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Publication numberUS406848 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 9, 1889
Filing dateMar 11, 1889
Publication numberUS 406848 A, US 406848A, US-A-406848, US406848 A, US406848A
InventorsMoses Mosler
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 406848 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.



Patented July 9, 1889.

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SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 406,848, dated July 9, 1889.

Application filed March 11, 1889. Serial No. 302,807- (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, MosEs MOSLER and MAX S. GOLDSMITH, citizens of the United States, and residents of Cincinnati, in the county of Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fire-Proof Safes, of which the following is a specification.

- Our invention relates to fire-proof safes. Its object is to construct the shells which form the outer and inner walls of the body and door of light sheet metal, so that there are but few parts to be fitted together in building the safe, and consequently but few joints through which the silicic acid of the filling can escape and injure the finish of the safe or lessen the efliciency of the filling as a protection in case of fire.

The invention will be first fully. described in connection with the accompanying drawings, and will then be particularly referred to, and pointed out in the claims.

Referring to the drawings, in which like parts are indicated by similar reference-letters wherever they occur throughout the various views, Figure 1 is a horizontal section of a safe constructed according to our invention, the section being taken through line 0cm on Fig. 2, which view is afront elevation of the safe, except a portion of one of the lower oorners, which is broken out, exposing a portion of the safe-b0dy in vertical section. Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1. The door in this view is shown open and the door-jamb or front of the safe-body is not integral with the inner boxor shell. Figs. 4 and 5 are detail views, in horizontal section, of other forms of our invention.

Referring first to Figs. 1, 2, and 3, which represent-the preferred form of our invention,

.the door-front A and back wall B are each formed of a single piece of sheet metal having flanged rims a 1) formed up by stamping, drawing, or by rolling, as boiler-heads are now formed. The sides, top, and part of the bottom of the safe are formed of a sheet of metal C, bent around to snugly fit within the rim 1) of the back piece B, to which it is secured by screws 0, driven, preferably, from the inside. These two parts B and C form, practically,

the entire outer shell of the safe-body. The inner box is composed of a back D, formed similar to the back of the safe and door-front and having flanges, and a metal sheet E, bent around to form top, bottom, and sides of the boX and secured within the open flange of the back D. The inner box and outer shell are united together by the metal frame F, which is stamped up and has inturned parts ffiwhich lap the forward edges of both the inner box and outer shell and are secured by screws or rivets. The frame is formed with a central depression or groove f, to receive a tongue or projection formed around the door. In the bottom of the groove is a rubber packing, which is compressed by the tongue 011 the door, so as to make an air-tight joint when the door is closed.

The inner wall G of the door is a single plate of sheet metal, having its perimeter stamped up counter to the front of the safebody. Its central portion, being'the body of the plate, is left to pass within the opening of the box or receptacle intended for valuables to be protected. This plate has depressions g to receive high parts of the frame F, and a tongue g to, enter the depression f and compress the packing f when the door is closed. The outer edge of the inner door-plate is turned into a flange 19 which fits snugly Within the flange a, to which it is secured by screws or rivets. The bolts II and combination-lock (not shown) are preferably secured to the outside of the plate G.

. As the door caps over the front edge of the Wall C, it is necessary that a form of hinge be used which will permit the door to be started in a direct line out from its seat before it is swung around upon its pivots. I have shown for 'this purpose what is. known to the trade as the Z-hinge, marked I 3 but other wellknown forms may be used, and the means for starting out doors having tongue-and-groove connections are too well known to require description. The safe-body is filled from the bottom the same as round-cornered safes are now filled, and the opening left for filling is closed in the usual-manner-that is,by securing cleats C on the edges of the sheet C underneath the lower corners, which cleats project beyond the edges of the sheet, and after the safe is filled the lower opening is closed by a plate 0 secured to the cleats by screws.

The detail, Fig. 4, illustrates a different form of joint between the door and its frame, and many other forms may be adopted to suit the taste of the constructer. The frame F may be made of cast metal, as such frames are now made. These frames are protected from breakage by the door capping over them.

In constructing small safes the outer and inner shells of the safe-body may each be formed of a single piece, as seen in Fig. 5, the door and frame being constructed in the manner before described. In this case the outer shell of the safe will have an opening in either the back or bottom, through which the filling is introduced, the opening being afterward closed by a flanged cap J. The same provision is made for filling the door, and may be also made for filling the safe shown in the preceding views from the bottom, in which case the edges of the sheet 0 meet underneath the safe, and the opening for filling is out half in each edge. As the edge of the door caps over the entire front of the safe, the caster-frames K are set back from the front edge of the safe-body.

It is evident that our improved door may be used with the ordinary form of safe and the ordinary door used with our improved safe-body, and also that the common box may be substituted for the inner box.

lVithout limiting ourselves to the precise construction and arrangements of parts set forth, we claim 1. In a fire-proof safe, the combination of the pan-shaped back 13, the sheet 0, bent around and secured to the flanges or rim of said back, the inner box, and the frame F,

securing the two together and forming the body of the safe, substantially as described. 2. A door for fire-proof safes, consisting of the pan-shaped front A a, and back G, having its edges formed to match the front of the safe, both front and back plates of the door being stamped up from sheet metal and united together, substantially as described.

3. The combination, substantially as described, in a fire-proof safe, of the inner and outer shells, the frame F, uniting the same, the back B, having rim 1), capped over the back of the outer shell and secured thereto, and the door composed of front A, having rim a, and the back G, having its edges formed to match the safe front and secured to the flanges a, said door being arranged to close over the front of the safe, substantially as specified.

4. The combination of the inner and outer boxes, each composed of a sheet-metal shell having one end closed by a flanged sheetmetal cap, the stamped sheet-metal frame uniting the two shells and forming the safe front and door-frame, the flanged sheet-metal cap forming the door front, and the inner wall G of the door having its edge stamped to match the safe front and close over the same, substantially as shown and described. 5. An outer shell for safe-bodies, composed of the sheet-metal pan-shaped back and sheetmetal box 0, said shell having an opening to receive the filling, and a flanged cap, as J, to close said opening, the parts being combined and arranged substantially as specified.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5931104 *Jun 22, 1998Aug 3, 1999Horn; William A.Pivotal hinge security safe
US5971515 *Jun 22, 1998Oct 26, 1999Baker; Steven J.Protected internal hinge for security safe
US6257154 *Feb 28, 2000Jul 10, 2001Algonquin Industries, Inc.Cabinet having a lock assembly
US7661375 *Feb 23, 2007Feb 16, 2010Holocom, Inc.Secure enclosure and door
US20080314298 *Feb 23, 2007Dec 25, 2008Mccarthy CraigSecure enclosure and door
Cooperative ClassificationE05G1/00