US 420608 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
IVILLIAIWI DAY ROWLAND, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 420,608, dated February 4, 1890.
Application tiled December 21, 1889. Serial No. 334,541. (No model.)
To a/ZZ whom it may concern:
Beit known that I, WILLIAM DAY Row- LAND, of the city and county of Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful 'Wire Scoop, of which the following is a true and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings,
, which form a part of this specification.
5o then subjected to the action of My invention relates to the construction of Wire scoops such as are used for handling potatoes and for like purposes; and my object is to provide a scoop which can be easily and cheaply made, and which will be sufficiently strong and rigid to standv the strains to which it is exposed in use.
The construction of my improved scoop will be best described in connection with the drawings, in which it is illustrated, and its novel features are hereinafter pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved scoop in the form in which I prefer to construct it and provided with straps and a handle. Fig..2 is a plan view showing the way in which I construct the rim and body of the scoop preparatory to pressing it to the desired scoop shape; and Fig. 3 is a perspective view showing the scoop-blade pressed to shape, but without straps or a handle.
a a', &c.,is a strip of metal, preferably flat, which is bent to the general outline of the scoop-blade, as shown in Fig. 2, a being the front edge of the scoop, a a the sides thereof, a2 a2 the back edge, and a3 a3 inwardly-bent portions of the strip, forming in the center of the back of the scoop the angular recess B.
a5 a5 are metal strips, preferably formed integral with the strip making up the edges of the scoop.-blade, and extending across'the bottom of the said scoop-blade and riveted to the strip at a6 as, the strips crossing at the point marked a, which is also the point of the recess B. i
C is the body of the scoop, which is formed of woven wire secured to the strip forming the edge of the scoop by being bent around it, as shown. The scoop-blank for the scoopblade, being formed as shown in Fig. 2, is
the properlyformed dies, which press it into the desired scoop form, as shown in Fig. 3, and I then galvanize the scoop-blade for the purpose of not only protecting it from rust, but also of more securely attaching the wires of the body O to the strip forming the rim of the blade, the zinc acting as a solder to secure the wires and strip together and prevent individual wires from slipping out of place. The scoop-blade can then be lhandled by attaching straps of the ordinary character-such as are indicated at D-to the blade and inserting a handle E in the straps. I prefer in all cases that the bracing-strips a5 a5 should pass beneath the Wire, as shown in the drawings, as by this plan they serve not only to stiften and brace the scoop as a whole, but also as shoes to protect the wires forming the body of the scoop from abrasion.
The bracing or bracing and protective strips a5 constitute the novel feature of my present invention. Y
Having new described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-fA 1. A scoop-blade having a rim formed of metal bent to the general outline of the scoop and with an inward angular Arecess B at the top, re-enforcing strips a5, extending across the bottom of the blade to stiften and strengthen it, and a body C, of Woven wire, secured to the rim, and the whole pressed to the desired scoop form.
2. A scoopblade having a rim formed of metal bent to the general outline of the scoop and with an inward angular recess B at the top, reenforcing strips a5, extending across and beneath the bottom of the blade to stiften and strengthen it, and a body C, of woven wire, secured to the rim, and the Whole pressed to the desired scoop form.
3. A scoopeblade having a rim formed of a flat strip of metal bent to the general outline of the scoop, with an inward angular recess B at the top, and extensions a5 a5, extending across the bottom and riveted to the front edge of the scoop-rim, and a body C, of woven wire, secured to the rim, and the whole pressed to the desired scoop form.
4. A scoopblade having a rim formed of a IOO flat strip of metal bent to the general outline secure the Wire body rmly to the rim and of the scoop, with an inward angular reeess together. B at the top, and extensions et a5, extending T` r T across the bottom and riveted to the front f M' DAX ROVLAB D' 5 edge of the scoop-r1n,m1dzt body C, of Woven Witnesses:
wire, secured to the rim, and the Whole pressed LEWIS R. DICK, to the desired scoop form and galvanized to JOSHUA MATLACK, Jr.