US 415773 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. M. FISKE.
No. 415,773. i Patented Nov. 26, 1889.
WT 55555. I V
/O lfy M@ fifi/y N PETERS. PhowLimogmpher. wn-hingmn. D. C.
UNITED STATES PATENT OEEIcE.
GEORGE M. FISKE, OF NE'WTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 415,773, datedNovember 26, 1889.
Application filed September l1, 1889. Serial No. 323,658. (No model.)
To all whom t may concern:
Be it. known that I, GEORGE M. FIsKE, of Newton, in the county of Middlesex and State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Bricks, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to bricks for building purposes; and it consists in producing a brick whose face, while being perfectly finished and possessing the skin produced by pressure in molding, has the general appearance of split stone, as below described, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a perspective view of a brick embodying my invention. tion showing portions of bricks embodying my invention in position in a brick wall.
A represents the faces of t-he bricks` formed in imitation of what is known as split stone, the other surfaces A of the bricks being plain, as usual.
These bricks are formed while the clay is soft in a mold or die, in which is placed a plate or surface which is the reverse or intaglio of the split surface of stone. This plate or surface is formed by spreading plaster, wax, or other suitable impressionable materia-l upon the split surface of a blockvof stone or other substance which can be split in imitation of stone, and is, when set or hardened, inserted in the mold or die or is used as a pattern by which to make a similar plate or surface in some other material. The impression thus made upon the clay when the bricks are pressed into the mold or die is such that the face of the brick resembles a split surface of stone. After the bricks are completed they can be used in building walls, dac., as shown in Fig. 2, with very pleasing` effect.
Fig. 2 is an eleva- The sizes most used vary from two inches by two inches on the face to twelve inches by eighteen inches.
I am aware that bricks have been produced in pairs and afterward split or fractured, thereby presenting a split surface. In my invention a genuine split or fractured surface is what is desired to be avoided, as such a surface'has no skin finish, and is consequently pervious to moisture, while the surface or face of my brick has a perfect. skin, as it is a molded surface, presenting the appearance only of a split or fractured surface. Moreover, when a pair of bricks are split apart the surfaces thus produced consist, necessarily, of projections and depressions, which are of course equal in extent, so that a wall buil-t thereof presents an average and more or less the appearance of plainnessthat is, with neither projections nor depressionswhile the surface of my brick may be and in practice is wholly projecting, the advantage in point of beauty being apparent to any architect.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Lett-ers Patent, is
As a new and improved article of manufacture, a brick for building purposes provided with a molded pressed face, as A resembling and in imitation of split stone, said face being by means of such molding and pressure provided with a skin surface, Whereby it is rendered practically impervious to water, substantially as set forth.
GEORGE M. FISKE. lvitnesses:
HENRY W. WILLIAMS, J. M. HARTNETT.