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Publication numberUS4196565 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 05/905,922
Publication dateApr 8, 1980
Filing dateMay 15, 1978
Priority dateMay 20, 1977
Also published asDE2722822A1, DE2722822C2
Publication number05905922, 905922, US 4196565 A, US 4196565A, US-A-4196565, US4196565 A, US4196565A
InventorsHans U. Bodenmann, Louis P. Van Herle, Luc Y. Michel, Heinrich Pins, Winand H. Martens
Original AssigneeS. A. Capsugel AG
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for producing a joined capsule filled with viscous material
US 4196565 A
Abstract
A method is described for joining a capsule having a body and a cap comprising the steps of telescoping the cap onto the ridge of the body part, applying a pasty solidifying sealing composition onto the inner side of the capsule in the form of a strand, in the area of the ridge.
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Claims(3)
We claim:
1. A method of producing a joined capsule filled with a viscous material, the capsule comprising a body part having an open end ridge and a cap having an open end adapted for mounting on to said open end of the body part, the steps comprising:
a. Applying a pasty solidifying sealing composition, which is inert with respect to the viscous material, in a form of a strand in the inner side of the joined capsule, in the area of the ridge of the body part;
b. Filling the capsule with said viscous material through an aperture of said cap, and
c. Sealing the aperture in said cap.
2. The method according to claim 1, in which said sealing composition is sprayed onto said inner side of the joined capsule in the area of the ridge of the body part.
3. The method according to claim 1, in which the cap is moved in an upward direction to interlock the cap with the body part after the introduction of the sealing composition.
Description

The invention relates to a method of producing of a joined capsule filled with viscous material, in particular a liquid pharmaceutical preparation, and having a body part and a cap telescoped thereon the ridge of the body part received in the cap being sealed with respect to the adjacent area of the inner side of the cap through an aperture in the joined capsule, with a pasty solidifying sealing composition being inert with respect to the viscous material, in which the joined capsule is filled with the viscous material through the aperture and the aperture is sealed subsequently in accordance with patent application No. P 27 13 873.4 in Germany which corresponds to our U.S. patent application Ser. No. 890,753 filed Mar. 27, 1978, incorporated herewith by reference. In the embodiments of the named method described as example in the patent application No. P 27 13 873.4, the entire interior of the cap is filled with the sealing composition between the closed end of the cap and the area of the ridge of the body part received in the cap. Thereby, on the one hand a considerable amount of sealing composition is consumed and on the other hand volume is lost into which the viscous material, in particular the liquid pharmaceutical composition could be filled.

The invention is based on the problem of developing the method of the kind described hereinabove in such a manner that while being operable in a simple manner a minimum of sealing composition is required.

This problem is solved according to the invention in that the sealing material is applied onto the inner side of the joined capsule in the form of a strand, in the area of the ridge of the body part.

In the process according to the invention, in which the sealing of the joined capsule is effected in the area between the body part and the cap, preferably prior to introducing the viscous material, a strand of the sealing composition is applied merely onto the marginal area between the body part and the cap. The said strand engages across the area between the ridge of the body part and the inner side of the cap, due to the initial, flowable consistency of the sealing composition, and reliably seals said area after setting. The consumption of sealing composition is thus little. The entire inner volume of the joined capsule is available to fill in the viscous material.

In accordance with a modified embodiment of the method described hereinbefore, the sealing composition is sprayed in accordance with the invention onto the inner side of the joined capsule, in the area of the ridge of the body part. The sealing composition has first a consistency allowing spraying thereof and solidifies then whereby it seals the area between the ridge of the body part and the inner side of the cap.

Advantageously the aperture through which the sealing material is introduced is formed in the closed end of the cap, and the joined capsule is oriented in upward direction with the cap when the sealing composition is introduced. With this it is achieved that the sealing composition flows alongside the inner side of the cap downwardly and penetrates into an eventually present gap between the ridge of the body part and the inner side of the cap.

In accordance with a modified embodiment of the illustrated processes, the sealing composition is applied onto the inner side of the cap and body part and cap are telescoped into their end position after the sealing composition was introduced. This embodiment of the process provides for a particularly safe sealing between body part and cap since when cap and body part are telescopically joined the ridge of the body part moves along an area of the inner side of the cap to which area sealing composition has been applied already, and hence the sealing composition creeps from this area of the inner side of the cap upto the ridge of the body part and provides for a reliable seal.

The inner volume of the joined capsule being sealed between body part and cap can be changed by the position of the area of the inner side of the cap, to which area the sealing composition is applied, and by the extent of telescopic engagement of body part and cap, and can thus be adjusted to the respective requirements.

The joined capsules usable for the method according to the invention, the sealing compositions and viscous materials are the same as those explained in patent application No. P 27 13 873.4, and are not described again to avoid repetitions.

Embodiments of the invention will now be described in more detail with reference to schematic drawings, in which are shown in

FIGS. 1 to 3 various method steps in the production of a joined capsule filled with liquid pharmaceutical preparation;

FIG. 4 a method step of a modified embodiment of the method; and

FIG. 5 a method step of an embodiment of the method modified again.

FIG. 1 shows a joined capsule 6 having a cap 8 and a body part 10. The body part 10 is formed in the proximity of its upper edge or its ridge 12 with a groove 14 into which engages a corresponding groove 16 of the cap 8 such that the cap 8 and the body part 10 are in fixed mechanical engagement. An aperture 18 is formed in the closed end of the cap 8, for instance by a drilling or piercing operation.

A hollow needle 26 bent at its end is introduced into the aperture 18 in such a manner that an outlet opening 27 of the hollow needle 26 is closely adjacent to the inner side of the cap 8, in the area of the ridge 12 of the body part 10. The joined capsule which is oriented approximately vertically while the aperture 18 points in upward direction, is then slowly rotated about its own axis a-a, and from the outlet opening 27 of the hollow needle 26 of a strand 31 of the pasty sealing composition is extruded which is deposited on the transition area between ridge 12 and the inner side of the cap 8.

After the joined capsule 6 has performed one or more rotation(s), the hollow needle 26 is moved upwardly out of the aperture 18. Cap 8 and body part 6 are sealed with a bead 30 of the sealing composition disposed annularly across the area of the ridge 12 of the body part 10.

Subsequently a hollow needle 20 is introduced into the aperture 18 such that an intermediate space remains, by means of which the joined capsule 6 is filled with liquid pharmaceutical preparation 22 to a level directly below the aperture 18. The hollow needle 20 is then moved out of the aperture 18 and sealing composition is applied onto the aperture, if required, while slightly compressing the joined capsule 6 radially thereby causing the liquid pharmaceutical preparation 22 to rise to a level directly to the aperture 18, and the interior of the joined capsule to be completely free from air. This sealing composition is drawn into the aperture 18 after the joined capsule 6 has been released from the radial pressure and forms a plug 32 which is in positive engagement with the rim of the aperture 18 and reliably seals the joined capsule being completely filled with liquid pharmaceutical preparation 22.

FIG. 4 shows an embodiment of the process in which the body part 10 is first moved not up to its end position into the cap 8, but the ridge 12 of the body part engages the groove 16 of the cap 8. In this condition of the joined capsule, the hollow needle 26 is introduced into the cap 8 through aperture 18, as illustrated in FIG. 1, and, while the joined capsule 6 is slowly rotated, a strand 31 is applied from the outlet opening 27 of the hollow needle 26 onto the inner side of the cap 8 directly above the groove 16. After the joined capsule has performed one or more rotation(s) the hollow needle 26 is moved out of the cap and the body part 10 is then fully telescoped into the cap 8. Thereby the ridge 12 of body part 10 smears the bead formed by the extrusion of the strand 31 of sealing composition to the inner side of the cap 8, while said sealing composition moves additionally over the ridge 12 of the body part such that the body part is reliably sealed with respect to the cap 8 after the sealing composition has solidified. The design of the body part 10 and of the cap 8 with grooves 14 and 16 respectively, which is an optional feature of particular advantage in this embodiment of the method, since the outer side of the ridge 12 of the body part 10 engages the inner side of the cap 8 only when the two grooves 14 and 16 are in locking engagement, whereby the bead of sealing composition is pressed from the outer side of the ridge 12 onto the inner side of the cap 8.

In the embodiment of the method according to FIG. 5 a hollow needle 26' is introduced through the aperture 18 of the cap 8, whose outlet opening 27' is designed as spray nozzle. The sealing composition is sprayed onto the inner side of the joined capsule in the area of the ridge 12 of the body part 10, while the joined capsule is slowly rotated. The sealing composition is in this case relatively thinly liquid at first and, before it solidifies, flows at the inner side of the cap 8 into a gap present possibly between ridge 12 and the inner side of the cap.

The method steps illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5 are followed by the step of filling the joined capsule as illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1904012 *Nov 7, 1929Apr 18, 1933Worthington Ball CompanyGolf ball
US2936493 *Jun 16, 1955May 17, 1960Scherer Corp R PMethod of making plastic capsules
US3847694 *Feb 13, 1973Nov 12, 1974A StewingMethod of joining synthetic-resin tubes
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4281763 *Oct 31, 1979Aug 4, 1981Pace Joseph ATwo-piece hardshell, soluble and digestible liquid containing gelatin capsule
US4325761 *Aug 14, 1980Apr 20, 1982R. P. Scherer CorporationTwo-piece hardshell, soluble and digestible liquid containing gelatin capsule
US4543138 *Jul 7, 1983Sep 24, 1985Eli Lilly & CompanyCapsule-sealing method and apparatus
US4576284 *Dec 2, 1983Mar 18, 1986Warner-Lambert CompanyClosing of filled capsules
US4581875 *Jun 20, 1983Apr 15, 1986Cosden Technology, Inc.Process for forming tamper-resistant tamper-indicative capsules
US4693773 *Feb 13, 1985Sep 15, 1987Davies Office Equipment, Ltd.Methods for forming visible file pockets
US5632971 *Jan 19, 1996May 27, 1997Su Heung Capsule Co., Ltd.Empty medicinal and food capsule
US5945136 *Apr 3, 1997Aug 31, 1999Technophar Equipment & Service LimitedHeating elevator for capsule making machine
US6000928 *Apr 3, 1997Dec 14, 1999Technophar Equipment & Service LimitedCapsule making machine having improved pin bars and air flow characteristics
US7163693Jul 27, 2000Jan 16, 2007Smithkline Beecham PlcMulti-component pharmaceutical dosage form
US7645407 *Mar 8, 2004Jan 12, 2010Warner-Lambert Company LlcMethod of sealing a hard shell capsule
US7691407Dec 15, 2006Apr 6, 2010Smithkline Beecham PlcMulti-component pharmaceutical dosage form
US7842308Jan 30, 2002Nov 30, 2010Smithkline Beecham LimitedPharmaceutical formulation
US7883721Jan 30, 2002Feb 8, 2011Smithkline Beecham LimitedPharmaceutical formulation
US8147871Mar 11, 2005Apr 3, 2012Capsugel Belgium BvbaPharmaceutical formulations
US8293159Oct 15, 2008Oct 23, 2012Capsugel BelgiumMethod and apparatus for manufacturing filled linkers
US8298575Jan 8, 2008Oct 30, 2012Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma Gmbh & Co. KgTwo-part capsule to accept pharmaceutical preparations for powder inhalers
US8361498Nov 23, 2010Jan 29, 2013Capsugel Belgium NvPharmaceutical formulation
US8367101Jan 30, 2002Feb 5, 2013Capsugel Belgium NvPharmaceutical formulation
US8377471Aug 3, 2006Feb 19, 2013Capsugel Belgium NvContainer
US8439033Oct 6, 2008May 14, 2013Microdose Therapeutx, Inc.Inhalation device
US8440224Jan 18, 2010May 14, 2013Capsugel Belgium NvMulti-component pharmaceutical dosage form
US8454992Oct 15, 2008Jun 4, 2013Capsugel Belgium NvPaneled capsule shells for release of pharmaceutical compositions
US8491298 *Jun 22, 2011Jul 23, 2013Capsugel Belgium NvApparatus for sealing a pharmaceutically acceptable hard shell capsule
US8662076 *Jan 6, 2006Mar 4, 2014Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma Gmbh & Co. KgTwo-part capsule with pre-closure for housing pharmaceutical preparations for powder inhalers
US8673350Jul 21, 2004Mar 18, 2014Capsugel Belgium NvPharmaceutical formulations
US8991390Jan 5, 2011Mar 31, 2015Microdose Therapeutx, Inc.Inhalation device and method
US20110247302 *Jun 22, 2011Oct 13, 2011Warner-Lambert Company LlcApparatus For And Method of Sealing Capsules
CN1060126C *Dec 26, 1995Jan 3, 2001梁周焕Bag for medicine or food
Classifications
U.S. Classification53/471, 53/900, 206/530, 220/DIG.34, 156/305
International ClassificationA61K9/48, A61J3/07
Cooperative ClassificationA61J3/071, A61J3/072, Y10S53/90, Y10S220/34
European ClassificationA61J3/07B1, A61J3/07B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Dec 1, 1980AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: CAPSUGEL A.G.
Owner name: PARKE, DAVIS & COMPANY, TABOR RD., MORRIS PLAINS,
Effective date: 19800924