|Publication number||US4321923 A|
|Application number||US 06/117,058|
|Publication date||Mar 30, 1982|
|Filing date||Jan 31, 1980|
|Priority date||Jan 31, 1980|
|Publication number||06117058, 117058, US 4321923 A, US 4321923A, US-A-4321923, US4321923 A, US4321923A|
|Inventors||Robert L. Nichols|
|Original Assignee||Nichols Robert L|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (18), Referenced by (7), Classifications (8), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to medical suction apparatus including a fluid container with a cover having a patient port for receiving fluid from the body of a patient and a vacuum port for establishing a vacuum in the container for drawing fluid through the patient port, and more particularly to a shut-off valve for the vacuum port.
Medical suction apparatus has long been used in hospitals to remove fluid from a patient during various medical procedures. One type of apparatus commonly used to receive and contain fluid from a patient includes a canister or container covered by a cover, with a patient port and a vacuum port communicating through the cover. A tubular vacuum line is attached between a vacuum source and the vacuum port, and another tubular line is connected to the patient port for withdrawing fluid from the patient, through the patient port and into the container. A shut-off valve is normally used to close or block the vacuum port when the fluid within the container rises to a predetermined level. This prevents the patient fluid from entering and damaging or contaminating the hospital vacuum system.
In order to maximize use of hospital shelf space, it is desirable to store the cover and container in a pre-assembled condition. The containers are commonly frustoconical cup-like members amenable to efficient stacking with a minimum of vertical dead space therebetween. The covers, however, typically have the shut-off valve assembly depending downwardly from the underside thereof by a substantial vertical dimension below the vacuum port which significantly impairs efficient stacking of the covers.
A need has thus arisen for a low profile shut-off valve assembly with minimum vertical extension, and which yet provides excellent vacuum shut-off capabilities.
The present invention provides a low profile shut-off valve assembly and further provides significant improvements in valve-closing action.
In medical suction apparatus having a container and cover with a patient port and vacuum port, the invention provides a basket and float assembly shut-off valve for the vacuum port. The basket depends downwardly from the cover below the vacuum port and has one or more upper vacuum communication passages and one or more lower fluid communication openings. The float is disposed within the basket and has a peripheral floatation surface. The basket and float have complementally interfitting guiding structure incentric to the peripheral floatation surface of the float for guiding the float upwardly to close the vacuum port in response to rising fluid level in the container entering the basket through the one or more lower openings. The floatation surface of the float is uniformly concentric about the guiding structure to provide substantially flush floatation and to provide in combination with the maximized surface area afforded thereby an enhanced valve-closing force.
In another aspect of the invention, a limited amount of post-travel of the float upwardly beyond initial seal engagement with the vacuum port is provided to improve vertical dimensional deviation tolerance. This enables a shorter vertical stroke without increased manufacturing costs.
In another aspect of the invention, an annular auxiliary sealing support is provided for enhanced sealing during post-travel of the float. This auxiliary sealing support further provides a back-up seal in the case of extended over-travel.
In another aspect of the invention, upward movement of the float is enhanced by preventing liquid surface-tension impedance between the float and basket.
In another aspect of the invention, simple and efficient structure is provided affording the aforenoted and other advantages. The basket and float assembly may be stored separately and quickly atached to the cover at the time of use. Alternatively, the cover may be stored with the basket and float assembly mounted thereto. In addition to simplicity, the invention enables a minimum number of components to accomplish improved results. The invention thus affords both lower costs and better performance over prior shut-off valve assemblies.
FIG. 1 is a partial cross sectional view of medical suction apparatus constructed in accordance with the invention, including a container, cover, and basket and float assembly.
FIG. 2 is a cross sectional view of the basket and float assembly and a portion of the cover of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is an exploded isometric view of the basket and float assembly and cover of FIG. 2.
There is shown in FIG. 1 medical suction apparatus 10 constructed in accordance with the invention. The apparatus includes a generally cylindrical open-topped container 12, which may be slightly frustoconical for pre-use stacking. The container may include a semi-rigid plastic disposable liner 14 with an annular peripheral lid 16 supported on the container rim. The container is closed by a cover 18 coacting with container liner lid 16 in push down snap-in relation. This type of container and mounting arrangement is disclosed and claimed in the co-pending patent application entitled "Medical Receptacle With Disposable Liner Assembly", Ser. No. 113,620 filed Jan. 21, 1980. Various types of other containers and mounting arrangements may be used with the present shut-off valve.
The cover 18 has a vacuum port 20 connectable to a suitable vacuum source for establishing a vacuum within the container. The cover has a patient port 22 for drawing fluid from the body of a patient through a tubular connection for collection within the container. The cover may also include a pour spout 24 and removable cap 26.
Depending downwardly from the cover below vacuum port 20 is a low profile basket and float assembly shut-off valve 28. Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, basket 30 is an open-topped cup-like member having a central vertical tubular sleeve 32 integrally extending upwardly from the bottom thereof. This basket sleeve 32 has annular sidewalls tapered slightly inwardly as they extend upwardly and hence the sleeve is slightly frustoconical. The sleeve has a closed top 34 to thus form a centrally raised downwardly opening elongated cavity 36. The annular horizontal bottom 38 of the basket has one or more openings or apertures 40 formed therethrough for fluid communication. The outer annular wall 42 of the basket diverges slightly outwardly as it extends upwardly. This outer wall 42 has an upper section 44 which is substantially vertical and terminates at an upper lip 46 spaced below the underside 48 of cover 18.
Upper outer wall section 44 has a lateral peripheral annular rim 50, FIG. 3, spaced therefrom and integrally supported thereon by a plurality of radial peripherally spaced support spokes 52. Integrally formed on the outer periphery of rim 50 and extending upwardly therefrom are a plurality of mounting tabs 54 further supported by additional bolster spokes 56. Integrally formed on the underside 48 of cover 18 and extending downwardly therefrom are a plurality of reception pockets 58 peripherally spaced and concentric to vacuum port 20. Each pocket has four corner edge supports 60 extending vertically downwardly with walls 62 extending therebetween defining a rectangular slot 64. Mounting tabs 54 are inserted into slots 64 providing a tight frictionally retained fit. This provides accurate alignment of basket and float assembly 28 with the vacuum port 20. Mounting tabs 54 may be provided with pointed gripping fingers 66 for enhanced retention.
Disposed within basket 30 and complementally configured thereto is float 68. The float is an open-topped cup-like member having a generally tubular vertical reception sleeve 70 integrally extending upwardly from the bottom 72 of the float. Float sleeve 70 has an annular side wall slightly tapered inwardly as it extends upwardly to be slightly frustoconical. The sleeve has a closed top 74 to thus form a centrally raised elongated downwardly opening cavity 76. Basket sleeve 32 forms a vertical guide stalk and substantially fills the lateral dimension of float cavity 76. Basket sleeve 32 substantially fills the vertical dimension of float cavity 76 when the float is in a downward open-valve position as shown in FIG. 2.
The bottom surface 72 of the float extends laterally from the base of reception sleeve 70 and forms an annular peripheral horizontal floatation surface uniformly concentric to sleeve 70. The float has an outer annular sidewall 78 extending upwardly and slightly outwardly. Sidewall 78 terminates at upper outwardly turned peripheral lip 80 whose upper reach does not extend as high as top wall 74. Float 68 thus comprises a sombrero-like-shaped member having a central upstanding crown formed by top 74 and reception sleeve 70. The sombrero-like-shaped float has a peripheral brim extending laterally from the base of the crown and then turned upwardly. The brim is formed by bottom surface 72 and outer sidewall 78.
Mounted on the top side of top surface 74 of the float is a resilient rubber disc 82. Top surface 74 has an integral support post 84 extending upwardly. The disc has a central aperture 86 through which post 84 extends in sealing relation. The disc is concave towards vacuum port 20 and has an outer peripheral lip 88 defining a lateral diameter greater than the diameter of the mouth 90 of the vacuum port. The vacuum port mouth 90 has a frustoconical neck 92 extending upwardly therefrom. Mouth 90 is displaced above the main plane 94 of cover 18 by a raised annular shoulder 96 having a larger diameter than mouth 90. The diameter of shoulder 96 is also larger than the diameter defined by peripheral disc lip 88.
In operation, vacuum is communicated via port 20 through the annular gap passage 100 between basket lip 46 and cover undersurface 48, and through arcuate passage apertures 102 in basket rim 50, to the interior of container 12. This vacuum within container 12 draws fluids from the body of a patient via a tubular connection to patient port 22. Port 22 has a lower spout 104 for discharging the fluid within container 12. As the fluid level within the container rises, it reaches basket bottom 38 and thereafter enters the basket through lower fluid communication openings 40. Rising fluid level within basket 30 effects floatation of float 68. The float rises upwardly along basket sleeve 32. When a predetermined fluid level is reached, disc lip 88 engages the horizontal annular underside 106 around mouth 90 to sealingly close vacuum port 20. This shuts off the application of vacuum to the interior of the container and prevents fluid from being drawn into the hospital vacuum system.
The pair of tubular vertical integrally formed basket and float sleeves 32 and 70 thus provide a complementally interfitting guiding structure incentric to peripheral annular floatation surface 72. This guiding structure guides float 68 upwardly to close vacuum port 20 around mouth 90 in response to rising fluid level in container 12 entering basket 30 through the one or more lower fluid communication openings 40. The incentric guiding structure and the telescoping relation of the sleeves provides superior vertical guiding with minimum lateral free play. This provides both accurate alignment with vacuum port 20 and substantially flush upward movement of float 68.
The sliding interfitting reciprocal telescoping relation of the sleeves and the flush aligned float movement provided thereby significantly improves the sealing characteristics of the shut-off valve. Canting of the float during its upward movement is substantially eliminated. This ensures an annularly uniform tight seal between disc edge 88 and surface 106 of the vacuum port.
Flush upward floatation of float 68 is further enhanced by the annular, uniformly concentric flotation surface 72. Since surface 72 is concentric to the central guiding structure provided by sleeves 32 and 70, the floating surface area is maximized. This maximization of floatation surface area in combination with the uniform concentricity thereof further enhances flush, upward, buoyed movement of float 68. This maximization of floatation surface area further provides an enhanced valve-closing force whereby to provide an increased sealing force of disc 82 against surface 106. Even if there is some slight canting of the float due to the necessary clearances between the sleeves, this increased valve-closing sealing force will compensate such slight canting. The basket and float assembly in combination thus provide significant sealing characteristics.
Upon engagement of disc lip 88 with surface 106 of the vacuum port, the float may continue to rise a short distance. This limited amount of post-travel after seal engagement is significant because it enables a greater vertical dimensional deviation tolerance in the manufactured parts. This in turn enables a short vertical stroke affording a shallow low profile shut-off valve without resorting to expensive manufacturing techniques requiring extremely high degrees of dimensional precision. The limited amount of post-travel can tolerate a higher degree of deviation from specified dimensions, which can become significant on a percentage error basis in a short stroke.
The seal around mouth 90 of the vacuum port is further enhanced by a short upward annular extension 108 of float reception sleeve 70. Extension 108 extends above top wall 74 and forms an auxiliary annular sealing support. In the open-valve position of the float shown in FIG. 2, the underside of disc 82 rests against or is spaced slightly above auxiliary support 108. As the float moves upwardly and disc lip 88 engages surface 106, auxiliary sealing support 108 will bear against the undersurface of disc 82 with increasing pressure. The amount of post-travel of the float will be determined in part by the resiliency of disc 82. During this post-travel, sealing support 108 forms an auxiliary seal against disc 82, in addition to the seal around support post 84 through aperture 86, to thus provide a double seal against leakage along such path.
Annular sealing support 108 also enhances the sealing engagement between disc lip 88 and surface 106 because support 108 is closer to lip 88 than is support 84. This provides auxiliary support for peripheral lip 88 against unsealed deformation thereof.
Sealing support 108 further provides a back-up seal in the case of extended post-travel. If the float moves far enough upwardly, support 108 will pinch disc 82 against surface 106 and provide an annularly localized pressure sealing line around mouth 90.
The top 34 of sleeve 32 is provided with an integral upwardly protruded bump 110. This bump provides point contact means with the undersurface of the top 74 of float sleeve 70. In the downward open-valve position of the float as shown in FIG. 2, bump 110 provides stop means preventing further downward movement of float 68. Bump 110 establishes an annular gap 112 between float bottom 72 and basket bottom 38. Bump 110 further establishes a gap 114 between float top 74 and basket top 34.
Gaps 112 and 114 are significant for preventing liquid surface-tension impedance to upward movement of float 68. Fluid entering the basket through openings 40 will cling to surfaces therein as a film of given depth. If float bottom 72 rests on basket bottom 38, the entering fluid can creep along this interface by capillary action and produce a clinging force between these two surfaces. This clinging force resists upward movement of the float. Capillary fluid action upwardly along the interface between sleeves 32 and 70 may continue to the interface between float top 74 and basket top 34. This produces additional clinging surface-tension force at the interface between float top 74 and basket top 34, which further impedes upward movement of the float. The stop means provided by bump 110 coacts between sleeve 32 and sleeve 70 to provide gaps 112 and 114 so as to prevent coalescense of the liquid surface-tension films on the opposing faces of the gaps. The liquid surface-tension film along the vertical interface between sleeves 32 and 70 does not significantly impede upward movement of the float. This is because of the shearing force effected on any film along such vertical interface during upward float movement.
Cover 18 has a downwardly depending annular flange 116 concentric to vaccum port 20 and incentric to basket rim 46. This flange provides a tortuous flowpath to airborne fluid particle migration toward vacuum port 20. Such airborne particles must travel from within container 12 either over rim 50 or upwardly through arcuate apertures 102, then over lip 46 through gap 100, then downwardly between flange 116 and upper basket wall section 44, then around the bottom of flange 116, then through the annular gap 118 between disc lip 88 and inner lower edge 120 of the vacuum port shoulder, in order to reach mouth 90. This tortuous path minimizes airborne fluid particle contamination of the hospital vacuum source. Flange 116 further provides additional guidance for the float at lip 80 near the top of its travel stroke to further assure proper valve-closing alignment.
Raised annular shoulder 96 provides increased structural strength in the vaccum port against downward force thereon during tube insertion down around neck 92. This raised shoulder further provides an increased vertical guide span for the float while still maintaining low profile of the basket beneath the cover. The annular sidewall 122 of the raised shoulder is tapered slightly inwardly as it extends upwardly.
The vertical guiding structure of the present invention, in addition to performing a vertical reciprocatory guiding function, additionally performs a gasket-less sealing function for float 68. This is important for maintaining buoyancy of the float. Reception sleeve 70 integrally extends upwardly from the float bottom 72 and has an integral closed top 74. This guiding structure thus prevents fluid entry into float 68, whereby to maintain buoyancy thereof.
It is recognized that various modifications are possible within the scope of the appended claims.
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|U.S. Classification||604/245, 604/249, 137/205, 604/33|
|Cooperative Classification||A61M1/0049, Y10T137/3109|
|Feb 1, 1983||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Jun 22, 1983||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AMERICAN HOSPITAL SUPPLY CORPORTION, EVANSTON, ILL
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:NICHOLS, ROBERT L.;REEL/FRAME:004148/0846
Effective date: 19830331
Owner name: AMERICAN HOSPITAL SUPPLY CORPORTION, ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NICHOLS, ROBERT L.;REEL/FRAME:004148/0846
Effective date: 19830331
|Mar 2, 1987||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BAXTER TRAVENOL LABORATORIES, INC. A CORP. OF DE
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:AMERICAN HOSPITAL SUPPLY CORPORATION INTO;REEL/FRAME:004760/0345
Effective date: 19870126
|Jan 30, 1990||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC.
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:BAXTER TRAVENOL LABORATORIES, INC., A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:005050/0870
Effective date: 19880518
|May 18, 1998||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ALLEGIANCE CORPORATION, ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BAXTER INTERNATIONAL, INC.;REEL/FRAME:009227/0184
Effective date: 19960930