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Publication numberUS434108 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 12, 1890
Filing dateFeb 4, 1890
Publication numberUS 434108 A, US 434108A, US-A-434108, US434108 A, US434108A
InventorsLilburn M. Gatliist
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 434108 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 1.


No. 434,108. Patented Aug. 12, 1890.

WIZ/ESSES [WEA/Y0@ (N o Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 2.


WIND WHEEL Patented Aug. 12, 1890 m W E m WIZW'ESSE'S v L. M. GATLIN. l WIND WHEEL.

No. 434,108. Patented Aug. 12,1890.




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 434,108, dated August 12, 1890.

Application tiled February 4, 1890. Serial No.. 339,169. (No model.)

dotted lines, and used to lock the wind-wheel T0 @ZZ whom t may concern:

Be it known that I, LILBURN Mal GATLIN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Vashburn, in the county of Armstrongand State of Texas, have invented certain new and useful Improvements` in IVind-IVheelS; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it n appertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to wind-wheels; and it consists in the novel construction and combination ot' the parts hereinafter fully described and claimed.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a side view of the wind-wheel. Fig. 2 is aplan view of the same from above.. Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional plan view from above, taken on line x in Fig. l.

A is a stationary frame, and B is a vertically-sliding frame.

C is the wind-wheel spindle, pivoted in the top and bottom bars of frame B.

D are the cross-arms of the wind-wheel, and d d are the vertical wind-vanes. These vanes are made of two separate parts d and d arranged at a right angle to each otherand provided with hinges c at their joints. The parts d are fiat and are firmly secured to the arms C, and the parts d are curved and are pivoted to the outer edges of the parts CZ by the said hinges c. Flanges'c are provided on the edges of parts d, which prevent the wind from escaping between the two halves of the vanes.

E are brackets, which are secured to the back of the arms, and which support the flanges c', and prevent the hinged parts d from being turned too far around by the wind. A beveled-toothed wheel e is secured upon the spindle C, and is adapted to gear into a similar toothed wheel e', secured upon the shaft F, journaled in bearings f, which are secured to the lower part of the stationary frame A.

Fixed guides a are formed upon the up` rights of frame A, for the sliding frame to work against upon one side, and Gare guides upon the opposite side of the sliding frame. The guides G are pivoted on the pins g, and

-can be turned around, as indicated by the and preventit from revolving in either direction when it is not required in action.

II is the supporting-screw, which engages with the lower bar of the stationary frame, and bears against the lower bar of the sliding frame. When the wind-wheel is not required, the wheels c and e are placed out of gear by turning screw Hand raising the sliding frame until the cogs of wheel e are Clear of the cogs of wheel e.

I is the curved wind-break, secured at its upper edge to the plate 2'., which is pivoted on the pin i', projecting from the top of the stationary frame A, in line with the oenterspindie of the wind-wheel.

.I is the guide-vane, which is secured to the tail j, which projects rearwardly from the plate i. K are rollers journaledy upon pins k at the bas of the wind-brake and adapted to run upon the circular track lo', so that the wind-break may be turned easily by the action of the wind upon the guide-Vane.

The wind-break prevents the wind from acting upon the backs of the wind-vanes, and can be used to stop the wind-wheel by pulling it around by hand and securing it directly between the wheel and the wind. The windvanes catch the wind and hold it until after they pass the center of the wheelatthe rear. As they continue to revolve the hinged parts CZ are automatically folded back upon the face of the parts d, so that the resistance is much lessened. The hinged parts reopen automatically as soon as they again catch the wind at the front and exposed side of the wind-wheel.

l. In a wind-wheel, the combination, with the central spindle, of the arms secured to the spindle, the inner half-vanes secured to said arms, theouterhalf-Vanes hinged at substantially a right angle to the said inner half-vanes and adapted to fold inwardly upon their faces, and the ianges for preventing the escape of wind between the half-vanes, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

2. In a wind-wheel, the combination, with the central spindle, of the arms-secured to the spindle, the inner half-vanos secured to said arms, the outer half-vanes hinged at about a IOO right angie to the seid inner half-venes, the able guides pivoted to the stationary frame anges for preventing the escape of Wind beon the other side of the sliding frame and tween the half-venes, and the brackets for adapted to lock the said wind-wheel, substansupporting said anges and preventing the tially asset forth. 5 hinged parts from turning too far around, In testimony whereof I affix my signature 15 substantially as and for the purpose setforth. in presence of two Witnesses.

3. The combinatiomwith theverticztlly-slid- LILBURN M. GATLIN.

ing frame and the wind-Wheel, of the station- NVit-nesses: ary frame provided with fixed guides upon J. MACD. CAMPBELL,

1o one side of the sliding frame and the mov- W. H. MITCHELL.

Referenced by
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US4784568 *Jul 1, 1987Nov 15, 1988Benesh Alvin HWind turbine system using a vertical axis savonius-type rotor
US4830570 *Dec 15, 1987May 16, 1989Benesh Alvin HWind turbine system using twin savonius-type rotors
US4838757 *Oct 7, 1987Jun 13, 1989Benesh Alvin HWind turbine system using a savonius type rotor
US5076759 *Feb 14, 1991Dec 31, 1991Schoenell JuergenWindmill
US6981839Mar 9, 2004Jan 3, 2006Leon FanWind powered turbine in a tunnel
US8011876 *Oct 25, 2006Sep 6, 2011Gradwohl Donald RWind driven power generator
US20120301297 *May 28, 2011Nov 29, 2012Marion LudwickFluid turbine device for power generation
Cooperative ClassificationF04D13/024, A61C1/05, F03D3/00