US 414169 A
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(No Model.) A
HANGER FOR JOISTS.
No. 414,169. Patented 0011.29, 1889.
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
I vvILLIAM REUSCHEL, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO, ASSIGNOR TO ISRAEL J. LEHMAN AND THEODOR SCHMITT, BOTH OF SAME PLACE.
HANGER FOR JOISTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 414,169, dated October 29, 1889.
PPHCROD led August 26, 1889. Serial No. 321,972. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, IVILLIAM REUSCHEL, of Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Hangers for .Ioists, dre.; and I do hereby declare the following t-o be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to improvements in hangers for supporting joists, timbers, &c.; and it consists in certain features of construction and in combination of parts hereinafter described and pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a view in perspective. Fig. 2 is a side elevation in section. Fig. 8 is a front end elevation. Fig. 4 is a plan. Fig. 5 is a front elevation showing a double hanger. FigA 6 is a side elevation showing a hanger With a screw threaded boss. .Fig 7 is a side elevation in section. Figs. S and 9 are corresponding rear elevations.
A represents a metal hanger, comprising a vertical plate or frame and having a boss or lug a projecting from the rear face of the plate or frame for attaching the hanger, for instance, to a suppoitingbeam The opposite side of the plate or frame, and at the bottom thereof, has a forwardly-projecting foot a', re-enforced on the side by ribs a2, these members forming a pocket or seat for receiving and supporting the joist or timber. Boss a is usually cast hollow to save metal, and the opening through the same may serve for inserting a bolt in case the hanger is to be bolted to the supporting-beam or other part of the structure. Boss a is usually cast round, so as to iit a hole bored in the beam, and the boss maybe provided with external tapering ribs as, that embed themselves in the wood in driving the boss into the hole prepared for it, (see Figs. l and 4,) or the boss may be 45 screw-threaded, as shown in Fig. 6. There is no framing, therefore, required for assembling the parts other than boring the holes for receiving the boss, as aforesaid. Another advantage is that the joist and supporting 5o beam may be flush top and bottom.
In case the hanger is to be attached to ma son-Work, the bosses or lugs are usually rectangular in form and are set into the masonwork to which the hangers are anchored.
Fig. 5 shows a double hanger for support- 55 ing two joists or for supporting a timber of considerable thickness, and, of course, the hanger may be made of such lateral dimensions as will accommodate any desired timber or any desired number of joists.
The hangers shown in Figs. 1 to 6, inclusive, are supposed to be of cast metal.
The hanger shown in Figs. 7, 8, and 9 is supposed to be of Wrought-metal plate stamped out and struck up and then bent back double tothe form shown more clearly in Figs. 8 and 9, the opposing ends meeting on line fifi, Fig. 8. In such cases the boss may be provided with lateral ribs or anges a4 at the ends of the bosses, so that the two halves of the bosses may be distended or wedged apart, causing iianges a4 to be embedded in the Wood to hold the bosses in place, such distention of the parts being shown in Fig. 9.
1. A hanger for supporting joists, timbers, dac., the same comprising a vertical plate or frame having aboss or projecting member on the one side and below the upper edge thereof for attaching the hanger to the supporting part of the structure, the opposite side of the hanger being provided at a point below the boss with a seat for receiving the joist or timber to be supported, substantially as set forth.
2. A hanger for supporting joists, &c., the same comprising a vertical plate or frame, a hollow cylindrical boss projecting from one side thereof, and a seat projecting from the other side of said frame, the said seat being in a plane below the boss, substantially as set forth.
3. A hanger for supporting joists, &c., the same comprising a vertical plate or frame, a cylindrical boss projecting from one side thereof and provided with ribs, and a seat projecting from the other side, the said seat being in a plane below the plane of the boss, substantially as set forth.
4. A hanger for supporting joists, ttc., the
same comprising a Vertical frame the upper In testimony whereof I sign this specilicasection of which is in two sections, a sectional tion, in the presence of t-Wo witnesses, this 11th cylindrical boss formed on one side of the day 0E June, 1889.
upper section of the frame, and a seat pro- WILLIAM REUSCHEL. 5 jeeting from the opposite side of the lower Witnesses:
portion of t-he frame, substantially as set CHAS. H. DORER,
forth. WILL B. SAGE.