|Publication number||US4061083 A|
|Application number||US 05/611,315|
|Publication date||Dec 6, 1977|
|Filing date||Sep 8, 1975|
|Priority date||Sep 8, 1975|
|Publication number||05611315, 611315, US 4061083 A, US 4061083A, US-A-4061083, US4061083 A, US4061083A|
|Original Assignee||John Caliva|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (23), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
A. Field of the Invention
The present invention generally relates to cooking means and more particularly to roasting and basting devices.
B. Description of Prior Art
Conventional food roasting devices include, among others, those with roasting spits supported above a fire box or fire tray within which fuel, usually in the form of charcoal briquettes or the like, is disposed. Some of such devices include a moveable stand upon which the fire tray is disposed, and may also include a hood over the tray. In some instances the spit is rotatable by a motor connected to the hood.
In a few instances, a fixed basting tray or pipe may be provided above the spit to distribute basting liquid over the surface of the item being roasted on the spit. Such basting tray or pipe usually has a plurality of spaced apertures through which basting liquid can pass down to the roasting item. However, such trays and pipes do not provide sufficient control over the distribution of the basting liquid, even if the roasting item is turning on the spit, to provide a uniformly satisfactorily basted product, regardless of the item basted. Moreover, their stationary apertures tend to clog over a period of time so that the basting becomes particularly non-uniform and unsatisfactory. In addition, during the basting, the ingredients of the basting liquid may become sufficiently separated so that non-uniformity of basting will be accentuated. Even rather expensive basting units do not overcome these problems.
Accordingly, there is a need for an improved inexpensive, easily operated food roasting and basting device which will not clog up and will provide better and finer control over the basting operation, allowing the rate of delivery, location and content of the basting liquid, powder or the like to be more closely regulated, so as to produce the best possible results, regardless of the item or items being basted.
The foregoing needs are satisfied by the improved automatic food roasting and basting device of the present invention. The device is substantially as set forth in the Abstract above. In this regard, an elongated rotatable, hollow basting container is provided, which has a plurality of spaced apertures, preferably the size of which can be regulated by variable closure means. The aperture may be in a spiral pattern for maximum efficiency. The container may also have its interior subdivided into separate compartments so that separate basting ingredients can be separately delivered to the item roasting on the spit, thus expanding control and utility of the device. The spit is most useful if it can be rotated, preferably by the same motor as that used to rotate the basting container. It is important to note that the basting container is rotated around an axis generally parallel to the spit and that the basting container preferably is elongated, so that items disposed along a substantial width of the spit can be fully basted during roasting. Also, during such rotation, the container apertures resist clogging. The novel device thus provides improved uniform results in an economical, easily operated manner, regardless of the items roasted. Further advantages are set forth in the following detailed description and accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a first preferred embodiment of the improved roasting and basting device of the present invention, with portions broken away to illustrate certain internal features;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of a second preferred embodiment of the improved roasting and basting device of the present invention, with portions broken away to illustrate certain internal features;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a modified form of the basting container of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic enlarged fragmentary front elevation of the basting container of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a schematic enlarged fragmentary front elevation of closure tabs for the apertures of the basting container in the present device; and,
FIG. 6 is a schematic end view of a modified basting container of the present device, with an end plate thereof removed, thus illustrating the multiple compartments thereof.
A first preferred embodiment of the device of the present invention is schematically depicted in perspective view in FIG. 1. Thus, a food roasting and basting device 10 is shown, which includes a cup shaped, preferably cylindrical fire tray 12 supported by a plurality of depending legs 14 above the ground. Tray 12 may be of iron, steel or the like, and is adapted to receive and support fuel such as charcoal briquettes 16 shown in FIG. 1.
Device 10 may further include a preferably removable hood 18 disposed over and supported on tray 12, as by spaced brackets 20. Hood 18 may be generally cylindrical or the like. It is used to control smoke, which may rise up through vent 22 in the top 24 thereof, and to serve as a support for a roasting spit 26 disposed generally horizontally above tray 12 within hood 18, and a basting container 28 disposed generally horizontally above spit 26.
In the embodiment of FIG. 1, spit 26 and container 28 can be rotated by motors 30 and 32, respectively, electrically powered through electric cord line 34. Spit 26 is directly connected to motor 30, and its rotation is controlled by rheostat 36. Container 28 is connected to motor 32 through a support rod 38 extending from one end thereof, while a similar support rod 40 extends from the opposite end thereof and is rotatable secured in a collar 42 in the side of hood 18, as shown in FIG. 1. One end of spit 26 is similarly secured (not shown). The speed of rotation of container 28 is controlled by a rheostat 44 on motor 32 which is in turn electrically powered through line 34.
Hood 18 may be fabricated of any suitable material, such as aluminum, steel, iron, etc., as can container 28, spit 26, rods 38 and 40, and motors 30 and 32.
Preferably, container 28 is generally cylindrical and is disposed with its long axis parallel to spit 26, as shown in FIG. 1. Container 28 is hollow and access to its interior can be had through a removable closure 46. Liquid, powdery or granular basting material exits container 28 through a plurality of spaced apertures 48 extending through the side wall 50 thereof. The size and spacing of apertures 48 is such as to achieve a desired basting of an item or plurality of items 52 roasting on spit 26 (FIG. 1). Proper basting of items 52 is assured by rotation of spit 26 at a suitable speed, and rotation of container 28 also at a suitable speed. Rotation of container 28 assures that when the basting liquid, powder, etc. therein comprises two or more ingredients, they are kept properly mixed before and during delivery through apertures 48 to items 52. Moreover, apertures 48 do not tend to clog, since they are tilted through various angles during rotation of container 28. The basting liquid, if such is used, can be made up periodically from drippings from the roasting item 52 or from other sources. Accordingly, an improved inexpensive automatic food roasting and basting device is provided which is simple and highly efficient to build, operate, repair and maintain.
A second preferred embodiment of the device of the present invention is schematically depicted in FIG. 2. In FIG. 2, components similar to those of FIG. 1, bear the same numerals as those of FIG. 1 but are succeeded by the letter "a", thus, a device 10a is shown which includes a fire tray 12a supported on legs 14a and in turn supporting briquettes 16a and hood 18a (secured as by brackets 20a). Hood 18a has smoke vent 20a in its top 24a and rotatably supports spits 26a and basting container 28a for rotation by a single motor 30a (for maximum economy) and a pair of pulley wheels 54 and a pulley belt 56 around wheels 54. Rod 38a runs from container 28a through hood 18a to one wheel 54, as shown in FIG. 2, while rod 40a rotatably supports the opposite end of container 28a in hood 18a. Motor 30a preferably is electrically powered through line 34 a and is provided with a rheostat 36a to control the speed of rotation of both spit 26a and container 28a. It will be understood that the relative speed of rotation of spit 26 and container 28a can be regulated, as by varying the size of wheels 54, etc.
Container 28a is an elongated closed cylinder, as shown in FIG. 2, and includes a removable closure 46a and apertures 48a which are disposed in a spaced spiral pattern along the length of container 28a for maximum efficiency in delivering basting material to roasting food item 52a, regardless of its size and shape. Accordingly, device 10a provides essentially the same improved results as those obtained with device 10.
In FIG. 3, there is schematically depicted a modified basting container 70 usable in the present device in place of container 28 and 28a. Container 70 may be any suitable size and shape, but preferably is an elongated hollow closed cylinder with a plurality of spaced apertures 72 extending between the hollow interior and the exterior thereof through sidewall 74 thereof. Elongated flat cover plates 76 which have holes 78 extending therethrough and matching apertures 72 in size and spacing, are slideably recessed in the outer face of side wall 74 over apertures 72. Pull tabs 80 on the ends of plates 76 permit plates 76 to be slid to positions where apertures 72 in a given row thereof are uncovered (middle row, FIG. 3), partially covered (top and bottom rows, FIG. 3) or fully covered, so as to finely control the dispensing of basting material from container 70 for improved basting.
Instead of the cover plates 76 which act upon a row of apertures 72 at one time, individual aperture size control can be achieved, as by the use of individual cover tabs, as shown schematically in FIG. 5. Thus, in FIG. 5, the sidewall 90 of a modified basting container 92 is shown, which container 92 can be, for example, similar in size and shape to container 70, 28 or 28a. However, container 92 includes a plurality of spaced apertures 94 extending through sidewall 90 and over which are disposed individual cover tabs 96 individually, pivotably secured, as at points 98, to the outer surface of sidewall 90. Thus, fine control of the dispensing of basting material from container 90 is maximized.
A further modification in the basting container utilized in the present invention can be made, as shown schematically in end view in FIG. 6. Thus, a closed cylindrical basting container 110 is depicted with one end wall removed, the container having a sidewall 112 defining a hollow interior 114 subdivided into three compartments 116 by partitions 118. Preferably compartments 116 extend the length of container 110. End wall 120 is also shown. A different basting liquid or particulate solid or the like can be dispensed from each compartment 116 through apertures (not shown) extending through sidewall 112, so that the maximum flexibility possible is provided in the nature and type of basting ingredients utilized. For example, an aqueous acetic acid solution (vinegar) can be dispensed from one compartment 116, while a salt powder or ground pepper can be dispensed from another compartment 116. Thus, the ingredients separated in the several compartments 116 cannot interact before dispensing and thus their potency is preserved. Some solids such as large ground pepper granules are difficult to keep properly suspended in an aqueous solution so that they can be uniformly dispensed with the liquid only with difficulty. But with the present improvement, such difficulties are obviated because the liquid and particulate matter are separately dispensed from basting container 110. Accordingly, container 110 provides improved basting characteristics for the present device. Various other advantages are as set forth in the foregoing.
Various modifications, changes, alterations and additions can be made in the present device and its components. All such modifications, changes, alterations and additions as are within the scope of the appended claims form part of the present invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US835379 *||Apr 18, 1906||Nov 6, 1906||Walker W Tedford||Fertilizer-distributer.|
|US991790 *||May 24, 1910||May 9, 1911||Samuel M Lampke||Device for distributing ashes and sand.|
|US2083147 *||Jan 27, 1936||Jun 8, 1937||Clarkson Octavia E||Basting device for roasters|
|US2796019 *||Feb 16, 1954||Jun 18, 1957||Hunt Heater Corp||Barbecue machine|
|US2861719 *||Feb 9, 1956||Nov 25, 1958||Trotter Tomie L||Dispensing container|
|US3022721 *||Feb 9, 1959||Feb 27, 1962||Vath Hermann S||Basting dispenser for cooking|
|US3132949 *||Jul 17, 1961||May 12, 1964||Crowe Marvin N||Preparation of pre-cooked food product|
|US3180248 *||Oct 15, 1963||Apr 27, 1965||Tonka Toys Inc||Barbecue device with movable hood|
|US3224362 *||Sep 11, 1964||Dec 21, 1965||Kozar John J||Automatic baster for braziers|
|US3295721 *||May 14, 1964||Jan 3, 1967||Earl Cathcart||Weedicide solution applicator|
|US3643838 *||Apr 27, 1970||Feb 22, 1972||Allen Wilford W||Food seasoner apparatus|
|US3935807 *||Jul 10, 1974||Feb 3, 1976||G & M Enterprises||Automatic baking apparatus|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4177721 *||Feb 1, 1978||Dec 11, 1979||Redhead Walden K||Barbecue rotisserie baster|
|US4299851 *||Feb 1, 1980||Nov 10, 1981||Lowe Henry E||Flavoring dispenser|
|US4509450 *||Oct 25, 1982||Apr 9, 1985||Jondahl Joseph S||Sanitary food dispenser|
|US4572062 *||Jan 7, 1985||Feb 25, 1986||Widdowson Richard E||Rotisserie grill|
|US4717802 *||Jun 11, 1979||Jan 5, 1988||Plastics, Inc.||Microwave oven rotisserie assembly|
|US4732137 *||Dec 4, 1986||Mar 22, 1988||Parsons Lee R||Basting apparatus for barbecue grills|
|US4762060 *||Aug 14, 1987||Aug 9, 1988||Santa Cruz Arthur W||Apparatus for controlled heating and dispensing of a mixed liquid and solid material|
|US5307789 *||Apr 26, 1993||May 3, 1994||Newby Liva M||Multi-purpose gas heated cooking apparatus|
|US5398849 *||Jun 28, 1993||Mar 21, 1995||Nu-Kote International||Cartridge with slide mechanism for dispensing toner|
|US5632098 *||Apr 4, 1996||May 27, 1997||Finch; Timothy S.||Bean roasting system|
|US5771600 *||May 31, 1996||Jun 30, 1998||Romanow; James D.||Coffee-bean roasting attachment for a rotisserie|
|US6250211||May 22, 2000||Jun 26, 2001||Nelgo Manufacturing, Inc.||Barbecue assembly with laterally movable spit arm|
|US6582745||Jul 9, 1999||Jun 24, 2003||Robert Theodore Northern||Self-basting cooking apparatus and method|
|US6892628||May 28, 2003||May 17, 2005||Robert Theodore Northern||Self-basting cooking apparatus and method|
|US7001627||Jul 17, 2002||Feb 21, 2006||Marson Louis A||Vertical rotisserie basting oven|
|US8739693||Aug 10, 2010||Jun 3, 2014||Randal J. Stier||Charcoal barbecue rotisserie grill cooker|
|US8881644||Dec 21, 2010||Nov 11, 2014||J. Scro II Nicholas||Self-basting roasting oven|
|US20040009276 *||May 28, 2003||Jan 15, 2004||Northern Robert Theodore||Self-basting cooking apparatus and method|
|US20040011217 *||Jul 17, 2002||Jan 22, 2004||Marson Louis A.||Vertical rotisserie basting oven|
|US20110097468 *||Jun 21, 2010||Apr 28, 2011||Driscoll Patrick I||Rotisserie chili roaster|
|US20120064216 *||Sep 12, 2011||Mar 15, 2012||Thomas Cullen||Cooking grill|
|WO2001070087A2 *||Mar 19, 2001||Sep 27, 2001||Global Tv Marketing Inc.||Method and apparatus for automatic cooking|
|WO2001070087A3 *||Mar 19, 2001||Aug 1, 2002||Joseph Yoram Dror||Method and apparatus for automatic cooking|
|U.S. Classification||99/345, 118/24, 222/169, 99/421.00H, 426/523|
|International Classification||A47J37/10, A47J37/04|
|Cooperative Classification||A47J37/041, A47J37/106|
|European Classification||A47J37/10C, A47J37/04A|