Suspension-link for books
US 429301 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' (No Model.)
- J. H. BROWN. SUSPENSION LINK FOR BOOKS.
No. 429,301. Patented June a, 1890.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
I JAMES H. BROWN, OF NORTH EVANSTON, ILLINOIS.
SUSPENSION-LINK FOR BOOKS. a
SPECIFICATJQNforming part of Letters Patent No. 429,301, dated June 3, 1890.
Application filed November 13, 1889. Serial No. 380.241. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JAMES H. BROWN, a citizen of the United States, residing at North Evanston, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Suspension-Links for Books; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
My invention relates to those devices used for the suspension of light articlessuch as reference-pamphletsfro1n a wall or other support; and the object of my improvement is to provide a better means for hanging said articles in a dependent position.
It is well known that certain classes of books and reference-pamphlets -such as almanacs, telephone-directories, and the like-are rendered much more convenient when provided with some means of suspension by which they may be presented not onlywithin easy reach of the user, but in a position convenient to be seized. For this purpose pamphlets are often provided with a loop or cord inserted in a corner of the book next the back thereof,
and this is the device most commonly used. Its disadvantages are that it is liable to twist upon the nail, hook, or supporting-point, so as to require effort and time to disengage it, and when disengaged the loop of cord itself is liable to twist upon itself and close its aperture, requiring another effort to rehang the book upon its hook. Moreover, the presentation of the book to the hand of the user is uncertain by this method, the front, side, or back of the book being turned to the user by the vagaries of the wind or of the kink in the supporting-loop.
My invention consists in providing such books and pamphlets with a light wire suspension-link adjusted, preferably, about midway of the leaves by means of a tab or loop of cloth or leather, as shown in the accompanying drawings.
In said drawings, Figure 1 shows the link in one of the forms used, and illustrates its appearance while entering the loop, the larger point of the link being first inserted. Fig. 2 shows the link with its aperture slipped past the loop in position to receive the shorter point. Fig. 3 shows the link with both points inserted in the binding-loop. Figs. 4 and 5 show the link affixed to the book, and Fig. 6
represents it pushed back even or nearly even with the trimmed edges of the book for the purpose of compact packing for transportation. Fig. 7 represents another form of the link.
Similarletters refer to similar parts throughout the views.
The link b is preferably in the shape of a narrow letter V closed at the top; but it may be oval, as in Fig. 2,and is designed to pro trude from the book A, and thus present a firm and unyielding eye for the insertion of the supporting-hook from which the book depends. The side of .the link next the binding of the book is held by a loop 0 or like fastening of cloth, which may be pasted to the folio and bound into the pamphlet with the folios, or the link may be held by a rivet d, as in Fig. 5, or a step of the binding wire or thread with which the book is sewed, although the abovedescribed means of fastening the link by a loop of cloth or its equivalent is deemed preferable. The link, being movable within the loop or upon the rivet, is consequently susceptible of vertical adjustment on a plane parallel with the back edge of the book. \Vhile its usual position will be that represented in Figs. 4 and 5, which shows it ready for use, it may be pushed into the pamphlets, as shown in Fig. 6, to be out of the way to allow the packing of a large number of pamphlets for transportation.
To provide this device at the least possible expense, I use an open link, as less costly than a closed one, and as a very light wire should be used to get the best results I adjust the link so that its aperture may be placed on the side next the binding, as shown in Fig. 4, and adjust the cleft in the link at a point nearer the narrow or bottom part of the link than the top thereof, as shown in the drawings, Figs. 3 and 4:, in order that the points of the cleft link may in use never be entirely freed from the covering of the loop by said vertical adjustment. The open side of the link lying when in use close up against the binding of the book, the said binding acts as a support to said link. The tendency of the open link to expand outwardly toward the binding upon a pull upon the light wire will be corrected and repressed by said binding, which will clip or pinch the link and exert a bearing upon the cleft part of the link at both sides of its aperture or cut, rendering said link the equivalent in strength of a closed link in resisting the strain or tension upon it of the supporting hook or nail.
I do not limit myself to an open link, as a closed link or eye rigid enough to resist torsional action of the book upon its support may be used; nor do I limit myself to an adjustable link, as it may be desirable at times to fasten the link firmly in the book, an d this may be done, nor to the form of link herein shown, as any other form may be used which answers the same purpose, and a form may be used in which the points of the link lap or pass each other, as in Fig. 7.
Having thus described my in vention, I claim as a new article of manufacture 1. A book or pamphlet provided with a sus pension-link bound within its pages and rigid as against torsional action of the book and adapted to be pressed into the book to be out of the way when not in use, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
2. A book provided with a suspension link or eye held Within the pages thereof by a loop or similar fastening and capable of vertical adjustment upon said fastening in a line parallel with the back of the book, substantially as described, and for the purposes specified.
A book provided with a suspension link or eye held within the pages thereof by a rivet or similar fastening and capable of vertical adjustment upon said fastening in aline parallel with the back of the book, substantially as described, and for the purposes specified.
4. The book or pamphlet A, in combination with the loop 0 and the open link I), said open link being placed with its cleft or weaker side adapted to be clasped and supported by press- 11 re from the binding-wire or binding-thread of the book, substantially as described, and for the purposes specified.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
JAMES H. BROWN.
L. V. FERRIS, Joe. G. STRAUS.