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Publication numberUS4148455 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 05/814,872
Publication dateApr 10, 1979
Filing dateJul 12, 1977
Priority dateJul 12, 1977
Publication number05814872, 814872, US 4148455 A, US 4148455A, US-A-4148455, US4148455 A, US4148455A
InventorsRobert J. Oliver
Original AssigneeZimm-Zamm Aktiengesellschaft
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Stands for tubular articles
US 4148455 A
The invention is concerned with a stand for a beach umbrella or other object comprising a vertical pole, such as the game comprising a tubular pole carrying a tethered ball the stand comprising a container which can hold water, sand or other ballast, and having a lid, the base of the container having a formation which locates the end of the pole and the lid having an orifice vertically above the formation when the lid is in its closed position to provide a snug fit with the pole; formations being provided on the pole to coact with complemental formations in the container or on the lid to prevent rotation of the pole in the stand.
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I claim:
1. In combination, a rigid stand and a vertical pole, the stand comprising a container capable of holding ballast, and a lid that closes the container and that has an orifice that snugly receives the pole and that is located, when the lid is in its closed position, to be above an upwardly opening female formation in the base of the container, the formation being adapted to receive and locate the lower end of the pole, and non-circular formations on the pole that coact with complemental formations on the lid to prevent rotation of the pole in the stand.
2. A stand as claimed in claim 1, said formations on the lid being adapted to coact with a transverse plate on a pole, the plate being non-circular at that zone thereof which abuts the formations.
3. A stand as claimed in claim 1, in which the formations on the lid coact with a transverse rod that extends in opposite directions from the pole, said formations on the lid being disposed on opposite sides of each end of said rod.

This invention relates to stands for poles of articles such as beach umbrellas and games; for example the game comprising a vertical tubular pole carrying a spiral on its upper end, its lower end being anchored, and a ball attached to a cord which in turn is connected to the spiral by means of a ring; the ball being struck in opposite directions by two players with the object of causing the ring to travel either to the top or bottom of the spiral to win the game.

Generally such poles have a spike at their lower ends for insertion into the ground. However, there are situations where the ground is too hard for their insertion or else the sand is too loose for an adequate anchorage.

Stands are known for beach umbrellas comprising a hollow body having a central recess constituted by or adapted to hold a sleeve which in turn holds the end of the pole of the umbrella and serves as a connector or support between top and bottom of the stand. The stand is provided with an orifice so that it may be filled with water.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a stand which has improved features over the prior art stands and which is particularly adapted for the game referred to above, which requires that the pole should not be able to rotate at all.

According to the invention there is provided a rigid stand for a vertical pole comprising a container capable of holding water or other ballast, and a lid, the base of the container having a formation adapted to locate the end of the pole, the lid having a reinforced orifice vertically above the formation when the lid is in its closed position to provide a snug fit with the pole, formations being provided on the pole to coact with complemental formations in the container or on the lid to prevent rotation of the pole in the stand.

The provision of a lid permits the container to be made with sloping sides so that they are stackable and therefore take up the minimum volume during transport or storage. Another advantage of the provision of a lid is that the lid and, if necessary, parts of the container, may have reinforcing ribs. This was not possible with the prior art stands manufactured from plastic by the blow moulding process which makes the provision of a reinforced area difficult as the process generally produces articles of uniform wall thickness only.

The orifice in the lid may be reinforced by the provision of a raised or thickened rim.

The means to prevent rotation of the pole may be incorporated into the formation on the bottom of the container, preferably consisting of a shape complemental to the shape of the end of the pole. Thus the pole may be formed with ridges or flutes and the formation on the bottom is formed complementally.

The combination of the formation on the base and the orifice in the lid ensures that the tubular article is maintained in a vertical position and that wobbling is effectively avoided. The pole is held in place by gravity only and is immediately removable simply by lifting.

Alternatively or in addition to the formation on the base, clamping means may be provided on or associated with the lid, which means may be designed to prevent rotational movement.

It will be appreciated that the lid should not be permitted to rotate on the bottom portion of the container.

In use the container is filled with water, sand or the like as ballast, the lid located in position, and the pole pushed through the orifice in the lid so that the end engages in the formation on the base.

In the game referred to above there is generally a footplate attached to the pole to assist the pole being driven into the ground and this may be arranged to abut the upper surfaces of the lid and to engage with a suitable formation or formations to prevent rotation. For this purpose the footplate is, in plan, other than a complete circle and the top of the lid is provided with one or more projections adapted to abut the non-circular portion of the periphery of the footplate.

An embodiment of the invention is described below with reference to the accompanying drawing in which:

FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional side view through one form of the invention,

FIG. 1A is a detailed cross-sectional side view of another form of the base arrangement,

FIG. 1B is a section along the line A--A of FIG. 1A, and

FIGS. 2 and 3 are alternative forms of preventing rotation of a pole.

In the drawing a container 10 is provided with a lid 12, the container having a frusto-conical shape. The lid 12 has an orifice (reinforced as shown at 15) through which a pole 16 passes snugly. The end 18 of the pole 16 may be formed with a cross or other splined arrangement 17 and engaged snugly in a complemental formation 20 on the base of the container 10, the formation 20 having a wide opening for ease of location.

The lid 12 is preferably a very tight and waterproof fit on the container so that the water used as ballast does not escape during play.

In FIG. 2 the footplate 22 of the pole of the game as described above is formed with a flat portion 23 which abuts posts 24 formed on the upper surface of the lid 12. This effectively prevents rotation of the pole should the end 18 of the pole not be provided with a splined arrangement.

In FIG. 3 the pole 16 has transverse rod 30 which is engaged between posts 24. For additional stability a further pair of posts 32 is also provided.

An advantage of the present invention lies in the feature that the removable lid is easily snapped in and out of place so that the container can be used for general storage of large articles when not in use. Many stands occupy relatively large volumes of space and as they have no removable lid cannot be used for many other purposes when the ballast has been removed.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4296693 *Feb 8, 1979Oct 27, 1981Archer Richard WBeach umbrella support
US4591126 *Nov 23, 1984May 27, 1986Reliance Products Ltd.Base for supporting an upright post of a garden umbrella or the like
US4887627 *Dec 9, 1988Dec 19, 1989Les Piscines Et Abris Tempo, Inc.Shelter with releasable ballast members
US5016853 *Aug 7, 1990May 21, 1991Cox Jarrell HCollapsible support device
US6113054 *Feb 12, 1999Sep 5, 2000Ma; Oliver Joen-AnUmbrella base having adjustable weights
US6199818 *Apr 28, 1998Mar 13, 2001Philip TsappiSupport device for a pole
US6565459 *Sep 21, 2001May 20, 2003European Sports Merchandising BvTwo stage attachment means for lid and base container of stands for tetherball games
US6877267 *Feb 1, 2001Apr 12, 2005Richard L. BurtonTurkey decoy tiltable counter-balanced support base
US6895982 *Dec 23, 2002May 24, 2005Michael Alan ShawCarriable storage bucket for supporting a raised umbrella
US7052201 *May 8, 2001May 30, 2006Automotive Safety Engineering Pty LtdSafety bollard
US7674194 *Nov 15, 2007Mar 9, 2010Lane LortscherBaseball swing training aid
US7950200Sep 20, 2007May 31, 2011Robert TropianoMulti-purpose anchoring apparatus and method
US8082934Jun 4, 2010Dec 27, 2011Eugene KucinskiUmbrella anchoring device
US8439058 *Jul 20, 2011May 14, 2013Glenn E. DoellAnchoring system for portable shelters and the like
US9540840Oct 22, 2012Jan 10, 2017Oliver Joen-An MaShape retaining foldable umbrella base
US20040195487 *Apr 23, 2004Oct 7, 2004Harbaugh Kenneth A.Umbrella stand
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US20070184921 *Feb 9, 2006Aug 9, 2007Smith Christopher LSelf-contained cross-training aid for use by participants in baseball, softball, golf, and hockey
US20080064534 *Nov 15, 2007Mar 13, 2008Lane LortscherBaseball swing training aid
US20080083172 *Sep 20, 2007Apr 10, 2008Robert TropianoMulti-purpose anchoring apparatus and method
US20120017960 *Jul 20, 2011Jan 26, 2012Doell Glenn EAnchoring system for portable shelters and the like
US20120113629 *Sep 17, 2011May 10, 2012Diane Michelle SteeleOutdoor solar Tiki floor lamp
US20130026712 *Sep 20, 2012Jan 31, 2013Bryan BiedermanGame with a flying object
EP0079865A1 *Oct 29, 1982May 25, 1983Plastinova Italiana S.p.A.Stabilizing device for large sunshade supporting tables
WO2001018328A1Jan 19, 2000Mar 15, 2001European Sports Merchandising BvTwo stage attachment means for lid and base container of stands for tetherball games
U.S. Classification248/524, 248/910, 248/158
International ClassificationE04H12/22
Cooperative ClassificationE04H12/2246, Y10S248/91
European ClassificationE04H12/22B1