|Publication number||US4205398 A|
|Application number||US 06/028,355|
|Publication date||Jun 3, 1980|
|Filing date||Apr 9, 1979|
|Priority date||Apr 9, 1979|
|Publication number||028355, 06028355, US 4205398 A, US 4205398A, US-A-4205398, US4205398 A, US4205398A|
|Original Assignee||Patricia Blume|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (9), Classifications (4), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to a patient's examination robe or gown, and particularly to a gown for use by a female patient undergoing a medical examination.
It is the object of the present invention to provide an improved examining robe or gown which is adapted to be worn by a patient in the course of undergoing examination by a physician.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a launderable examining robe which may be worn comfortably by the patient upon disrobing, and one which will afford ready access to all parts of the body for the necessary examinations and which, at the same time, will afford the patient a feeling of relaxation and dignity, which is not always easy to attain in view of the physical as well as psychological stresses to which the patient is subjected during the examining period.
The robe of the instant invention aims to improve upon the many forms of examining robes which have been designed heretofore and many of which sought the same objectives as set forth above. These examining robes have been made of inexpensive disposable sheet material, as well as of launderable textile fabrics. They have been provided with closures and fasteners of all types, as well as with special features serving to facilitate the examination of the patient. The following patents are illustrative of art showing such examining robes and gowns: U.S. Pat. Nos. Re. 27,348, May 9, 1972; 2,707,282, May 3, 1955; 3,160,891, Dec. 12, 1964; 3,490,072, Jan. 20, 1970; and 3,751,730, Aug. 14, 1973.
None of the patents of the prior art discloses an examining robe having the attractive esthetic features of the gown in accordance with the invention, which is capable of giving the patient a highly desirable "lift" and which, at the same time incorporates in its design an exceptionally generous amount of material, so that upon the approach of the culmination of the examination, which in most instances is the most distasteful part thereof, namely, the pelvic examination, the robe provides adequate shielding so that the physician may perform this part of the examination without need for any extraneous covering beyond that afforded by the robe at the lower portion thereof.
Other objects and purposes will appear from the detailed description of the invention following hereinafter, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein
FIG. 1 is a front view of the robe in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 2 is a horizontal sectional view along line 2-2 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a front view of the lower portion of FIG. 1 with one of the pleats folded out to illustrate a distinctive feature of the invention; and
FIG. 4 is a rear view of the central portion of the robe.
In the drawing is shown a shift-type strapless robe or gown in accordance with the invention which may be used for patients of different sizes, and is preferably of a wash-and-wear textile fabric of different colors, such as orange, yellow, blue and green, to enhance the attractiveness of the robe.
The gown may be sewn by uniting a pair of front panels 1 and 1' with a pair of rear panels 2 and 2' along side seams with a central cut-out portion 3 at the top thereof for the head, and armholes 4 and 4' on the sides. The marginal edges of the latter and of opening 3, as well as the bottom 5 of the garment are bound with tape of contrasting color to enhance the appearance of the robe and to ensure its durability, as a result of the absence of raw edges.
The free edges of the front panels 1 and 1' at the center of the garment at the upper portion provide an elongated opening 10 which may be readily closed or separated by providing VELCRO type patches V at different levels of the separable opening, as is well known in the art. The opening 10 terminates below the mid-portion of the garment at about the pubic area of the patient, and affords the physician the opportunity to perform the necessary examinations of the chest, abdomen and the pubic area of the patient. The lower end of opening 10 coincides approximately with the pubic area, whereat is provided a pair of front divergent pleats P, P' extending from the horizontal line of stitching 7, to prevent the complete opening of the front of the examining robe or gown. The complementary pleats P, P' each serves to extend the bottom central portion of the robe 17 through overlying layers 12 and 13, joined at the fold line 14 before continuing the extension of the front fabric 16 to the sides of the robe.
The pleated arrangement P, P' at the lower portion of the front of the robe serves to prevent the complete opening of the front, but nevertheless extends the bottom edge of the robe to a degree that the robe not only functions as an examination robe, but also as a covering sheet between the patient and the physician so that the execution of the pelvic examination may be undertaken without unnecessary embarrassment to the patient by recourse to additional sheeting which, in most instances, is necessary when conventional examining robes are used.
This advantageous function is attainable by providing a pleat of relatively short length at the front, for example, eighteen or nineteen inches, while the main opening 10 between the junction line 7 and the top of the front is approximately twenty-four inches.
The extensive flaring of the robe from the bottoms of the arm-holes to the bottom of the robe permits the latter to assume a natural "hang", with a capability of simulating a tent-like appearance if the front and back are each sixty to sixty-two inches in width along the bottom edge. Furthermore, the capability of distension of the pleats P and P', each of which may be about eight inches in width at the bottom, increases the length of the hem line of the robe beyond four yards, so that the same may function as a tent or covering sheet without need for any extraneous sheets.
As shown in FIG. 4, the elongated opening 11 between the upper portions of the free edges of the rear panels 2 and 2' is of lesser length than the front opening 10. Opening 11 may extend to the lumbar region of the back, which upon opening of the complementary VELCRO type fasteners on the respective free edges of the panels at the top of the robe, affords the exposure necessary for examination of the back and chest portions of the body.
The length of the opening 11 may approximate fourteen inches in comparison to the length of the opening 10 of twenty-four inches.
The edges of the robe at the openings 3, 4 and 4', as well as along the bottom and elongated openings 10 and 11, may be bound with an ornamental tape 20 to enhance the appearance of the robe and to extend its useful life despite repeated launderings.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2522023 *||Dec 4, 1946||Sep 12, 1950||Jacket for maternity dresses|
|US2707282 *||Oct 22, 1952||May 3, 1955||Paterson Lila M||Hospital garment|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4535481 *||Jul 12, 1984||Aug 20, 1985||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Surgical gown for high fluid procedures|
|US4771480 *||Dec 1, 1986||Sep 20, 1988||Wake Forest University||Mammography cape|
|US5097534 *||Apr 5, 1991||Mar 24, 1992||Chicopee||Protective garment|
|US5907872 *||Apr 8, 1997||Jun 1, 1999||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Process for manufacturing sleeveless tops, shirts, or blouses|
|US6460188||Oct 26, 2000||Oct 8, 2002||Richard L. Hatton||Two piece patient examination garment|
|US8082594 *||Jul 6, 2009||Dec 27, 2011||Autry Marcy S||Protection system|
|US20040093657 *||Aug 1, 2003||May 20, 2004||Erinc Julie C.||Wraparound garment|
|US20050223468 *||Oct 5, 2004||Oct 13, 2005||Hatton Richard L||ICU/CCU patient gown|
|WO1992004836A1 *||Sep 16, 1991||Apr 2, 1992||Maureen Doyle||Examination garment|
|Jul 9, 1996||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: EXAMI-GOWNS, INC., MARYLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BLUME, PATRICA W.;REEL/FRAME:008503/0392
Effective date: 19960604