|Publication number||US416388 A|
|Publication date||Dec 3, 1889|
|Filing date||Sep 24, 1888|
|Publication number||US 416388 A, US 416388A, US-A-416388, US416388 A, US416388A|
|Inventors||Thomas Ferneley Wiley|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y (No Model.)
T. P. WILEY. 'APPARATUS POR, WATBRPROOFING TEXTILE FABRICS.
Patented Deo. 3, 1889.
N. PETERS. Pnumliumgmprmr, wn-mngm. D. c.
UNTED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
THOMAS FERNELEY WILEY, OE RAVDON, NEAR LEEDS, ENGLAND.
APPARATUS FOR WATERPROOFING TEXTILEV FABRICS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 416,388, dated December 3, 1889.
Application filed September 24, 1888. Serial No. 286,212. (No model.)
.To all whom, t may concern:
Be it known that I, THOMAS FERNELEY WILEY, a subject of the Queen of Great Britain, residing at Rawdon, near Leeds, England, have invented 'certain Improvements in an Apparatus for Waterproofing Textile Fabrics or Rendering them Water-Repellent, of which the following is a specification.
This invention consists of an apparatusfor waterproofing textile fabrics or rendering them water-repellent by the application of waterproofing or water-repelling substances,
agents, or compounds in the molten or melted/ state without solvent and afterward subjecting such fabricsto heat.
1 apply any waterproong or water-repel ling substance, agent, or compound in the manner which is capable of being reduced to the molten state or melted by a temperature below what would -damage the fabrics, of which the following substances are good eX- amples: stearine, spermaceti, ozocerite, paraine-wax, and Japanese wax, or other similar substances. These substances may be either separately applied or in combination.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l represents a longitudinal section of a machine for applying waterproofing or water-repelling substances in the molten state to textile fabrios. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the same.
The machine containing my invention is represented in conjunction with an ordinary cylinder drying machine, the feed end of which is shown, as such machines are particularly adapted to draw the fabrics through the waterproofing-machines as Well as subsequently heat them; but it is obvious that other means maybe employed for these purposes.
A trough A, containing the waterproofingv or water-repelling substance, is fixed between frames B of the cylinder drying-machine, and the first of the heated cylinders C', revolving therein, melts said substance, and the periphery of said cylinder is therefore coated with it. The fabrics D to be operated upon are carried upon the reel E, mounted in bearings F, formed in the standards G, xed on the end of each side frame B. Such standards also support adjustable tension-bars H and a top roller J. The fabrics D are connected to a wrapper previously passed through the drying-machine, and are thereby drawn from the reel E round the tension-bars H, over the top roller J and between the cylinder C and the roller K. The roller K is adapted to press the fabrics against the cylinder C', thus depositing the waterproofing substances carried on the periphery of such cylinder upon said fabrics, which absorb it as they pass through the cylinder drying-machine. The amount of waterprooiing substance thus deposited upon the fabrics depends upon the speed at which the cylinder O revolves relative to the speed the fabrics are drawn into the dryingmachine. To regulate this a toothed wheel L is mounted upon the arbor 'of the cylinder C', connected by the wheels M and N to the spur-wheel O, secured 'on the arbor of the second cylinder O2. The wheels L and M are change wheels, and the latter is mounted upon a stud P, iixed in the slot Q of the arm' R, turning upon the stud S, on which the wheel N is mount-ed, and such arm is fixed by the, studs T, passing through curved slots U. Thus 4to alter the speed of the cylinder C wheels of different relative sizes are substituted for L and M The action of the drying-machine in the above-described arrangement is to thoroughly heat the fabrics and cause the waterproofing substances previously deposited to run and evenly coat the component fibers of the fabrics, and thus be absorbed by such fabrics.
I claim- The combination of the heated cylinder O', the trough for the waterproofing material in which the cylinder revolves, the roller K, bearing upon the cylinder 4C', the cylinder C2, which draws the fabric between the cylinder O and the roller K, the gear-wheel O o the shaft of the cylinder C2, and the interchangeable wheels M and N,interposed between the wheel O and a gear-wheel on the shaft of the cylinder C', one of the said wheels being mounted on a shaft which is supported in slots in the frame of the machine, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof l have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.V j
THOMAS FERNELEY VILEY.
DAVID NOWELL, S. A. DRAOUP.
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