|Publication number||US4275374 A|
|Application number||US 06/067,933|
|Publication date||Jun 23, 1981|
|Filing date||Aug 20, 1979|
|Priority date||Aug 20, 1979|
|Also published as||CA1129915A, CA1129915A1|
|Publication number||06067933, 067933, US 4275374 A, US 4275374A, US-A-4275374, US4275374 A, US4275374A|
|Original Assignee||Daniel Chaucer|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (27), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention is directed to a novel safety feature for use with Christmas-tree lights, utilizing a fuse-plug as an integral part thereof.
Prior art fuse-plugs have been of the adapter-type and have all required the disassemblying of the housing in order to remove a burned-out fuse, some requiring a replacement of the entire contact element serving as the male prong. Typical of these patents are U.S. Pat. No. 2,849,573 which has a fuse-portion integrally mounted non-removably between male and female elements for each prong. Also each element of the prongs of the U.S. Pat. No. 3,833,875 has its own separate fuse, each fuse being non-removable except by disassembling the entire housing. Likewise the fuses are non-removably enclosed, requiring a removal of a screw to disassemble the housing for the U.S. Pat. No. 3,497,850, and likewise for U.S. Pat. No. 3,184,569. None of the patents relate to features of replacement devoid of disassembling, nor with easily removable fuse-feature tempered with safety features. Likewise, none of these prior art patents relate to Christmas-tree lights which are notoreous in their inherent dangers of short-circuitry and tree fires involving short circuits.
Objects of the invention include the achieving of objects not a part of prior art patents, as well as having improved feature objects for adapters and plugs in general of which are directed to utilization of electrical fuses.
Another particular object is to obtain a Christmas-tree string of lights having a safety-fuse features as well as such feature being directed to a further object of safety in fuse-removal.
Another particular object, more broadly, is to obtain an adapter utilizable with any plug, to obtain improved safety in continued durability and utilization because of improved ease of fuse-replacement, together with safety features associated with the improved removal and replacement feature for the electrical fuse.
Another object is to obtain a fuse-plug or fuse-plug adapter having simple construction out of inexpensive units, making the advantages of the invention readily available within reasonable economic parameters of cost of production and eventual sales price.
Another object is to obtain a novel mechanism of removal from a plug or adapter, an electrical fuse mounted therein, and the embodiment of that mechanism within novel plugs and adapters.
Other objects become apparent from the preceding and following disclosure.
Objects of the invention are obtained by the embodiments described in the following figures, but are not limited to these particular embodiments which are intended to merely illustrate and improve understanding of the invention. Accordingly, preferred embodiments are illustrated herein.
Broadly the invention may be described as a housing structure having three separate channels, or channel-spaces in the sense of spaces for each of separate circuit leads in the nature of at lease a male prong element and possibly also a matching female socket element for each respective one of two of the channels. Also the term channel is used for a third channel in the sense of providing a third space having an insert opening in communication therewith through the casing or housing wall adapted for insertion and removal of electrical fuses therethrough; and also, an opening at the upper end of the third channel of a size too small to permit insertion or removal of an electrical fuse, but of sufficiently large size as to permit insertion of an object or element by which the fuse may be pushed-out-of the fuse-chamber space.
In a mere plug embodiment such as with the Christmas-tree string of lights, while the presence also of an adapter may be desirable for the pluggin-in of also other lights or plugs through the circuitry of this basic fuse-plug, there is no absolute requirement of female receptacles, the heart of the invention being the removability of the burned-out electrical fuse and ability to replace the same by an ordinary house-wife who is disinclined to have to dismantle a plug, and here merely easily pushes-out one fuse and inserts a replacement, a very simple procedure. Yet, such operation cannot be accomplished without pulling-out the Christmas-tree lights plug prior to either removal or attempted replacement, such being essential because the insertion-removal hole to the electrical fuse's housing-third chamber is located on the same face that has the prongs extending therefrom, such that the insert opening is not accessible until the plug is withdrawn from the socket into which it had previously been plugged. Thus, electrical prongs as male elements extend from the first and second bottom openings, and a third bottom opening is the electrical fuse-insertion opening. Mounted within the housing, in each channel for the first and second channel spaces, are circuitry-contacts through which electrical current is eventually fed-out to appropriate electrical resistances, such as the Christmas-tree light circuitry and lights thereof; that circuitry-contact in certain preferred embodiments is by way of a wire into which a toothed or serated or sharp edge cuts-into and through insulation and makes contact with the circuitry-wire conductor to thereby establish electrical conductivity and current flow therethrough. In other embodiments, the electrical contact may be a female element as a part of a female socket. In either event, for at least one of the first and second channels, the space for the female element or the otherwise electrical contact at the upper location of the channel space, communicates with the third channel space and the female element or other electrical contact in that upper space of the second channel space makes contact with a fuse's upper electrical contact when the fuse is within the fuse space of the third channel. Likewise, the male element or prong in that second channel space at the lower or bottom end thereof is also in contact with the fuse, with the fuse's lower-end contact through a communication space between the second and third channel spaces of the housing structure. The other prong or male element may also have a fuse, or alternately may otherwise have connections for conductivity between the male and female electrical elements, and in the illustrated preferred embodiment that first channel accomodates a single element which is continuous, as a male prong at one end thereof, and with the female structure at its upper end.
In the illustrated preferred embodiments, the invention relates to a fuse-adapter, preferably as a part of a Christmas-tree lights and circuitry combination. Into this adapter, other conventional light circuitry may be plugged to thereby also receive the benefit of the fuse-plug of the Christmas-tree unit.
In the preferred adapter embodiment, there is included a mechanism for clamping-in by simple and easy handling, the wire-ends of any circuitry, so that any electrical appliance or string of lights may be easily tied-into this adapter as a permanent arrangement as that illustrated for the Christmas-tree unit embodiment. The mechanism includes the mere removal of a casing lock-screw to remove the top, insert the two parted wires upwardly through a wire-insertion hole and separate the wires, laying one over one serated-edge of typically one female element or otherwise other electrical contact element, and the same for the other female element; and thereafter, upon replacing the removed-portion of the housing and screwing-it-down with the insertion and screwing of the screw, the serated edges cut-through the insulation and mount the wires to the fuse-plug. It should be noted that the serated edge-mounting of wiring per-se is not considered the invention, but the combination with the fuse-plug or fuse-plug adapter is considered a novel invention and major improvement and improved utility and advantage of the fuse adapter of this invention, together with other advantages.
The invention may be better understood by making reference to the following Figure descriptions.
FIG. 1 illustrates a side perspective view and bottom view of half of a housing structure of the invention, with the male and female elements mounted therein in their respective proper places and channel spaces, also showing the typical electrical fuse within its proper third channel space.
FIG. 2 illustrates a bottom view of the entire fuse and entire housing thereof, of the FIG. 1 embodiment.
FIG. 3 illustrates a top view of the entire fuse and entire housing thereof, of the FIG. 1 embodiment.
FIG. 4 illustrates a side view of the entire fuse and entire housing thereof, of the FIG. 1 embodiment.
FIG. 5 illustrates a perspective top and end view, showing the inside face, of the remaining other half-shell of the housing structure of the embodiment of the preceding FIGS. 1 through 4.
FIG. 6 illustrates the preferred Christmas-tree lights and circuitry embodiment diagrammatically and in perspective view.
FIGS. 1 through 6 all relate to a common preferred embodiment of electrical fuse-plug adapter, the FIG. 6 including also the greater combination inclusive of the entire unit 9 which has the wiring 15 and lights 16, etc. thereof.
With particular reference first to FIG. 1, there is shown shell 9A which is half of the housing structure. Parts thereof, and the mounted elements are as follow. Male element or prong 1 is continuous with the opposite-end female element located within the first channel. The male prong or element 1 extends from bottom opening 11a", and the female element mounted in the first channel is located in channel space 11a adjacent upper opening 11a'. Likewise, the male element 2 extends from opening 11b" of the space of the second channel, and the female element corresponding thereto but separate (not continuous) is located in upper space 11b adjacent upper opening 11b', having the flange 3 thereof extending into the space of the third channel. Likewise the male element of channel two (second channel) has its flange also extending into the lower space of the third channel. The male and female flanges make contact respectively with the lower fuse contact 12a and upper fuse contact 12b of the electrical fuse 12. The communicating-space between the second and third channels is typically identified, for the upper portion of the housing structure, as space 14a. The fuse 12 is insertable and removable from the third channel through the insertion hole 6 at the bottom end and face of the housing structure. At an opposite upper end, there is a small opening 5a' through which a small object or element may be inserted to push-against the upper end of the electrical fuse to thereby shove it outwardly through the insert opening 6, in a removal process.
The through-hole 7 is of a size to receive therethrough insertion wires (leads), one of which is placed over one serated edge 4, an the other one placed over the opposite (channel two) other serated edge of the female contacts, such that when the other shell 9B of FIG. 5 is mounted on the shell 9A, the wires make electrical contact with the female elements respectively. Thereupon, the screw 15 is screwed into the female-threaded receptacle 8b.
In FIG. 5, the slot 13 accomodates the wires inserted through the through-hole 7, when the shell 9B is mounted on the shell 9A.
FIG. 2 shows the prong-end face.
FIG. 3 shows the female-receptacle face.
FIG. 4 shows a side view illustrating a preferred shape of the outer surface of the housing, and overall shape of the adapter itself as a whole.
FIG. 5 additionally shows the typical corresponding cummunication-space by which the second and third channels have communicating spaces through which the flanges of the electrical elements extend, as shown in FIG. 1.
FIG. 6 illustrates the plug-adapter 9 having the through-hole 7 and the wiring 15' and the lights 16, previously discussed.
It is within the scope of the invention to make such variations and modifications and substitution of equivalents as would be apparent to a person of ordinary skill.
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|U.S. Classification||337/197, 439/620.31, 337/198, 439/391|
|International Classification||H01R13/68, H01R31/00|
|Cooperative Classification||H01R13/68, H01R31/00|