US 408973 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Aug. 13, 1889.
[N VEN T OR:
W may A TTORNE m UNIT D STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JULIUS HELLER, on TEPLITZ, AUSTRIA-HUNGARY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 408,973, dated August 13, 1889.
Application filed April 19, 1889, 8erial No. 307,803. (No model.) Patented in Belgium May 81, 1888, No. 81,887; in Italy July 28, 1888, XXII, 23,594; in France August 2'7,1888,1T0.192,622,andin England January 15,1889,N0.6,-'74-.9.
T0 aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JULIUs HELLER, of Teplitz, AustriaJ-Iungary, have invented an Improved Candlestick, (for which I have ob tained a patent in the following countries: Belgium, No. 81,837, May 31,1888; Italy July 28, 1888, No. 23,594; France, August 27,1888, No. 192,622; Great Britain and Ireland, May 15, 1888, No. 6,749.) of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a candlestick having a split socket which is embraced by aslide, the socket being thus adapted to firmly hold candles of diiferent sizes.
The invention consists in the various features of improvement more fully pointed out in the claims. I
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation of my improved candlestick, showing the slide lowered. Fig. 2 isa side elevation of the socket, showing the slide raised. Fig. 3 is a top view of the socket; and Fig. 1, a section on line so :10, Fig. 3, the section-line only being shown.
The letter a represents the base of a candlestick, and b is the stem carrying the socket. This socket is by a series of longitudinal cuts divided into a number of spring-arms 0, connected at the bottom. The spring-arms taper inwardly from the top toward the bottom, so that the socket has the form of a truncated cone. The upper end of each arm 0 is bent first outward to form shoulder a, and then inward to form a lug or tooth 0 Fig. 1. The socket is surrounded by a sliding annular collar d, the motion of which is confined by the shoulders c at the top and by a stop-plate e at the bottom. This plate 6 is interposed between the stem 1) and the socket.
I11 use the collar (Z is lowered, Fig. 1, and the candle is placed into the socket. The collar is now raised (Fig. 2). to force the arms 0 together. The lugs 0 Will bite into the candle and securely hold it in place. For thick candles the collar need of course not be raised as high as for thin candles.
WVhat I claim is 1. The combination of spring-arms 0, arranged to form a truncated conical split socket, with the sliding collar d, and with stop-plate c, substantially as specified.
2. The combination of spring-arms c, bent first outwardly and then inwardly to form shoulders c, and lugs 0 with the sliding collar d and stop-plate e, substantially as specified.
In witness whereof I have hereunto signed -my name in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
ADOLF FIRCHE, A. I-IEss.