|Publication number||US4184439 A|
|Application number||US 05/943,354|
|Publication date||Jan 22, 1980|
|Filing date||Sep 18, 1978|
|Priority date||Oct 18, 1977|
|Also published as||DE7732141U1|
|Publication number||05943354, 943354, US 4184439 A, US 4184439A, US-A-4184439, US4184439 A, US4184439A|
|Original Assignee||Pfoff Industriemaschinen GmbH|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (8), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates in general to the construction of devices for folding strip materials, particularly for use in association with sewing machines and, in particular, to a new and useful material folding device which comprises a substantially U-shape guide which tapers from a widened entrance end to a narrowed discharge end, wherein, a material strip is insertable in the guide and held by a positioning plate as it is moved therealong to fold it into a U-shape configuration and which further includes a folding element of substantially W-shape configuration with a central folding web which engages into the guide to hold the material therein and includes leg portions which engage over the guide.
When sewing a strip of material to a garment, such as a waistband, to a pair of trousers or to a ladies skirt, the strip of material is fed through a sheet metal guide which tapers down in a funnel shape towards the stitch-forming point. This causes the two lateral edges to be folded over inwardly and the strip of material to be folded into an approximately horizontally oriented U-shape configuration. Before insertion of the upper garment edge, the starting area of the strip of material must be turned in towards the inside to obtain an exact edge terminus. This turning-in is performed manually by the seamstress and requires not only some skill and attention in the execution, but is also time-consuming. It is almost impossible to obtain the turn-in in an exact form without a tool, such as a pair of scissors.
The present invention is an improvement over the prior art in the provision of a device for handling a strip of material which is to be turned in or folded. In accordance with the invention, a strip of material is folded by means of an open sheet metal guide which tapers downwardly in a funnel formed toward the stitch-forming point of a sewing machine. In addition, there is provided, a holding element which may be pivoted to engage a central folding web portion into the guide element between the folded parts of the material to turn in the material strip start.
Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide a device for folding a strip of material which comprises a substantially U-shape guide mounted on a support which has divergent first and second leg portions and a widened entrance end which tapers down to a narrow discharge end for the strip material which is arranged alongside of a substantially W-shaped folding element which is engageable therewith and has a central folding web portion engageable into the guide between the guide legs and a folding leg portion joined to each side of the central web portion adapted to engage over the guide legs and which is mounted for pivotal movement into and out of the guide.
A further object of the invention is to provide a device for folding strip material which is simple in design, rugged in construction and economical to manufacture.
The various features of novelty which characterize the invention are pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this disclosure. For a better understanding of the invention, its operating advantages and specific objects attained by its uses, reference is made to the accompanying drawing and descriptive matter in which a preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated.
In the drawing:
FIG. 1 is a top perspective and partly schematic showing of a material feeding device for a sewing machine, constructed in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the device shown in FIG. 1 in a somewhat reduced scale showing the engagement of the folding element with the material guide to fold the material; and
FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing the interengagement of a garment and a folded material before they are sewn together.
Referring to the drawing in particular, the invention embodied therein, comprises, a device for folding a strip material and for feeding it into association with a reciprocating needle 2 of a sewing machine so that the material which is folded may be joined to a garment or similar other material part. In accordance with the invention, a substantially U-shaped guide, generally designated 3, which has divergent first and second guide legs 3' and 3" is mounted on a support, such as a fabric support plate 1, and it has a widened entrance end 3b for the insertion of a strip of material B and a narrow discharge end 3a for the discharge of the material and which is of tapered funnel-shaped form tapering inwardly from the widened entrance end to the narrow discharge end.
In accordance with a feature of the invention, a substantially W-shaped folding element, generally designated 5, is engageable with the guide 3 and has a central folding web portion 7 which is engageable into the guide between the guide legs 3' and 3" and a leg portion 8 and 9 joined to respective sides of said central web portion 7 and adapted to engage over the guide legs in an operating position as shown in FIG. 2. Mounting means in the form of a threaded screw 6 engageable with a web 4 mounted over the support plate 1 provides mounting of the folding element 5 for pivotal movement adjacent the discharge end of the guide 3.
FIG. 1 is a partial view of the fabric support plate of a sewing machine, which includes a needle 2. Since the application of the new device is not limited to a specific type of sewing machine, the sewing machine has not been shown in great detail. The device to fold a strip of material comprises a sheet metal guide 3 which tapers inwardly in funnel-shape form towards a first end 3a adjacent the needle 2 and is open unilaterally at the opposite trailing material strip end 3b. When passing the material strip B through the sheet metal guide 3, its two lateral edges are simply folded over inwardly as shown at R1 and R2, and are then folded into an approximately horizontally oriented U-shape, as shown by the dash-dotted lines in FIG. 1.
A web 4 is provided on the closed side 3c of sheet metal guide 3, to which a folding element 5 is mounted so as to be pivotable about a threaded pin 6. Folding element 5 has a central folding web portion 7, adjoined by two guide legs 8 and 9, and a handle 10 is provided on the outside. The folding element 5 is acted upon by an extension spring 11, one end of which is anchored to a pin 12, fastened in the web 4, and its other end is anchored to a pin 13 fastened to a lug 14 of the folding element 5.
The sheet metal guide 3 with the folding element 5 is mounted to a support plate 15 which is hinged by a hinge 16 to a baseplate 18 screwed by screws 17 to the fabric support plate 1. It is also possible to link the support plate 15 directly to the fabric support plate 1 of a sewing machine.
To lock the support plate 15 with the sheet metal guide 3 and the folding element 5 in working positions, a detent 19 is provided which comprises a dual-armed lever 20 pivoting in bearing blocks 21 and 22 of the baseplate 18 and having a bent end 23 which grips behind a protrusion 24 provided on the support plate 15 in the working position of the device. A compression spring 25 acts upon the other end of the lever 20. In order to facilitate the positioning and feeding of the garment W, the open side of sheet metal guide 3 is provided with a positioning plate 26.
The operating mode of the device is as follows: Before sewing the strip of material B to the upper edge of the garment W, the strip of material B is pushed through the sheet metal guide 3, thereby, folding its two edges R1 and R2 over once inwardly and imparting a horizontally oriented U-shape configuration to the strip of material B. In order to make room for the movement of the folding element 5 for the subsequent turning-in of the start of the strip of material, the lock between the support plate 15 and the baseplate 18 is released by pivoting the lever 20 against the force of the compression spring 25, whereupon, the support plate 15 with the sheet metal guide 3 and the folding element 5 is pivoted downwardly about the pivot pin of hinge 16 so that the trailing end of the sheet metal guide 3 is oriented upwardly.
The strip of material B is then pushed through the sheet metal guide 3 as far as is required to turn in the start of the strip of material. The folding element 5 is then pivoted by hand about the threaded pin 6 from its position at rest into the folding position, as shown in FIG. 2. In so doing, the folding web 7 pushes the folded start of the strip of material from the closed side inwardly between the legs of the strip of material B folded into a horizontally oriented U-shape configuration into the position according to FIGS. 2 and 3.
This turning-in of the start of the strip of material B is supported by the extension spring 11 which is moved past its fully stretched position while pivoting from the one position into the other.
After turning in the start of the strip material B, the folding element 5 is moved back into its starting position in which it is held by the extension spring 11. The support plate 15 with the sheet metal guide 3 and the folding element 5 is then pivoted about the pivot pin of hinge 16 into the working position shown in FIG. 1, and is locked by the end 23 of lever 20 snapping behind the protrusion 24. As shown in FIG. 3, the upper edge of the garment W is then inserted so as to abut the inside edge of the material strip start, whereupon, the strip of material B is sewn to the upper edge of the garment W.
Turning-in of the start of the material strip can be accomplished quickly and simply with the above-disclosed device. The achievable quality of the edge terminus on a garment is largely independent of the dexterity of the seamstress when the device according to the invention is used.
While a specific embodiment of the invention has been shown and described in detail to illustrate the application of the principles of the invention, it will be understood that the invention may be embodied otherwise without departing from such principles.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1357105 *||Mar 20, 1917||Oct 26, 1920||Mead Mfg Company||Combined folder for sewing-machines|
|US1724274 *||May 19, 1925||Aug 13, 1929||Singer Mfg Co||End cap for cylinder-bed sewing machines|
|US1959121 *||Aug 8, 1931||May 15, 1934||Chase Bag Co||Cloth folding attachment|
|US2096691 *||Dec 10, 1935||Oct 19, 1937||Singer Mfg Co||Sewing machine work-guides|
|US4120252 *||Sep 7, 1977||Oct 17, 1978||Pennsylvania Sewing Research Corp.||Hemmer attachment for a sewing machine|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4506615 *||Jan 19, 1982||Mar 26, 1985||Gygli Technik Ag||Method for attaching ready-made pieces of material to another piece of material|
|US4606287 *||Jun 26, 1984||Aug 19, 1986||Msi Mechanische Systeme Industrienahautomaten Gesellschaft Mit Beschranker Haftung||Apparatus and device for folding-in or tucking-in ends of waistbands into a waistband, and method|
|US4699302 *||Nov 25, 1986||Oct 13, 1987||Pfaff Aktiengesellschaft||Device for producing waistbands in garments|
|US4765172 *||Nov 24, 1986||Aug 23, 1988||Sgt Folders Unlimited, Inc.||Method and tools for forming sewing machine binder strip folders|
|US5145158 *||Sep 7, 1990||Sep 8, 1992||Mim Industries, Inc.||Method and apparatus for attaching binding to extensible material|
|US6898805||Jul 15, 2002||May 31, 2005||Sara Lee Corporation||Underwear with trimless seam|
|US7506597 *||Oct 18, 2002||Mar 24, 2009||Pro-Fit International Limited||Application of waistbands to garments|
|US20050172875 *||Oct 18, 2002||Aug 11, 2005||Morris Paul A.J.||Application of waistbands to garments|
|U.S. Classification||112/147, 112/152|
|International Classification||D05B35/06, D05B35/02, A47B96/18|