|Publication number||US4178856 A|
|Application number||US 05/921,274|
|Publication date||Dec 18, 1979|
|Filing date||Jul 3, 1978|
|Priority date||Jul 3, 1978|
|Also published as||CA1080655A, CA1080655A1|
|Publication number||05921274, 921274, US 4178856 A, US 4178856A, US-A-4178856, US4178856 A, US4178856A|
|Original Assignee||Dearborn Fabricating & Engineering Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (11), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Heretofore, there have been various types of wheel assemblies for overhead trolley conveyors with various mechanisms employed for journalling the wheel assembly upon a pair of opposed interconnected load-carrying upright brackets. Problems have arisen in connection with axial end thrusts against the bearings and in providing a means for journalling the wheel assembly upon the brackets so as to be movably mounted and suspended from an elongated performed I-beam.
Other problems have been involved in utilizing wheel assemblies for overhead conveyors and wherein, the wheel assembly is adapted for transferring a load through an oven involving temperatures up to approximately 400 degrees F., more or less. Various types of ball bearings have been employed for wheel assemblies. Examples of such wheel assemblies may be found in the following U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,268,062, 3,971,601, 2,780,178, 2,262,714, 2,697,010, 3,049,083.
It is an object of the invention to provide an improved trolley wheel for overhead conveyors with an improved wheel assembly therefore.
It is a further object to provide for such wheel assembly an improved graphite alloy sleeve bearing or bearings which will have an improved long life and which are capable of effective operation in high-temperature areas and which have a minimum amount of wear and consequent replacement or shutdown time.
It is another object to provide an improved wheel assembly wherein, a pair of graphite bronze sleeve bearings are press-fitted within a wheel and arranged upon opposite sides of an internal flange therein for rotation with the wheel and with respect to a central shell. Such wheel assembly includes end thrust means which operatively and retainingly but loosely engage axial end portions of the sleeve bearings without resistance to wheel rotation but, at the same time, are designed to react against axial end thrusts or compression forces.
These and other objects will be seen from the following specification and Claims in conjunction with the appended drawing.
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary vertical section of the present wheel assembly overhead conveyors with the conveyor assembly including an I-beam, a bracket and a portion of a support fragmentarily shown.
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the wheel assembly shell shown in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a vertical section of the wheel shown in FIG. 1.
Attempts to use graphite bronze bushings on trolley wheels have been unsuccessful because they have approximately one-half the capacity of ball bearing trolley assemblies and further, because of the problems caused by the use of steel washers frictionally engaging the wheel itself for producing unnecessary load and wear.
The present overhead conveyor assembly is generally indicated at 11 and includes an elongated or formed I-beam 13 including an upright web and a pair of opposed side flanges together with a pair of centrally interconnected opposed brackets 15, one of which is fragmentarily shown, with said brackets adapted to movably suspend a load. A trolley wheel assembly includes wheel 17 made of hardened steel or forged which has an exterior tapered surface at 19 and an axial bore 25. An internal annular flange 23 is formed as a part of said wheel and projects into said bore intermediate the ends thereof. A pair of graphite alloy sleeve bearings 27, preferably a graphite bronze alloy, are force-fitted into the wheel bore 25 and bear against opposite sides of wheel flange 23.
Said sleeve bearings have a bore 29, and loosely disposed within said bore is the elongated cylindrical shell 31, preferably of steel and having at one end an annular shoulder flange 33.
Shaft 35 projects axially from the opposite end of said shell, has a threaded portion 37 at one end, and snugly projects through transverse bore 39 at the upper end of the bracket 15. A washer 41, preferably of steel, is interposed between bracket 15 and the shoulder 45 at the adjacent end of said shell.
Said shaft and shell are affixed to the upper end of bracket 15 by fastener 43, such as the lock nut shown in FIG. 1.
In the present construction, the overhead conveyor assembly and the I-beam 13 is supended from a suitable supporting structure, fragmentarily shown at 47, which could be an oven or other support beam.
The present wheel assembly for overhead conveyors may be of the high temperature type and wherein, the load suspended and carried by the brackets 15 is movably transported through the chamber of an oven, wherein the temperatures may go up to 450 degrees F. approximately.
The construction of the present graphite alloy sleeve bearings is such as to withstand such high temperatures and to permit normal operation of the trolley wheel assembly, without destruction due to high heat.
The internal wheel flange 23 is laterally displaced from the center of the wheel 17 within its bore 25 so that the shoulder flange 33 of said shell is disposed within the wheel periphery.
In operation, shoulder flange 33 loosely yet operatively and retainingly engages the adjacent sleeve bearing 27 and retains said bearing and the assembled wheel against endwise movements in one direction.
The corresponding washer 41 interposed between bracket 15 and the shoulder 45 of said shell is adapted to loosely yet retainingly engage the end surface of the other sleeve bearing to restrain said bearing and the associated wheel against endwise axial movements in the opposite direction.
Accordingly, the wheel with the internal graphite bronze bearings therein bearing upon opposite sides of the internal wheel flange 23 is adapted for journalling upon and rotation with respect to the stationary shell 31 affixed to the upper end of each of the brackets 15.
The composition of the present graphite sleeve bearing is in the nature of an alloy which is aproximately 50 percent graphite and 50 percent bronze, for illustration. The proportions of graphite may vary between five and 50 percent.
While the present trolley wheel assembly for overhead conveyors is of general utility for the movable suspension of a load upon and along a typical I-beam, it is contemplated that the present trolley wheel assembly is particularly adapted for high temperature trolleys such as might be employed in transporting panels or other painted objects through a heating and drying oven 47 wherein, the temperatures may reach up to 450 degrees F. more or less.
Having described my invention, reference should now be had to the following Claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1445893 *||Jun 20, 1922||Feb 20, 1923||Nic Krump||Trolley for suspended two-rail tracks|
|US1748198 *||Jul 10, 1929||Feb 25, 1930||Wormer Bernard A Van||Wheel|
|US1816758 *||Nov 25, 1927||Jul 28, 1931||Us Graphite Company||Bearing|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4552073 *||Feb 23, 1984||Nov 12, 1985||Beebe International, Inc.||Suspended load transport apparatus|
|US5156533 *||Oct 3, 1986||Oct 20, 1992||Hoffman Frank F||Replaceable plastic trolley wheel and method|
|US5357868 *||Dec 30, 1993||Oct 25, 1994||Tama Plastic Industry||Trolley apparatus with reinforced plastic wheels and interlocking plastic bushings|
|US5606915 *||Apr 6, 1995||Mar 4, 1997||Ford Motor Company||Power and free conveying system|
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|US6383104 *||Feb 10, 2000||May 7, 2002||General Electric Company||Parts carrier with intergral rollers|
|US6536077||Sep 14, 2000||Mar 25, 2003||Creco Corporation||Self-lubricated wheel assembly|
|US7770259||May 4, 2005||Aug 10, 2010||Spacesaver Corporation||Suspension-type storage unit|
|US7775162 *||Aug 7, 2007||Aug 17, 2010||Cislo Lawrence||Roller for trolley assembly|
|US20080190876 *||May 4, 2005||Aug 14, 2008||Janson Steven L||Suspension-Type Storage Unit|
|EP0567295A1 *||Apr 20, 1993||Oct 27, 1993||Tama Plastic Industry||Trolley conveyor assembly|
|U.S. Classification||104/95, 384/416, 384/424, 105/154|
|International Classification||B65G9/00, B65G39/09|
|Cooperative Classification||B65G9/002, B65G39/09|
|European Classification||B65G39/09, B65G9/00B|