US 416861 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
the sole b, so that the leather sole b can be ap y UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE- LUKE E. SOAFE, OF LEEDS,v COUNTY YORK, ENGLAND.
Boor 0R SHOE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent Ne. 416,861, daten December 10,1889.
Application led April 14, 1887-. Serial No. 234,854. (No model.) Patented in England November 2, 1886, No. 14,090.
To all whom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, LUKE EARNsHAW SCAFE, of Leeds, in the county of York, England, have invented an Improvement in Soles or Heels for Boots and Shoes, of which the following had been associated in soles or heels, the rub-4 ber being in the form of plugs or strips within openings in the leather.
My present invention relatesto the combination,w, ith the leather sole having openings through the same, of a sheet of rubber having projections that till the openings in' theV leather, and which sheet or layer of rubber formsa Waterproof middle sole and at the same time secures the plugs or projections ofrubber, so that they cannot become loose or fall away from the lleather outer sole. i
In the drawings, Figure l is an elevation of a shoe with my improved sole. Fig. `2 is an inverted plan, and Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section.
The boot or shoe represented at a is provided with any ordinary h eel and sole, as represented at f, Fig. 3, and b represents the leather sole, having perforations in it, as shown at d, which perforations may be of any desired size, shape, or number.
The sheet e of rubber is of the desired size to form a layer or middle sole between the 'soles b and f, and upon the saine are the rubber plugs or projections c, corresponding in size, shape, and position to the openings in plied. to the rubber either before or after the rubber has been placed upon the sole f, and the parts may be'cemented together, and it is preferable to secure the sole b to the boot ork shoeby sewing or by nails or rivets.
For some kinds of shoes the combined rub-` ber and leather sole may extend the Whole -length of the shoe without any separate heel;
but I have shown a heel in Figs. l and 2, which may be of any desired character.
In all instances the sheet or middle sole of rubber renders the boot or shoe sole impervi-` ous to water, and the. projection c is held-w firmly by the sheet of rubber and cannot become loose or drop out from the opening in the leather.
I am aware that rubber plugs with iianged upper ends have been inserted in boot-heels,
and that rubber plugs upon a ring of rubber have been secured to a heel by a perforated metal plate and screw. I-n my improvement the rubber insole with studsand the leather sole with openings are attached around their edges to the. uppers and form a water-proof combined rubber and leather sole.
I claim as my inventionl The combination, ina boot or shoe, with the outer leather sole having openings through the same, of a rubber sheetbverlyingthe through and filling the openings in the outer sole, substantially as set forth.
E A y LIE. SCAFE.
Witnesses: p f
J. N. HARDINGQ4 J. JOWETT.