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Publication numberUS4138 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 9, 1845
Publication numberUS 4138 A, US 4138A, US-A-4138, US4138 A, US4138A
InventorsElijai-i Pratt
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in nursing-bottles
US 4138 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

ELIJAH PRATT, OF NEV YORK, N. Y.

IMPROVEMENT IN NURSING-BOTTLES.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 4,138, dated August 9, 1845; antedated June 16, `1845.

.To all whom it may concern..-

Be it known that I, ELIJAH PRATT, of New York, N. Y., have invented a new and useful Improvement in Nursing Bottles for Administering Liquid Food to Infants or Infirm Adults; and I do hereby declare-that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the construction and operation of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawings, which make a part of this specification.

I use any kind of bottles of suitable material and dimensions, with corks fitted to them in the ordinary way. I introduce two quills or small tubes, of glass, silver, wood, or ivory, through the cork of each bottle, their lower ends opening into the interior and their upper ones communicating Without. Through one the child or patient imbibes the liquid contents, while at the same time air enters through the other and replaces the liquid drawn out. So far there is little or nothing novel, as nursing-bottles substantially thus constructed have been and are in use; but in my improvement I adapt a contractile valve to the exterior orice of the sucking-tube and another to the interior orifice of the air-tube, by which means the contents are prevented from escaping or leaking when the bottle is inclined or inverted. I also place an articial nipple or sheath of india-rubber over the sucking-tube. This sheath, from its igure and yielding' qualities, constitutes a better substitute for the natural nipple than any reed or tube of solid material.

Figure l represents a section ofthe cork O and also of the tubes. B is the sucking and B the air tube. The upper end'of the latter terminates in a perforation at right angles to it on one side at E, care being taken that such perforation be not pushed so far into the neck of the bottle as to prevent the air at any time from entering. Both valves V V are alike. They are made of thin india-rubber in the form of short collapsed tubes,'one end being slit so as to form two lips and the other slipped over the end of the tube and tied by a thread or otherwise secured, as shown more at large at Fig. 2, where the lips are represented open, as they will be when the bottle is in use. Vhen the child or patient ceases to suck, the lips close. The sheath or articial nipple is shown at N, Figs. 3 and 4. It has two or three minute perforations at the pointed end, and is made sufliciently small at the Wide endas to make an air-tight joint when stretched over the upper part of the cork. The lower edge of the sheath ought not to extend over the perforation E in the l side of the cork, as otherwise it might prevent the admission of air through the air-tube B, and consequently the Withdrawal of the liquid through the sucking-tube B.

Fig. 4t is a section of the sheath or nipple, cork, tubes, and neck of the bottle.

Fig. 3 represents the bottle when prepared for use. It is to be inclined or inverted according to the position of the child or patient and according to the quantity of liquid Within it. As the liquid is Withdrawn through B by the action of the lungs, air enters through B', and hence the atmospheric pressure will constantly remain the same within as Without.

Vhat I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

The contractile valves to sucking and air tubes of nursing-bottles, and also the application of artificial nipples to the same, as herein set forth.

' ELIJAH PRATT. Witnesses:

EDWARD JoNEs, BENsoN S. COOPER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2927708 *Apr 23, 1956Mar 8, 1960Kristoffersen ArveNursing appliance
US5890621 *Oct 21, 1996Apr 6, 1999Gerber Products CompanyCup for young children with cap valved for fluid control
US6050445 *Feb 6, 1998Apr 18, 2000Playtex Products, Inc.Leak-proof cup assembly with flow control element
US6102245 *Oct 18, 1996Aug 15, 2000Haberman; Mandy NicolaDrinking vessel with valve
US6116457 *Sep 2, 1996Sep 12, 2000Haberman; Mandy NicolaDrinks containers
US6422415Feb 4, 2000Jul 23, 2002Playtex Products, Inc.Leak-proof cup assembly with flow control element
US7147121Apr 3, 2003Dec 12, 2006Abc Development Inc.Valve for non-spill cup
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US9161886Dec 22, 2008Oct 20, 2015Haberman Products LimitedFeeding apparatus
US20040035815 *Jul 25, 2001Feb 26, 2004Webb Ian AlexanderDrinking vessel
US20040195253 *Apr 3, 2003Oct 7, 2004Boucher Richard A.Valve for non-spill cup
US20100314347 *Dec 22, 2008Dec 16, 2010The Anywayup Company LimitedFeeding apparatus
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USD452116Jun 6, 2001Dec 18, 2001Mcdonough Justin E.Trainer cup
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USD463216Dec 30, 1999Sep 24, 2002Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc.Trainer cup
USD783359Sep 17, 2015Apr 11, 2017Duane SawyerBottle
USD783360Sep 28, 2015Apr 11, 2017Duane SawyerBottle
USD784083Sep 28, 2015Apr 18, 2017Duane SawyerBottle
USD784766Sep 28, 2015Apr 25, 2017Duane SawyerBottle
USD784767Sep 28, 2015Apr 25, 2017Duane SawyerBottle
USRE37016Aug 6, 1998Jan 16, 2001Playtex Products, Inc.Flow control element and covered drinking cup
EP0634922B1 *Apr 7, 1993Jun 10, 1998HABERMAN, Mandy NicolaDrinking vessel suitable for use as a trainer cup or the like