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Publication numberUS407051 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 16, 1889
Filing dateFeb 18, 1889
Publication numberUS 407051 A, US 407051A, US-A-407051, US407051 A, US407051A
InventorsAnton F. Baumer
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 407051 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)



Patented July 16,1889.




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 407,051, dated July 16, 1889.

Application filed February 18, 1889- Serial No. 300,278. (No model.)

To all whom, it may concern.-

Be it known that I, ANTON F. BAUMEE, of Syracuse, in the county of Onondaga, in the State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Candles, of which the following, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, is a full, clear, and exact description.

This invention has special reference to the class of candles which have the wick surrounded by a body of stearine or other hard inflammable material. In the use of such candles much difficulty is experienced in securing the candle in the candlestick, owing to the hard, brittle, and slippery surface of the base of the candle.

The object of this invention is to form a candle entirely of inflammable material, and which shall overcome the aforesaid difficulty; and to that end my invention consists, essentially, of a candle having its body composed of hard inflammable material and a facing of soft analogous inflammable material applied to the base thereof, as hereinafter more fully described, and set forth in the claim.

In the annexed drawings, Figure 1 is a side View of a candle embodying my improvement, and Figs. 2 and 3 are respectively a longitudinal section on line 00 :1: and a transverse section on line 3 y in Fig. 1.

Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts.

A represents the body of the candle, which is composed of stearine or other hard in flammable material surrounding the wick a. 4

B denotes the base of the candle, by which it is inserted into the can dlestick. Inasmuch as stearine and analogous hard materials are brittle and very slippery, it is very diflicult to secure in the candlestick candles composed entirely of such material. To obviate this difficulty with candles of that class, I provide the base B with a facing c of either wax or tallow, or a composition of suitable inflammable material softer than the material of the body of the candle. I preferably apply the said facing by reducing the diameter of the base of the candle, then placing around the said base a mold of the requisite diameter and shape, and pour into the mold the molten wax or other analogous soft material, the purpose of said facing being to afford a secure hold in the candlestick, as before stated. Although I prefer to form the base with a core A of the same material as that of which the body is composed and envelop said core in the facing 0, as shown in the drawings, yet I do not limit myself specifically to such a constructi'on, as it is obvious that the base B may be formed entirely of the softer or more adhesive material.

\Vhat I claim as my invention is- A candle having its body composed of hard inflammablematerial and its base provided with a facing of softer analogous inflammable material, substantially as set forth.

In testimony whereof I havehereunto signed my name this 14th day of February, 1889.

ANTON F. BAUMER. [L. s] \Vitnesses:

C. L. BENmxoN, J. J. LAASS.

Referenced by
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US2689470 *Jan 6, 1954Sep 21, 1954Victrylite Candle CompanyCandle
US2750775 *Feb 10, 1953Jun 19, 1956Robertson Amelia MCandle and adaptor combinations
US6802707 *Dec 20, 2000Oct 12, 2004S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Melting plate candles
US7229280Nov 1, 2004Jun 12, 2007S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick holder magnetic retention means
US7247017Feb 17, 2004Jul 24, 2007S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Melting plate candles
US7287978May 6, 2005Oct 30, 2007S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle holder with improved air flow
US7318724May 6, 2005Jan 15, 2008S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick holder and wick assembly for candle assembly
US7413435Sep 10, 2004Aug 19, 2008S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Fuel delivery method for melting plate candle
US7442036May 6, 2005Oct 28, 2008S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly and wick holder with improved capillary well for ensuring sustainable relight
US7467944Aug 9, 2005Dec 23, 2008S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly including a fuel element and a wick holder
US7467945May 6, 2005Dec 23, 2008S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US7497685Jul 20, 2005Mar 3, 2009S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick-holder assembly
US7524187Sep 10, 2004Apr 28, 2009S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick holder locking mechanism
US7591646Jul 17, 2007Sep 22, 2009S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7607915Dec 15, 2004Oct 27, 2009S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7654822Jul 15, 2005Feb 2, 2010S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly including a fuel element with a locating recess and a melting plate with a locating protrusion
US7731492Aug 5, 2005Jun 8, 2010S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Fuel charge for melting plate candle assembly and method of supplying liquefied fuel to a wick
US8573967Oct 1, 2010Nov 5, 2013S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
Cooperative ClassificationC11C5/002