriage-top. Fig. III is a form of top fastening, and Fig. IV a form of side fastening.
Similar letters and figures refer to similar parts throughout the drawings.
A represents the body of a carriage designed for eight windows-three on each side and one in each end. The windows lV are set in the ordinary fraIne-work for such parts.
. C represents the pillars, Bthe back, and D ,and E the rear half of the roof of the carriagewtop, each of said parts being built separately and then hinged or jointed together at the points shown by the drawings-#I1 e., the pillars, being placed in an upright position where they belong upon the rail a2 of the carriagebody, are then hinged at their rear lower corners to the said rail by the hinges c, and again hinged at theirrear upper corners to the forward lower corners of the roof part D of the top-frame by the hinges c', said last-mentioned part being also connected near its rear end, and sufficiently therefrom ,to allow for the thickness of the back, to the forward upper corner of the back B bythe hinges d. The
back B is then connected to the carriage-body at its lower outer ends by the hinges a. The part E of the roof is attached to the part D thereof by the hinges c.
It should be borne in mind that the centers from which the rear half of top is pivoted for opening and closing in my device are on a plane, the one above or higher than the other, so as to afford a circular motion of about onefourth of a circle to the pillars C and about one-half of a circle to the back pillars B and roof, which motion is imparted by the hinging of the pillars B at a point higher up at their lower part than the pillars C, as shown in the drawings at ct and c, Fig. II. The said parts of the rear half of the carriage-top being joined together in the manner described and as shown in Fig. I, the operation of my improvement is as follows, viz: Having removed the windows W and placed them in a receptacle provided in the carriage, loosen the catch 'c of the roof, fold the part E over the part D, and recline the pillars and back toward the rear until they assume the position shown in Fig. II, folded together and resting securely on section D upon the backwardly-extended arms F of the carriage-body, or otherwise protected by the friction-knob d. The auxiliary catch or lock shown in Fig. IV and the roof-catch shown in FigIII are but well-known forms of roof and side fastenings, to which I make no claim.
The forward half of the carriage-top which IOO is used in connection with my improvement is shown in the drawings, Figs. I and II, by the hinged parts or sections marked in figures; but as I lay no claim to such part I have not specifically referred thereto.
Having thus described the mode by which a carriage containing my improvement may be opened in its rear top half, in order to close the same it is only necessary to raise the pillars and top by a forward movement of the hands, when all the parts will easily slide into the closed position and arc then readily fastened in the manner shown.
I am aware 'that the use of hinges whereby the rigid frame-work of the rear half of a carriage-top may be opened and closed is not new; but I am not aware that such a construction and connection as mine for adjusting the rear half "of a carriage-top having a rigid frame has ever before been known or used. The admin'ages, however, of my improvement over existing devices are (a) a permanent full-upholstored back, (1)) dispensing with swinging windows, and (c) reducing the strain on hinged pillars and top by carrying the center line of top to the rear by a quartercircle motion and the rear by a half-circle, thus carrying the same over and folding it behind the back panel in a vertical position, thus avoiding the vibration and unsteadiness of motion incident to existing modes, which extend the top horizontally beyond the rear of the carriage-body, thereby giving it increased weight, besides impairing its life and usefulness.
That, therefore, which I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
In a carriage-top, the jointing and hinging of the back B at a point higher than t-he lfront center pillar (l, so that the top when open will fold in a vertical position outside of and parallel to the rear panel, all substantially as shown and described, and 'for the purposes set forth.
MICHAEL IIAUGIIEY. X'Vitnesses:
R. il. IHILLIPs, G. B. MILES.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5593202 *||Jun 7, 1995||Jan 14, 1997||Asc Incorporated||Convertible top|
|US5678881 *||Jun 7, 1995||Oct 21, 1997||Asc Incorporated||Apparatus and method for securing a convertible roof to an automotive vehicle|
|US5743587 *||Mar 19, 1997||Apr 28, 1998||Asc Incorporated||Apparatus for use in an automotive vehicle having a convertible roof system|
|US5785375 *||Mar 24, 1997||Jul 28, 1998||Asc Incorporated||Retractable hard-top for an automotive vehicle|
|US5810422 *||Jan 10, 1997||Sep 22, 1998||Asc Incorporated||Convertible top|
|US6042174 *||Aug 22, 1997||Mar 28, 2000||Asc Incorporated||Latching and control apparatus for an automotive vehicle convertible roof|
|US6497447||Aug 15, 2001||Dec 24, 2002||Asc Incorporated||Convertible hard top for vehicles|
|US6659534||Aug 15, 2001||Dec 9, 2003||Asc Incorporated||Hard-top convertible roof system|
|US6695386||Sep 18, 2002||Feb 24, 2004||Asc Incorporated||Vehicle retractable hardtop roof|
|US6820917||Sep 18, 2002||Nov 23, 2004||Asc Incorporated||Vehicle convertible roof|
|US6866325||Aug 19, 2003||Mar 15, 2005||Asc Incorporated||Hard-top convertible roof system|
|US7014247||Mar 3, 2003||Mar 21, 2006||Asc Incorporated||Hardtop convertible|
|US7063371||Mar 12, 2004||Jun 20, 2006||Asc Incorporated||Convertible hardtop roof|
|USD406792||Mar 25, 1997||Mar 16, 1999||Asc Incorporated||Portion of automotive vehicle having a convertible roof|
|USD427138||Mar 25, 1997||Jun 27, 2000||Asc Incorporated||Portion of a convertible roof and tonneau cover|
|USD442541||Jun 29, 1999||May 22, 2001||Asc Incorporated||Portion of an opaque convertible roof|
|USD452675||Jul 10, 2000||Jan 1, 2002||Asc Incorporated||Combined automotive convertible roof portion and tonneau cover|
|USD464605||Sep 18, 2001||Oct 22, 2002||Asc Incorporated||Combined automotive convertible roof, tonneau cover and rear compartment lid|
|USRE38546 *||Jun 16, 2000||Jul 6, 2004||Asc Incorporated||Convertible top|