|Publication number||US4279561 A|
|Application number||US 05/953,783|
|Publication date||Jul 21, 1981|
|Filing date||Oct 23, 1978|
|Priority date||Oct 21, 1977|
|Also published as||DE2747237A1|
|Publication number||05953783, 953783, US 4279561 A, US 4279561A, US-A-4279561, US4279561 A, US4279561A|
|Inventors||Franz Schneider, Burkhard Schumann, Karl Maier, Herbert Hohn|
|Original Assignee||L. Schuler Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (20), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates generally to a workpiece conveyor device and, more specifically, to a workpiece conveyor device for automation of a press line with a movable conveyor carriage in the space between two presses.
German Offenlegungsschrift No. 2,544,203 shows one example of a prior art workpiece conveyor device for an automated press line that bridges an intermediate space between two presses. A conveyor carriage is provided in operational connection with a cross member with supports at the ends that can be adjusted in their position. Each of these supports has paired opposed controllable gripping elements, pointing in opposite directions. Between the presses there are lay-off stations for the workpieces that are to be conveyed, and a positioning stage between the said lay-off stations.
These known workpiece conveyors are driven directly by the main drives of the presses, so that the presses are mutually synchronized and work continuously. Workpiece conveyors of this kind can thus only be made in the overall design of a synchronized press line, together with the presses. These workpiece conveyors cannot generally be used to re-equip existing non-automated press lines because in the great majority of cases it is not possible to have a power take-off from the presses to the conveyors. Further, the presses of the press lines often cannot be driven in synchronous continuous operation because the electric drives are not typically designed for such a load.
Another example of a prior art workpiece conveyor for automation of a press line is described in German Offenlegungsschrift No. 2,218,966. Here there is a loading and unloading device with grip elements associated with each press which have their own drives that are independent of the main drive of the press. But they are connected by a conveyor belt that has to be disposed between the presses. In this device, therefore, it is necessary to dispose a loader and an unloader as well as a belt between two presses of a press line, to manage the intermediate space. German Offenlegungsschrift No. 1,463,080 also shows such a device, but as in German Offenlegungsschrift No. 2,544,203 it is driven by the main drive of the press.
A workpiece conveyor is also shown in German Offenlegungsschrift No. 2,417,131 where the whole intermediate space between the presses is covered by a track on which a conveyor carriage can be moved horizontally. On this conveyor carriage there are pairs of gripping tongs that can be raised and lowered in opposed directions, serving on one side for unloading one press and on the other side for loading the next press. As is customary, there is only one positioning stage or turning stage provided between the presses. The workpiece conveyor is driven by separate drives, controlled by a numerical control program control. Such NC program controllers require considerable manual programming effort (e.g. see also German Offenlegungsschrift No. 2,218,966). It is also a disadvantage in this known conveyor device that only two pairs of gripping tongs are available, with very long paths of travel.
It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide a workpiece conveyor that can be combined with an existing press without difficulty, wherein the workpiece conveyor has an easily and automatically re-programmable control, is suitable for large or small intermediate spaces, and can be moved out from the intermediate space and readily re-equipped.
To accomplish these and other objects, a workpiece conveyor is provided for automation of a press line between two presses having a cross member mounted on a movable conveyor carriage in the intermediate space between two presses. The cross member is provided with adjustable supports at each end which have opposed controllable gripping elements for gripping the workpieces. The carriage, along with the cross member, is located on a frame which bridges the intermediate space, and the carriage can be moved horizontally on a track in the frame by a first setting drive. Second and third setting drives are also provided, respectively, for vertical movement of the cross member and for movement of a positioning device for the workpieces. All of the setting drives are controlled by a continuous-path numerical control unit. The frame can be moved out of the intermediate space in a direction which is at a right angle to the direction of workpiece travel.
One advantage of the workpiece conveyor of the present invention resides in its adaptability to already existing press lines that were previously driven manually and which present a relatively large distance between the individual presses for intermediate stacking of the workpieces, for tool exchange etc. By suitable selection of the cross member, the intermediate space between the presses is substantially bridged, so that the travel path can be kept relatively short without need to use a conveyor belt. Since the supporting frame can be moved out of the intermediate space, the tools, which can be moved out of the tool space toward the front of the presses in question, can be exchanged in the customary way without difficulty. Also, because the possibilities of the simple programming, e.g. with solid state storage cassettes, the workpiece conveyor, in an ordinary exchange of tools immediately in the course of movement, can be adapted to the workpiece to be produced with the new tools.
The workpiece conveyor of the present invention will be discussed with reference to the detailed description and drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a press line in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view according to FIG. 1; and
FIG. 3 is a block circuit diagram of a program controller for the press line of FIGS. 1 and 2 in accordance with the present invention.
Referring now to the drawings, and in particular to FIGS. 1 and 2, a press line is shown having a first press 10 and a second press 11. The intermediate space 12 between the two presses 10 and 11 is bridged by a supporting frame 13, on which a conveyor carriage 14 can be horizontally moved on a track that is not shown in detail. On the conveyor carriage 14 there is disposed a cross member 16 parallel to the axis of the frame 13, via a guide element 15 which transmits a raising and lowering motion. At the ends of cross member 16 supports 17 and 18 are provided that are disposed to be adjustable in position. Supports 17 and 18 each respectively have paired opposed controllable gripping elements 19 pointing in opposite directions, advantageously made as gripping tongs.
Directly after the first press 10 there is a first lay-off stage 20, and directly ahead of the second press 11 there is a second lay-off stage 21 which stages are directly connected with supporting frame 13. Between the two lay-off stages 20 and 21 there is a positioning stage 22. The workpieces 23 that are to be conveyed are moved respectively from stage to stage if a conveying stroke is executed. As shown in FIG. 2, the positioning stage 22 is also provided with gripping elements 19 and can be brought out of intermediate space 12 if the press line is to be re-equipped, i.e. furnished with other tools. Removal from the intermediate space 12 is generally necessary because tool exchange in presses of older structural types, especially those with manually serviced press lines, can only be done from the front of the press, hence from the intermediate space 12.
Referring now to FIG. 3, the core of the program controller shown there is a continuous-path numerical control unit 31 (hereinafter referred to as CNC 31) which is composed in a known way of a process computer and storage units. The Sinumerik Mate M, manufactured by Siemens specifically for drilling and milling machines is one commercially available unit which can be used for the CNC 31. On the output side of the CNC 31 there are three position controls 32, 33, and 34, integrated into the CNC control 31, with which there are respectively associated adjusting drives 35, 36, and 37. The adjusting drive 35 affects the horizontal movement of the common conveyor carriage 14, while adjusting drive 36 controls the vertical movement of the gripping elements 19 disposed on the conveyor carriage 14. Adjusting drive 37 controls the setting of positioning stage 22.
The position regulating circuits of adjusting drives 35, 36, and 37 are all constructed in the same manner, each having a controlled rectifier 38, 39 and 40 coupled thereto which receives a rated value from the respective position controls 32, 33, and 34 and an actual value, e.g. speed, from tachometer generators 41, 42 and 43 belonging to the respective setting drives 35, 36, and 37. Further, the setting drives 35, 36, and 37 have incremental pulse transmitters 44, 45, and 46 associated with them, which report the actual position value to position controls 32, 33, and 34. The rated position is thereby determined by the CNC control 31, compared with the actual position, and a resulting signal subsequently reaches the controlled rectifiers 38, 39, and 40. In supplement to the position controls 32, 33, and 34, the CNC control 31 presents supplementary signal outputs 47 which are connected via a decoder 48 and amplifiers 49 and 50 with setting members 51 and 52. Setting members 51 and 52 can be valves, for example, which open and close gripping elements 19. Numerical indicator 53 can show typical rated values for the workpiece conveyor.
The CNC control 31 has an automatically functioning input such as punched tape, magnetic tape cassettes or a solid state storage means associated with it so that the program can be changed without difficulty by simple exchange of the tape, cassette or solid state storage means. By means of an interlocking switch 55 which is controlled via the decoder 48 from the signal outputs 47, the actual press controls are so locked that a start-up of press 10 and 11 will be prevented, as long as one of gripping elements 19 is in the immediate vicinity of the press.
The input of the CNC control 31 has, on the one hand, an adapting and connecting control 56 whose essential task consists in connection of the press control (not shown) with the CNC control 31. For this, a command input 57 is associated with the adapting and connecting control 56, to which input signals typical of press operation, e.g. setting signals, and tool load-unload, are applied. The Logitrol control system described in General Electric brochure GEA-9478A is one example of a unit which can be used as the adapting and connecting control 56. Connected after the adaptation control 56 but ahead of CNC control 31 is a release stage 58 through which setting drives 35, 36 and 37 are started, and an end position limiting stage 59 through which overriding of the outermost end positions by carriage 14 or damage and disturbance are prevented. At the same time a signalling stage 60 is controlled from adaptation control 56, which indicates the function course of the press line, by means of light emitting diodes inside a function-flow diagram.
CNC control 31 further contains directly associated input stages: a preselector stage 61 for the type of drive; a coordinates input stage 62 for points to be approached by setting drives 35, 36, and 37; a track speed selection stage 63; a residence time input stage 64; an additional function selection stage 65; and an interpolation input stage 66. The cycle of movement of workpiece conveyor can be managed manually, if desired, via these stages 61 to 66.
With the drive type preselection stage 61, organizing operation, continuous operation, etc. is preselected. The coordinates input stage 62 is used to determine the points to be approached. By means of interpolation input stage 66, it is determined in what way the preselected points are to be approached, either directly linearly, i.e. by the shortest path, or on arcs or according to the type of track control.
The automatically functioning input 54 provides the ability to program the system to use with particular types of workpieces simply by exchanging the stored program therein. Thus, the respective drives 35, 36, and 37 as well as the valves 51 and 52 can be operated in a particular manner according to particularities of a given type of workpiece based upon the programmed operation set by the automatically functioning input 54 in conjunction with the inputs 58 to 66.
In operation, the first press 10 is supplied with a workpiece 23 by means of a loader (not shown). In the usual way, the workpiece 23 is shaped in a drawing operation by the press 10. At about a 270° crank shaft angle, a signal now arrives via command input 57 on the adaptation control 56, whereby the release stage 58 is set. The ideal position as determined by the CNC control 31 is now taken through the setting drives 35, 36, and 37, whereby the workpiece 23 is engaged by gripping elements 19 and removed from the press 10, to be laid off on stage 20. Here the setting members 51 and 52 are functionally controlled by supplementary signal outputs 47. With manual programming, for example, via residence time input stage 64, a residence time is established in which the workpiece 23 is securely held by gripping elements 19, before the conveyor carriage 14 is moved further by drives 35, 36, and 37. With movement of the workpiece 23 from the first press 10, a workpiece 23 is simultaneously moved into the second press 11 whereby the stage 20 is provided after the first press 10 and the stage 21 is provided ahead of the second press 11. Further there is a positioning stage 22 between the two stages 20 and 21. By means of positioning stage 22, the workpiece 23 can be swung into any position between 0° and 360°, depending upon the given processing requirements.
It is to be understood that the above-described arrangements are simply illustrative of the application of the principles of this invention. Numerous other arrangements may be readily devised by those skilled in the art which embodies principles of the invention and falls within its spirit and scope.
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|U.S. Classification||414/591, 72/405.01, 72/419, 72/14.8, 100/207|
|International Classification||B21D43/10, G05B19/418, B21D43/05|
|Cooperative Classification||B21D43/105, Y02P90/04, G05B19/41815, Y02P90/08|
|European Classification||B21D43/10B, G05B19/418C|