|Publication number||US4075402 A|
|Application number||US 05/709,187|
|Publication date||Feb 21, 1978|
|Filing date||Jul 27, 1976|
|Priority date||Jan 22, 1976|
|Publication number||05709187, 709187, US 4075402 A, US 4075402A, US-A-4075402, US4075402 A, US4075402A|
|Original Assignee||Shinobu Okamoto|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (13), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to an apparatus for holding a battery, particularly to an apparatus for holding a battery in a portable electric appliance such as a magnetic tape recorder/player. The term "battery", as used herein, contemplates both a dry or primary battery and a storage or secondary battery.
In a portable electrical appliance such as a magnetic tape recorder/player, for example, a dry battery of a type called "9V. RECT." is ordinarily used as the power source. This battery, indicated by numeral 9 in FIG. 1, has on its top, a male positive terminal 8 in the form of a metal cylinder or rod and a female negative terminal 7 consisting of a plurality of elastic metal pieces arranged annularly to form a socket.
One prior art device for holding such a battery, is shown in FIG. 1, wherein the numeral 1 designates the main body of an electric instrument such as a portable cassette-tape magnetic recorder/player provided with a generally box-shaped chamber or battery compartment 2 for receiving the battery 9. Two flexible insulated lead wires 3 and 4, are connected to the electric conduit housed in the body 1 and are of a relatively long length so that they may be drawn out of the chamber 2 to a certain extent. Wires 3 and 4 are provided with terminals 5 and 6 for connection with the battery 9. The terminals 5 and 6 are fixed to a plastic plate 14 in a spaced relationship for engagement with the terminals 7 and 8 of the battery 9. Terminal 5 is a male terminal consisting of a metal cylinder or rod, and terminal 6 is a female terminal consisting of a plurality of elastic metal pieces annularly arranged to form a socket. To connect the battery 9, battery terminals 8 and 7 are press-fitted to the lead wire terminals 6 and 5, respectively. Then, the battery 9, together with the plastic plate 14 carrying the lead wire terminals 5 and 6 is placed into the chamber 2. In placing the battery 9 in the chamber 2, the lead wires 3 and 4 must be bent or folded so that they will fit in the space remaining in the chamber 2 after the battery 9 has been inserted. Several problems are inherent in the prior art apparatus including: (1) difficulty of replacing the battery; (2) likelihood of breakage of the lead wires due to repeated bending and folding; and (3) possibility of poor contact between the lead wire terminals and the battery terminals resulting from a loose fitting.
The above described drawbacks of the prior art device have been successfully overcome by the present invention.
According to the present invention, the compartment for receiving the battery is provided with resilient means rigidly secured at an end portion to the main body. In the preferred embodiment the resilient means consists of two elongated leaf springs which carry at their free end portions the terminals of the appliance circuitry. These circuitry terminals are electrically isolated from each other and are arranged so as to elastically engage the respective terminals of a battery.
Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide an improved apparatus for holding a battery, wherein resilient means mounted in an electric appliance carry the circuit terminals in a manner whereby they are elastically pressed against the terminals of a battery which is inserted into the battery compartment of the appliance.
Another object of the invention is to provide for a secure fit for the battery within the battery compartment.
A further object of the invention is to provide for a secure electrical contact between male and female type terminals, even if the female terminal has become distended.
A still further object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for holding a battery, wherein the above-mentioned resilient means consists of two electrically isolated plate springs.
The above and other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description of a preferred embodiment taken in connection with the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the prior art battery connection;
FIG. 2A is a partial plan view illustrating a battery compartment in accordance with the present invention; and
FIG. 2B is a partial sectional view taken on line II--II of FIG. 2A.
FIGS. 2A and 2B illustrate one embodiment of the present invention. Similar numerals indicate like parts as in FIG. 1 and accordingly a detailed description of the common features has been omitted. Metallic plate springs 11 and 10 are fixed respectively by screws 12 and 13 to the bottom 1a of an insulated main body or housing 1. The free end portions 10a and 11a of the respective plate springs 10 and 11, protrude into the battery chamber 2 and carry, respectively, a male terminal 5 and a female terminal 6 both made of metal.
Details of the plate spring 10 are illustrated in FIG. 2B. The lower end portion of the plate 10 opposite to the free end 10a is formed into a bent portion 10b which is fixed to the bottom 1a of the housing 1 by screw 13. The plate spring 11 (FIG. 2A) has a similar construction, i.e. a lower bent portion 11b fixed to the housing 1 by screw 12. At an intermediate position between the bottom 1a and the top face 1b of the housing 1 is provided a deck 2a which serves as a guide for a battery 9 indicated by the dotted line.
To place the battery into the housing, the top portion of the battery 9 carrying the terminals is inserted into the battery compartment 2 first along the deck 2a in the direction of arrow B, and thus the female terminal 7 of the battery engages the male terminal 5, and the female terminal 6 (FIG. 2A) engages the male terminal (not shown) of the battery. As the battery 9 is pushed into the battery compartment 2 in the direction of arrow B against the elastic force of the plate springs 10 and 11, the plate springs 10 and 11 are deflected to the position indicated by dotted line A.
The end portions 10b and 11b of the plate springs 10 and 11 are electrically connected to an electric circuit in the main body 1 of the apparatus to supply electricity to the circuit from the battery 9.
As will be understood from the foregoing description, the apparatus of the present invention offers advantages whereby the previously mentioned drawbacks associated with the prior art apparatus are successfully eliminated. With the present invention, the battery 9 can be placed in operative readiness within the main body 1 by simply inserting the battery 9 into the compartment 2 and pushing it toward the terminals 5 and 6 against the elastic force of the plate springs 10 and 11. Thus the need for long lead wires within the battery compartment is eliminated. The plate springs 10 and 11, with their elastic force, press the circuit terminals 5 and 6 against the terminals of the battery 9, thus maintaining sure contact even if the fit between the mating terminals becomes loose. Further, the plate springs 10 and 11 serve to elastically press the battery 9 against the side wall of the compartment 2, thus securely holding the battery. Accordingly, even at the time when the electrical apparatus is carried about or otherwise jarred contact between the circuit terminals 5 and 6 and the terminals of the battery will remain unbroken.
While the foregoing description has been limited to the preferred embodiment of the invention, it should be understood that various changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
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|US3105938 *||Jul 2, 1959||Oct 1, 1963||Keith Kirstein||Wireless microphone transmitter|
|US3154653 *||Feb 16, 1962||Oct 27, 1964||Phillips Eckhardt Electronic C||Center pivoted armature rotary relay|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4281727 *||Dec 12, 1979||Aug 4, 1981||General Electric Company||Electronic scale and battery support|
|US4713609 *||Sep 5, 1985||Dec 15, 1987||General Electric Company||Battery backup installation for electric meter|
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|US5535083 *||Jan 28, 1993||Jul 9, 1996||Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha||Magnetic coil assembly with surge absorber|
|US5876242 *||Jul 21, 1997||Mar 2, 1999||Williams; Hugh D.||Remote battery extension apparatus|
|US6287140 *||Nov 26, 1999||Sep 11, 2001||Ricoh Company, Ltd.||Apparatus and method for maintaining continuous power supply to an electronic mobile instrument while replacing a drained battery|
|US6319053 *||Nov 13, 1998||Nov 20, 2001||Jonathan Neal Andrews||Battery vibration control apparatus|
|US8797183||Sep 21, 2010||Aug 5, 2014||Dialight Corporation||Integrated signal light head|
|US9068704||Aug 10, 2012||Jun 30, 2015||Dialight Corporation||Integrated signal light head|
|US20040067411 *||Sep 30, 2003||Apr 8, 2004||Lisanke Robert John||Adding in-device battery charging capability to battery-powered devices|
|US20100178792 *||Oct 19, 2007||Jul 15, 2010||Richard Petersen||Connector system for connecting cables to a battery|
|CN101740746B||Nov 19, 2009||Jul 9, 2014||罗伯特.博世有限公司||Safety device for an accumulator cell|
|WO2012039782A1 *||Feb 3, 2011||Mar 29, 2012||Dialight Corporation||Integrated signal light head|
|U.S. Classification||429/98, 439/677, 439/500|
|Cooperative Classification||H01M2/1066, H01M2/10|
|European Classification||H01M2/10C2D2, H01M2/10|