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Publication numberUS406188 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 2, 1889
Filing dateMar 18, 1889
Publication numberUS 406188 A, US 406188A, US-A-406188, US406188 A, US406188A
InventorsThomas Andeess
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Safety-tip for vehicle-tongues
US 406188 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)



No. 406,188. Patented July 2, 1889 2 7 Q 3 INVENTOR r UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 406,188, dated July 2, 1889.

Application filed March 18, 1889. Serial No. 303,709. (No model.)

I citizen of the United States, residing at Pittsville, in the county of Wood and State of Wisconsin, have invented certain new and useful Improvementsin Safety-Tips for Vehicle,

Tongues; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon.

My invention has relation to certain new and useful improvements in safety-tips for vehicle-tongues; and it consists of the parts and details of construction, as hereinafter more fully pointed out and described in the accompanying drawings and specification.

The general object and purpose of my invention is to provide a pole-tip for vehicletongues, so constructed as to permit of the ready attachment or detachment of the neckyoke, and which at the same time will provide against the detachment of the neck-yoke ring therefrom when the same is in position for use above the pole, and which shall be so constructed as to provide against the reins getting caught beneath the end thereof.

In the drawings forming a part of this application, Figure 1 is a view showing a vehicle-pole provided with my improved pole-tip; Fig. 2, a similar view of a vehicle pole or tongue embodying my invention, representing the neck-yoke ring as being secured in place. Fig. 3 is a detail view of my improved tip removed from the pole, and showing the tongue of the open loop raised to permit of the ready insertion of the neck-yoke ring therein. Fig. 4 is a crosssection on line so 0:, Fig. 1; and Fig. 5, a longitudinal sectional view on line y y, Fig. 1.

Similar letters of reference are used to designate corresponding parts throughout the entire specification and several views of the drawings.

The letter A is used to indicate the ordinary vehicle pole or tongue, and to which is secured my improvedsafety pole-tip. This tip is represented by the letter 13'; and it oonsists of a piece of metal so constructed as to form a rearwardly-extending portion O,which rearward extension is made tubular and so shaped as to conform to the contour of the vehicle pole or tongue over which it fits, and said tubular extension is provided with suitable holes or apertures b b,'through which bolts 0 0 pass in order to secure the same rigidly to said tongue or pole, so as to prevent the pulling off thereof. The outer end of the tip is reduced or made fiat, as shown at D, and has ,a portion thereof removed, so as to form an open loop E. The downwardly-extending portion e of the fiat end of the poletip is provided in the front thereof with a recess or groove f, ext-ending nearly to the bottom thereof, and into which is pivotally secured the tongue F. I also provide the upper wall f of the loop with a recess or groove, into which fits the end of the tongue F when the same is raised to permit of the insertion of the ring of the neck-yoke. The front hooked seat G of the pole-tip is also provided at its inner end with a groove or recess g, into which the end of the tongue F fits when brought into such a position as to close the opening it of the loop, as shown in Fig. 1, inorder to provide against the outfalling of the neck-yoke ring by its own gravity. The operation of my improved device is as follows: After securing the safety-tip over the vehicle-pole, and it is desired to secure thereto the neck-yoke, the tongue F, covering the opening of the loop, is pushed upward until its end rests in the groove formed in the upper wall f of the fiat or reduced portion of the pole-tip, and while in this position the ring of the neck-yoke is passed into the loop E, wherein it is carried forward until it reaches the upper extremity of the forward end of the loop. The tongue F is then allowed to fall into its normal position, so as to cover the opening it of the loop and thus prevent the withdrawal of the neck-yoke ring without re-raising the same, so as to uncover the opening. It is obvious that when the neck-yoke is so secured the ring cannot become disengaged from the loop of its own accord, so that, should any accident occuras, for instance, the breaking of a trace or whiffletree-the neck-yoke will still be maintained in asecure position and thus be prevented from falling off of the vehicle-tongue.-

It will be further observed that inasmuch as the ring of the neck-yoke, when the same is in use, as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings, is carried to the extreme forward portion of the loop, the pole tip, instead of projecting, as is usually the ease, in advance of the neckyoke, is slightly behind the same, and thus the reins are prevented from catching under the end of the vehicle pole-tip in case the same should be allowed to hang loosely upon the neeleyoke.

Having thus fully described my invention,

what I claim as new, and desire to secure protection in by Letters Patent of the United States, is-

1. The combination, with a vehicle pole or tongue, the herein-deseribed metallic safetytip for attachment of the neck-yoke therein, consisting of the rearwardly-extendin g tubular portion adapted to fit over and be removably secured to the vehiele-tongue, and of the flat or red need outer portion having an open loop formed therein to permit of the reception of the neck-yoke ring, of the tongue pivotally secured in the downwardly-extending portion and adapted to close the opening of the loop for the retention of the neck-yoke ring therein, and the walls having grooves or recesses formed therein and into which the end of the said tongue fits in its raised or lowered position, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

2. The herein-described safety-tip for neckyokes, consisting of the rearwardly-extending tubular portion fitting over the vehicletongue and adapted to be secured thereto, the fiat or reduced outer portion, said outer portion having the inner depending slotted wall and the outer turned-under or hooked portion, forming a longitudinal curved slot between the upper edge of the hook and the under edge of the body of the fiat head of the tip, said under edge having a recess therein, the longitudinal slot also terminating at its forward end in an enlargement, in eombination with the-lever or tongue pivoted in the depending slotted wall and. adapted to close the opening between said depending wall and the inner end of hook and to have its free end rest in. a recess formed in the upper edge of the end. of said hook, as set forth.

In testimony whereof I am): 1n y signature in the presence of two witnesses.



F. S. Woonwonrn, Ennnn EIGHM.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3128107 *Dec 15, 1961Apr 7, 1964Miller Joseph RSafety chain hitch for trailer vehicles
US4811467 *Jan 6, 1983Mar 14, 1989Lowe Greg ECarabiner having improved gate structure
US5127137 *Apr 24, 1991Jul 7, 1992American Cord & Webbing Co., Inc.Universal swivel snap hook assembly
US5177837 *Jan 31, 1992Jan 12, 1993Royalox International Inc.Strap attachment for luggage and the like
Cooperative ClassificationB62C5/02