US 41043 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
.@ iig Em SO2 [215 ma@ m37@ AM. PHOTO-LITH'O. C0. NM (OSBURNE'S PROCESS) UNITED STATES PATENT OEETCE.
SEPTIMUS WINNER, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TO WINNER & CO., OF SAME PLACE.
lNSTPtUCTlNG-SCAL FORI PIANOS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 4 l ,013, dated December 2Q, 1863.
To aZZ whom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, SEPTrMUs X'VINNEE, ot' Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, have invented an Improved Instructing-Scale, which I have denominated a Key-Board Scaleforthe Piano and Melodeon and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon.
My iiventicn consists of aseries ot' strips,
of wood orother suitable material, adapted to the keys of a pianoforte or other like keyed instrument, as hereinafter described, a scale of notes with appropriate letters being printed or otherwise marked on the said strip or strips l in such a position as to coincide with, or be in juxtaposition to, those keys orA the instrument which are represented by the said notes and i letters, for the purpose specified hereinafter.
In order 'to enable others to carry out my invention, I will now proceed to describe the l manner et' applying the same. K
On reference to the accompanying drawings, which form apart ot' this specification,
Figures 1,2, 3, and 4 are views illustrating my improved instructing-scale in several secl tions; and Fig. 5 is a sectional diagram representing the manner of applying the sections to a piano, melodeon, or other like keyed instrument. A, Fig. 5, represents the upper edge of a white key; B, that of one ot' the black keys, and U a, section of the vertical board in a piano, from beneath which the keys project, D being my instructing-scale as it appears in section.
In the present instance my key-board scale is represented as consisting of four sections, each section being composed of a strip of wood, on the front of which is pasted paper, and on thelatter are printed, or otherwise marked, the notes and letters representing those keys of the piano to which the section has to be applied.
Each strip or section terminates at the lower edge in a series of projections which rest upon the white keys of the instrument,
l the white keys may be provided with pieces j of felt, so as to obviate the disagreeable rattling of the keys against the sections.
It will be observed ont, reference to the diagram, Fig. 5, that the front face of the scale vis inclined toward its upper edge in order that the printed characters thereon maybe more easily distinguished by the player. Adjacent to each note is printed the appropriate letter, and from each note to the lower edge of the projection extends a dotted line. The l properl position of one ot' the sections being determined, it is placed upon the keys at the rear of the same and directly in t'ront of the l board C, against which the vertical rear ot' the section rests. As each section is numbered, it will be seen that when the proper position upon the keys of one has been determined,that ot` the others will be evident.
All ot'the sections having been thus placed in their proper positions upon the keys, the pupil as he strikes each white key will follow l with his eyes the direction of that dotted line ot' the scale which coincides with the key i struck until they rest upon the note and letter with which the dotted line coincides.
The letters and signs corresponding to the elevated black keys ot' thepiano being printed directly over the recesses made for the reception ot' these keys,thelatter and their representative marks are in such close proximity that the pupil cannot see one without perceiving the other. It will thus be seen that, l by the use of my improved scale, the keys of l the piano and the notes, which, by their vari- I ous positions on the stave, represent the said j keys, and also the correspondingletters, will be constantly presented in juxtaposition to i each other to the scholars view, in whose mind each key and its representative marks will thus become permanently associated tof gether. i By making the scale in sections and adapting` these sections to and arranging them to irest on the keys in the manner ldescribed, l they can loe readily applied to the instrument l and as readily removed from the same when desired.
I am aware that a scale has been heretofore l secured to a piano in such a position that the l marks on the said scale shall serve to guide l the pupil in manipulating the keys.
I therefore do not desire to claim, broadly, name to this specification in the presence of such a device, but I limit my claim to and detwo subscribing Witnesses.
site to secure Letters Patent fors i, 1
The Within-described scale madein sections bEPTI'MUb WINNER' and formed for resting on the keys, as set forth,
fitnessesz for` the purpose specified. WM. R. SMITH,
In testimony whereof I have signed my*l THOMAS SMITH.