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Publication numberUS4112064 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 05/770,335
Publication dateSep 5, 1978
Filing dateFeb 22, 1977
Priority dateFeb 22, 1977
Publication number05770335, 770335, US 4112064 A, US 4112064A, US-A-4112064, US4112064 A, US4112064A
InventorsBruce Charles Farrenkopf, Magdalena Usategui Gomez
Original AssigneeHoffmann-La Roche Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride
US 4112064 A
Abstract
Angiotensin I and iodinated angiotensin I solutions are stabilized against enzymatic degradation by the addition of phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSK). Such solutions are used as standards and reagents in immunoassay kits for determinatin of plasma renin levels. Stabilized solutions prepared in accordance with this disclosure can be shipped at ambient temperature which represents a substantial advantage in convenience over previously available solutions of angiotensin I and radioiodinated angiotensin I.
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Claims(10)
We claim:
1. A method for increasing the stability of an Angiotensin I or radioiodinated Angiotensin I solution containing buffer and stabilizer systems which method comprises adding to said solution a minor effective stabilizing amount of phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein from 0.01 to 5 mg of phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride per ml. of solution is added.
3. The method of claim 1 wherein said stabilizer system comprises sodium azide and the sodium salt of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid.
4. The method of claim 1 wherein said solution is heated to 55-60 C. after addition of said phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride.
5. An Angiotensin I composition of enhanced stability comprising the following amounts of each constituent per ml. of buffer
(a) 0.1 ng to 10 mg of Angiotensin I;
(b) 0.1 to 10 mg of sodium azide;
(c) 0.1 to 2 mg of the sodium salt of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid;
(d) 0.1 to 50 mg of a carrier protein; and
(e) 0.01 to 5 mg of phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride.
6. The composition of claim 5 wherein said buffer is 0.1 M Tris, pH 7.5.
7. The composition of claim 5 where said carrier protein is bovine serum albumin.
8. A radioiodinated Angiotensin I wherein said composition contains the following amounts of each constituent per ml of buffer:
(a) 1 pg to 1000 ng of radioiodinated Angiotensin I;
(b) 0.1 to 10 mg of sodium azide;
(c) 0.1 to 2 mg of the sodium salt of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid;
(d) 0.1 to 50 mg of a carrier protein; and
(e) 0.1 to 5 mg of phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride.
9. The composition of claim 8 wherein said buffer is 0.1 M Tris, pH 9.0.
10. The composition of claim 8 where said carrier protein is bovine serum albumin.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Angiotensin I stability (whether the peptide is iodinated or not) in buffer solutions containing protein and preservatives (i.e., sodium azide and/or ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA)) has been a serious problem for many years. It is common practice in the art to keep angiotensin I solutions frozen at -20 C prior to use since even at refrigerator temperatures the peptide can be destroyed by proteases in a few days. At room temperature the peptide will last approximately 24 hours.

Thus all presently available preparations of angiotensin I or radioiodinated angiotensin I are shipped frozen or are lyophilized. Upon arrival, when shipped frozen, the package instructions call for aliquotting and storage at -20 C or storage of the entire material at -20 C with a limited number of defrosting and freezing cycles.

Lyophilized material has the practical drawback of requiring reconstitution before use. Moreover, the package instructions for storage after reconstitution vary from storge at 4 C for 2 months to thawing of reconstituted vials stored at -20 C as needed and thereafter storage at 4 C.

It has been known in the art to add PMSF to plasma samples undergoing assay for renin activity as a means for maximizing the production of angiotensin I during the assay by preventing loss of this compound through side reactions. See in this regard U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,919,407 and 3,984,352. However, the angiotensin I standards and 125 I angiotensin I are indicated in these patents to be derived from a commercial kit thereby implying that they were stabilized in accordance with prior art procedures as discussed above.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

It has now been discovered that highly stable solutions of angiotensin I and radioiodinated angiotensin I can be obtained by incorporating phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride into the buffer solutions employed to dilute these substances in conjunction with the conventionally employed stabilizers, i.e. sodium azide and ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), usually in the form of the sodium salt. The improvement in stability over the prior art stabilizers is substantial. Compositions prepared in accordance with the present invention can be shipped at ambient temperature thus saving the expense and bother of special packaging and handling required for frozen shipments. Additionally, such compositions can be stored at 4 C for the life of the assay kit and can be used in an assay conducted at room temperature thereby avoiding running the assay over ice as required by prior art assay systems. Furthermore, the compositions are ready for immediate use without the need of thawing or reconstitution.

It has further been found that PMSF can stabilize solutions of polypeptides and proteins. Examples of such polypeptides and proteins include gamma globulins, serum albumins, antigens, antibodies, enzymes other than proteases or peptidases and the like. The quantities of PMSF used will generally follow those utilized in the Angiotensin I and radioiodinated angiotensin I embodiments disclosed herein.

The compositions of the present invention comprise angiotensin I 0.1 ng to 10 mg and radioiodinated angiotensin in an amount in the range of 1 pg to 1000 ng dissolved in 1 ml of a conventional buffer system such as 0.1 M Tris buffer pH 7.5 for the standard and 0.1 M Tris pH 9.0 for the label to which has been added from 0.1 to 10 mg of sodium azide, from 0.1 mg to 2 mg of the sodium salt of ethylenediamine tetracetic acid, 0.1 mg to 50 mg of carrier protein such as a bovine serum albumin and from 0.01 to 5 mg of phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride.

It is also possible to introduce a precipitation enhancing protein to aid in the subsequent separating step in the radioimmunoassay. Such proteins include gamma globulins such as bovine gamma globulin. A particularly preferred embodiment of the subject composition of the present invention contains the following:

0.1 M Tris buffer pH 7.5; 1 ml

angiotensin I; 10 ng

Sodium azide; 1.0 mg

Na EDTA; 1.1 mg

Pmsf; 1.3 mg

Bovine serum albumin; 3 mg

0.1 M Tris buffer pH 9.0; 1 ml

125 I angiotensin I; 50 pg

Sodium azide; 1.0 mg

Na EDTA; 1.1 mg

Pmsf; 1.3 mg

Bovine serum albumin; 3 mg

After the compositions have been mixed together excluding at this point Angiotensin I or radioiodinated Angiotensin, it is necessary to heat the mixture at 55-60 C. for about 15 minutes. This serves to assist the solubilization of the PMSF and also is desirable to inactivate any peptidases that may be present. In the case of the radiolabelled composition the initial pH adjustment is to pH 8.0 prior to heating and then a final adjustment to pH 9.0 is made after cooling. The peptides are then added to the cooled solutions.

The increase in stability obtained by adding PMSF to stabilized, buffered solutions of angiotensin I and 125 I-angiotensin I is clearly demonstrated in the results of stability experiments carried out therein.

Tables 1 through 4 below summarize the results of comparison tests between the PMSF containing compositions of the present invention and compositions containing the prior art stabilizers (sodium azide, EDTA). The general testing procedure utilized to generate these results is as follows:

GENERAL TESTING PROCEDURE

I. Reagents for Radioimmunoassay

A. 125 i-angiotensin I Reagents: 125 I-Angiotensin I, 0.3% Bovine Serum Albumin and 0.5% Bovine Gamma Globulin in 0.1 M Tris-Acetate Buffer (pH 9.0) with sodium azide, EDTA and PMSF.

B. angiotensin I Standards: Angiotensin I diluted to 1.0, 2.5, 5.0, 10, 20 and 50 ng/ml concentrations with 0.3% Bovine Serum Albumin in 0.1 M Tris-Acetate Buffer (pH 7.5) with sodium azide, EDTA and PMSF.

C. angiotensin I Antiserum: Angiotensin I Antiserum (rabbit), 0.3% Bovine Serum Albumin in 0.1 M Tri-Acetate Buffer (pH 7.5) with sodium azide, EDTA and PMSF.

D. polyethylene Glycol: 15% Polyethylene Glycol in 0.01 M Tris-Acetate Buffer (pH 7.0).

II. Radioimmunoassay

The radioimmunoassay was conducted in duplicate employing 12 75 mm polystyrene test tubes. The assay was set up at room temperature.

A. a series of polystyrene tubes were marked with the numbers 1 through 18 to be used for the preparation of the standard curve.

B. a 200 microliter aliquot of 125 I-Angiotensin I Reagent was added to all test tubes.

C. A 20 microliter aliquot of each Angiotensin I Standard was added to the appropriate tubes, i.e. 1.0 ng/ml standard into tubes 7 and 8, 2.5 ng/ml standard into tubes 9 and 10 etc.

D. A 20 microliter aliquot of Angiotensin I Antiserum was added to tubes 5 through 18.

E. The tubes were vortexed and covered loosely with a paper towel.

F. The tubes were equilibrated for 1 hour 5 minutes at room temperature.

G. At the end of the equilibration period, 2.0 ml of cold Polyethylene Glycol Solution was added to tubes 3 through 18.

H. The tubes were vortexed thoroughly and placed at 4 C. for 10 minutes.

I. The tubes were centrifuged at 4 C. and 3500 g for 10 minutes.

J. The supernatant of tubes 3 through 18 was decanted off by inverting the tubes. The tubes were allowed to drain in the inverted position for 5 minutes.

K. The radioactivity of the total count tubes (tubes 1 and 2) and the pellets was counted for 1 minute in a gamma scintillation counter.

Table I  STABILITY OF 125 I-ANGIOTENSIN I REAGENT % Difference* From Zero Day Sodium Azide Sodium Azide + EDTA Sodium Azide + EDTA + PMSF Temp. 4 C 25 C 4 C 25 C 4 C 25 C  Time OD 1W 2W 1M 2M 3M 1W 2W 1M OD 1W 2W 1M 2M 3M 1W 2W 1M OD 1W 2W 1M 2M 3M 1W 2W 1M   Angio- 0 pg 0% 3.1% -- 17.4% 29.2% 45.0% 48.2% -- 90.4% 0% 5.8% 2.5% 2.1% 8.6% 3.9% 4.5% 6.8% 6.6% 0% 2.9% 0.7% 1.8% 0.0% 1.1% 2.4% 4.2% 4.2% tensin 20 0 5.4 -- 18.4 29.7 41.4 46.2 -- 91.1 0 4.9 0.5 3.3 2.7 1.0 5.6 6.1 6.6 0 4.1 4.1 4.1 0.6 6.1 0.3 0.3 1.4 Stan- 50 0 3.9 -- 22.8 31.1 44.0 54.2 -- 93.1 0 1.0 0.6 8.2 3.0 5.0 7.4 1.3 1.9 0 0.0 2.4 2.4 4.1 4.1 1.1 3.6 3.9 dards 100 0 0.9 -- 25.0 28.9 42.2 52.6 -- 85.3 0 5.8 4.7 10.1 6.9 1.3 5.2 5.2 7.3 0 4.6 4.2 4.2 1.0 1.0 2.4 0.5 2.4  200 0 4.6 -- 25.6 28.9 46.0 55.9 -- 88.2 0 9.0 3.2 5.4 4.3 0.6 5.1 7.0 4.5 0 4.0 0.7 1.4 6.7 5.7 4.7 4.7 6.8  300 0 12.7 -- 31.7 34.5 45.5 57.8 -- 88.7 0 10.3 7.9 2.3 7.1 5.5 7.2 11.9 10.3 0 0.9 1.7 1.7 8.6 2.5 3.3 6.0 8.6 500 0 7.7 -- 21.2 25.0 44.4 58.0 -- 92.5 0 12.2 5.7 6.8 1.2 3.5 2.4 6.1 4.9 0 6.0 3.6 11.9 9.5 7.7 10.7 3.4 2.4  Key to Abbreviations: Summary of Stability  C -- Degrees Centigrade  4 C 25 C    EDTA -- Ethylenediamine Tetraacetate Sodium Azide  1 week <1 week PMSF -- Phenylmethylsulfonyl Fluoride Sodium Azide +  EDTA <3 months >1 month Pg -- Picograms (10-12 grams) Sodium Azide + EDTA    + OD -- Zero Day PMSF >3 months >1 month W -- Week M -- Month Stability Specifications: Stability was considered lost if three or more experimental values had a % difference greater than 15% from the corresponding zero day values. ##STR1##?

Table II  STABILITY OF ANGIOTENSIN I STANDARDS % Difference *from Control Sodium Azide  Sodium Azide + EDTA  Sodium Azide + EDTA + PMSF Temp.  4 C  25 C  4 C  25 C  4 C  25 C  Time OD 1W 2W 1M 2M 3M 1W 2W 1M OD* 1W 2W 1M 2M 3M 1W 2W 1M OD 1W 2W 1M 2 M 3M 1W 2W 1M 2M   Angio- 20pg 0.0% 3.8% -- 8.9% 10.0% 8.2% 8.8% -- 16.7% 5.0% 1.3% 12.6% 5.4% -- -- 2.8% 13.9% 13.1% 2.7% 1.7% 2.0% 3.9% 5.3% 0.6% 0.5% 1.5% 5.9% 5.4% tensin 50 4.0 6.3 -- 11.1 21.0 21.8 17.6 -- 29.9 1.5 5.8 16.3 9.4 -- -- 13.1 25.7 21.8 3.4 0.3 3.4 5.5 1.1 3.0 1.8 2.6 12.6 1.2 stan- 100 4.8 13.1 -- 14.3 22.8 30.0 26.9 -- 45.7 8.6 9.7 15.9 16.5 -- -- 21.7 31.3 38.3 1.7 2.5 3.5 9.6 1.9 8.5 6.8 3.8 7.0 1.9 dards 200 1.8 13.7 -- 23.1 31.5 34.1 27.4 -- 58.7 0.6 1.1 12.1 14.3 -- -- 10.4 24.8 44.6 0.0 1.3 3.4 4.9 2.3 0.6 3.3 0.0 23.5 6.7  300 4.3 12.7 -- 23.2 25.4 44.7 34.7 -- 68.1 12.6 11.6 12.4 16.1 -- -- 16.4 19.1 39.5 1.6 11.0 3.0 8.8 14.5 0.7 9.8 3.8 3.9 8.7  500 4.6 20.1 -- 29.5 24.6 42.6 34.1 -- 62.3 7.9 4.3 7.4 13.4 -- -- 19.3 27.5 47.6 1.2 14.0 6.7 1.4 13.2 3.3 12.0 8.7 5.5 13.2  Key to Abbreviations: Summary of Stability  C -- Degrees Centigrade  4 C 25  C                               EDTA -- Ethylenediamine Tetraacetate Sodium Azide <1 week <1 week PMSF -- Phenylmethylsulfonyl Fluoride Sodium Azie  1 week <1 week pg -- Picograms (10-12 grams) Sodium Azie + EDTA + OD -- Zero Day PMSF >3 months >2 Months W -- Week M -- Month Stability Specifications: Stability was considered lost if three or more experimental values has a % difference greater than 10% from the corresponding control values. ##STR2##?

Table III  STABILITY OF 125 I-ANGIOTENSIN I REAGENT % Difference* From Control Sodium Azide + EDTA + PMSF Temp.-15 C 4  C25 C 37 C45 C Time 2W 1M 2M 3M 4M 2W 1M 2M 3M 4M 2W 1M 2M 3M 4M 2W 1M 2M 2W   Angio- 0 pg 0 0.4% 2.6% 3.4% 6.6% 4.3% 1.0% 2.6% 4.5% 6.4% 3.3% 3.9% 6.8% 12.5% 16.1% 0.8% 9.0% 10.6% 8.8% tensin 20 0 0.0 5.7 4.6 3.1 8.7 1.2 0.3 3.3 8.2 2.4 2.0 7.5 12.8 14.0 2.2 8.5 13.4 7.3 stand- 50 0 2.3 6.0 0.3 3.7 7.0 3.7 1.6 0.3 4.0 3.3 1.4 9.2 8.2 17.3 2.8 11.5 15.9 7.9 ards 100 0 4.2 5.4 3.4 -- 6.7 1.1 1.3 0.8 -- 6.7 1.3 10.3 7.6 -- 3.6 7.0 16.7 6.3  200 0 2.0 8.4 6.9 1.7 7.2 5.7 2.9 1.1 1.2 6.3 0.7 11.9 10.9 13.9 5.3 15.3 18.6 15.0  400 0 0.6 4.4 1.0 2.0 5.0 3.5 0.6 9.6 3.9 7.0 9.9 5.1 9.6 0.0 1.8 18.3 5.9 19.7  1000 0 12.4 8.8 15.5 2.2 27.1 13.3 8.8 12.1 19.6 11.1 8.4 13.8 5.2 13.3 1.8 21.1 11.4 23.7 Summary of Stability Key to Abbreviations: Temp. Time  C -- Degrees Centigrade -15 C 4 months EDTA -- Ethylenediamine Tetraacetate 4 C 4 months PMSF -- Phenylmethylsulfonyl Fluoride  25 C 4 months pg -- Picograms (10-12 grams)  37 C 1 month OD -- Zero Day  45 Stability Specifications: Stability was considered lost if three or more experimental values had a % difference greater than 15% from the corresponding control values. ##STR3##?

Table IV  STABILITY OF ANGIOTENSIN I STANDARDS % Difference* From Control Sodium Azide + EDTA + PMSF Temp. -15 C 4 C 25 C 37 C 45 C Time2W1M2M3M4M 6M9M2W1M2M3M 4M6M9M2W1M2M 3M4M2W1M2M2W   Angio-20 pg01.0% 2.9% 1.5% 1.1% 1.3% 3.9% 1.0% 2.2% 2.3% 1.8% 3.8% 0.6% 3.3% 2.1% 0.1% 0.4% 1.3% 1.7% 2.1% 2.3% 0.0% 1.4% tensin 50 0 2.5 2.7 3.5 4.0 1.0 2.0 1.8 1.0 3.3 2.7 0.8 5.9 6.5 2.8 3.8 4.0 2.1 4.2 0.8 1.7 4.8 2.8 stan- 100 0 1.2 2.8 4.3 3.6 3.7 0.0 4.8 0.8 1.4 1.1 5.0 2.4 1.9 0.3 1.0 4.6 4.0 3.6 4.9 1.0 7.8 1.2 dards 200 0 5.5 1.4 6.7 6.0 1.5 5.4 6.1 0.4 3.1 1.1 4.4 5.8 3.0 5.8 1.3 2.5 2.2 9.0 4.3 1.6 11.3 2.0 400 0 7.2 0.4 0.9 1.8 0.8 4.5 2.5 3.0 1.9 10.6 3.6 1.6 2.8 0.4 8.2 1.8 1.8 7.7 0.5 5.0 1.2 4.1  1000 0 11.3 6.7 10.9 15.0 6.1 6.0 3.7 6.4 11.2 7.3 8.9 3.0 14.4 5.6 12.6 4.1 0.0 12.1 4.9 16.5 4.7 2.3  Summary of Stability Key to Abbreviations: Temp. Time  C -- Degrees Centigrade -15 C >9 months EDTA -- Ethylenediamine tetraacetate  4 C >9 months PMSF -- Phenylmethylsulfonyl Fluoride  25 C >4 months pg -- Picograms (10-12 grams)  37 C >2 months OD -- Zero Day  45 Stability Specifications: Stability was considered lost if three or more experimental values had a % difference greater than 10% from the corresponding control values. ##STR4##?
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3843775 *Jul 12, 1971Oct 22, 1974Mount Sinai Res Foundation IncRadioimmunoassay of angiotensin and renin activity
US3899298 *Apr 11, 1972Aug 12, 1975Squibb & Sons IncMethod and apparatus for angiotensin i determination
US3984532 *Sep 9, 1975Oct 5, 1976Fernandez De Castro Aurora LMethod for quantitative determination of renin activity in blood employing phenyl methyl sulfonyl fluoride and polyethylene glycol
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4390517 *Aug 15, 1980Jun 28, 1983New England Nuclear CorporationWater-soluble primary, secondary, or tertiary amines as stabilizers; diagnosis/medical/; storage stability
US5529793 *Nov 16, 1994Jun 25, 1996Nutrition Physiology CorporationMixture of a lactic acid producing bacteria culture and lactate utilizing bacteria culture
US7834313Aug 8, 2008Nov 16, 2010Quest Diagnostics Investments IncorporatedMass spectrometry assay for plasma-renin
US8106351Mar 1, 2010Jan 31, 2012Quest Diagnostics Investments IncorporatedMass spectrometry assay for plasma-renin
US8362417Dec 19, 2011Jan 29, 2013Quest Diagnostics Investments IncorporatedMass spectrometry assay for plasma-renin
EP0528525A1 *Jul 2, 1992Feb 24, 1993The Scripps Research InstituteAssay methods and compositions for detecting serum proteases,particularly activated protein C.
EP0595865A1 *Jul 2, 1992May 11, 1994The Scripps Research InstituteAssay methods and compositions for detecting serum proteases, particularly activated protein c
Classifications
U.S. Classification436/545, 436/804, 436/826, 436/815, 436/811
International ClassificationG01N33/573, G01N33/74
Cooperative ClassificationG01N33/74, Y10S436/804, Y10S436/826, G01N33/573, Y10S436/815, Y10S436/811
European ClassificationG01N33/573, G01N33/74
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 19, 1984PSPatent suit(s) filed