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Publication numberUS410780 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 10, 1889
Filing dateMay 28, 1889
Publication numberUS 410780 A, US 410780A, US-A-410780, US410780 A, US410780A
InventorsMaurice Cahn
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Maurice cah
US 410780 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)

. M..GAHN. DEVICE FOR REMOVING BROKEN SCREWS, &c. No. 410,780. Patented Sept. 10. 1889.

' WITNESSES: I mum/r09;

A TTORIVEY'S'.

UNITED ST T-Es PATENT OFFICE.

MAURICE CAHN, OF \NEATHERFORD, TEXAS.

DEVICE FOR REMOVING BROKEN SCREWS, 840.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 410,780, dated September 10, 1889.

Application filed May 28, 1889. Serial No. 312,426. (No model.)

To all whom it may'concern:

Be it known that I, MAURICE CAHN, of \Veatherford, in the county of Parker and State of Texas, have invented a new and Improved Bit, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.

The object of the invention is to provide a new and improved bit specially designed for extracting screws, taps, screw-bolts, &c., from iron, marble, or other hard substances in case one of the said articles is broken oif in the material into which it is screwed.

The invention consists of a bit providedwith an internal spiral cutting-thread and ex ternal cutters.

The invention also consists of certain parts and details and combinations of the same, as will be hereinafter fully described, and then pointed out in the claims.

Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.

Figure 1 is a side elevation of the improvement. Fig. 2 is a transverse section of the same on the line {B ac of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a like view of the same provided with a central drill and adapted for removing obj ects broken near the surface of the material. Fig. 4 is a transverse section of the same. Fig. 5 is a sectional side elevation of a modified form of the improvement, and Fig. 6 is an inverted plan view of the bit.

The improved bit A is formed of a hollow cylinder screwed or otherwise secured atone end to a shank B of suitable length and sh ape and adapted to be turned by suitable means. The bit A is provided with an internal spiral cutting-thread 0, across which extends a number of grooves D, runninglengthwise parallel to the axis of the cylinder, as is plainly shown in Figs. 2 and 5. On the lower end of the bit A, and on the outside, are formed the obliquely-extending cutters E, slightly beveled, as shown in the drawings. Similar cutters F are formed internally of the cylinder A, near its lower end, the inner ends of the said outters terminating at the beginning of the internal screw-thread O. The cutting-thread C and the cutters E and F are preferably an ranged left-handed that is, in an opposite from the bit A.

direction to the screws, taps, screw-bolts, &c., to be operated on. In case the latter are left-handed said thread 0 and the cutters E and F are right-handed. The bit A is held removably on the shank B, so as to fasten a bit of any desired size on the said shank. The size of the bit A is measured according to the internal cutting-thread O, which has a diameter corresponding to the diameter of the screw, tap, or screw-bolt to be removed.

The device is used as follows: When a screw, tap, or screw-boltis broken off in apiece of iron, marble, or other material, the operator selects a bit A, of which the diameter of the internal thread G corresponds to the diameter of the broken-off obj ect. The bit A is fastened on the shank B, and the latter, by suitable means-such as a ratchet drill, Wrench, or other device-is turned, the end of the bit being inserted in the aperture in which the object is broken off. By turning the shank B the oblique external cutters E remove part of the material, so that the bit A enters the opening leading to the broken-off obj eot. lVhen the end of the bit A comes in contact withthe broken-off object, the internal cutters Fcut off part of the thread on the said screw, tap, or screw-bolt, and the cuttingthread 0 outs anew thread on the object, said new thread extending in an opposite direction to the old thread. \Vhen the bit has cut a sufficient length of thread on the broken-off screw, tap, or screw-bolt, the latter will finally turn with the bit-that is, in the opposite direction to that in which its old thread was formed, whereby the broken-off object is screwed out of its aperture, and is conveniently removed from the material, and finally The cuttings of the internal thread F pass through grooves D, and in a similar manner the cuttings of the thread 0 pass through the said grooves.

When the screw, tap, screw-bolt, &c., is broken near the surface of the material, the operator employs an ordinary drill H, fitted into a socket G in the lower end of the shank B. The cutting-edge of the drill H extends a short distance below the outer end of the bit A, so that the operator in first drilling causes the drill H to bore an aperture in the center of the screw, tap, screw-bolt, Ave, to be removed until the cutters E cut into the material surrounding the respective object to be removed. As soon as the bit A has a hold in the material, the operator removes the drill II by inserting the wedge J through a transverse opening I, formed in the shank B, said wedge J pressing against the back of the drill ll. (See Fig. 4.) The above-described operation is then repeated.

hen the operator desires to probe for a broken-cit" tap, screw, screw-bolt, &c., he uses a bit A without the external cutters E, as shown in Fig. 1. The cutters E are left oif, so that the thread already cut in the material will not be spoiled.

It will be seen that a very simple device is provided for conveniently and quickly removing screws, taps, screw-bolts, &c., broken oft in the hard material. As any-sized bit A may be employed, the device ranges from the smallest screws and taps to very large ones. The device is equally useful for a watch'maker and for Artesian-wcll borers.

Having thus fully described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. A bit for extracting broken screws, &c., provided with an internal spiral cutting thread and external cutters, substantially as shown and described.

2. A bit for extracting broken screws, &c., comprising a hollow cylinder having an internal spiral cutting-thread, and oblique cutters formed externallyon one end of the said cylinder, substantially as shown and described.

3. A bit for extracting broken screws, &c., comprising ahollow cylinder having an internal spiral cutting-thread, oblique cutters formed externally on one end of the said cylinder, and beveled oblique cutters formed in.- ternally on one end of the said cylinder, substantially as shown and described.

4. A bit for extracting broken screws, 850., formed of a hollow cylinder having an internal spiral cuttingthread, and grooves formed across the ridges of said thread, substantially as shown and described.

5. A bit for extracting broken screws, 850., comprising a hollow cylinder having internal. spiral cutting thread, and grooves formed across the ridges of the said thread, and beveled oblique cutters formed externally on one end of the said cylinder, substantially as shown and described.

6. A bit for extracting broken screws, &c., comprising a hollow cylinder havinginternal spiral cutting thread, and grooves formed across the ridges of the said thread, beveled oblique cutters formed externally on one end of the said cylinder, and beveled oblique eutters formed internally 011 one end of the said cylinder, substantially as shown and de scribed.

7. The combination, with a shank, of a bit held on the said shank and comprisinga 1101- low cylinder having internal spiral cuttingthread, and grooves formed across the ridges of the said thread, and beveled oblique cutters formed externally on one end of the said cylinder, substantially as shown and described.

S. The combination, with a shank, of a bit held on the said shank and comprising a hollow cylinder having an internal spiral cutting-thread, and grooves formed across the ridges of the said thread, beveled oblique cutters formed externally on one end of the said cylinder, and a drill held in a socket on the said shank and projecting below the end of the said bit, substantially as shown and described.

MAURICE (JAIIN.

\Vitncsscs:

.T. B. PRICE, W. K. BAYLOR.

Referenced by
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US2686447 *May 11, 1953Aug 17, 1954Ebert Charles RStud extractor structure
US6877401 *Dec 23, 2002Apr 12, 2005Reconnx, Inc.Apparatus for extracting fasteners from a host material
US7140087Apr 8, 2005Nov 28, 2006Reconnx, Inc.Methods for extracting fasteners from a host material
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US7185563 *Dec 30, 2005Mar 6, 2007Combined Products Co. #1, Inc.Impact driver and fastener removal device
US7824411Dec 15, 2004Nov 2, 2010Depuy Spine, Inc.Instruments and methods for bone anchor engagement and spinal rod reduction
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US20050149036 *Dec 15, 2004Jul 7, 2005Varieur Michael S.Instruments and methods for bone anchor engagement and spinal rod reduction
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Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB23B51/0426