|Publication number||US430810 A|
|Publication date||Jun 24, 1890|
|Filing date||Mar 29, 1890|
|Publication number||US 430810 A, US 430810A, US-A-430810, US430810 A, US430810A|
|Inventors||William H. Pride|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
2 Sheets-Sh1eet 1. W. H. PRIDE. BUILDING TILE.
No. 430,810. Patented June 24, 1890.7
INVE NTU H- WIT'NEEEEE- UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIcE.
\VILLIAM H. PRIDE, OF SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 430,810, dated June 24, 1890.
Application filed March 29, 1890. Serial No. 345,917. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, TILLIAM I'I. PRIDE, a citizen of the United States, residing at S pring field, in the county of Sangamon and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Building-Tile, of which the following is a specification.
This tile is especially intended for the outside walls of buildings, and may be applied to old or new brick walls or to frame buildings, as I will hereinafter described, or the entire wall may be made of tiles of suitable thickness. The tiles may be solid or hollow and of various thicknesses to adapt them to the situations in which they may be placed. For the p urposeof showing the general adaptation of my invention I have shown in the several figures tiles for use in various situations.
My invention relates, first, to the adaptation of a well-known material to a new structural use,to wit: the facing-Walls, old or new, brick or frame, with a layer of hard-burned glazed tiles, thereby producing afrost, fire, and water proof structure capable of a great variety of ornamentation; second, to the peculiar form of tile employed, and, third, to the means for securing the tiles to walls al ready erected. These objects I attain by the means shown in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a view of part of a wall faced with my improved tiles, and indicates some of the numerous ways in which the tiles may be arranged to produce ornamental effects. Fig. 2 is a section in the horizontal plane 00 00. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of one of my tiles secured to a Wall. Fig. 4 is a back view of the tile shown in Fig. 3. Figs. 5, 6, 7, and 8 are modified forms of the same tile. I do not restrict myself to the forms of tiles and ornamentation shown, as it is obvious that a very great variety of form and ornamentation may be used. Figs. 9, 10, 11, and 12 are views of tiles for an octagon corner, a square corner, an acute angle, and a water-table, respectively.
Similar letters in all the figures refer to the same parts.
The tiles herein described I prefer to make of sewer-pipe clay of even quality, baked hard and glazed in the burning, thus producing a tile of great hardness and durability and at the same time ornamental.
I will now describe the tile A shown in Fig. 3. This tile is rectangular in form. The back of the tile is flat to fit against the wall to which it is to be attached. The face is corrugated, first, for ornament; second, to facilitate the fracture of the tile when that is desired, since the cleavage when once started can easily be continued on the line between corrugations. Any other ornamentation such as is commonly used in stone-may be used on the face of this tile-for instance, fiuting, ornamental figures in circles or diagonal lines, rustic work, imitation of rock faced ashler, &c.
At one end of the tile is a semi-cylindrical tongue a, and at the other end a corresponding groove 0. to receive the tongue of the adjoining tile. In the back and at the center of the tile is a slot a and in line with the slot a and on the farther side of the groove a is a recess a may be placed on the top and bottom of the tile, as well as on the ends. I will now describe the method of applying my improved tiles as a facing to brick walls, as shown in Fig. l. A suitable bed of sand is prepared, on which the first course is to lie, and beginning at the right the first tile is placed in position and leveled. Into the wall B is driven the anchor I), the head of which hooks over the tongue 6 of the tile and secures the tile in position.
In practice the tongue and groove The next tile is then so placed that its groove a fits over the tongue a, and the anchor 12 is inclosed Within a slot a and its head rests in the recess a) of that tile, and so in succession until a course is completed. In laying the diagonal or other ornamental courses the procedure is the same, except as to the direction in which the tiles are laid.
By varied arrangement of my tongue-and: grooved tiles having faces corrugated or otherwise ornamented a variety of ornamental effects may be produced, some of which are as shown in Fig. 1, in which D is a water-table of plain tiles, 0 is avertically-corrugated corner tile, P is a horizontally-corrugated corner tile, R R are plain tiles, 0 a pilaster of vertically-corrugated tiles, M a band of horizontally-corrugated tiles, J K K a window-opening of ornamental-faced tile, L a band of vertically-corrugated tiles laid on diagonal lines, H a band of longitudinally-corrugated tiles the groove a recess, substantially as shown and described, and for the purpose stated.
2. A hard-burned and glazed facing-tile having a corrugated face, ton gued and grooved sides or ends, a slotted back, and in the front of the groove a recess, in combination with an anchor embedded in a supporting-Wall, substantially as shown and described, and for the purpose stated.
WM. H. PRIDE.
J. W. CURRY,
. F. R. HELMLE.
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