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Publication numberUS430299 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 17, 1890
Filing dateMar 13, 1890
Publication numberUS 430299 A, US 430299A, US-A-430299, US430299 A, US430299A
InventorsJulian E. Rand
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 430299 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)

. J. R. RAND.


Patented June 1'7, 1890.

and the operative portion D.




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 430,299, dated June 1'7, 1890.

Application filed March 13, 1890. Serial No. 343,732. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, JULIAN R. RAND, of Brattleborough, in the county of WVindham and State of Vermont, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Centering-Tools, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to center-marking and center-boring tools; and it consists in the novel combination and arrangement of parts below described, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section of my improved device with the tool proper formed in the shape of an awl. Fig. 2 is an elevation of the tool removed from the tube and formed in the shape of a drill. Fig. 3 is similar view with the tool formed in the shape of a gimlet and adapted to be operated by a bit-brace. Fig. l is a cross-section on line 00, Fig. 1.

A is a tubular body, preferably of metal, and tapered at the end A. The bore in this tube A is at its lower end a of diameter to fit over and guide the tool, which plays in it, while above the point of the shoulder A" it is larger and accommodates a spring 13. The upper end of this tube is-provided externally with a screw-thread, whereby the perforated cap 0 is applied and held.

The tool proper consists of the shank D This shank extends through and plays in the cap 0, and is thickened or provided with an annular rigid ring at cl, whereby it is prevented from being pulled out of the cap, said portion (1 and the shoulder A" forming the bearing-points for the spring B, which surrounds the operative portion D of the tool. The upper end of the shank D is squaredor otherwise formed to receive a headE or the shank E of a bit or other rotative device, as desired. When the portion D is awl-shaped, as in Fig. 1, the tool is operated by being taken in the left hand and the tapered end Aplaced in ascreW-hole of a hinge, for example, and a light blow struck with the right hand on the head E, thus marking the wood in the place where the screw is to be driven. When it is to be used as a drill, as in Fig. 2, or as a gimlet, as in Fig. 3, the centering is produced in the same manner, and then the tool proper may be rotated by the bit-brace or other means, said tool being free to reciprocate vertically and rotate in the holder or tubular body A, which is held stationary in the hand. The simplicity of the construction and the fact that the tool may be rotated with a stationarybody or holder are elements of advantage over devices previously constructed for centering purposes.

Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

The herein-described centering-tool, comprising the tool proper, consisting of the shank D, annular thickening d, and operative portion D, the tubular body A, provided with the shoulder A", the spring B, and perforated cap 0, said tool proper being'free to reciprocate vertically and rotate in said tubular body, substantially asset forth.

JULIAN R. RAND. WVitnesses:


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US2713905 *Feb 8, 1952Jul 26, 1955Hartley Augustus JPerforating device
US3830152 *Aug 16, 1972Aug 20, 1974Rogers Brothers CoOnion topper and slicer
US7338494Aug 19, 2003Mar 4, 2008Synthes (U.S.A.)Spring-loaded awl
US7676982 *Mar 19, 2008Mar 16, 2010San Fu LeeMethod and apparatus for venting fish
US7856751 *Sep 11, 2007Dec 28, 2010Alien Products, IncorporatedDual purpose fishing tool
US7934336 *Jul 3, 2008May 3, 2011Cooksey Thomas CFish pressure equilibrating tool
US8602777 *May 14, 2012Dec 10, 2013Propel Orthodontics, LlcMethod and device for causing tooth movement
US8770969Nov 6, 2013Jul 8, 2014Propel Orthodontics, LlcMethod and device for causing tooth movement
US9387051Jul 8, 2014Jul 12, 2016Propel Orthodontics, LlcMethod and device for causing tooth movement
US9687323Jun 6, 2013Jun 27, 2017Propel Orthodontics, LlcTemporary anchorage device with external plate
US9814547Jul 12, 2016Nov 14, 2017Propel Orthodontics, LlcMethod and device for causing tooth movement
US20050043738 *Aug 19, 2003Feb 24, 2005Ryan Christopher J.Spring-loaded awl
US20100000141 *Jul 3, 2008Jan 7, 2010Cooksey Thomas CFish pressure equilbrating tool
US20100005698 *Jul 8, 2008Jan 14, 2010Raus Scott DDevice for Releasing Gas Trapped in Fish
US20120288814 *May 14, 2012Nov 15, 2012Way Bryce AMethod and device for causing tooth movement
US20170304029 *Jul 7, 2017Oct 26, 2017Propel Orthodontics, LlcMethod and Device for Causing Tooth Movement
USD761963Jul 29, 2014Jul 19, 2016Propel Orthodontics, LlcMicroperforation dental device
Cooperative ClassificationB26F1/32