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Publication numberUS411151 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 17, 1889
Filing dateJun 6, 1888
Publication numberUS 411151 A, US 411151A, US-A-411151, US411151 A, US411151A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Paper-folding machine
US 411151 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) Sheets-Sheet l. J. G. KNEELAND.


110.411.151. Patented Sept. 1'7, 1889.

2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

(No Model.)

J. C. K1\11'EL111\1D.l PAPER FOLDING MACHINE. 110.411,151. Patented Sept. 17, 1889..

l l l I 1 v Y 5mm/1,1900, LLQEZZ L '.'Jz @Ela/2d.




bPECIFICATION forming' part 0f Letters Patent N0. 411,151, dated September 1'? 1889.

i Application filed J une 6, 1888.

Serial No. 276,251. (No model.)

To aZZ whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, J osEPH C. KNEELAND,

a citizen of thev United States, residing at Northampton, in the county of Hampshire and State of Massachusetts, have invented new and useful Improvements in Paper-Folding Machines, of which the specification.

This invention relates to paper-folding machines, the object being to provide in machines of this class improved mechanism for manipulating one or many sheets of paper, to fold the same, to compress the fold thereof, and to deliver the folded sheet-s of paper on a receiving-table in proper order; and the invention consists in the peculiar construction and arrangement of the operative elements of the machine, all as hereinafter fully described, and pointed out in the claims.

In the drawings formingpart of this specification, Figure lisa vertical section, and Fig. 2 is a plan View, partly in section, showing the table, partly broken away, of a paper-folding machine constructed according to my invention. Fig. 3 is a sectional view of a part of the frame and of detail parts, below described, and an end view of a part of the table and of the folding-blade, the ends of the fold-compressing rolls being indicated in dotted lines.`

Fig. et is a plan view of portions of the frame androll bearings, partly in section, and of the fold-compressing rolls and their gear-connections, and showing the folding-blade in section between said rolls. Fig. 5 is a transverse section of the fold-compressing rolls, showing a fold of paper therebetween and the folding-bladewithin the paper, this figure showing parts of the frame and of the table of the machine in connection with said rolls.

Heretofore machines forfolding paper have been constructed with two cylindricallyformed rolls for compressing the fold of the paper; but such rolls have with the sheets of paper passing therebetween equal to the width of the paper folded, and thereby said folded paper is not permitted to drop away from the rolls after the fold thereof has been compressed; but the rolls have such an extended engagement with the paper under such conditions that the capacity of a machine so constructed is too limited to merit the vfavorable consideration of those an engagement` having a use for such a machine; also, it has been the practice heretofore to construct said cylindrically-formed cold-coln pressing rolls with bearings therefor in the frame of the machine, which permitted of adjusting one roll relative to the other to produce such distance of separation of the rolls as may be required for folding a certain number of sheets of paper, said adjustment requiring the attention and labor of a skilled mechanic for a certain time.

The essential purpose of this invention is to provide a` paper-folding machine possessing peculiar features of construction which obviat-e the above-described inconveniences, and which possess other novelties of construction which conduce to produce a machine of this class at a comparatively low cost, and which is capable of operating effectively to fold paper without injuring the same and to do so rapidly.

In the drawings, A indicates the frame of the machine, which is constructed, preferably, of metal.

B indicates a main or driving shaft extending horizontally from side to side of the frame of the machine, and having suitable bearings in the latter. On one end of said shaft B is fixed a driving-pulley D, and on the opposite end thereof is fixed a balance-wheel E. Av gear 2 is fixed on said shaft B between the frame A and said driving-pulley, and on said shaft, inside of said frame, is fixed a pinion 4. A pulley 5 is fixed on said shaft B between said balance-wheel and the adjoining side of the frame of the machine. A second horizontal shaft 3 is supported in suitable bearings in the frame A, parallel with said shaft B, and on said shaft 3 is fixed a gear 6, which engages with said pinion 4 on shaft B. A cam 8 is fixed on shaft 3 within the frame of the machine, and on the opposite ends of said shaft 3, which extend beyond the sides of the machine, are secured two crank-disks 7. Two fold-compressing rolls 9 and l0 are hung to rotate in bearings in said frame A near to and parallel with each other, and on the end of one of the journals of said roll 9 is fixed a gear 12, which engages 'with said gear 2 on shaft B, and on the opposite ends of said two rolls 9 and l0 are fixed two gears 13 and-14:, which engage with each other, the teeth of IOO paper to be folded. The said screw-abutments 22 have a shank screwing into and engaging with that part of the frame A at the base of said spring-chamber 20, the said shank projecting beyond the end of the frame and having a square shape to adapt it to be turned by an ordinary wrench. A lock-nut 23 is screwed onto said shank to secure the screw-abutment against movement when once adjusted. rlhe measure of the distance from the axis of the roll 9 to the surface of its rib c is in practice onehalf of the diameter of the roll l0, and therefore the curve of the face of said rib from edge to edge thereof coincides with that of the face of the roll l0.

rwo vertical posts K are fixed on the opposite sides of frame A of the machine, each of said posts having a vertical slot c therein, and stay-rod .z unites the upper ends of said posts. A metallic folding-blade l5, having end blocks thereon fitting the inner sides of said posts K, extends between the latter and occupies a position vertical to a line between said fold-compressing rolls, said fold ing-blade being capable, by means below described, of a reciprocating vertical movement between said posts K. A stud 1G has one end engaging with each end of said folding-blade, and extends through the said slot e in the posts K, and to the ends of the two studs so attached to the opposite ends of the folding-blade are pivotally connected one end of two pitmen. 17 ,and the opposite ends of said pitmen are pivotally connected to said crank-disks 7 on the shaft 3, and by means of said connection the folding-blade is given, by the rot-ation of said shaft 3, its said reciprocatingq vertical movement.

The table 2t of the machine is made in two sections, the separatingr -line therebetween being the slot through which the foldingblade moves when carrying the paper between the rolls J and l0, as aforesaid, and the outer edge of each of said table-sections is pivotally attached to theframc of the machine, in order that they may be opened, thereby uncovering those parts of the machine beneath the table, so that they may be conveniently accessible for adjustment, cleaning, or repairs. 'lo the opposite edges of the table, between which said folding blade moves,are attached two metallic angle-strips 25, as clearly shown in Figs. l and 5,the pending edges of said angle strips extending nearly to the surfaces of the roll 10 and of the segmental rib c on the roll 9, the inner opposite sides of said pending portions of the angle-strips constituting frictional bearingsurfaces, against which the paper is drawn when carried downward by the folding-blade, and whereby the paper is held up against the edges of said blade until it is engaged between said roll l() and segmental rib c on roll 9, as shown lin Fig. 5. The said table has the last-named gears being of such length as permits of a certain degree of movement of one of said rolls from the other one without disengaging the teeth of said gears. One of said fold-compressing rolls l() is made, preferably, of cylindrical form, and the other one 9 is constructed with a longitudinal segmental rib C, in order that only a limited portion of one of said fold-compressing rolls shall engage with the opposite roll at each revolution; or, in other words, in order that said limited portion only of the periphery of one roll shall be permitted to engage with the folded portion of a sheet or sheets of paper interposed between said two rolls. lf preferred, both of said fold-compressing rolls may be constructed with said longitudinal rib thereon, as indicated in full and in dotted lines in Fig. 5; but since the construction of a cylindrical roll is less costl 1 than a ribbed one and the required effect is produced when only one roll is ribbed, the preferable construction is that shown in Figs. l, 3, and Lt. The journal bearings or boxes 18, in which the journals of said ribbed roll J rotate, are fixed in the frame A; but the journal-boxes l5), in which the journals of the cylindrical roll l0 rotate, are capable of a sliding motion iii said frame in a direction toward and from the journal-boxes of said ribbed roll, thereby providing for the above referred-to movementof one of said rolls from and toward the otherone,for a purpose hereinafter fully described.

To provide means for forcing the said roll l0, which is hung in movable boxes, as aforesaid, toward the adjoining roll 9, with a force suiiicient to properly compress the folded portion or edge of the paper which is carried between said rolls by the folding-blade l5, as below described, two springs 2l are arranged in suitable chambers 20, in the frame of the machine, which springs have one end bearing directly against the journal-boxes lf), of said roll lO, and the Opposite ends of said springs bear against the socketed ends of two screwabutments 22, and by means of the latter the said springs are compressed to such degree as is required to impart to the roll l0 such resistance to movement from the roll 9 as may be desired to properly compress the aforesaid folded portion of the paper which lis carried between said rolls, said springs acting as a constant force against the roll l0 for thepurpose aforesaid, but permitting the roll to move from said roll 9 to such degree as the thickness of the paper carried between said rolls may require. Said springs 2l are in practice adjusted to drive the roll 10 toward roll 9 with the force ordinarily required to properly compress the fold in the paper, and having been so adjusted it is seldom necessary to read just them, and by this means the machine is always ready for operation, and does not require readjustment, as is ordinarily the case with other similar machines, for slight variations in the thickness of the sheets of thereon adjustable guides 2G and 27, against which the paper to be folded is moved to ena- IIO 411,151v p s ble the operator to bring the paper invariably to a proper position under the descending blade. Y

To provide convenient means for transporting the folded packages of paper or sheets from under said fold-compressing rolls from which they drop after being folded, two series of conveying tapes or bands and 3l are provided-one above the other, as below 1o described. The lower series of conveyingtapes 30 are supported on two rolls 28 and 29, which have suitable bearings in the frame of the machine and over which said tapes run, the roller 28 having' a pulley on one end I5 thereof and a belt 36 running on the pulley 5 on shaft B, and said pulley on roll 28 imparts the requisite rotary motion to the latlter. Idler-rolls 32 and 33, hung in bearings on arms 34 and 35, cause the said carrying- 2o tapes 30 to run in the directions shown in Fig. l, whereby they lie in convenient positions to catch the paper when it drops from said foldcompressing rolls, as above described. The said upper series of tapes 3l are arranged on 25 said idler-roll 33, and on a roll 45, nearly over said roll 28, and said upper series of tapes is arranged so that the several tapes thereof are brought directly over those of the lower series 30, and have such engagement therewith as 3o causes the upper tapes to move with and by the lower series in such manner that paper dropping upon the latteris carried between the two series of tapes, and by them. is transported to the upper portion of the end of the frame 35 of the-machine, and from thence is dropped onto a receiving-table 37, which is hung by one end to arms 39, on the end of the machine, and its opposite end is supported by a brace or braces 40, pivoted by one end to the under 4o side of said table and having a series of notches in its under edge, near its opposite end, which engage with a pin 4l, projecting from the leg of the machine, whereby said table is given the desired inclined position for receiving the paper when delivered from the machine.

A paper-guide 38, against which the paper is placed, is adjustably attached to the table 37.

A series of paper-pushing arms 44 is attached by one end to a rock-shaft 42, supported on arms on the machine, and said arms 44 extend upwardly through slots or openings in the receiving-table 37 to a point about opposite the side of said tape-roll 28. A rocking motion is imparted to said shaft 42 by means of an arm 43, one end of which is fixed 011 said shaft, and the opposite end thereof has an engagement with said cam 8 on 6o the shaft 3,and said rocking motion of the shaft 42 imparts a vibratory motion to said arms 44, whereby folded sheets of paper which drop onto the table 37 are pushed back to a proper uniform position against the guide 38 on the table. The end of the arm 43, which engages with said cam 8, is made sufficiently heavy to cause it to rest constantly against the edge of said cam, thereby returning the -free ends of said pushing-arms 44 to the position shown in Fig. l, after they have been swung toward the guide 38 on the receiving-table, for the purpose aforesaid.

The operation of the above-described improvements in folding paper is as follows: The operatorstands at the end of the machine opposite to that to which the receiving-table 37 is attached, and taking the numberof sheets to be folded places them against the faces of the guides 26 and 27, therebybringing them to a proper position on the table of the machine over the slot in the table through which thc folding-blade descends, and said blade then moving' downward engages with the sheets lof paper, and carrying them through said slot causes theirouter edges to assume the positions, substantially, indicated by 46 in Figs. 3 and 5. The movement of the folding-blade and the rotary motion of the rolls 9 and 10 are so timed that when the paper so engaged by the blade is carried downward so that it can be caught between the roll 10 and the segmental rib c the blade is immediately withdrawn from the paper, leaving the latter to receive upon its doubled or folded line the full force of the compressing action of said rolls, and by the action of the latter the folded paper is quickly drawn downward, and the said rib c, having but a momentary engagement with the paper, is quickly carried away from contact with the latter, leaving it free to drop quickly down onto the carryingtapes 30, which convey the folded paper to the receiving-table 37, as already described. The said fold-compressing rolls operate as effectively to properly fold the paper be there one or many sheets, and, owing to the fact that immediately after the fold of the paper is compressed, the rolls have no further contact with the paper, the latter is subject to no derangement or action of the rolls whereby the sheets can be wrinkled or damaged in any way, and the movement of the folded sheets or packages of paper away from the rolls after being compressed is much more rapid than it would be if the said folded sheets were controlledby the rotary movement of the rolls from the time the latter engaged them unt-il they should have passed through or completely between the rolls, and consequently the capacity of the machine for folding paper is considerably greater than it would be werel it constructed with a pair of cylindrical rolls instead of the said rolls 9 and l0.

Fig. 3 illustrates the relative positions of the paper, the folding-blade, and the fold-compressing rolls just before said blade in its downward movement has reached a point where said rolls engage the folded edge of the paper, and Fig. 5 illustrates the folded edge of the paper engaged by said rolls and the folding-blade at a point in its upward movement, its edge being withdrawn from the fold `of the paper, thereby offering no obstacle to ICO IIO

the compressing action of said rolls solely upon the fold of the paper, whereby said fold is completed.

\Vhat claim as my invention is' l. In a paper-folding machine, a reciprocating folding-blade to engage the paper to be folded, two parallel fold-compressing rolls, one of which has a longitudinal rib thereon the surface of which rotates eoineidinglywith the surface of the adjoining roll, Said rib being peripherally arranged with relation to the folding-blade to nip the fold ot the paper between said rib and the surface of the adjoining roll immediately on the lowcrniost presentation of said paper by Said foldingblade, substantially as described.

lu a paper-foldingmachine, a reeiproeaif ing folding-blade to engage the paper to be folded, two parallel fold-compressing rolls, one of which has a narrow hingitudinal rib thereon, Said rib being arranged to nip the paper preaented by said folding-blade between Said rib and the surface of the other roll only at the folded portion thereof, substantially as described.

In a paper-folding machine, areeiprocating folding-blade to engage the paper to be folded, a fold-comlin'essing roll and sliding journal-boxes therefor, a Second fold-coinpressin g .roll having a longitudinal rib there on, said rib being pcripherally arranged with relation to the folding-blade to nip Ithe l'old of the paper between said rib and the surface of the adjoining roll immediately on the lowermost presentation of said paper by Said foldin g-blade, and springs acting against said journal-boxes to force the one roll toward the other, substantially as described. JOSEPH C, KN'EELAND.



ll. A. (lnAriN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3003760 *Dec 23, 1957Oct 10, 1961Jr Louis O ScheuTowel folding machine
US6837840 *Jan 29, 2002Jan 4, 2005Nisca CorporationSheet processing apparatus and image forming apparatus equipped with the same
US6878104 *Oct 5, 2001Apr 12, 2005Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.Variable media thickness folding method
US7087007 *May 27, 2003Aug 8, 2006Nisca CorporationSheet post-processing device and image forming apparatus
US20020101020 *Jan 29, 2002Aug 1, 2002Ken YonekawaSheet processing apparatus and image forming apparatus equipped with the same
US20030222391 *May 27, 2003Dec 4, 2003Satoshi IwamaSheet post-processing device and image forming apparatus
Cooperative ClassificationB65H45/18