|Publication number||US4082046 A|
|Application number||US 05/768,424|
|Publication date||Apr 4, 1978|
|Filing date||Feb 14, 1977|
|Priority date||Feb 14, 1977|
|Publication number||05768424, 768424, US 4082046 A, US 4082046A, US-A-4082046, US4082046 A, US4082046A|
|Original Assignee||Yves Baglin|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (9), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates to an improved type of display unit of the shelf or tray type, for displaying miscellaneous articles, notably spectacles.
2. Description of the Prior Art
Hitherto known display units are of two main types, namely those delivered ready for use and those consisting of modular elements the assembly of which is left to the user and performed on the spot.
The display units of the first group are objectionable on account of their unduly large dimensions, both for storage and for shipping, notably on account of the necessarily expensive and large-sized packings required therefor.
Display units of the above-mentioned second group require tedious work and efforts from the user which are not always accepted with pleasure.
The present invention is directed to avoid these inconveniences characterizing prior art display units by providing a novel type of display unit having a relatively moderate volume for storage purposes and also for shipping same, while requiring only a very simple manoeuvre from the user for attaining its final over-all dimensions.
Finally, the display unit according to this invention is advantageous in that it comprises only a limited number of modular elements so that its cost is relatively moderate.
According to this invention, this display unit comprises a plurality of shelves or trays adapted to be stacked upon one another during the storage and shipping period, and means for interconnecting said shelves or trays so that moving the endmost shelves or trays away from each other will cause the complete unit to expand and assume its final height without requiring any other manoeuvre.
Furthermore, this display unit comprises means for locking the shelves or trays in their final or operative position.
Other features and advantages of this invention will appear as the following description proceeds with reference to the attached drawing, in which:
FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrate a display unit according to this invention in its storage position and operative position, respectively;
FIG. 3 is a plan view from above showing a modular element constituting a shelf or tray of the unit illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2;
FIG. 4 is a developed diagram showing the method of assembling the shelves or trays in their operative position, and
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view showing the means contemplated for interconnecting the shelves or trays.
As illustrated in the attached drawing showing a typical embodiment of the present invention, the display unit according to this invention comprises a plurality of modular elements in the form of identical shelves or trays G (G1 to G8) adapted to be stacked in the fashion of hats or dishes, as shown in FIG. 1.
The top surface Gf of each element has formed therethrough three series of holes disposed on a common circle, for a purpose to be explained presently, and a central hole C permitting the passage of a vertical column constituting the upstanding extension of the base or foot P.
In the device illustrated by way of example each shelf G is adapted to be divided into five compartments by means of partition strips B extending through slots L formed through the marginal portions of said shelves. Each shelf is assembled with the adjacent, underlying shelf by means of three rods T.
As shown in FIG. 3 the central upper surface Gf is divided by fifteen spaced radii numbered 1 to 15 (five times three). On radii 1, 6 and 11, i.e. at a relative angular spacing of 120°, the rods T are firmly secured to the bottom surface of the shelves so as to depend at right angles therefrom. The radii 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 12, 13 and 15 are occupied by relatively larger holes through which said rods T can pass freely, i.e. with ample clearance, in contract to radii 4, 9 and 14 where circular holes only slightly greater than the diameter of said rods T are formed.
As will be explained presently, the free end of each rod T is formed with a head adapted to be snappily engaged through the holes 4, 9 and 14 in order to retain the underlying shelf, as illustrated in FIG. 4.
This FIG. 4 also shows clearly in developed circumferential view that the various shelves or trays G1 to G8 are shifted angularly to one another so that the point or radius 1 of the uppermost shelf or tray G1, where a rod T is attached, corresponds to the point 4 of tray or shelf G2, to point 7 of G3, to point 10 of G4, to point 13 of G5, to point 1 of G6, and so forth.
Therefore, in the initial storage or shipping position as shown in FIG. 1 the rods T secured to the bottom of shelf G1 at points 1, 6 and 11 extend through the small holes provided at 4, 9 and 14 of the next shelf G2 and through the larger holes of shelves G3, G4 and G5.
Similarly, the rods T secured to shelf G2 at 6, 11 and 1 extend through small holes 9, 14 and 4 of shelf G3 and also through the larger holes of shelves G4, G5 and G6 underlying these rods.
Of course, the same applies to the rods of the other shelves.
It will be readily understood that when the endmost shelves or trays (in this case G1 and G8) are moved away from each other, for example by pulling upwards the handle D secured to shelf G1, this shelf G1 will move away from G2 until the heads of the rods T secured to G1 engage the circular edges of the small holes of shelf G2 through which they cannot pass freely.
Continuing this upward movement will thus carry along shelf G2 and the rods T attached thereto, until the heads of these rods engage in turn the small holes of shelf G3 which will move likewise away from G4 until the heads of its rods T engage the circular edges of the small holes of G4, and so forth.
In the storage position illustrated in FIG. 1, the three rods T carried by the lowest shelves, which extend through the larger holes of the lowermost shelf G8, will be visible in the free space left therebeneath around the base or leg P.
The vertical column rigid with this base or leg P extends through the central holes C and its height may not exceed, if desired, the height of the stacked shelves in the storage and shipping position shown in FIG. 1. In the case of display units of relatively great height, the stability may be improved by providing a longer central column consisting for example of a plurality of tubular elements telescopically interfitting one another, for example like some known fishing rods.
The partition strips B serving only the purpose of dividing the individual trays or shelves into well-defined compartments may be adapted to be either folded (in the case of plastic sheets or fabric strips) or elongated (sliding elements).
From the foregoing it will readily occur that the main component of the display unit according to the instant invention is the rod T.
As shown in FIG. 5, the free end of each rod T comprises firstly four longitudinal slots F disposed along spaced generatrices disposed by pairs in two perpendicular planes so as to enable this end portion to be contracted radially, these slots being completed by two pairs of spurs E1, E2 permitting the snap engagement of the head with respect to the relevant shelf or tray.
The first pair of spurs E1 act as abutment elements to prevent the rod head from extending completely through the small hole of the corresponding shelf, and the other spurs E2 formed in the opposite direction and which, due to their external slope and the elasticity afforded by the presence of slots F, have passed through this small hole, subsequently resume their normal unstressed position in order to engage the top surface of the central area of the shelf.
Thus, this shelf is held against any vertical or axial movement between two pairs of spurs.
The locking action thus obtained prevents the shelves or trays from moving toward each other and therefore the complete display unit from collapsing and resuming its storage and shipping position.
Of course, this invention is also applicable to linear display units and to display units of any other configuration. Besides, even in the case of circular of polygonal display units, the arrangement of the holes formed through the central surface Gf of the shelves or trays may differ from the one disclosed and illustrated herein by way of example.
Similarly, though the display unit shown and described herein comprises eight shelves or trays, it will readily occur to those conversant with the art that any other suitable number of shelves or trays may be used without departing from the basic principles of the invention.
The main feature characterizing this invention and to be applied to all practical embodiments thereof lies in the fact that the rods T secured to the bottom of one shelf must be capable of snappily engaging the next underlying shelf in the position shown in FIG. 2, so as to provide a locking engagement between the two shelves concerned, said rods T being on the other hand capable of passing freely through the other shelves in the storage or shipping position shown in FIG. 1.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4289245 *||Dec 20, 1978||Sep 15, 1981||Joseph Hasulak||Merchandise display stand|
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|EP0476729A1 *||Aug 16, 1991||Mar 25, 1992||Laarhoven Design International B.V.||Collapsible rack|
|EP1480523A1 *||Jun 18, 2002||Dec 1, 2004||Wham-O, Inc.||Children's toy for making confections|
|U.S. Classification||108/106, 108/183, 108/101|
|International Classification||A47G23/08, A47F5/04|
|Cooperative Classification||A47F5/04, A47G23/08|
|European Classification||A47F5/04, A47G23/08|