US 425962 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. O. STOCKTON.
No. 425,962. Patented Apr. 15, 1890.
UNiTnn STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JAMES C. S"OCKTON, OF STANBERRY, MISSOURI.
SPECIFICATION forming part Of Letters Patent NO. 425,962, dated April 15, 1890.
Application filed May 25, 1889. Serial No. 312,173- (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JAMES C. STOCKTON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Stanberry, in the county of Gentry and State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Combination Awnings and Shutters; and I do hereby declare the fol lowing to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
Iiy invention relates to that class of combined awnings and shutters which have their upper edge hinged at certain points to the building, and being rotated on said hinges in an upward and outward direction form an awning at any desired angle, and on being rotated downward to avertical position against the front of said building form a shutter thereto.
The objects of my invention are, first, to provide a combined awning and shutter that will protect the fronts of buildings or windows from the action of the elements-such as fire, wind, hail, &c.-and from injury by malicious persons; second, to provide an additional protection against burglars; third, to provide an easy, safe, and rapid means of raising and lowering the combined awning and shutter by a person inside of the building; fourth, to provide a means of securely holdinga combined awning and shutter when placed at any angle or when closed without the assistance of posts or other sidewalk obstructions; fifth, to provide a way of egress and ingress while the apparatus is being used as a shutter. I attain these objects by the mechanism illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
Figure 1 is a side elevation of my invention, the auxiliary mechanism being shown in perspective. Fig. 2 is a front elevation. Fig. 3 is a side elevation showing another manner of applying the screw-and-nut movement for the same purpose as used in Fig. 1.
Similarletters refer to similar parts throughout the several views.
In my invention, A is the covering, constructed preferably of corrugated iron, and is securely fastened to framework by screws, rivets, or any other ordinary nletlw 15 is made of wrought iron pipe, preferably,
though other material may be used that is suitable.
C is one of the screw-eyes, to which the inner edge of frame B is hinged in the usual manner.
The arms F and F are pivotally fastened to frame B by rods D and D passing through the arms F and F and through frame B.
The holes E in frame B are for the adjustment of arms F and F Arms F and F are fastened to traveling nut II by means of bolt G.
Traveling nut II is provided with a small wheel I, which rides the surface of the window or door casing. and is used to prevent any injurious pressure upon screw J.
In operating my invention the crank V is rotated by the operator. The rotary motion of crank V is communicated to shaft K by means of shaft R and miter-gears P and Q. The upper part of shaft K is a screw, as shown at J. This rotary motion of screw J causes nut H to travel upward or downward at the pleasure of the operator. Said traveling nut ll being pivotally fastened to the inner end of arm F, causes the inner end of F to travel with. it, thereby causing frame B to be raised or lowered at the pleasure of the operator.
X is a screw, to which is rigidly attached the collar X and a crank-handle. This screw is manipulated by means of the crank from the inside of the building, the screw passing through ahole of suitable size in the sash, window-casing, or building, preferably through the center of the lower cross-piece of the window sash or casin g. \Vhen the combined awning and shutter is lowered to a vertical position, screw X enters into and engages nut Y. Nut Y being rigidly attached to covering A, a person 011 the outside of building is prevented raising the combined awning and shutter. \Vhen the combined awning and shutter is at an angle, as in Fig. 1, the nut II cannot travel upward or downward on screw J until crank V is rotated, and is consequently held firmly in position.
The auxiliary mechanism, consisting of the miter-gears S and T, shaft \V, miter-gears T and S and shaft R is for the purpose of synchronously conveying the motion of shaft R to shaft K Shaft K is a duplicate of shaft K, acting synchronously with and for the same purpose as shaft K.
M and N are boxings', in which shaft K rotates.
O O are clips or boxings holding shaft K in place.
a, Fig. 2, is a sliding door in A, used as a means of egress and ingress when awning and shutter is closed down. Similar openings maybe made at different places in A for the purpose of admitting light.
U U are ordinary brackets or supports for shafts R and W.
WVhile m invention as shown in Fi 1 7 b 7 presents the screw-and-nut motion of screw J and nut H in a vertical direction, it is evident that Iwish to reserve the right to use the screw-and-nut movement at any angle or horizontally, as shown in Fig. 3.
What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The combination of the covering A and the supporting-frame B, having holes E E and screw-eyes C G, for fastening said frame to the building, the brace-arms F F, the lateral rods D D fitting holes E E in frame B, the brace-arms F F being pivoted to rods D D and means for operating the same, substantially as described.
2. In an awning, the combination of the frame B, lateral rods D D connecting the rods of frame B, brace-arms F F pivoted to rods D D and. to nuts H H the vertical rods K K screw-threaded in their upper parts and provided with nuts H H and means for operating the same, substantially as described.
3. In an awning, the combination of screw X, provided with a collar and crank-handle, said screw being located in the window-casing, with the awning A, provided with a nutplate Y, for engaging with screw X, substantially as described.
4. In an awning, the combination of the vertical rods K K having their upper portions screw-threaded and provided with nuts H H the brace-arms F F pivoted to said nuts and to rods of the awning-frame, the horizontal rods D D and the frame B, having holes into which the said rods D D fit, and means for operating the same, substantially as described.
5. In an awning, the combination of the vertical rods K K having their upper ends screw-threaded and provided with screw traveling nuts H H and clips 0 0 inserted in the window-frame, through which the rods K K pass, the brace-arms F F, pivoted to said nuts and to the rods D D of the frame, and means for operating the same, substantially as described.
6. In an awning, the supporting-rods K K having screw portion J, the clips 0 0 embracing and fastening said rods to the building, screw-nuts traveling on said rods provided with rollers, the arms F F pivoted to said nuts and to frame B, and means for operating the same, substantially as described.
7. In an awning, the combination 'of the frame B, formed of longitudinal rods having holes therein and horizontal adjustable bracerods fitting into said holes, the brace-arms F F pivoted at one end to said horizontal brace-rods and connected at the other end 'to screw-nuts, and a screw-threaded rod for operating said nuts, and means for operating said screw-threaded rod, substantially as described.
JAMES C. STOCKTON.