|Publication number||US4317603 A|
|Application number||US 06/147,564|
|Publication date||Mar 2, 1982|
|Filing date||May 8, 1980|
|Priority date||May 8, 1980|
|Publication number||06147564, 147564, US 4317603 A, US 4317603A, US-A-4317603, US4317603 A, US4317603A|
|Inventors||Pasquale L. Pepicelli, Edward Yonkers|
|Original Assignee||Data Packaging Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (30), Classifications (7), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates in general to a storage rack or cabinet which in the disclosed embodiment is for the storage of a plurality of video tape cartridges or cassettes. However, the concepts of the invention may also be employed in constructing other types of storage racks or cabinets such as a storage rack for audio cassettes or cartridges. The present invention also pertains to a storage rack for video tape cartridges which are individually selectable and which are arranged in a close linear array. The front of the storage rack is preferably open.
There are various types of storage racks or cabinets presently known and adapted to store a plurality of cartridges or cassettes. However, these racks or cabinets are generally of relatively complex construction requiring a number of component parts usually employing separate selection means associated with each cartridge such as a selection of button, lever or the like. For example, see the audio cassette storage cabinet shown in U.S. Pat. No. 3,969,007. Although this prior art device is of relatively simple construction, it still requires the use of separate selection or actuation means associated with each storage cassette or storage cartridge.
Accordingly, one object of the present invention is to provide a storage rack or cabinet adapted for the storage of video tape cartridges and which is of simplified construction preferably molded in a single piece construction. In accordance with the invention, rather than having separate selection means associated with each cartridge, each cartridge is selected by means of a cartridge rotation or tilting.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a storage rack for video or audio tape cartridges or cassettes which is quite compact, enables relatively tight packing of the cartridges in the rack, and which can be molded relatively inexpensively. The cartridges are preferably held in a linear array and in accordance with the invention can be maintained in close adjacent position.
In accordance with the present invention there is provided a storage rack or storage cabinet which in the disclosed embodiment is for the storage of video tape cartridges. However, the concepts of the invention may also be embodied in a cabinet or the like for the storage of other objects such as video cartridges or cassettes or record albums. The storage rack comprises a housing that is open at its front having side, top and rear walls and a base. Means are provided in the housing preferably in the form of separate divider walls which divide the housing into separate compartments with each compartment extending front to rear of the housing and each for receiving a cartridge in an upright position. The rear wall is supported with at least a portion thereof tilted rearwardly at its top end and forming a rear support surface for the cartridge. This rear wall includes a top tilted section and a bottom recessed section with the bottom recessed section being formed by a lower wall. The base is defined by two walls joined by a pivot edge with the walls respectively defining front and rear support surfaces. The rear support surface of the base extends in a plane substantially orthogonally to the rear wall portion so that the cartridge is normally held at rest on the rear support surface. The front support surface of the base extends in a plane at an obtuse angle to the rear wall portion whereby the cartridge may be manually engaged for rotation about the pivot edge so that the cartridge can be moved from its rest position to a position where it is maintained on the front support surface with the cartridge thus partially extending at its top end out of the housing. The manual engagement is preferably at the lower end of the cartridge with the person engaging by pushing with the finger inwardly against the bottom front edge of the cartridge causing the cartridge to pivot or rotate about the pivot edge of the base, thus, urging the top edge of the cartridge out of the housing and out of the general plane of the remaining cartridges. The lower section of the rear wall also preferably extends in a direction substantially orthogonally to the plane of the base front support surface. Thus, the cartridge in its rest position engages the rear wall top section and the base rear support surface while in its selected position it engages the rear wall lower section and the base front support surface. Thus, in accordance with the invention the selection of a cartridge does not necessarily involve the use of any separate components associated with the housing but instead occurs by rotation of the cartridge by manual engagement therewith so as to cause a tilting of the cartridge out of the housing for ease in selection thereof.
Numerous other objects, features and advantages of the invention should now become apparent upon a reading of the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a preferred embodiment of the storage rack of the present invention used for the storage of video tape cartridges;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view through the storage rack taken along line 2--2 of FIG. 1 and showing a cartridge in its normal at-rest position;
FIG. 3 is a further cross-sectional view similar to the one shown in FIG. 2, but taken along line 3--3 of FIG. 1 with another of the cartridges shown moved from its rest position to its selected position.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a preferred embodiment of a storage rack for the storage of video tape cartridges. This rack comprises a housing 10 that is preferably constructed in a single molded unit constructed of a hard plastic material. The housing 10 includes a top wall 12, end walls 14 and 16, rear wall 18, and base 20. The housing 10 is subdivided by means of partitioning walls 22 that extend vertically. These partitioning walls are of generally L-shape and are each relatively thin, thus, enabling the stacking of the cartridges 24 relatively close to each other. Because there are no separate selection mechanisms, the housing can be constructed relatively compactly. In FIG. 1 the two left-hand cartridges are shown in their rest position. Note also FIG. 2 which shows the same cartridges. The right-hand cartridge shown as FIG. 1 has been manually moved to its selection position. Note also FIG. 3 which shows the selected cartridge.
The manual selection in accordance with the invention without the need for separate selection mechanisms is possible primarily by virtue of the design of the base 20 and the rear wall 18. FIGS. 2 and 3 show the cross section of the base and rear wall. The base 20 includes a front support surface 28 and a rear support surface 30, both of which are planar and extend the entire width of the housing. Between these surfaces is defined the pivot edge 32. In moving the cartridge from the position of FIG. 2 to that of FIG. 3, the cartridge is actually tilted or rotated about the pivot edge 32. The movement to this selected position is by means of a manual force as indicated by the arrow 35 in FIG. 3 which moves the base of the cartridge rearwardly essentially pivoting the cartridge about the pivot edge 32, and at the same time altering the support at the rear surface of the cartridge.
The rear wall 18 includes an upper wall 40 and a lower wall 42. The wall 42 essentially defines a recess area 44 disposed rearwardly of the cartridge as viewed in FIG. 2. There is also a second pivot edge 46 defined between these upper and lower rear wall sections.
FIG. 2 shows the cartridge in a rest position, and if the rack of FIG. 1 is totally filled with cartridges, the front face of all cartridges are essentially in line and in the same plane as the face of the housing as depicted in FIG. 2. In this position it is difficult to select a cartridge unless the cartridge is moved to its selected position. FIG. 3 shows the cartridge having been moved from its rest position of FIG. 2 to its selected position. As indicated previously, this movement occurs by means of manual pressure applied in the direction and at the point of arrow 35 of FIG. 3. In moving between these two positions the cartridge actually moves and at the same time pivots about the edges 32 and 46. Thus, the pivot edge 32 forms a pivot for the lower surface of the cartridge with the cartridge not only pivoting at that edge but also moving rearwardly across the edge 32. Similarly, the rear surface of the cartridge 34 not only pivots about the edge 46 but also moves upwardly across the edge 46.
In order to provide this pivoting and sliding action for selection of the cartridge, it is preferred that certain of the walls be disposed at a right angle to each other. Thus, the wall 40 is in a direction so that it is at substantially a right angle to the base support surface 30. This is clearly shown in FIG. 2 with the rectangular cartridge being in rest on those two surfaces. Also, the wall 42 extends in a direction that is substantially at a right angle to the front support surface 28. In this regard note FIG. 3 and the placement of these surfaces in relation to the right angle surfaces of the cartridge.
Having described one preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should now be apparent that numerous other embodiments are contemplated as falling within the scope of this invention. For example, although the storage rack has been described in association with the storage of video cartridges, it may also be used for the storage of other items such as records or audio tape cassettes.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1119431 *||Aug 7, 1912||Dec 1, 1914||Lemuel R Jones||Record-holder.|
|US2825465 *||Oct 5, 1953||Mar 4, 1958||Burgo Charles R||Phonograph record rack|
|US3245736 *||Mar 28, 1963||Apr 12, 1966||Douthit Carl D||Record rack|
|US3338421 *||Jul 13, 1965||Aug 29, 1967||Data Packaging Corp||Tape reel rack|
|US3666337 *||Aug 26, 1970||May 30, 1972||Nat Creative Merchandising Cor||Cartridge holder|
|US3909088 *||Apr 29, 1971||Sep 30, 1975||Memorex Corp||Cassette receptacle and storage apparatus|
|US3969007 *||Feb 21, 1975||Jul 13, 1976||Data Packaging Corporation||Cassette dispenser|
|US4239109 *||Jan 26, 1979||Dec 16, 1980||Nielsen Don B||Storage box for substantially parallelepipedic tape and film cases|
|DE1954884A1 *||Oct 31, 1969||May 6, 1971||Huebner H||Aufbewahrung von Schallplatten durch Aufhaengung in einzelnen Haltern|
|GB489237A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4396123 *||Apr 20, 1981||Aug 2, 1983||Swan Milton D||Tape cassette holder|
|US4420196 *||Jun 12, 1981||Dec 13, 1983||Fuller John M||Rotary filing device|
|US4440299 *||May 19, 1982||Apr 3, 1984||Basf Aktiengesellschaft||Container for at least one carrier member bearing a reeled tape-like recording medium, especially a magnetic tape cassette, and an assembly of two or more such containers|
|US4573588 *||May 26, 1983||Mar 4, 1986||Cohen Michael A||Video shelving|
|US4619368 *||Jul 25, 1985||Oct 28, 1986||Molded Fiber Glass Company||PC board rack|
|US4684027 *||Sep 25, 1986||Aug 4, 1987||Wright Line, Inc.||Stationary storing and dispensing system|
|US4720153 *||Jan 9, 1987||Jan 19, 1988||Mead-Hatcher, Inc.||Storage rack for magnetic tape cartridges|
|US4723662 *||Nov 12, 1986||Feb 9, 1988||Johnson Charles A||Article storage rack|
|US4769573 *||Jun 30, 1987||Sep 6, 1988||Michael Celik||Tape cassette dispenser|
|US4892198 *||Oct 20, 1988||Jan 9, 1990||Johnson Barry T||Article display apparatus|
|US5052564 *||Jul 10, 1989||Oct 1, 1991||Zuzack John D||Compact disc display rack|
|US5080231 *||Oct 30, 1990||Jan 14, 1992||Engineered Data Products, Inc.||Holder for tape cartridges|
|US5267659 *||Jan 28, 1992||Dec 7, 1993||Fickling Phillip L||Compact displayer|
|US5307171 *||Jul 24, 1990||Apr 26, 1994||Hitachi, Ltd.||Video tape recorder/player|
|US5415298 *||Nov 30, 1993||May 16, 1995||Microplas, Inc.||Recorded medium storage case|
|US5487599 *||Sep 16, 1994||Jan 30, 1996||Alpha Enterprises, Inc.||Storage cabinet for recorded media|
|US5515999 *||Mar 22, 1995||May 14, 1996||Jo; Mahn Y.||Audio cassette displayer and dispenser|
|US5638962 *||May 13, 1996||Jun 17, 1997||Engineered Data Products, Inc.||Tape cartridge storage assembly having retention tabs mounted to compartment divider walls|
|US5720514 *||Jun 10, 1996||Feb 24, 1998||Lear Corporation||Console assembly for an automotive vehicle combining armrest, article receiving tray and auxiliary seat features|
|US6098817 *||Oct 8, 1998||Aug 8, 2000||Engineered Data Products, Inc.||Dual purpose data cartridge storage pack|
|US6988627 *||Apr 12, 2002||Jan 24, 2006||Spectrum Concepts, Inc.||Storage tray devices and methods of storing and accessing items|
|US7028851 *||Oct 28, 1999||Apr 18, 2006||Joergen Fenger Aps||Carrying device for box-shaped items|
|US7350648 *||Apr 29, 2004||Apr 1, 2008||Lloyd, Gerstner & Partners||Modular display system|
|US20030192837 *||Apr 12, 2002||Oct 16, 2003||Spectrum Concepts, Inc.||Storage tray and method of using same|
|US20040217077 *||Apr 29, 2004||Nov 4, 2004||Lloyd, Gerstmer & Partners||Modular display system|
|USD766629 *||Feb 13, 2013||Sep 20, 2016||Ucl Business Plc||Rack|
|EP0335572A2 *||Mar 22, 1989||Oct 4, 1989||Wright Line Inc.||Storing and dispensing system|
|EP0335572A3 *||Mar 22, 1989||Jun 13, 1990||Wright Line Inc.||Storing and dispensing system|
|WO1991011005A1 *||Dec 8, 1990||Jul 25, 1991||Leitz, Louis||Container for upright storage of diskettes and the like|
|WO1993004472A1 *||Aug 17, 1992||Mar 4, 1993||Smart, Jane, Belinda||Shelving unit, arrangement and system|
|U.S. Classification||312/9.47, 206/387.15, 211/40, G9B/23.017|
|Feb 7, 1983||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HARTZELL MANUFACTURING, INC., ST. PAUL, MN., A COR
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:DATA PACKAGING CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004103/0851
Effective date: 19830125
|Sep 15, 1989||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: DYNASOUND ORGANIZER, INC., WISCONSIN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HARTZELL MANUFACTURING, INC.;REEL/FRAME:005240/0620
Effective date: 19890428
|Feb 25, 1991||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NORWEST BANK MINNESOTA, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, A NA
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DYNASOUND ORGANIZER, INC.;REEL/FRAME:005650/0019
Effective date: 19910205
|Dec 27, 1994||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NORWEST BANK MINNESOTA, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, MINN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DYNASOUND ORGANIZER, INC.;REEL/FRAME:007271/0466
Effective date: 19940512
|Mar 6, 1995||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ARISTA PRODUCTS, INC., NEW YORK
Free format text: RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NORWEST BANK MINNESOTA, NATIONAL ASSOCATION;REEL/FRAME:007385/0923
Effective date: 19940708
Owner name: ARISTA PRODUCTS, INC., NEW YORK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NORWEST BANK MINNESOTA, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION;REEL/FRAME:007373/0827
Effective date: 19940708