Improvement in bee-hives
US 42093 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented March 29.1864.
Wznes'ses UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.;
RODMAN LOVETT, OF CANTON, OHIO.
IMPROVEMENT IN BEE-HIVES.
Specification forming'part of Letters Patent No. 42,093, dated March 29, 1864.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, RODMAN L ovnr'r, of
Canton, in the county of Stark and State ot' Ohio, have invented a new and Improved Bce- Hive 5 and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being` had to the accompanying drawings, making a part ot' this specication, in which- Figure 1 is a vertical section of my inventon, taken in the line x, Fig.2; Fig. 2, a vertical section of the same, taken in the line g/ y, Fig. l 5 Fig. 3, a dimished horizontal section of the same,- taken in the line y y, Fig. 2.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.
This invention relates to an improved beehive of that class which are provided With movable or adjustable comb-frames; and it consists in a novel arrangement and construction of the hive generally, whereby each comb-frame is rendered capable of being insLiected and removed from the hive, if necess iry, and at the same time a very simple and economical hive produced, which Will admit of all the necessary manipulations in beeculture being performed with the greatest facility.
To enable those skilled in the art to fully understand and construct my invention, I will proceed to describe it.
A represents the body or main portion of the hive, which is of rectangular form and has one side, a, made detached from the others and secured in contact with its adjoining sides by means of hooks b and eyes c, or other suitable fastenings. The opposite side, d, ofthe body A is divided centrally and vertically into two parts, which are connected by hinges e, and in one side, f, of A there is a door, B, the opening which the door covers being provided with a glass, g, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3. The body A of the hive rests upon a quadrilateral frame, B, which is provided with pins or feet h, and these latter rest upon a flat board, B, the pins or feet h admitting ot' an air-space, t', between the board B and the lower end of the body A of the hive, as shown in Figs. l and 2. The detachable side aI of the body A has comb-frames D attached to it in such a :manner that they may swing laterally. These comb-frames are of :ectangular form, and each has an inclined or diagonal bar, j, within it, as shown clearly in Fig. l. 'lhese bars j answer for two different purposes. In the rst place they serve as braces for the comb-frames D, and in the second place they serve as comb-guides, causing the bees to build their combs straight or in vertical planes within the frames D. The under surfaces of the top bars, k, of the combframes D are otl .V form in their transverse section, as shown in Fig. 2, so as to forni a knife-edge toA insure the comb of each frame being commenced properly within it, and the upper surfaces of the lower or bottom bars, kf, are constructed in asimilar manner, so as to prevent dirt and impurities ot' any kind from resting or lodging upon it. The combframes D are attached to the side a of the body A, by having eyes m secured to one ot' the side bars, n, of each comb-frame, said eyes being fitted on hooks o o', attached to the side a, the lower hook, of, having a much Y longer vertical rod than the upper one. By this arrangement tl.e body A may be opened by detaching the side a from the other sides ot' the-body, and the combframes all exposed, and thelatter rendered capable of being moved or swung laterally and inspected with the greatest facility.
On the top of the bodyA of the hive there is placed a horizontal board, E, on which the spare-honey boxes F are placed. These boxes F have each a glass end, p, in them and two holes, g g, in their bottom and one, 1', in their top, the latter being covered with wirecloth, s, to prevent the escape of the bees. Inthe board E there are made holes t, which register with the holes g gV in the bottoms ot' the sparehoney boxes F and admit of the bees passing up from the body A into the boxes F. The spare-honey boxes F are ini closed by a box, F', which rests on the board E and has an opening u in its upper end or top. This opening, u, is covered by Wirecloth, o, and is provided with a button, w. By adjusting the button w so as to leave the opening u more or less exposed, the draft through the hive may be regulated asdesired for Ventilating purposes. The box F may be secured on the board E by means of hooks b and staples c.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
Attaching the comb-frames D to the ren xcted by joints e, so as to adm-it ofthe body movable or detachable side a of the body A being opened or distended to expose thecombof the hive in such a manner that the combframes, substantially as set forth.
frames will be allowed to swing laterally, when li 0D MAN LOVETT. said comb-frmnes, thus attached, are used in Witnesses. connection with the body A, constructed with L. D. RIDER, the side d divided into two vertical parts con- D. B. DOUDES.