Package stringing and tying machine
US 431080 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. T. SHUTE. PACKAGE STRINGING AND TYING MACHINE. No. 431.080.
Patented July 1, 1890.
@WwJ/M/ UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
WILLIAM T. SHUTE, OF GLOUCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS.
PACKAGE STRINGING AND TYING MACHINE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 431,080, dated July 1, 1890.
Application filed February 14, 1890. Serial No. 340,417 (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM T. SHUTE, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Gloucester, in the county of Essex and State of Massachusetts, have invented new and useful Improvements in Package Stringing and Tying Machines, of which the following, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in machines for stringing and tying packages of any kind, and it is carried out as follows, reference being had to theaccompanying drawings, wherein- Figure 1 represents a perspective view of the machine. Fig. 2 represents a front view of it. Fig. 3 represents a cross-section of the machine; and Fig. 4 represents a detail perspective View of the locking device for holding the revolving frame in position while tying the strings around the packages, as will hereinafter be more fully described.
Similar letters refer to similar parts wherever they occur on different parts of the drawings.
The machine consists of a rotary frame, preferably composed of package-supporting radial plates or boards A A and strin g-holdin g radial plates or boards B B, as shown in the drawings, which plates or boards are firmly secured together in any suitable or desirable manner and provided at their adjoining central portions with pins 0 O, loosely journaled in bearings D D, secured to a suitable table or work-supporting plate E, as shown. The
outer edges of the radial boards or plates A B are provided with notches or slits a a and b b for the reception of the tying-strings ff, by means of which the packages are tied.
Between each of the plates or boards A B is secured in a suitable mannera longitudinal bar G, having string-receiving notches or slits g g, arranged opposite the notches or slits a b on the respective radial boards or plates A B, as shown. The bars G G are preferably secured to triangular bars G G, secured to the boards or plates A B, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3; but this is not essential, as the notched or slitted bars G G may be secured to the boards or plates AB,or any one of the same, in any other suitable or equivalent manner without departing from the es sence of my invention.
At the junction of the radial boards or plates A B, I prefer to secure longitudinal bars H H, which serve as back-rests for the packages I that are to be strung and tied.
To one end of the plates or boards A B is secured a lateral disk or plate K, which serves as an end support against which the first package is placed preparatory to its being strung and tied, as shown in Fig. 1. To the top of the table E is secured in a suitable manner a tension and string guide-bar L, having slits or notches Z Z, for the purpose of guiding the tying-strings to the notched rotary frame.
Below the table E is arranged in bearings a horizontal shaft F, on which is loosely journaled side by side a series of reels F F coutaining the strings or cords ff by means of which the packages are to be tied.
For the purpose of securing the rotary frame in position while tying the packages, I secure to one of the bearings D or other stationary part of the machine a spring-bar M, the upper end of which is adapted to be locked in notched locking-plates It kysecured to the outside of the end plate K, as shown in Figs. 2 and 4, said spring having in its upper end a handle 'm for the purpose of locking and unlocking said spring-bar M from the said notched locking-plates 7t- 7a.
The operation ofthe machine is as follows: The strings ff are placed in the notches or slits of the plates A, B, and G, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3, and the rotary frame is swung until the plates or boards A A are held and locked in a horizontal, or nearly so, position, as shown in the drawings. The operator then takes a knife N (shown in Fig. 1) and guides it against the upper side of that one of the slitted bars G, which is for the time being back of the rotary frame, by which all the strings are cut off at this place. After the strings have been cut off, as above mentioned, the operator takes one package I after another and places them on the plate A and against the guide-bar II, as shown in Fig. 1, the first package being placed with its end against the end plate K, as shownin said Fig.
1, and the others, one or more, abutting against each other end to end, until the whole length of the board or plate A is filled with packages. As the said packages I are placed in position on the board or plate A the severed strings ff are pressed into the angle of the said plate and the back-rest H, after which the ends of the said strings are tied around the packages I, as shown at the right-hand end of Fig. 1. After all the packages on one of the boards or plates A have been tied, as above described, they are removed, the springbar M is unlocked from the notched lockingplates is on the end plate K, and the frame A B swung half a revolution around its axis, in the direction shown by arrows in Figs. 1 and 3, and again locked in position, as before, after which the strings f fare again out by means of the knife N, drawn against the upper front side of the bar G, and a new lot of packages I I placed in position on the radial plate or board A, and so on during the operation of the machine.
The boards A B may belong enough to contain one or more of the packages to be tied, and any suitable number of strings may be used for tying each package, as may be desired, according to the nature, length, or dimension of the packages to be strung and tied.
I Wish to state that I do not confine myself to two plates or boards A A for supporting the packages while being tied, as any suitable number of the same may be used without departing from the essence of my invention, Neither do I wish to confine myself to the use of reels F F, as shown, as balls of twine or strings arranged in baskets or receptacles belowthe table E may be used to equal advantage.
For certain purposes wires may be used instead of string for the purpose of tying the packages, if so desired.
What I wish to secure by Letters Patent, and claim, is
1. The stringing and tying machine, as described, consisting of a rotary frame composed ofnotched orslitted packagesupporting plates A A, slit-ted ornotched plates B B, and slitted or notched guide-bars G G for cutting off the strings, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2. The stringing and tying machine, as described, consisting of a rotary frame composed of notched radial plates A B, and intermediate notched ribs G, combined with a packagesupporting back-rest H and end plate K, having means, substantially as described, for securing it in position while the packages are being strung and tied, as and for the purpose set forth.
3. The stringing and tying machine, as described,consistin g of a rotary frame composed of slitted or notched radial plates A B, intermediate slitted or notched ribs G G, and a locking and releasing device on said rotary frame, combined with a stationary slitted or notched tension-bar L, and a series of reels F F, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification,in the presence of two subscribing witnesses, on this 11th day of February, A. D. 1890.
WILLIAM T. SHUTE.
ALBAN ANDREN, M. J. J AOKSON.