|Publication number||US432148 A|
|Publication date||Jul 15, 1890|
|Filing date||May 22, 1890|
|Publication number||US 432148 A, US 432148A, US-A-432148, US432148 A, US432148A|
|Inventors||Oscar W. Rogers|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
(No Model.) 2 SheetsSheet 1.
O. W. ROGERS.
No. 432,148. Patented July 15, 1890.
THE Mums PETERS co, mum-Lama, wlsumarun, n. n.
(No Model.) 2 SheetsSheet 2.
. W. ROG
ALOGIOAL 0 A T.
No. 432,148. Patented July 15, 1890.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
OSCAR IV. ROGERS, OF WEST UNION, IOIVA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 432,148, dated July 15, 1890.
Application filed May 22, 1890. Serial No. 352,775. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, OSCAR WV. ROGERS, a citizen of the United States, residing at West Union, in the county of Fayette and State of Iowa, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Genealogical Charts; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to charts used for the tracing of pedigrees, and more particularly the pedigrees of animals, as horses; and the object of the invention is to produce a chart which will present graphically the various lines of descent of any animal whose pedigree it may be desired to trace, and also the blood relations of each of the ancestors that appear therein each to the other.
The invention consists of a chart wherein the individuals are represented by geometrical figures or other symbols, and the blood relations of such individuals are exhibited by lines connecting the same; and it further consists of such a chart wherein the name of each individual appears but once on any one chart.
My invention consists, also, of features that will be fully hereinafter described, and definitely pointed out in the claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, which form part of this specification, and in which like letters indicate corresponding parts.
Figure 1 is a general view of a chart embodying my invention and illustrates its ap plication to the pedigree of the horse George Wilkes. Fig. 2 shows a detail of my chart, wherein the males and females are distinguished from each other by different colors. Fig. 3 is a similar detail wherein the males and females are distinguished by differentlyformed geometrical figures. Fig. 4 shows a modification in the details of my chart, wherein the proportion of blood of any ancestor is represented by the proportion of the geometrical figure or symbol, colored or otherwise marked to correspond to the distinguishing color or marking of the ancestor, and I have also shown here a picture or portrait of the animal attached to the chart.
The common method of indicating pedigrees is by printing the names in groups inclosed in bracketsin a manner similar to that employed in genealogical charts or tables and the like; but these tables are of such a nature that while the pedigree may be traced on both sides it is an operation requiring much research, and it is practically impossible to extend the pedigree, and when the pedigree is traced there is nothing to indicate at a glance the line or lines of descent through both sires and dams or the blood relation of the ancestors each to each. This my invention contemplates, and also the representation of different strains in the individual and his consequent importance as a breeder and other data, by a graphic chart wherein the whole may be quickly and accurately pre sented to the eye.
Referring now to the drawings, A A are geometrical figures which represent males or sires, and B B figures which represent females or dams. O O and D D are lines connecting these figures and show lines of descent, the direction of descent being indicated by arrow-heads.
In Fig. 1 for instance, Z represents the horse George Wilkes, and this figure is directly connected by the line C to Hambletonian .10, showing in this arrangement that I-Iamloletonian 10 is one of the parents of George Wilkes. Likewise George lVilkes is connected to a by another line C, which shows that a is the other parent of George lVilkes. The manner of ascertaining at a glance which of these parents is the father and which the mother will hereinafter more fully appear.
\Vhile I have shown the lines 0 O and D D straight in the various figures, and generally arranged in a horizontal and vertical direction, I do not limit myself to this form, as it results in the present illustration from the simple arrangement of the chart; but I may change the arrangement and connect the proper males and females in any convenient position on the chart by curved, broken, or dissimilar lines, the essential function of such lines being to show graphically and accurately the proper descent of the individuals.
It will be noticed that though, in some cases, a single male or female is the ancestor and found to be Hambletonian 10, whose sire is Abdallah, whose sire is Mambrino, whose sire is Messenger, being the directline of descent through sires. Traced through horizontal line C, a represents the first dam of George Wilkes, whose sire is m, whose sireis 0, whose sire is '1, whose sire is Grand Bashaw. Likewise the dam of m is a. The dam of 0, traced through line C, is 19, whose sire, traced through vertical line C, is q, whose sire, traced through line D, is Messenger. likewise traced through the line C, is .9, whose dam is 25, whose sire is Messenger. Returning now to the dams of George \Vilkes, the second dam is found to be 1), whose sire is (1, whose sire is e, whose sire is f, whose sire is g, whose sire is Morgan. The dam of d is h, whose sire is 71, whose sire is j. The dam of e is is, whose sire is Z. The first dam of I-Iambletonian is I, his second dam is J whose sire is K, whose dam is M, Whose sire is N. third dam of I'Iambletonian is L, whose sireis Messenger, as traced through line D. The first dam of Abdallah is P, whose sire is O, and the dam of Mambrino is Q, whose sire is R. The operation and working of the chart will appear from the above to any one skilled in the art, and the lines of descent be readily traced and graphically presented to the eye.
While Messenger is the sire of several dams and sires through whom his blood flows to George Wilkes, yet his name appears but once on the chart, and his direct and collateral relation to George Wilkes is readily disclosed at a glance, as well as his direct and collateral relations to any other individual in of these horses may be attached to their geometrical figures.
It is essential that the chart will also disclose at a glance which of the ancestors of any individual is the male or sire and which the female or dam, and to this end I represent the males or sires by one form of geometrical figure or any other symbol and the females or dams by a different geometrical figure or The first dam of r,
symbol-as shown, for instance, in Fig. 3, wherein the males or sires are represented by squares and the females or dams by diamonds; or I may use the same or dissimilar geometrical figures or symbols to represent both males and females and distinguish the one from the other by difierent colorsas, for instance, as shown in Fig. 2, wherein the males are represented by yellow and the females by blue; but any colors may of course be used.
\Vhile I have-above described the desirability of distinguishing males and females by different colors, it is often desirable to disclose in graphic form the exact or approximate, as desired, proportion of blood of any.
ancestor that may be contained in the individual, and to this end I represent the ancestor by a color different from that used to designate males and females generally, and whileI may put the proper sex color on the ancestor I also propose to place on the chart, either approximately to the ancestor or on any otherv part of the chart, the information by words, figures, or symbols that some definitecoloras,forexample,purple-represents the'blood of this ancestor, and to represent the proportion of such ancestral blood in the offspring I either divide the geometrical ure or other symbol by which the offspring is designated or represented on the chart or an additional figure or symbol placed approximately thereto (or placed elsewhere on the chart and connected with the figure or symbol representing the offspring) into spaces and color, such a proportional number of said spaces with the color of the ancestral blood as will correspond to the proportion of the ancestors blood contained in the individual. This feature is represented in Fig. 4 of the drawings,wherein the approximate amount of blood of Messen ger, Bashaw,Mo rgan, an d Pilot, jr., is indicated by dividing the geometrical figure representing George Wilkes into four equal parts and coloring these parts yellow, green, blue, and red to correspond to the amount of blood of each of the above ancestors in him, yellow being defined on the chart as Messenger blood, green as Bashaw blood, red as Morgan blood, and blue as Pilot, jr., blood.
I have found it convenient in the formation of my chart to adopt an arrangement of the males and females whereby the males appear, generally, in avertical direction, while the females appear in a general horizontal direction, and I have found it convenient to number the dams first, second, third, &c., according to their remove from the sire whose dams they are.
In cases where it happens that a female is the dam of several individuals I avoid repeating the name of that dam and her ancestors by connecting her with her issue.
I desire it understood that while I have described the chart as representing the males and females by different geometrical figures or symbols such figures or symbols may of course be a picture or portrait of the horse itself.
For convenience in verifying the chart by reference to the records, the number or numbers of the animal in the proper book or booksas, for example, the American Stud Book, or Trotting Register-may be printed in or placed contiguous to the figure or symbol which designates the individual who may have such number or numbers.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, 1s
1. The herein-described genealogical chart, consisting of geometrical figures or other symbols representing males and females, and lines connecting such figures or symbols, showing lines of descent.
2. A genealogical chart consisting of geometrical figures or other symbols representing males and arranged substantially in a vertical direction, and geometrical figures or symbols representing females and arranged in substantially a horizontal direction, and lines connecting such figures or symbols, substantially as described.
3. In a genealogical chart, geometrical figures or symbols representing males, unlike or dissimilar geometrical figures or symbols representing females, and lines connecting such figures, substantially as described.
4. A genealogical chart consisting of geometrical figures or other symbols representing males, and unlike geometrical figures or symbols representing females, the males bein g arranged in substantially a vertical direction and the females in substantially a horizontal directi0n,and lines connecting the figures or symbols to show the blood relations of the individual, substantially as described.
5. In a genealogical chart, geometrical figures or other symbols representing males and females, and lines connecting such figures or symbols, showing the blood relation of the indiduals, the figure or symbol of any one individual appearing but once on any one chart, substantially as described.
6. In a genealogical chart, geometrical figures or other symbols representing males and females, the prominent individuals being distinguished from others by distinguishing marks or characters, and lines connecting the proper figures or symbols to disclose the descent of the individuals, substantially as described.
7. In a genealogical chart, geometrical figures or other symbols representing males, and
other unlike or dissimilar figures or symbolsmales, colors designating the blood of anyancestor, and lines connecting the figures or symbols, such figures or symbols being divided and a portion thereof colored to correspond to the blood of the ancestor to show the proportion of blood of such ancestor in the individual, substantially as described.
10. In a genealogical chart, geometrical figures or other symbols representing males or sires, other or dissimilar figures or symbols representing females or dams, said females or dams being numbered, consecutively, 1 2 3, &c., according'to their remove, and lines connecting the figures or symbols, showing the blood relation of the individual, substantially as described.
11. In a genealogical chart, geometrical fign res or other symbols representing males, unlike or dissimilar figures or symbols representing females, each figure or symbol bearing the name or portrait of the individual represented, the prominent individuals being designated by distinguishing marks or characters and the females being numbered, consecutively, 1 2 3 4, (be, according to their remove, and lines connecting the figures or symbols, showing the blood relations of the individual, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
OSCAR IV. ROGERS.
S. "W. BRAINERD, J. M. ST. JOHN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4865548 *||Jan 11, 1989||Sep 12, 1989||Snyder Henry A||Three-dimensional genealogical display|